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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Nov 1998
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Sep 1998
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Jul 1998
Volume 22, Issue 3 - May 1998
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Mar 1998
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
Applications of Emulsified Fuel on Marine Engines for the Reduction of the Pollutant Exhaust Gas and Improving Fuel Consumptios
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 729~743
The State of the Laser Welding and its Industrial Application
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 744~753
An Experimental Study on the Exhaust pollutant Reduction in Diesel Engine using a Rice-Bran Oil
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 754~762
Exhaust emissions in diesel engine are affected by fuel properties but the reason for this is not clear. Especially the recent strong interest in using low-grade fuel demands extensibe investigation in order to clarify the exhaust emissions. Bio-Diesel oil has a great possibility to solve the pollution problem caused by the exhaust gas from diesel engine vehicles. The use of bio-oils in diesel engines has received considerable atten-tion to the forseeable depletion of world oil supplies. So bio-diesel oil has been attracted with attentions for alternative and clean energy source. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the fea-sibility of the rice-bran oil for alternative fuel in a diesel engine with rgard to exhaust emis-sions.
A Study on Evaluation of Bending Fatigue Strength in SCM415 Carburized Spur Gear
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 763~770
This paper deals with evaluation of bending fatigue strength in SCM415 carburized spur gears. The constant stress amplitude fatigue test is performed by using an electrohydraulic servo-controlled pulsating tester. The S-N curves are obtained and the enhanvement of fatigue strength due to carburized treatment is clarified. In this study the improvement of fatigue strength is assumed to be caused by an increase of both hardness and residual stress and experimental formula has been proposed for the estimation of bending fatigue strength of carburized gears. The effect of surface conditions on the fatigue strength is evaluated quantitatively and it is close to the relative surface condition factor used in the ISO strength rating formula.
Thermal Analysis of Compact Circular Water Cooled Engine Oil Cooler
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 771~781
A highly compact and thermally efficient water cooled oil cooler for automotive use without offset strip fin and casing is developed in this study. The study result has shown that eliminating the fin and casing in the oil cooler the manufacturing process and cost and can be simplified and reduced greatly without sacrificing the thermal capacity. The oil cooler developed in the study uses the dimply type heat transfer core element design instead of offset strip fin and eliminates the outer casing for coolant water flow by applying specially made parallel loop flow design. In the study the thermal design program for the present oil cooler also was developed and validated experimentally.
evaluation of Performance Characteristic on Triple Effect Absorption Cycle
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 782~791
This paper presents a computer simulation of five types of triple effect absorption cycles employ-ing the refrigerant absorbent combinations of NH3/LiNO3 low-pressure type NH3/LiNO3+H2O/LiBr binary two-stage type series flow cycle and two types of parallel flow cycle for H2O/LiBr. The absorption systems is investigated through cycle simulation to obtain the system characteristics with the cooling water inlet temperature approach temperature of absorber loss temperature of absorber and chilled water outlet temperature. The most important characteristic temperature of absorber and chilled water outlet temperature. The most important characteristic of NH3/LiNO3 low-pressure type and a NH3/LINO3+H2O/LiBr binary two-stage type is that it obtains a coefficient of performance higher than the sum of the performance coefficients of its part operating independently. As a result of this analysis the optimum designs and operating conditions were determined based on the operating conditions and the coefficient of performance.
Characteristic Analysis of Double Effect Absorption Refrigeration Machine using
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 792~799
Further improvement of existing
absorption refrigeration machine is absolutely neces-sary to promote the utilization of gas-cooling system Among various methods to improve the per-formance of the absorption refrigeration machine this research has focused on the use of a new working fluid that has better properties than the existing
working fluid. In the series of the research,
system was selected as the most promisable candidate. The absorption refrigeration machine is water-cooled double-effect,
sys-tem with series flow type. In this study we found out the characteristic of new working solution through the cycle simulation and compared the result with that of LiBr solution to evaluate. Theoptimum designs and operating conditions were determined based on the operating constraints and the coefficient of performance. Results demonstrate that new working fluid subsrantially increases COP by as much as 10% and has a wider working range with 8% higher crystallization limits compared to the conventional
Study on the Thermal Stress Distribution Characteristivs of the Cylinder Block of a Light Gasoline Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 800~808
In this study the thermal stress distribution and deformantion characteristics resulting from the nonuniform temperature fields of the cylinder block of a light 3-cylinder 4-stroke gasoline engine were analyzed using the 3-dimensional finite element method. The temperature distributions req-uisite for the thermoelastic behavior alalysis were obtained from the steady-state heat conduction analysis performed on the basis of experimental data. in order to examine the effect of a ceramic material the cylinder liner was replaced by the silicon nitride(
) and its thermal behaviors were compared with those of the original block.
