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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Nov 2000
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Sep 2000
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Jul 2000
Volume 24, Issue 3 - May 2000
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Mar 2000
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
Advanced Surface Coating Techniques using Plasma
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 393~404
A Study on the Condition Monitoring for Rolling Element Bearing using Higher Order Statistical Analysis of Sound-Vibration Signal
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 405~413
This paper present study on the application of sound pressure and vibration signals to detect the presence of defects in a rolling element bearing using a statistical analysis method. The well established statistical parameters such as the crest factor and the distribution of moments including kurtosis and skew are utilized in this study. In addition, other statistical parameters derived from the beta distribution function are also used. A comparison study on the performance of the different types of parameter used is also performed. The statistical analysis is used because of its simplicity and quick computation. Under ideal conditions, the statistical method can be used to identify the different types of defect present in the bearing. In addition, the results also reveal that there is no significant advantages in using the beta function parameters when compared to using kurtosis and the crest factor for detecting and identifying defects in rolling element bearings from both sound and vibration signals.
Evaporating heat transfer characteristics of R-22 alternative hydrocarbon refrigerants at heat exchanger using grooved inner tube
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 414~420
In this paper, evaporation heat transfer characteristics at a inner grooved tube were studied using a new natural refrigerants R-290, R-600a and HCFC refrigerant R-22. Experiments were performed in the inner tube with outside diameter of 12.70mm, having 75 fins with a fin height of 0.25mm. The following results were obtained from this research. On the evaporating heat transfer characteristics, the maximum increment of heat transfer coefficient was found in R-290. Average heat transfer coefficient was obtained the maximum value in R-290 and the minimum value in R-22. It reveals that the natural refrigerant can be used as a substitute for R-22. In the grooved inner tube, 70% of the increment of the heat transfer coefficient was obtained compared to the smooth tube. Comparing the heat transfer coefficient between experimental results and simulation data of other's, the Kandlikar's correlated equation was closely approximated to the author's experimental results in the smooth tube or grooved inner one.
Effects of Suction Air Humidity on the Combustion and Exhaust Emissions Characteristics in Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 421~426
A study on the combustion and exhaust emissions characteristics of diesel engine with various suction air humidity is performed experimentally. In this paper, suction air humidity is changed from RH 50% to RH 90%, the experiments are performed at engine speed 1800rpm, and main measured parameters are cylinder pressure, fuel consumption rate, CO, HC, NOx and Soot emissions etc. Increase of suction air humidity from RH 50% to RH 90% does not effect specific fuel consumption, decreases maximum pressure in cylinder, ratio of maximum pressure rise and net heat release, and delays ignition timing. Also, that increases CO and HC emissions, decreases NOx emissions, but does not constant in changing tendency on emission.
A Study on the Thermal Characteristics of the Large Low Temperature Vacuum Dryer for Biological Drying
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 427~434
In tradition, there have been two kinds of drying methods, which are sun drying and artificial drying. The sun drying method which has been adopted traditionally has been replaced by the hot-air drying method which is one of the most general methods of artificial drying, with its simple drying system, low initial cost of drying plant, and easy operating method. But the hot-air drying method has some defects; (1) much energy loss happens due to the discharge of hot air during the drying process, (2) control of drying rate is not easy on account of changing relative humidity of inlet air for uniform hot air temperature, (3) high temperature of foods in drying process brings about the production of low-grade drying products. Vacuum drying takes advantage of energy saving and mass production because it reduces the drying time by increasing the drying rate under low temperature condition. The aim of this paper is to develop the low temperature vacum dryer, with low initial investments and operating costs, easy operating method and trouble-free operation.
A Study on the Speed Control of Medium Diesel Engine using a Fuzzy-PI Controller
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 435~440
The speed control system of diesel engine is considerably nonlinear. Therefore, a countermeasure such as gain scheduling used to be incorporated to compensate this nonlinearity. On the other hand, it is said that fuzzy control is very robust against nonlinearity. But it is difficult to get a satisfactory response with only fuzzy control in real system. In this paper authors design a fuzzy-PI controller for the speed control of Medium diesel engine and carry out experiments with dedicate system implemented by Intel 80916KC to real diesel engine, Deawoo MAN 6Cyl., 1800rpm driving 3
220V, 150KW generator. We confirm the effectiveness of proposed control system.
