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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Nov 2000
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Sep 2000
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Jul 2000
Volume 24, Issue 3 - May 2000
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Mar 2000
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
3-Dimensional particle Tracking Velocimetry
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~9
Atmospheric Re-entry Guidance and Control of Space Launch Vehicle
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 10~17
Forced Vibration Analysis for Duffing's Vibration Systems with the Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Systems
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 18~24
As ship's propulsion shafting system has been complicated, many linear methods that have been used until now are not sufficient enough to produce proper solutions and these solutions are ofter unreasonable. So we need to solve nonlinear systems, and many methods for solving nonlinear vibration system have been developed. In this study, the propulsion shafting system was modeled with Duffing's nonlinear vibration system and multi-degree-of-freedom, and analyzed by using Quasi-Newton method. And for the purpose of confirming the reliability of the calculating results for nonlinear forced torsional vibration of the propulsion shafting system, the nonlinear calculated results were compared with the linear calculated ones for ship's propulsion shafting system. In the result, for analysis of the forced torsional vibration of the propulsion systems with nonlinear elements, the modified Newton's method is confirmed reasonable.
A study on effect of heat transfer of condensation including noncondensable gas over a flat plate
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 25~30
In present paper, mass transfer over a flat plate with film condensation including noncondesable gas is analyzed with the help of similarity methods. Couette flow was assumed in liquid film and boundary-layer approximation was used in the ambient flow. Governing equations were transformed into the ordinary differential equtions by the similarity methods. Runge-Kutta and shooting method were used in order to fine the effect of mass transfer on the velocity and concentrations at the liquid-vapor interface.
A Numerical Analysis of Streamwise Vortices in Turbulent Boundary Layers
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 31~40
This paper describes the numerical computations of the interaction between the streamwise vortex and a flat plate 3-D turbulent boundary layer. In the present study, the main interest is in the behavior of the streamwise vortices introduced in turbulent boundary layers. The flow behind a vortex generator is modeled by the information that is avilable from studies on the dalta winglet. An algorithm of the solution of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations for three-dimensional turbulent flows, together with a two layer turbulent model to resolve the near-wall flow, is based on the method of artificial compressibility. The present results show boundary layer distortion due to vortices, such as strong spanwise flow divergence and boundary thinning, and have a good agreement with the experimental data.
Analysis of combined cycle for desalination process and
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 41~48
The characteristics of a combined cycle for the production of fresh water and air-conditioning was analyzed. The combined cycle consisted of an open water cycle and a
refrigeration cycle interlinked in the pre-heater of the water cycle, which is the condenser of the refrigeration cycle. The oprating conditions and criteria for the fresh water production and air-conditioning was described and their effects on the total system were evaluated. The results indicated an increase of desalinated water with the increase of hot water temperature, which resulted in the decrease of cooling capacity of the refrigeration system in this study. However, the energy saving correspond to the pre-heating of the water cycle by the condensing of the refrigeration system shows the avilable advantage of the proposed cycle as compared to other single purpose plants for desalination.
A Study on the Improvement of Properties of Sprayed
Ceramic Coating Layer.
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 49~58
Thermal spraying is one of the most common surface coating techniques to be used for many applications and flame spraying covers a wide range of different materials which can be coated onto various substrates. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of mixed ratio in composite coatings on the mechanical and anti-corrosion properties. The five different types of composite coatings were made with
ceramic and Ni-alloy powder on the mild steel substrate by flame spraying method. The mechanical properties such as microhardness, adhesive strength and erosion resistance and corrosion resistance were tested for the sprayed coating specimens. The results obtained are summarized as follows; 1. The composite coating layers greatly improve the microstructure, erosion resistance and adhesive strength by increasing the content of Ni-Al alloy. 2. Microhardness of the compsite coating layer is decreased by increasing the content of Ni-Al alloy. 3. The anti-corrosion properties is considerably improved by increasing the compsite rate of Ni-Al alloy.