Influence on Metal Removal Rate by Material and Size Difference of the Electrode
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 809~815
This study has been performed to investigate MRR(metal removal rate) surface roughness with various pulse-on duration using the copper and graphite electrode according to the electrode size on the heat treated STD 11 which is extensively used for metallic molding steel in the EDM. The results obtained are as follow ;a)MRR increases a lot when pulse-on duration is 100
or less but MRR has little difference with pulse-on duration of 100
or more b) According to the increase of Pulse-on duration the large the electrode size the more MRR c) Safe discharge is needed to make maximum of MRR and the metallic organization must be complicated for discharge induction. d) Actual machining time is longer than theoretical machining time at the short pulse-on duration because of skin effect of current. e) Graphite electrode needs the larger electric discharge energy than copper electrode to remove remained chips completely.
A Study on the Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Agricultural Diesel Engines by Use of Rice Bran Oil as a Fuel
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 816~826
The effects of rice bran oil on the characteristics of performance and exhaust emissions have been experimentally examined by a single cylinder four cycle direct injection water-cooled and agricultural diesel engine operating at several loads and speeds. The experiments are conducted with light oil blends of rice bran with light oil and rice bran oil as a fuel. The fuel injection timing if fixed to
BTDC regardless of fuel type engine loads and speeds. Any oxygen is not included in light oil while the oxygen contents of 10.7% are included in rice bran oil. The lower calorific value of rice bran oil is less than light oil and the viscosity is very high compared with light oil. In pre-sent study it is found that these major differences of chemical and physical properties control the combustion parameters that affect the performance and exhaust emissions of diesel engines using a rice bran oil as fuels.
A Study on the Influences of Recirculated Exhaust Gas upon Wear of Cylinder and Piston in Diesel Engines with EGR System
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 827~835
The effects of recirculated exhaust gas on the wear of cylinder liner piston and piston rings have been investigated by the experiment with a two-cylinder four cycle indirect injection diesel engine operating at 75% load and 1600 rpm speed For the purpose of comparison between the rates of two cylinders with and without EGR the recirculated exhaust gas is sucked into one of two cylinders after the soot among exhaust emissions is removed by an intntionally designed cylinder-type scrubber equipped with 6 water injectors(A water injector has 144 nozzles of 1.0 mm diame-ter) while only the fresh air into another cylinder. These experiments are carried out on the fuel injection at a fixed
BTDC timing. It is found that firstly the mean wear amount of cylinder liner with EGR is more increased in the measurement positions of the second half than of the first half and the mean wear amount without EGR is almost uniform regardless of measurement posi-tions secondly the wear rates of the first and second piston ring(compression ring)thickness with EGR are more than twice but the wear rate of oil ring thickness without EGR is more increased than that with EGR and finally the wear rate of piston skirt with EGR is a little bit increased but the piston hed diameter is rather increased owing to soot adhesion and corrosion wear and espe-cially larger with EGR.
A Study on the Optimum Design of Resonance Intake System For 4 Cylinder Diesel Engines
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 836~843
In this paper effects of resonator within intake manifold system on volumetric efficiency were investigated n the 4-cylinder and 4 stroke Diesel Engines. The effects of resonator system were analyzed on resonant speed and on volumetric efficiency for a complicated intake system with resonator was confirmed. And the optimum design method of the resonant system which had the overall high and flat characteristic of volumetric efficiecncy was proposed.