Estimation of Exhaust NOx Emission for Marine Engines
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 441~445
Considering international status of our country as world class ship builder and geographical characteristics encircled by sea in three facets, controlling of air pollutants emission from marine engines becomes more and more important issue in recent days. Implementation of immediate pollutants emission control regulation and standardization of test and certification procedure are required to reduce air pollution from marine engines. But cost increments due to additional equipment of emission control device and development and certification test expenses as well as depreciation of fuel economy should be considered. To satisfy those air pollution reduction and economic requirements, we should make our own interpretation of IMO standard and implementation schedule depending on our country's status. For this purpose we measured NOx emission from small and middle class marine engines to calculate emission factor and total pollutant emission in our country. With the comparison and analysis of other countries emission control regulation we proposed basic data of total emission from marine engine and future emission control standard in our country. According to our estimation, 62% of total NOx emission of marine engines comes from fishing boat and 38% from commercial vessels. The portion of NOx emission from marine engine is 18.6% of whole country NOx emission. Due to the voyage characteristics of middle and large vessel and necessity of international harmonization of marine engine pollutants emission control standard, it is inevitable to adopt IMO standard for middle and large marine engines. But considering technological and cost effect of fishing boat operating in near sea, it is resonable to set a standard within 80% of measured value at the moment and gradually implement the same IMO standard in near future.
A Study on Performance Analysis of The Closed Cycle System Using the Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 446~453
The closed cycle diesel system is operated in closed circuit system where there is non air breathing with working fluid consisted of the combination of oxygen, argon and recycled exhaust gas for obtaining underwater or underground power sources. this study has been carried out to analysis the performance of closed cycle system by means of investigation on the combustion characteristics of diesel engine MTU8V183TE52 operating in open, semi-closed, and closed cycle modes. The combustion in closed mode starts a little bit earlier than in open cycle mode. The oxygen concentration and fuel consumption at 240kW closed cycle running are 21∼24% by volume and 77∼79kg/h, respectively. The maximum cylinder pressure and ignition delay time are investigated 110bar and 8.9degree. Also, The combustion simulation program has been studied to predict whether or not combustion. The results from numerical prediction for the basic, cylinder averaged quantities such as the cylinder pressure and the heat release showed excellent with the experimental data.
A Behavior Study of Diesel Spray on High Temperature
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 454~459
Diesel engine which has high thermal efficiency is one of the major movers. Recently, as people pay attention to the environmental pollution, the emission of Diesel engine becomes an important problem. So it is needed to understand the characteristics of diesel fuel spray injected into a combustion chamber to reduce the emission. The factors which control the diesel fuel spray are the injection pressure, the nozzle diameter, the impinging angle and the variation of an ambient pressure and temperature. In this paper, the experiments were conducted in the free spray and the impinging spray with various ambient temperatures(273K, 373K, 573K). And the behaviors of the diesel fuel spray, such as penetration, spray angle and axial distance in the free spray and axial distance and spray thickness in the impinging spray were studied.
A Study on the Corrosion Rehavior and Mechanical Property by SSRTTest of Welding Part of RE36 Steel for Marine Structure
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 460~469
A study on the corrosion behavior of RE36 steel for marine structure was investigated with parameters such as micro-Vickers hardness, corrosion potential and corrosion current density measurement of weld metal(WM), base metal (BM) and heat affected zone(HAZ), Al anode generating current and Al anode weight loss quantity in case of cathodic protection. And we carried out slow strain rate test(SSRT) in order to research mechanical properties such as stress at maximum load, percent strain, time to fracture and strain to failure ratio etc and to find out limiting cathodic polarization potential for hydrogen embrittlement with applied cathodic polarization potential. Hardness of HAZ part was the highest among those three parts and also galvanic corrosion susceptibility was the highest in HAZ part among those three parts due to the lowest corrosion potential than other parts. However corrosion current density was the highest in WM part among those three parts. And the optimum cathodic polarization potential showing the best mechanical properties obtained by SSRT method with applied constant cathodic potential was from - 770mV to - 875mV(SCE). However it is suggested that limiting cathodic polarization potential indicating hydrogen embrittlement on the mechanical properties was under - 900mV(SCE).
STUDY ON THE OPERATING CONDITION AND STABILITY OF CONTROL SYSTEM IN THE SPACE OF ADJUSTING PARAMETERS
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 470~477
The states of control loops in existing actual systems are changed according to time varying conditions of controllest process and other system components. Adjusting control parameters properly at site which is performed generally by Ziegler & Nichols mthod is important for safe and efficient operation, but the method may require much time to adjust and not easy to inexperienced engineers. This study is aimed to propose more handy method to adjust control parameters by plotting operating conditions on the space of adjusting parameters. One loop of model control system without perturbation condition has been adopted and its stability limit was plotted on the coordinates of Gain and Integral time which was acquired after analyzing Nyquist diagrams and time domain responses. The result showed that the sets of adjusting parameters according to critical stability and proper stability could be acquired reasonably through both responses and the curves on parameter space revealed available patterns for the purpose of easy maintenance of control characteristics.