A Study of Eutectic Bonding for Aluminium using Novel Brazing Process
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 59~66
To investigate the optimum brazing condition, variation of bonded structure and mechanical properties of novel brazed pure Al with bonding condition (brazing temperature, time and Si/flux ratio) was studied. A basic study of the bonding mechanism was also examined. The optimum brazing condition was obtained at
for 2 minutes and the bonded structure showed that it is composed of almost entirely eutectic Al-Si with near eutectic composition. At higher brazing temperature
, hypoeutectic Al-Si structure was observed in the bonded area and resulted in erosion of base metal. The thickness of eutectic layer formed in optimum brazing temperature increased linearly with the square root of time, showing a general diffusion controlled process. The ultimate tensile strength of bonded joint brazed at an optimum brazing condition was about 60% of base metal and its fracture surface showed a brittle mode.
A Study on the Effects of Friction and Wear Properties of PTFE Composites for Oil Free Air Compressor
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 67~74
Recently, PTFE-polymide composites are being used self-lubricating parts for industrial field. Thus, this study is mainly concerned with friction and wear properties for the piston ring of non-lubricating air compressor which made of PTFE-polymide composites. The friction and wear test was carried out for the different composition ratio under the atomsphere room temperature and constant load of 7.69N and their friction and wear properties were compared with each other at various sliding speed. notable results are summarized as follows. PTFE 100% showed that friction coefficient was almost same values at 0.94 and 1.88m/s but the value was decreased at 2.83m/s because the friction temperature is higher than low speed. PTFE 80%-PI 20% showed the lowest mean friction coefficient at 2.83m/s. PTFE 20-PI 80% showed the highest friction coefficient at 0.94m/s and the value was decreased at high speed but the value is higher than other materials except PTFE 100 %. PI 100% showed the highest friction coefficient at 0.94 and 1.88m/s becuase adhesive wear mainly occurred that speed. PTFE 100% showed highest specific wear rate on the whole. Specific wear rate of PTFE 80%-PI 20% was almost the same value with PTFE 20%-PI80%. PI 100%showed the lowest value at high sliding speed because the friction surface was thicken and carbonated by high friction temperature.
Effect on Transient Performance of Driver's Acceleration Type in MPI Gasoline Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 75~81
To provide the appropriate direction for development of transient control in a gasoline engine, transient performance analysis and evalution under four accelerating types based on typical driver's acceleration type were implemented by experimental study. In order to evaluate the characteristics of transient performance quanititatively, the concept and method by transient response specifications were introduced. Several performance parameters in terms of engine speed(RPM), manifold absolute pressure(MAP), fuel injection duration(
) and air excess ratio(
) were emasured simultaneously during the four types of the throttle valve opening with the step motor controlled by PC. The result showed that transient response specifications in terms of delay time, rising time and settling time characterized the transient performance for four acceleration types quantitatively. Intensified acceleration type was most economical and linear acceleration type revealed the best emission performance.
Substructure Synthesis Method using Dynamic Reduction
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 82~87
The component mode synthesis method(CMS) used for vibration analysis has demerit that error becomes larger, as degree of natural frequency grows higher. The reason of error occurrence is that Guyan's static reduction is used and the number of modes taken in each component is deficient. This paper proposes the substructure synthesis method using dynamic reduction to solve the problem from the component mode synthesis method. Computer simulation for the proposed method. FEM and the component mode synthesis method(CMS) on a rectrangular plate has been carried out to prove the avilability of the proposed method.
Study on Two-Phase Flow generated by Two Jets with Height Difference
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 88~93
In this study, the mixing process of two-phase flow generated by two jets with height difference is analyzed. The primary jet is jetted on the condition of the state mixed pulverized solid particles with air. The height difference between the main jet and the secondary jet is changed into three kinds(0, 32.5, 47.5mm). The velocity vector field, concentration field and turbulent properties of solid particles are measured by using 3-Dimensional Particles Dynamics Analyzer. As the height difference of two jets through the two nozzles increases, the solid particle recirculation zone and the dense zone in the combustion chamber become large. The solid particle concentration at the center of the combustion chamber gets dense because the particle velocity remains slow due to the existence of the solid particle recirculation zone. The particle concentration in the combustion chamber can also be influenced by the hight difference of two jets.
