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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Nov 1998
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Sep 1998
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Jul 1998
Volume 22, Issue 3 - May 1998
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Mar 1998
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
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Vibration Design and Assessment for Centrifugal Pumps
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 419~428
Turbulent Flow Characteristics using Plane Jet on Impingement Surface
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 429~435
Experiments were conducted to investigate the turbulent flow characteristics from on oblique impingement surface to an plane jet at the jet Reynolds number(Re based on the nozzle width)
The jet mean velocity and turbulent intensity profiles have been measured along the impingement surface by hot-wire anemometer. The nozzle-to-plate distance(H/B) ranged from 2 to 10 and the oblique angle (a) from 45 to 90 degree. Also the secondary peak of the turbulent intensity was observed at H/B=4 S/B 5 and a=90 degree. It has been found that the stagnation point shifted toward the minor flow region as the oblique angle decreased and the position of the stagnation point nearly coincided with that of the maximum turbulent intensity.
Flow Analysis with a Port/Valve Assembly and Cylinder Using a RNG k-
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 436~444
Applicability of the RNG k-
model to the analysis of unsteady axisymmetric turbulent flow of a reciprocating engine including port/valve assembly is studied numerically. The governing equations based on non-orthogonal including port/valve assembly is studied numerically. The governing equations based on a non-orthogonal coordinate formulation with Cartesian velocity components are used and discretised by the finite volume method with non-staggered variable arrangements. The predicted results using the RNG k-
model of the unsteady axisymmetric turbulent flow within a cylinder of reciprocating model engine including port/valve assembly are compared to these from the modified k-
model and experimental data. Using the RNG k-
model seems the have some potential for the simulations of the unsteady turbulent flow within a port/valve-cylinder assembly over the modified k-
A Study on the Fin Efficiency of Continuous Fin with Combined Heat and Mass Transfer
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 445~450
In the present paper the effects of combined heat and mass transfer on the fin efficiency were calculated. Sector method was used for calculating the fin efficiency of the continuous fin. The parameter Lewis No. and C which describe the combined heat and mass transfer is derived by using the heat and mass transfer analogy and effects of Lewis No. and C on the fin efficiencies were calculated.
Wake Flow Control by Acoustic Perturbation
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 451~459
THe influence of internal acoustic exitation through a square prism on the turbulent wake flow characteristics was investigated. The intermediate wake region where is about ten times the respective length of the body was experimentally investigated using a conditional phase average technique. At first the static base pressures of square prism and the shedding frequencies have been measured at various internal acoustic exciation frequencies. The experiment were performed under the four cases of internal acoustic excitation frequencies 0Hz 30Hz(
=0.38) And velocity vector fields were presented and discussed. The influence of acoustic exvitation frequencies on the structure of intermediate turbulent wake region is evident. As the internal acoustic frequency increased shedding frequency gradually increased and aerodynamic force decreased. Also it was found that the vortex shedding occurs dratically well and shedding frequency reached nearly the same value as the internal acoustic frequency. but above Strouhal number 0.3 the influence disappeared.
A Study on the Process Design and Deformation Analysis for Pressure Vessels by Finite Element Method
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 460~467
The investigation deals with the manufacturing process design and deformation analysis for seamless pressure vessels Axisymmetric multistage deep drawing is a complex and important sheet metal forming process in the industry. In this study the process design for large size cylindrical shells with various thickness is performed and a general guideline for forming process design of pressure vessels will be suggested. Thus in this paper for the verification of the forming process design the forming analysis of pressure vessels will be carried out by PAM-STAMP which is on the basis of finite element analysis. In this case the formability of pressure vessels is evaluated using the results of computer simulation.
A Study on Estimation of inner and Wall Pressure Distribution by 3-Dimensional velocity Measurement using PIV
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 468~480
A flow measurement system which is able to measure the instantaneous three-dimensional velocity components and the pressure distribution of fluid flows is developed using a digital image processing system and the stereoscopic photogrammetry. This system consists of two TV cameras a digital image processor and a 32-bit microcomputer. The capability of the developed system is verified by a preliminary test in which three-dimensional displancements of moving particles arranged on a rotating plate are tracked automatically. The constructed system is through the measurement and spatial pressure distribution is also obtained. The measurement uncertainty of this system is evaluated quantitatively. The present technique is applicable to the measurement of an unsteady fluid phenomenon especially to the measurement of three-dimensional velocity field of a complex flow.
