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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Nov 2001
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Sep 2001
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Jul 2001
Volume 25, Issue 3 - May 2001
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Mar 2001
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Jan 2001
Selecting the target year
The Japanese Marine Industry Today and Tomorrow
Tayama, Keijiro ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1183~1189
The Japanese marine industries have made great contribution not only to the Japanese shipbuilding industry but also to the shipbuilding industry of many countries, Marine industries cover many products and one of the major area is propulsion engines. In this paper the author describes about the present situation of the engine industry and anticipate the future of the industry considering present surrounding circumstances.
Present Status and Future Development of China Marine Engineering Industry
Yang, Zhongming ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1190~1194
An Experimental Study on the Flew Characteristics in Dividing Rectangular Duet by using a PIV Technique
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1195~1202
The flow characteristics in a bifurcated duct are investigated experimentally. Physical properties such as mean velocity vectors, mean x-y stress distributions, mean vorticity and total pressure distributions are Obtained for three different Reynolds numbers(578, 620, 688) Using PIV measurements and CFD analysis. Also, three different rates of discharge Q=26.11 l/min, Q=28.11
/min) were selected foy experimental conditions. The results of this study would be useful to the engineer in designing the flow systems for heating, ventilation, air conditioning and wastewater purification plants.
A Study on Performance Characteristics in a LPG Fueled Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1203~1210
This study was carried out to develop an engine for off-road vehicles especially for farm tractors using the liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) which is known as a source of energy having good potential of substitute fuel for diesel engine because of its economical advantage and low pollutant materials after combustion. The study was focused on develop an engine of high in specific power output, low in specific fuel consumption and emission of pollutants. A series of teat was dope on the engine - various laboratory tests to analyze performance of the engine and actual field tests with the engine installed on a farm tractor as a power source.
Durability Estimation for ER Fluids of Methyl Cellulose Component in Smart Hydraulic Systems
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1211~1219
The electro-rheological(ER) fluids for smart hydraulic system are a class of colloidal dispersion which exhibit large reversible Changes in their rheological behavior when they are subjected to external electrical fields. This paper presents experimental results on material properties of an ER fluids subjected to electrical fatigues. As a first step, ER fluid is made of methyl cellulose(MC) choosing 25% of particle weight-concentration. Following the construction of test mechanism for durability estimation, the dynamic yield shear stress and the current density for the ER fluids of MC component are experimentally distilled as a function of electric field. In addition, the surface roughness of the employed electrode are evaluated as a function of the number of the electric-field cycles.
An Experimental Study on Pressure drop Characteristics in Plate and Shell Heat Exchanger
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1220~1227
The condensation pressure drop fur refrigerant R-22 flowing in the plate and shell heat exchanger were investigated experimentally in this study. Two vertical counterflow channels were formed in the exchanger by three plates of commercial geometry with a corrugated trapezoid shape of a chevron angel of
. The condensing R-22 flowing down in one channel exchanges heat with the cold water flowing up in the other channel. The effects of the mean vapor quality, mass flux, average imposed heat flux and system pressure of R-22 on the pressure drop were explored in detail. The quality change of R-22 between the inlet and outlet of the refrigerant channel ranges from 0.03 to 0.05. The present data showed that pressure drop increases with the vapor quality. At a higher mass flux, pressure drop is higher for the entire range of the vapor quality. Also, a rise in the average imposed heat flux causes an slight increase in the Pressure drop. Finally, at a higher system pressure the pressure drop is found to be slightly lower. Correlation is also provided for the measured pressure drops in terms of the friction factor.
A Study on the Stress ratio affect on the Fatigue Crack Characteristics of Pressure Vessel SA516 Steel at Low Temperature
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1228~1236
In this study, CT specimens were prepared from ASTH A5l6 steel which was used for pressure vessel plates for moderate and lower temperature service. And we got the fellowing characteristics from fatigue crack growth test carried out in the environment of room and low temperature at
and in the range of stress ratio of 0.1, 0.3 by means of opening mode displacement. At the constant stress ratio, the Threshold stress intensity factor range ΔAKth in the early stage of fatigue crack growth (Region I) and stress intensity factor range
in the stable of fatigue crack growth (Region II) was increased in proportion to descend temperature. It assumed that the fatigue resistance characteristics and fracture strength at low temperature is considerable higher than that of room temperature in the early stage and stable of fatigue crack growth region. The straight line slope relation of logarithm da/dN-
K in Region II that is, the fatigue clack growth exponent m increased with descending temperature at the constant stress ratio. It assumed that the fatigue crack growth rate da/dN is rapid in proportion to descend temperature in Region II and the cryogenic-brittleness greatly affect a material with decreasing temperature.
A Study on Heat Transfer Characteristics of Impinging Jet about Distance Ratio leer Thermal Control
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1237~1243
This paper presents an information about the heat transfer characteristics of impinging jet in eletronic equipment with infrared image processing unit. There have been many experimental investigations and theoretical studies on impinging jet because of application in a wide variety of industrial process including electronic equipment. In this study, we used infrared image processing unit to visualize heat transfer characteristics of impinging jet in eletronic equipment. Infrared image processing unit is one of non-contact temperature measuring methods and it is possible to minimize flow resistance and this measurement is comparatively accurate. The main parameters are distance between nozz1e and heat source. Reynolds number is 6000.