A Study of the Convective Heat Transfer in a Vertical Channel of an Array of Heated Protrusions
B. J, Baek ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 844~853
Natural and forced convection experiments were carried out in order to investigate the effects of channel spacing gap between protrusions and number of rows of protrusion, In natural convection the optimum channel spacing was found to be approximately 20mm regardless of the protrusion gaps. For optimum channel spacing the heat transfer coefficients were converged to an asymptotic value after the fourth row. The heat transfer coefficient for each row approaches to constant values for protrusion gaps larger than 10 mm. An experimental correlation has been suggested by using a modified Rayleigh number based on the dimensionless characteristic length(G/L). In forced convec-tion the heat transfer coefficients were not merged to an asymptote until the fifty row and increases as the channel spacing at the constant Reynolds number decreases.
The Development of a Heat Balance Evaluation Program for the Main Steam Line of LNG Carrier
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 854~861
The demand of LNG as a cheap and clean energy which does not cause an environmental problem has sharply been increased in Korea. In general LNG is stored in a cargo tank specially designed as a liquid state below
. The main engine of a LNG carrier is generally a steam boiler because LNG is a highly flammable fluid with the possibility of explosion. The main engine of a cargo ship has to be capable of the propulsion load and various auxiliary loads for the safe navigation since it is the primary energy source. Therefore the evaluation of a main boiler's energy capacity is a key design point in the planning of LNG carrier's construction. This research is to develop the computational program for the analysis of steam boiler Heat balance for LNG carrier.
A Study on Velocity Profiles and Critical Dean Number of Developing Transitional Unsteady Flows in a Curved Duct
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 862~870
In this paper an experimental investigation of characteristics of developing transitional unsteady flows in a square-sectional 180。 curved duct are presented. The experimental study using air is carried out to measure axial velocity profiles secondary flow velocity profiles and entrance length by using Laser Do ppler Velocimeter(LDV) system. The flow development is found to depend upon Dean number dimensionless angular frequency velocity amplitude ration and cur-vature ratio. Of special interest is the secondary flow generated by centrifugal effects in the plane of the cross-section of the duct. The secondary flows are strong and complicate at entrance region. The entrance length of transitional pulsating flow is obtained to 120。 of bended angle of duct in this experimental conditions.
Effect of heat Leak on Cycle Characteristics of Refrigerator
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 871~879
The refrigerator consists of many components such as compressor condenser expansion valve evaporator and the cabinet which filled by urethane foam. In this paper the heat leakage of refriger-ator is measured by the new experiment method which is different from a present method, The devi-ation of the UA(overall heat transfer coefficient times area) between the simulation and experiments is about 7-8%. Using the modeling of various components of refrigeration system a performance analysos of CFC 12 and HFC 134a is performed numerically on the UA. As the results of this study according to increase the heat leakage the refrigeration load and mass flow rate of refrigerant are increased. And the increase of the mass flow rate results in the increase of the condensing and evapo-rating temperature. Therefore according to increase of the heat leakage the COP leads to increase because the increase of refrigeration capacity is larger than the increase if compressor power.
A Study on the Spray Cooling Characteristics of hot Flat Plates
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 880~887
In order to study heat transfer characteristics of spray cooling for the purpose of uniform and soft cooling of high temperature surface a series of experiments for a hot horizontal copper flat plate was performed by downflow spray water using flat spray nozzle. Cooling curves were mea-sured under the various experimental conditions of flow rates and temperatures of cooling water Surface temperature surface heat fluxes and heat transfer coefficients of horizontal upward-facing flat surface were calculated with cooling curves measured at each radial positions near the cooling surface by TDMA method. Generally heat transfer characteristics for spray cooling is simi-lar to boiling phenomenon of pool boiling. The minimum heat flux(MHF) appear at the surface temperature of about
and the critical heat flux(CHF) appear at about
A Study on the Sensorless Realization of Magnetic Levitation System by Two-Degree-of-freedom Control Method
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 888~893
In this paper, we present a magnetic levitation system which has not a gap sensor with sensor-less realization and stabilizing controller design. For measuring gap between magnet and levitated object we propose a gap sensorless method and adop two-degree-of-freedom controller for robust-ness and performence of the magnetic levitation system. From time responeses we confirm that the proposed sensorless method which can be applied to magnetic levitation system. Also the designed stabilizing controller has good disturbance rejection and reference tracking performance.