A Study on the Characteristics of Exhaust Emissions in Diesel Engines with Scrubber EGR System
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 481~489
The effects of recirculated exhaust gas on the characteristics of fuel economy combustion and exhaust emissions have been experimentally investigated by a four-cylinder four cycle indirect injection water-cooled and marine diesel engine operating at several loads and speeds. in order to reduce the soot contents in the recirculated exhaust gas to intake system of the engine a novel diesel soot removal system with a cylinder-type scrubber which has 6 water injectors(A water injector has 144 nozzles in 1.0 mm diameter) is specially designed and manufactured for the experiment system The experiments in this study are performed at the fixed fuel injection timing of
BTDC regardless of experimental conditions, The brake specific fuel consumption rate is slightly fluctuated with EGR in the range of experimental conditions, The maximum value of premixed combustion for the rate of heat release is decreased with EGR at engine load 25% and the ignition is slightly delayed with EGR at engine load 100% NOx emissions are markedly decreased with EGR especially at high loads while soot emissions are increased as the EGR rate rises.
Finite Element Analysis of Creep Crack Growth Behavior
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 490~497
An elast-biscoplastic finite element analysis is performed to investigate detailed growth behavior of creep cracks and the numerical results are compared with experimental results. The results of mesh translation method are compared with those of node release method. Load line displancement curve obtained from the crack growth analysis by mesh translation shows the improved results than that obtained from the crack growth by node release method when the secondary creep rate is only used as creep material property. The results of accounting for primary creep rate and instantaneous plasticity shows a good agreement with the experimental result.
An Optimal Control of the Crane System Using a Genetic Algorithm
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 498~504
This paper presents an optimal control algorithm for the overhead crane. To control the swing motion and the position tracking of the payload of the overhead crane a state feedback control algorithm is applied. by using a hybrid genetic algorithm the feedback gains of the state feedback is optimized to minimize the cost function composed of position errors and payload swing angle under unknown constant disturbances. Computer simulation is performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm.
The Effect of Flow Patterns with Polymer Additivies From Two Phase Flow at Vertical up Ward in Circular Tube
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 505~514
Flow pattern of air-water two phase flow depends on the conditions of pressure void fraction and channel geometry. We classify the flow pattern by measuring the output signal of the conductivity probe. under the classified flow pattern we mount a visualization equipment on the test section and take pictures. We vary the concentration of pure solvent and polymer to measure local void fraction. We know that the maximum point position of local void fraction distribution move from the center of the pipe to the wall of the pipe as JSL increase when JSA is constant in two phase flow. But we find that the maximum point position of local void friction move from the wal of the pipe to the center of the pipe when polymer concentration increase.
Study on Two Phase Flow of Two Jets Existing Velocity Difference
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 515~521
In this study the mixing process of two-phase flow which makes two jets existing vlocity difference are analyzed. The primary jet is jetted on the condition of the state mixed pulverized solid pariticle with air and the velocity in the secondary jet is changed into three kinds velocities(0.60, 75m/s) The velocity vector field concentration field and turbulent properties of solid particles are measured by using 3-Dimensional Particles Dynamics Analyzer. As the velocity of secondary jet increases the solid particle recirculation zone becomes larger. Also solid particle concentration gets dense due to velocity decrement of particles.
A Fundamental Study of Fractal Characteristics for a Crack Growth Profile
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 522~528
This paper presents a fundamental fractal characteristics of the growing crack that has an irregularity producing a zigzag crack contour. This irregularity is analysed by a fractal geometry in a box counting method that is a very simple technique. First the fractal dimensions and actual fractal extensive crack length are obtained. Also a fractal fracture energy relation with a fractal dimension is found so as to get fractal crack behaviors. Thus it can be shown that the fractal dimension has a possibility as a fracture parameter in a real crack growth length meaning.
