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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Nov 1998
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Sep 1998
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Jul 1998
Volume 22, Issue 3 - May 1998
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Mar 1998
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
A study on plane-strain forging using UBET
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 7~15
An upper bound elemental technique(UBET) program has been developed to analyze forging load, die-cavity filling and effective strain distribution for flash and flashless forgings. The program consists of forward and backward tracing processes. In the forward program, flash, die filling and forging load are predicted. In backward tracing process, the optimum dimensions of initial billet in conventional forging are determined from the final-shape data based on flash design. And the analysis is described for merit of flashless precision forging. Experiments are carried out with pure plasticine billets at room temperature. The theoretical predictions of forging load and flow pattern are in good agreement with the experimental results.
A study on the critical reynolds number of steady, oscillatory and pulsating flow in a straight duct
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 16~20
The critical reynolds number in a square-sectional straight duct is investigated experimentally. The experimental study for the air flow in a square-sectional straight duct is carried out to calssify critical Reynolds number on steady flow and unsteady flow. To calssify the critical Reynolds number we obtained velocity waveform by using a hot-wireanemometer and data acquisition system with photocorder.
Forced vibration analysis of beam-like structures by the combination and transfer of dynamic stiffness coefficient
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 21~27
The authors have developed the transfer dynamic stiffness coefficient method(TDSCM) which is based on the concepts of the substructure synthesis method and transfer influence coefficient method. As a result, we suggested the algorithm for free vibration analysis of beam-like structures which are mainly found in mechanical design by applying the TDSCM in the previous reports. In this paper, we extend this algorithm to the forced vibration analysis for them. And we also confirmed the merits of this method.
A study on the thermal characteristics of MOSS type LNG carrier
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 28~34
This paper introduced the thermal characteristics of Moss Rosenberg Verft spherical tank type LNG Carrier. Especially described the temperature variation during cooling down condition. It is not easy task to calculate the temperature variation because of unsteady state condition. In this paper, computer simulation program is developed by using a Tomas Algorithm on unsteady state condition and compared with calculation results and experimental results on existing LNG Carrier voyage.
A study on balancing performance of self-compensating liquid balancer
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 35~41
A Self-compensating liquid balancer is proposed, which consists of the vessel contains liquid available to compensate for rotor unbalance, and the vessel provides four sets of suction pipe and reservior. Under the centrifugal field the liquid moves through the pipe from the side of the unbalance mass to the reservior located on the symmetrically opposite side. The liquid balancer was confirmed experimentally to be useful for the balancing of rotor over the critical speed, and the whirling amplitude after balancing decreases to almost constant value in spite of the location and size of unbalance.
Design of an air-cooled high-pressure 3-stage reciprocating air compressor, applied to the starting of diesel engines
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 42~51
A 150 m
3//hr, 30 kg/cm
2/, air-cooled 3-stage reciprocating air compressor is designed to be used in starting large diesel engines of ships. A basic design procedure is presented to meet the targeted pressure and flow rate, and especially a volumetric efficiency of 80%. Temperature and stress analysis of the 1st stage cylinder are performed using axisymmetric FEM modelings. The dynamics of valve system is analyzed and stress at the 1st stage valve seat caused by valve impact is evaluated. To reduce friction loss and wear at the compressor engine system tribological design issues are reviewed and good design practices are suggested. Finally, forced-air pin-type interstage coolers are designed to dissipate generated compression heat at each stage.
An investigation on flow characteristics of two dimensional inclined wall attaching offset jet
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 52~66
An experimental study on the flow characteristics was performed for a two-dimensional turbulent wall attaching offset jet at different oblique angles to a surface. The flow characteristics were investigated by using a split film probe with the modified Stock's calibration method. The jet mean velocity, turbulent intensity, wall static pressure coefficient profiles, and time-averaged reattachment point were measured at the Reynolds number Re (based on the nozzle width, D) ranging from 17700 to 53200, the offset ratio H/D from 2.5 to 10, and the inclined angle .alpha. from 0.deg. C to 40.deg. C. The Correlations between the maximum pressure position, minimum pressure position, and reattachment point and offset ratios, and inclined angles are presented.