A Study on the Communication Method for a Ship Main Engine Remote Control System
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 894~900
In this paper, a communication method is proposed for the development of a main engine remote control system. The main engine control system compriese three subsystems such as RCS (Remote Control System) BCS (Bridge Control System) and SS (Safety System), Thus it is required to exchange data each other among these subsystems. The communication method has simplified hardware through the minimization of communication components where the interrupt method are employed for receiving and the polling method for transmitting. We discuss a methodology of using a ring buffer for data storage physically which has two buffers virtually for the effective use of memory. This communication method presents a good performance in the system which has rather small numbers of communication data.
A Study on Implementation of a Real-Time Control Algorithm for Ship Main Engine Remote Control Systems
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 901~907
This paper presents a real-time control technique for the development of a ship main engine remote control system, In general several tasks are executed by the event-driven method in real-time system. However when some tasks have time delay components it is difficult to achieve good real-time performance. To cope with this problem a number of timers in most conventional system have been used. In this paper we introduce a real-time control methodology of dealing effectively with tasks including time delay components using one hardware timer. And also a speed control method of main engine which includes critical revolution range a crash astern and a emergency ahead function a switching method of remote control position and a flickering method for the indication of multi-stage alarm are discussed. As long as functions and method are imple-mented as forms of tasks the development of main engine remote control systems can be easy for different types of engines.
Spectrums of Chua's Oscillator Circuit with a Cubic Nonlinear Resistor
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 908~919
This paper describes implementation and simulation of Chua's oscillator circuits with a cubic non-linear resistor. The two-terminal nonlinear resistor NR consists of one Op Amp two multipliers and five resistors. The Chua's oscillator circuit is implemented with analog electronic devices. Period-1 limit cycle period-2 limit cycle period-4 limit cycle and spiral attractor double-scroll attractor and 2-2 window are observed experimentally from the laboratory model and simulated by computer for the presented model. Comparing the result of experiments and simulations the spectrums are satisfied.
A Study on the Automatic Route Tracking Control of Ships
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 920~927
This paper presents a synthetic control algorithm that generates the rudder command angle to track the optimal route which is composed of straight-lines among way-points with keeping a required error limit. The control algorithm comprises three main lgorithms that is a course-keeping algorithm that eliminates the yaw angle difference between optimal route and current route a track-keeping algorithm that tracks the optimal route among way-points and a turning-control algorithm that includes the generation of optimal turning routes and control method. The effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm is assured through computer simulation.
A Driving Method and Precise Repetitive Control of BLDC Motor
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 928~934
This paper describes a fully digitalized driver for BLDC motors which is realized by a single chip microprocessor. The speed change can be done by using the signal obtained from the position detecting sensor and adjusting the pulse width at the input channel of power module. In order to establish a speed control system a repetitive control method is adopted to track a periodic refer-ence change in the BLDC motor system. The experimental results show accurate reference track-ing performance under the given periodic reference in the repetitive controller design.
A Study on the Flow Characteristics of Cubic Cavity with driven Flow
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 22, issue 6, 1998, Pages 935~941
Experiments were carried out for a cubic cavity flow. Contrinuous shear stress is supplied by driven flow for high Reynolds number and three kinds of aspect ratios. Velocity vectors are obtained by PIV and they are used as velocity components for Poisson equation for pressure, Relat-ed boundary conditions and no-slip condition at solid wall and the linear velocity extrapolation on the upper side fo cavity are well examined for the present study. For calculation of pressure reso-lution of grid is basically
and 2-dimensional uniform mesh using MSC staggered grid is adopted. The flow field within the cavity maintains a forced-vortex formation and almost of the shear stress from the driving inflow is transformed into rotating flow energy and the size of the distorted forced-vortex increases with increment of Reynolds number