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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Nov 2001
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Sep 2001
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Jul 2001
Volume 25, Issue 3 - May 2001
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Mar 2001
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
The Recent Trends of Maritime Training in the 1995 STCW Convention
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 716~726
International Trend on Early Phasing-out Scheme of Single Hull Oil Tanker and Enhanced Survey Scheme for Aged Oil Tanker
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 727~734
The Future Prospect of the Vessel Traffic Safety Management in View of Developing AIS Network in Korea
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 735~746
What is a Cruise Ship-luxury Floating City\ulcorner
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 767~774
A Development of Optimizing Tools for Friction Stir Welding with 2 mm Thick Aluminum Alloy using a Milling Machine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 791~796
Friction stir welding is a solid phase welding process that does not melt the metal when welding. The FSW is the most remarkable and potentially useful new welding technique that is still in development. Friction stir butt welding process on 2 mm thick Al 1050 plates by utilizing a milling machine was experimentally studied. With the optimized heat generating tool welds could be achieved that are void and crack free. It was found that the friction stir welded tensile test specimens failed in the HAZ outside of the weld metal, and that the tensile strength was above 90% of that of the base metal.
Three-Dimensional Trajectory of a Fluid Particle in Air with Wind Effects and Air Resistance
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 797~808
Three-dimensional trajectory of fluid particle is simulated by a particle motion, which is able to examine the influences of changes in the several parameters. To calculate the trajectory of a particle, the Runge-Kutta method was utilized. The use of a projectile of particles for the trajectory of liquid jet has been shown to be useful to estimate the influence of different operating parameters such as best particle diameter, density of liquid body, initial take-off velocity, wind velocity, cross wind velocity, take-off angle, and base angle for a released flow from the nozzle. The results give the trajectories of various types of particle of body and at different elevations, base angles, wind velocities and densities of liquid body. The trajectories in a vacuum show that air resistances decreases both the distance and the maximum height of a projectile, and also explain that the termination time is also reduced in air. In addition, the maximum distance in the x direction was obtained with take-off angles from 30 degrees to 45 degrees in still air and the projectile of particles was highly effected by wind and cross wind. Clearly, a particle has to be so positioned as to take the optimum possible advantage of the wind if the maximum distances is requested. The wind astern increased the maximum distances of x direction compared with the wind ahead. Finally, it is possible to optimize the design of pump by using these results.
A Study in on the Comparison of Characteristics of Gasoline and LPG for a Small SI Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 809~816
This is a fundamental study to improve the performance of the LPG engine. The result were summarized as followed. 1. The measured torque and power on the fuel of LPG were indicated about 8% lower than those on gasoline with the same compression ratio. 2. In the case of LPG, BSFD at compression ratio of 9.7 was about 5% lower than that of 8.3 at 3,000ppm 3. HC and CO concentrations of the LPG were lower about 53%, 35% than those of gasoline
Flow Characteristics of Turbulent Oscillatory Flows in the Exit Region Connected to
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 817~824
In the present study, flow characteristics of turbulent oscillatory flows in the exit region connected to the square-sectional
curved duct was investigated experimentally. The experimental study for air flows was conducted to measure velocity profiles, shear stress distributions by using the Laser Doppler Velocimetry(L.D.V) system with the data acquisition and processing system of Rotating Machinery Resolver(R.M.R) and PHASE software. The results obtained from the experimentation were summarized as follows : The critical Reynolds number for a change from transitional oscillatory flow to turbulent oscillatory flow was about 75,000 in the 90 region of dimensionless axial position (x/Dh) which was considered as a fully developed flow region. In the turbulent oscillatory flow, velocity profiles of the inflow period in the entrance region were gradually developed, but those of the outflow period were not changed nearly. Shear stress distributions of turbulent oscillatory flow was gradually increased as the flow proceeds to downstream.
An Experimental Study on Sea Water Freezing Behavior Along Horizontal Cooled Cylinder With Bubbly Flow
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 825~832
This study was experimentally performed to investigate freezing behavior of sea water along horizontal cooled a circular tube with bubbly flow. The experiments were carried out for a variety of parameter, such as sea water velocity, air-bubble flow rate, and cooled-tube temperature. The shape of freezing layer, freezing rate and salinity of frozen layer were observed and measured. And the flow patterns around cooled tube were visualized using the PIV to analyze the relationship between the flow structure and the freezing characteristics. It was found that the experimental parameters gave a great influence on the freezing rate and the salinity of the frozen layer.
Design of Robust QFT Controller to Damp Low Frequency Oscillations of Power System
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 833~845
Quantitative Feedback Theory(QFT) has been used to design a robust power system stabilizer(PSS) to improve transient and dynamic stabilities of a power system. This design technique is basically accomplished in frequency domain. The most important feature of QFT is that it is able to deal with the design problem of complicated uncertain plants. A basic idea in QFT design is the translation of closed-loop frequency-domain specifications into Nichols chart domains specifying the allowable range of the nominal open-loop response and then to design a controller by using the gain-phase loop shaping technique. This paper introduces a new algorithm to compute QFT bounds more efficiently. The propose QFT design method ensures a satisfactory performance of the PSS under a wide range of power system operating conditions.