Characteristic of Heat and Mass Transfer on Inner Ribbed Notched Fin Tube Absorber
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 478~485
An experimental study of the absorption process of water vapor into lithium bromide solution was performed. For the purpose of development of high performance absorption chiller-heater utilizing Lithium Bromide solution as working fluid, the absorber is the most effective to improve the performance of an absorber because it requires the largest heat transfer area in an absorption chiller-heater system. This paper introduces bare tube and inner ribbed notched fin tube for the absorber of absorption chiller-heaters. Inner ribbed notched fin tube has about 10∼20% higher heat and mass transfer performance than bare tube conventionally used in absorbers and the it is expected to perform high heat and mass transfer. This paper will provide important information on the selection of absorber tubes in commercial absorption chill-heaters.
Flow Mechanism around Air Flow Sensor of Electronic Control Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 486~493
Flow mechanism around air flow sensor of electronic control engine, especially Karman vortex type, was investigated experimentally. The two-dimensional flow characteristics in the intermediate wake region behind a triangular vortex-generator respectively apex forward facing, apex backward facing and vertical flat plates following after apex forward facing(i.e vortex-flowmeter) were investigated at Reynolods number of
; H is the width of a triangular vortex-generator. The vortex shedding frequency for wide Reynolds number from
was also surveyed. The velocity component was measured by X-type hot wire anemometer at 8H downstream from the bluff body. The coherent structure of the intermediate wake behind a bluff body was obtained by conditional phase average technique. As a result, it was verified that the vertical flat plates following after apex forward triangular vortex-generator make not only more linear relation between free stream velocity and vortex shedding frequency but also more periodic vortex in the vicinity of the center of wake.
The Study on Performance of Propeller Fan according to Distance of Front Plate
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 494~501
A study on performance of a propeller fan according to the distance between the front plate and the fan was conducted experimentally. Different characteristics of performance were found on the performance curve. Flow measurements using the three dimensional LDV system show that the zone of recirculation exists around the fan. The differences of performance in changes of the distance occurs because the zone of recirculation is much wider at the distance of 24mm than at that of 30mm.
Design of a Container Crane Controller for High Efficiency in Cargo Handling
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 502~508
The amount of container freight is continuously increasing recently, but freight congestion problem frequently occurs at ports due to low efficiency of container crane in transportation and cargo handling. In this paper, a method for designing a fuzzy controller of the container crane system is presented. In this scheme a mathematical model for the system is obtained in state space representation. The response of the proposed fuzzy controller is compared with that of the optimal controller at the same condition. Through the simulation results, the performance of the fuzzy controller was observed better than that of optimal controller in respect of reference change, disturbances and parameter change. The fuzzy controller was also more stable and robust than the optimal controller.
Numerical Analysis of Fluid Flow in Freezer Duct of Refrigerator
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 509~514
A numerical study has been performed to design duct parameters in the freezer of a domestic refrigerator. The visualization results of FDM analysis using the standard k-
model with inlet boundary conditions modelled in this paper show good agreements with the experimental ones in prediction overall flow characteristics. Dominant vortex flows are found in the left upper and right lower corners, while there exists large turbulent kinetic energy around the fan and right upper side of the fan. It, in turn, has effects on the performance and noise. It is recommended to locate the outlet far away from the fan in order to reduce the noise level.
Development of sound field visualization technique using digital image processing
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 515~525
A new acoustic field visualization technique is introduced in this study. Small particles of which density is small enough to follow up the air used for the noise field visualization. In order to quantify the noise, PIV(Particle Imaging Velocimetry) has been constructed. When the driving frequency is in the vicinity of the resonance frequency of the simplified 2-dimensional muffler system, an acoustic streaming is shown and of which velocity distribution is obtained through PIV technique. It is experimentally proved that the present technique is able to visualize and quantify the acoustic fields.
A Study on the Emission Characteristics of NOx in Medium Speed Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 24, issue 4, 2000, Pages 526~534
In this study, the characteristics of exhaust emissions in medium speed diesel engine under various operating conditions were investigated through experiments to derive the optimum conditions for minimizing the exhaust emissions, especially, nitrogen oxides. The 355 KW
1200 rpm medium speed diesel engine was intensively examined to investigate the trend of exhaust emissions in case that the parameters affecting combustion conditions such as fuel injection timing, intake air temperature and pressure, engine speed and load were changed. The exhaust emissions for 9 sets of medium speed diesel engine were analyzed in addition. From this study, NOx level could be reduced by 30~50% through the adjustment of retarded fuel injection timing, lowered intake air temperature and increased charging air pressure.