A study on the improvement of frictional performance of friction material for automobile brake by spray treatment
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 67~76
Friction materials for brake linings and clutches have severe performance requirements. The principal function of such frictional elements is to convert kinetic energy to heat, and then either to absorb or to dissipate heat. In order to achieve these objectives, the coefficient of friction must be as high as possible, independent of variations in operating conditions, and the necessary energy conversion must be accomplished with a minimum of wear on the contacting parts. In this study, Al powder, Al bronze powder and Mo powder used in general for automobile brake was sprayed on automobile brake disc to restrain rust and to maintain friction performance. Dynamo and corrosion tests have been carried out. It is concluded that the sprayed disc with Al bronze powder has the most improved frictional performance and anti-corrosive characteristics. The main results obtained can be summarized as follows; 1. From the corrosion current density test for gray cast iron and sprayed disc with powders of Al, Al bronze and Mo, it was cleared that the spray treatment with Al bronze powder showed the most superior anti-corrosive characteristics than other powders. 2. By anode polarization toward the noble direction from corrosion potential, corrosion current density with sprayed brake disc by Al-bronze powder was the lowest. 3. Mean frictional coefficients obtained from dynamo test are as follows : the sprayed disc with Al(99.99%) powder was 0.190 ; the sprayed disc with Al-bronze powder was 0.312 ; the sprayed disc with Mo powder was 0.257 ; the non-sprayed disc of gray cast iron was 0.331. In the case of the sprayed disc Al-bronze powder showed the most excellent frictional characteristics . 4. Amount of burnish quantity obtained from burnish test by dynamometer is as follows : the sprayed disc with Al-powder was 1.079 mm : the sprayed disc with Al-bronze powder was 0.155 mm : the sprayed disc with Mo powder was 0.253 mm : the non-sprayed disc of gray cast iron was 0.241 mm. Al-bronze powder also showed the most excellent burnish characteristics.
A study of the transfer characteristics of pressure waves using two-port network analysis in exhaust system of engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 77~84
Based on experimental analysis, the characteristics of pulsating pressure wave propagation is clarified by testing of 4-stroke gasoline engine. The pulsating pressure wave in exhaust system is generated by pulsating gas flow due to working of exhaust valve. The pulsating pressure wave is closely concerned to the loss of engine power according to back pressure and exhaust noise. It is difficult to exactly calculate pulsating pressure wave propagation in exhaust system because of nonlinear effect. Therefore, in the first step for solving these problems, this paper contains experimental model and analysis method which are applied two-port network analysis. Also, it shows coherence function, frequency response function, back pressure, and gradient of temperature in exhaust system.
Effects of inlet pressure build-up on the running characteristics of tilting pad thrust bearing
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 85~91
In this paper, an influence of inlet pressure on the running characteristics of tilting pad thrust bearing is studied by a numerical analysis. The inlet pressure is obtained from the extended Bernoulli equation including the loss coefficient which is varied with the operating conditions. The running characteristic parameters such as the minimum film thickness, the film pressure and the film thickness ratios are calculated for various runner speeds with constant load in particular two pivot positions. The results are shown that the inlet pressure has a large influence on the minimum film thickness and other running characteristic parameters.
An analysis of water hammer in pipeline systems with pump
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 92~99
Unsteady flow problems created by hydraulic transients in pipeline systems with pump are of significant importance because they can cause excessive pressure, cavitation, vibration and noise. In this paper, an analysis of transient flow for the pump pipelines is developed by means of the characteristic method. The calculated results of the program to simulate water hammer due to sudden valve closure in a simple pipeline are compared with those of the analytical method. Expecially the water hammer due to power failure in pump pipeline system with surge tank was simulated. As the results, both the upsurge and the downsurge along the pipeline are reduced.
Numerical simulation of turbulent air-flow in a closed engine room with heat source in a ship
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 100~107
Ventilation of the marine engine room is very important for the health of the workers as well as the nomal operation of machines. To find proper ventilation conditions of this engine room, numerical simulation with standard k-.epsilon. model was carried out. In the present study, the marine engine room is considered as a closed space with a heat source and forced ventilation ducts. The injection angle of air supply is found to be important. Injection with downword angle depresses recirculation flow, causing a strong steam in the wider space of the room. Ventilation and removal of the released heat are promoted with this pattern. There is a possibility of local extreme heating at the upper surface of engine when supply and exhaust ports of air are in bilateral symmetry. The effect of the increase of exhaust port area on ventilation decreases as the number of supply port increases.
Roles of Key Elementary Reaction for NO Formation in Premixed Flame and Counterflow Diffusion Flame
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 1, 1998, Pages 108~116
In this paper it is investigated the roles of key elementary reactions for NO formation in methane-air one-dimensional premixed flame and counterflow diffusion flame, which were studied numerically by using NO kinetics and
-chemistry complied by Miller and Bowman. The spatial distributions of the reaction rates of 9 main elementary reactions directly related to NO formation and destruction were calculated. Integration of the rates of all reactions in the NO formation across the flame yields the quantitative reaction path diagram, which shows clearly relative importance of each reaction path in NO formation and how it changes with the type and parameters of the flame. The results show that the thermal and Fenimore mechanisms are dominant respectively for learn and rich premixed flames, and the latter is dominant for diffusion flames. In addition, it was found that the HCN recycle route is important for diffusion flame, and that the routes of mutual transformation between NO and NO
, and between NO and HNO do not contribute to the net NO formation.