An Experimental Study on Sea Water Freezing behavior in a Rectangular vessel Cooled From Above
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 529~537
Currently as due to the rapid development of industry and increase in population we meet serious problems concerning the shortage and pollution of water. In the country many experts predict a shortage of water approaching 450 million tons by the year 2006. To cope with this serious problem it is necessary to construct desalination plants. In the adoption of a desalination system the most important factor is the cost of fresh water production,. In general LNG is stored in a tank as a liquid state below
. When it is serviced, however the LNG absorbs energy from a heat source and transforms to a high pressure gaseous state. During this process a huge amount of cold energy accumulated in cooling LNG is wasted. This wasted cold energy can be utilized to produce fresh water by using a sea water freezing desalination system. In order to develop a sea water freezing desalination system and to establish its design technique qualitative and quantitative data regarding the freezing behavior of sea water is required in advance, The goals of this study are to reveal the freezing behavior of sea water is required in advance. The goals of this study are to reveal the freezing mechanisms of sea water to measure the freezing rate and to investigate the freezing heat-transfer characteristics,. The experimental results will provide a general understanding of sea water freezing behavior in a rectangular vessel cooled from above.
A Study on the Speed Control System of a 3 phase Induction Motor driven by the Full Bridge Inverter with a Low Pass LC Filter
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 538~550
The variable frequency and variable voltage AC source made by a conventional inverter which is composed of power semi-conductors includes much noises in sine wave due to high frequency switching of DC source. In this paper the 3rd low pass LC filter for a variable speed 3 phase induction motor driven by a full bridge inverter is introduced to solve the EMI problem by serious noise current. The utility of a modified 3rd order Butterworth LC filter is confirmed through FFT analysis of sine waves and noiseless ACsource can be obtained by the proposed LC filter. The speed of a 3 phase induction motor driven by a full bridge inverter with a LC filter is satisfactorily controlled by a digital PID controller under the condition of stepwise load and setpoint changes.
A Study of Evaporation and Ignition Characteristics of Single Fuel Droplet
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 551~559
Evaporation and ignition characteristics of fuel droplet have major influences on the efficiency and performance of engine. In the present study the experiment of evaporation and self-ignition of single fuel was performed under the various ambient conditions. An individually suspended droplet of n-heptane n-hexadecane ethyl-alcohol and light oil were employed as a liquid droplet. Evaporation and ignition characteristics were measured by using the video-camera and image processing technique under the various ambient temperatures (up to 1000310 OC)and partial pressure of oxigen(up to 60%) The evaporation curve shows that the droplet life time ignition delay time decreases as the ambient temperature and partial pressure of oxigen increase, The temperature variations of droplet were also reported for various fuel and ambient temperatures. The numerical simulations were carried out to predict droplet diameter and temperature with favorable agreement.
A Study on the Weight Minimization of an Automobile Engine Block by Optimum Structural Modification
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 4, 1998, Pages 560~568
Recently to develop an automobile with better properities many researches and investments have been executed. In this paper we intend to improve the automobile properties by reducing the weight of the engine without changing the dynamic characteristics. At first the vibration analysis by the Substructure Synthesis Mehtod and the exciting test of the engine model performed to confirm the reliability of the analyzing tools. And the weight minimiza-tion is performed by the Sensitivity Analysis and the Optimum Structural Modificationl. To decrease the engine weight ideally the weight of the parts with the low sensitivity is to cut mainly and the changing quantity of the natural frequency by the cut is to be recovered by the weight modification of the parts with the high sensitivity. As actually the mathematical unique solution for the homogeneous problem(i. e. 0 object func-tion problem)does not exist we redesign the engine block with much thinner initial thickness and recover the natural frequencies and natural modes of original structure by the sensitivity analy-sis and then observe the Frequency Response Function(FRF) for the interesting points. In this analysis the original thickness of the engine model is 8mm and the redesigned initial thicknesses are 5mm and 6mm, And the number of the interesting natural frequencies are 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively.