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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 1994
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 1994
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Aug 1994
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 1994
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 1994
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The State of the Art on Propulsion System for Submarine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 1~17
The State of the Art on Propulsion System for Torpedo
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 18~24
An Experimental Study on Performance Characteristics of Two-Stage Compression Refrigeration Systems
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 25~32
The characteristics of the R-22 two-stage compression refrigeration systems were investigated. The apparatus consisted of 0.5HP and 1HP hermetic reciprocating compressors for the high and low stage sides respectively, a condenser, an evaporator, a heat exchanger, four expansion valves, and two intercoolers. The experiments covered a range of refrigerant flow rates from 24 to 84kg/h, and the inlet temperature of cooling water in the condenser and heat source water in the evaporator ranged from 20 to 30
The results Showed that the refrigerant flow rate had greater effect on the refrigerating capacities, the compression efficiency and the coefficient of performance of two-stage compression systems than the inlet temperature of heat source water. And all these values were decreased with increasing inlet temperatures of the cooling water. The pressure drops in the evaporator of two-stage compression systems were decreased in proportion to the increase in the inlet temperature of the heat source and cooling water, but it was increased by the refrigerant flow rate.
A Study on Preparation of Aluminum-Magnesium Alloy Coatings by Ion-Plation and Their Corrosion Resistance
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 33~40
A Study on the Fatigue Strength Evaluation of Metal Matrix Composite
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 41~53
In this paper, rotating-bending fatigue tests of the SiC-whisker- reinforced 6061-T6 aluminum alloy and 6061-T6 alumiunm alloy made by power metallurgy were carried out to investigate the fatigue characteristics of plain and notched specimens at room temperature. The fatigue mechnisms in both materials were clarified through successive surface observations using the plastic replica method. In the case of the SiC-whisker-reinforced composites, there are whisker rich and poor zones and the fatigue crack is nucleated from the end of whiskers near the boundary. On the other hand, in the case of the 6061-T6 aluminum alloy, the fatigue crack is nucleated from defects and propagates by shear. Moreover, the results were discussed based on linear notch mechanics.
Formation Mechanism and Corrosion-Resistance of Magnesium Film by Physical Vapour Deposition Process
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 54~63
Mg thin films were prepared on SPCC(cold-rolled steel) substrates by vasuum evapoaration and ion-plating. The influence of argon gas pressure and substrates bias voltage on the crystal orientation and morphology of the film was determined by using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron micrography (SEM), respectively. And the effect of crystal orientation and morphology of the Mg thin films on corrosion behavior was estimated by measuring the anodic polarization curves in deaerated 3% NaCl solution. The crystal orientation of the Mg films deposited at high argon gas pressure exhibited a (002) preferred orientation, regardless of the substrate bias voltage. Film morphology changed from a columnar to a granular structure with the increase of argon gas pressure. The morphology of the films depended not only on argon gas pressure but also bias voltage ; i.e., the effect of increasing bias voltage was similar to that of decreasing argon gas pressure. The influences of argon gas pressure and bias voltage were explained by applying the adsorption inhibitor theory and the sputter theory. And also, this showed that the corrosion resistance of the Mg thin films can be changed by controlling the crystal orientaton and morphology.
A Study on the Charactdristics of CNC Deep Hole Maching for Marine Part Materials with the Sintered Carbide Gun Drill
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 64~74
The gundrill is capable of machining for having large length to diameter ratio in single pass. The techniques of gundrill and gun boring began developing in the late 18th century with the need for more accurate bores in rifle, cannon, machinery part and marine part etc. The main feature of the gun drilling provides a stabilizing cutting force resultant necessary for self guidance of the drill head. A study of the accuracy and surface finish of holes produced would reveal quite useful information regarding the process. The thesis deals with the experimental results obtained during gun drilling on marine part materials for different machining conditions.
The Originating Characteristics of Periodic Impulse Noises in the Data Communication System by Distribution Line Carrier Method
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 75~82
The existence of peroodic impulse noises in distribution line carrier (DLC) communication system is known to be the most serious obstacle for improving DLC communication quality in reliability and capacity. From the spectral points, impulse noises can be divided into baseband type and modulation type the noise width of whichs are much different each other. With each nose type, this study presents the basic characteristics in relation to what they originate from and how their spectrum properties are revealed. The baseband type impulse noise is normally caused from thyristor circuit running with low switching speed and the modulation type noise from the circuit of switching power supply. The base wave of modulation noise is shown to be the pulsuatic charging current to primary condenser in switching power circuit. The study result indicates also that placing the DLC carrier frequency away the band predominated by modulated noise especially from RCC type switching power circuit is very important in DLC design.
Fundamental Study for Automation of Container Cranes
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 83~90
The container crane is still operated by skillfull human operators. So an automatic crane operation system is strongly required. In this paper, the digital control method is applied to position an anti-swing control for container crane. Two methods of digital optimal regulator control and digital redesign control are used for experiment. From these experimental results, it is respected that both methods can be applied effectively to an actual container crane operation.
A Study on the Combustion Characteristics of Diesel Engine by the Change of the Intake Air Composition
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 91~96
Intake gases other than air, which is composed of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and argon, are used to study their effects on the performance of the diesel engine experimentally. The engine is operated at constant speed and fixed fuel injection timing, and cylinder pressure and heat release rate are measured at various intake gas compositions. The results show that increase of oxygen concentration improves the performance of the engine generally. The adverse effect is observed when the oxygen concentration is increased over the critical oxygen concentration of this test, mainly because of the over-shortened ignition delay. Increase of carbon dioxide concentration degardes the performance of the engine, mainly due to the lower specific heat ratio of carbon dioxide. Adding argon gas to the intake gas improves the overall performance. Finally, it is found that two most influencing factors affecting the performance of the diesel engine in this study are ignition delay and speific heat ratio of the intake gas.
Development of a Simulation Program for the Performance of Turbo-Charged Diesel Engines
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 97~103
This paper describes briefly the simulation program for predicting the performance of a high speed turbocharged four cycle diesel engine. The wave phenomena in the intake and exhaust systems are calculated by the characteristic method. The combustion process in the power cycle is represented by the heat release pattern which is given by the Wiebe's function or the pattern based on measured values. Turbocharger matching for the engine is described by utilizing the characteristic maps of both the compressor and turbine, which are obtained from quasi-steady states. A comparison of experimental and calculated results shows a good agreement. Then the influences of the intake system, the period of valve overlap and the characteristics of the turbine are numerically investigated by the simulation.
Simulation of the Gas Exchange Process in a Two - Stroke Cycle Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 104~112
The scavenging efficiency has a great influence on the performance of a diesel engine, especially slow two-stroke diesel engines which are usually used as a marine propulsion power plant. And this is greatly affected by the conditions in the cylinder, scavenging manifold and exhaust manifold during the gas exchange process. There are many factors to affect on the scavenging efficiency and these factors interact each other very complicatedly. Therefore the simulation program of the gas exchange process is very useful to improve and predict the scavenging efficiency, due to the high costs associated with redesign and testing. In this paper, a three-zone scavenging model for two-stroke uniflow engines was developed to link a control-volume-type engine simulation program for performance prediction of long-stroke marine engines. In this model it was attempted to simulate the three different regions perceived to exist inside the cylinder during scavenging, namely the air, mixing and combystion products regions, by modeling each region as a seperate control volume. Finally the scavenging efficiency was compared with three type of scavenging modes, that is, pure displacement, partial mixing and prefect mixing.
A Study on the Dynamic Characteristics of Axial Vibration Damper for Two Stroke Low Speed Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 18, issue 2, 1994, Pages 113~121
Since two oil shocks in 1970s, all of engine makers have persevered in their efforts to reduce specific fuel consumption and to increase engine power rate as much as possible in marine diesel engines. As a result, the maximum pressure in cylinders of these engines has been continuously increased. It causes direct axial vibration. The axial stiffness of crank shaft is low compared to old types of engine models by increasing the stroke/bore ratio and its major critical speed might occur within engine operation range. An axial damper, therefore, needs to be installed in order to reduce the axial vibration amplitude of the crankshaft. Usually the main critical speed of axial vibration for the propulsion shafting system with a 4-8 cylinder engine exists near the maximum continuous revolution(MCR). In this case, when the damping coefficient of the damper is increased within the allowance of the structural strength, its stiffness coefficient is also increased. Therefore, the main critical speed of axial vibration can be moved beyond the MCR. It has the same function as a conventional detuner. However, in the case of a 9-12 cylinder engine, the main critical speed of axial vibration for the propulsion shafting system exists below the MCR and thus the critical speed cannot be moved beyond the MCR by using an axial damper. In this case, the damping coefficient of an axial damper should be adjusted by considering the range of engine revolution, the location and vibration amplitude of the critical speed, the fore and aft vibration of the hull super structure. It needs to clarify the dynamic characteristics of the axial vibration damper to control the axial vibration appropriately. Therefore authors suggest the calculation method to analyse the dynamic characteristics of axial vibration damper. To confirm the calculation method proposed in this paper, it is applied to the propulsion shafting system of the actual ships and satisfactory results are obtained.