The Effect on Wake Flow and Vortex Shedding Frequency by Vortex Stabilizer in Karman Vortex Type Air Flow Sensor
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 846~856
An experimental study has been made to investigate the effect on wake flow and vortex shedding frequency by vortex stabilizer in Karman vortex type air flow sensor. The conditions investigated include 3 types of shapes and 3 types of separation distances of the vortex stabilizer. The phase averaged technique and smoke-wire flow visualization method are used to understand the detail information. The rolling up position of shear layer is fixed by the influence of the vortex stabilizer. Especially, the convex type vortex stabilizer has shown the more stable repeatability and linearity regarding the vortex shedding frequency compared to the other types.
Control Effects on the Aerodynamic Forces and Wake Structures by a Spinning Cylinder in Staggered Arrangement
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 857~868
The aerodynamic forces and wake structures of the non-rotating downstream cylinder which is located behind the spinning upstream cylinder in tandem and staggered arrangement have been investigated by experimental method at Re=
. The measurements of wake flow and pressure distributions of downstream cylinder are carried out in various spin parameters by combination of both longitudinal spacing rations L/d=1.5, 3.0, 4.5 and transverse spacing ratios T/d =0.0, -0.5, 0.5. For the present experiment, it has been found that the spin parameter of spinning upstream cylinder affect more easily the downstream cylinder in tandem arrangement than that in staggered arrangement.
A Study on a Internet Remote Control and Monitoring System using a Microprocessor Embedded Controller
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 869~879
Serial communications such as RS-232C or RS-485 have been used to control and monitor the industrial plants for a long in cooperating with a computer or microprocessor. In recent years a great deal of effort has been made to achieve these control and monitoring through Internet network. This paper proposes a microprocessor system to implement remote control and monitoring system through Internet network. The proposed system uses NE2000 compatible NIC for data link and physical layer to access Internet network The microprocessor employed in the system plays a role of interfacing NE2000 compatible NIC interpreting protocols above link layer, controlling and monitoring industrial plants simultaneously. This paper also shows MMI and experimental results which control and monitor two power plants on the computer monitor with a mouse remotely to verify the proposed.
Fault Detection of Gantry Crane System By using Observation Technique
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 880~888
This paper presents a fault detection asnd isolation algorithm for highly reliable gantry crane system. The algorithm is constructed by multiple PI observer technique, and the magnitude of actuator fault can be estimated by using integrated estimated output error. Also, the complex actuator and /or sensor fault can be detected and isolated by monitoring the integrated error and the estimated state error. Considering the actuator and/or the sensor fault, we verify that these fault can be detected and isolated through simulation. Lastly, we show a simple reliable control method by using the detected fault signal and an added observer.
A Study on the Power Control System for Electric Machineries using Power Line Communication
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 889~897
Recently, a lot of studies on the power line communication(PLC) are being done by many companies and institutes due to its own merit which can use the power line spread widely as a communication channel. But, there are many serious problems about the harsh and unpredictable characteristics, or noise, signal distortion and attenuation to be overcome for commercialization. In this paper, the power line characteristics as the view point of communication channel are investigated and the technologies of PLC are proposed to control the power of electric machineries by using the combined method of ASK modulation and microprocessor technologies. Also experiments are carried out to ascertain performance in case of applying to electric lights control according to various distancea as an example.
A Study on Bubbly Flow using PIV Measurement
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 898~903
The particle image velocimetry with liquid crystal tracers is used for visualizing and analysis of the bubbly flow in a vertical temperature gradient. This method allows simultaneous measurement of velocity and temperature field at a given instant of time Quantitative data of velocity were obtained by applying the MQD technique to visualized image. The paper describes the method, and presents the transient velocity patterns of bubbly flow.
Development of Radial Fin Static Mixers for Emulsion Oil
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 904~911
The fuels of water-in-oil emulsion have a potential of reducing PM(Particulate Matter) and NOx emissions, and increasing combustion efficiency in the furnaces and the burners. For making the most of the beneficial of the secondary atomization due to the microexplosion, the water droplets distributed in the oil must have the optimal sizes. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the water droplet size distribution characteristics of the different types of the static mixers. For analysis the size distribution characteristics efficiently, image analysis system wes constructed and an appropriate image processing algorithm was developed. Two kinds of static mixers: Kenics type and RF type, were tested. As a results, RF type static mixer shows a better characteristics in the mean drop size, particularly in the condition of high water content.
Spray Characteristics of the Air-Shrouded Injectors
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 4, 2001, Pages 912~919
Improvement of the atomization characteristics by adopting the air-shrouded injector has been considered as one of the important methods for decreasing HC emissions in SI engines. Thus, in this study to develop air-shrouded injector with a finer spray, atomization characteristics of differ-ent types of commercial air-shrouded injectors were investigated through the spray imaging and the drop size measurements. As a results, it was found that the internal mixing type of air-shroud-ed injector had a good atomization characteristics. But, a number of large droplets were found in the internal mixing type commercial injector, this shortcoming was improved by adopting the thread type air passages in the air nozzle.