Model Indentification and Discrete-Time Sliding Mode Control of Electro-Hydraulic Systems
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 94~103
This paper describes the model identification and the discrete-time sliding mode control of electro-hydraulic servo systems which are composed of servo valves, double-rod cylinder and load mass. The controlled plant is identified as a 3th-order discrete-time ARMAX model obtained from the prediction error algorithm, where a nominal model and modeling errors are zuantitatively constructed. The discrete sliding mode controller for 3th-order ARMAX model is designed in discrete-time domain, where all states are observed from Kalman filter. The discrete sliding mode controller has better tracking performance than that obtained from continuous-time sliding mode controller, in experiment.
Control of Coupled Tank Level using RVEGA SMC
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 104~111
It is very difficult to maintain the desired tank level without any overflow or any shortage in a dangerous shemical plant and in a cooling one. Futhermore, because its dynamics are very complicate and nonlinear, it is impossible to realize the precise control using the accurate mathematical model which can be applied to the various peration modes. Nonetheless, the sliding mode controller(SMC) is known as having the robust variable structures for the nonlinear control system with the parametric perturbations and with the rapid disturbances. But the adaptive tuning algorithms for their parameters are not satisfactory. Therefore, in this paper, a Real Variable Elitist Genetic Algorithm based Sliding Mode Controller (RVEGA SMC) for the precise control of the coupled tank level was tried. The SMC's switching parameters were optimized easily and rapidly by RVEGA. The simulation results showed that the tank level could be satisfactorily controlled without and overshoot and any steady-state error by the proposed RVEGA SMC.
A Study on the Precise Tracking Control in the Repetitive Manufacturing Process
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 112~118
A modified repetitive control is formulated and analyzed in the discrete-time domain. Sufficient conditions for the stability of a class of repetitive controllers are given by means of the regeneration spectrum method. When a periodic signal input is drived into the two-mass-spring plant, the performance of the proposed controller which comprises a low-pass filter and two feed-forward compensators, turns out highly accurate by comparing the tracking result from the conventional LQ controller.
A Study on the Improvement of the Accuracy of a Wheeled Vehicle Positioning System by Multisensor Data Fusion
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 119~126
In constructing the positioning system based on a conventional dead-reckoning for a wheeled vehicle with pneumatic tires, the position estimation error is inevitable as changes of the radius of the wheels depend on live load and variable enviroment. Therefore, this paper proposes the positioning system which can estimate the error source i.e. the vehicle parameter errors, such as the right and left wheel radius error, using gyroscope and ultrasonic sensor and correct the parameter to reduce the dead-reckoned position estimation error. The extended Kalman filter was used as a method for the multisensor data fusion. The simulation to verify the effectiveness of the proposed positioning system is performed.
A Numerical Analysis on the Flow Characteristics of Polar Cavity
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 127~133
A numerical study of the flow of incompressible fluid in a polar cavity is presented. Irregular grids is proposed by applying the interior division principle to the variables on polar coordinate grid formation. Stability analysis and the pressure correction method of SOLA algorithms were discussed in detail on cylindrical coordinates. The results present that unsteady flow behavior appears over
on polar cavities but nearly steady state at Re=
. Furthermore, with increasing Reynolds numbers, vortices behav-iors indicate more complicated flow phenomena and more severe temporal fluctuation of total kinetic energy and time variation of velocity components at arbitrary pick-up points are detected in case of Re-
A Study on Ventilation Characteristics of Cargo-oil pump room
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 1, 2000, Pages 134~141
In this study, a scaled model chamber was built to investigate ventilation characteristics of the Under floor Air-conditioning System. Experimental study was performed in model for cargo-oil pump room with inlet and outlet by visualization equipment with laser apparatus. Instant simul-taneous velocity vectors at whole field were measured by 2-D PIV system(CACTUS'2000) which adopted two-frame grey-level cross correlation algorithm. The flow pattern reveals the large scale counterclockwise forced-vortex rotation from upside louver to lower scupper toward diagonal corner and also found small eddies at bottom layer