An Experimental Study on the Combustion Characteristics with Fuel Injection System in the Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1244~1249
The characteristics of engine performance with fuel injection system in D.I. diesel engine were studied in this paper A fuel injection system has an important role in the performance and emission gas in a diesel engine. In this paper, an experimental study has been performed to verify the effect of the performance and the emission gas with the factors such as diameters of an injection nozz1e hole, diameters of an injection pipe and injection timing in the fuel injection system. The authors have obtained the results that optimizing the factors of fuel injection system is siginificant to enhance the performance of the engine system and consumption ratio of fuel, smoke, and NOx.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON SEA WATER FREEZING BEHAVIOR FOR DEVELOPMENT OF SEA WATER DESALINATION SYSTEM
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1250~1259
This study was experimentally performed to investigate sea water freezing behavior along parallel cooled plate with bubbly flow The experiments were carried out for a variety of parameter, such as sea water velocity, air-bubble flow rate, and cooled-plate temperature. The shape of freezing layer, freezing rate and salinity of frozen layer were observed and measured. It was found that the experimental parameters gave a great influence on the freezing rate and the salinity of the frozen layer.
Study on the Simulation of the 4-Stroke Cycle Spark Ignition Engines (First Paper)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1260~1271
The simulation program which predicts the gas behavior in a spark ignition engine has been developed and verified by the comparison with the experimental results foy the MPI engine, naturally aspirated and turbochared engines with a carburettor. First paper describes the calculations of the behavior of gas in the intake and exhaust system. The generalized method of characteristics including friction, heat transfer, area change and entropy gradients was used to analyse the pipe flow The constant-Pressure model was applied for the analysis of the flow through engine valved, and the constant-pressure perfect-mixing model was applied for the flow at manifold junction. The concept of the sudden area change was used for the muffler and catalytic convertor. Fer the plenum chamber in an MPI engine, constant-pressure model and constant-volume model were both examined. Through the comparison of predicted results with experiments, the simulation program was verified by showing good prediction of the behavior of IC engine qualitatively and quantitatively under wide range of operating conditions.
Growth and Characterization of SrS:Ce Thin Films for Blue EL Devices
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1272~1280
SrS:Ce thin films for blue EL devices were prepared by Hot Wall Method and their crystallographic and optical characteristics were investigated by various methods. Deposition rates were increased with SrS cell temperature, but the rates were independent on substrate temperature and sulfur pressure. The optical and crystallographic characteristics were strongly affected by deposition rates. The band gap energies obtained by optical transmission spectra and Full Width at Half Maximum of (200) plane in X-ray diffraction patterns were found at 4.5-4.6eV and
, respectively. The photoluminescence from SrS:Ce thin tiles showed a greenish blue omission peaked at 470 and 540nm.
A Study on the Fluid Flew with Ultrasonic Forcing by PIV Measurement
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1281~1290
A study on the fluid flow with ultrasonic forcing is carried out to obtain data for the turbulence enhancement. A large water tank is made of the transparent acrylic plates and a horizontal flow field is given by setting two acrylic tubes to face mutually on a horizontal line. A 2-dimensional PlV system which is composed of a continuous-output 4W Argon-ion laser, a high-speed video camera, a PC based by an image grabber and a high resolution monitor is used to investigate characteristics of the complex turbulence flow field. And a 2MHz ultrasonic transducer is used fur ultrasonic vibration forcing. Some experiments are carried out at Reynolds numbers of 2,000 and 4,000 and at 7 angles of ultrasonic incidence. In results, the flew velocity vector distribution, kinetic energy and turbulence intensity in both cases of with and without ultrasonic forcing are examined, compared and discussed by using PIV measurement. It is clarified that the ultrasonic forcing into flow field is valid to obtain the turbulence enhancement.
Characteristics for Fluid Flow in Circulating Fluidized Heat Exchanger
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1291~1297
The commercial viability of heat exchanger is mainly dependent on their long-term fouling characteristics because the feeling increases the pressure loss and degrades the thermal performance of a heat exchanger An experimental study was performed to investigate the characteristics of fluid flow in a fluidized bed heat exchanger with circulating various solid particles. The present work showed that the drag force coefficients of particles in the internal flow were higher than in the external flow, in addition, they were lower with the shapes of particles being closer to the spherical geometries.
The Effects of Intake Swirl Flow en Lean Combustion in an Sl Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1298~1307
Recently, the efforts to improve fuel economy and to reduce pollutant emission have become the main subject in the development of a gasoline engine. A lean combustion engine admitted as the best alternative is relatively lower fuel consumption rate and exhaust emissions. In this study, it is focused on intensifying intake flow field as one of methods to improve the performance of the lean combustion. First, three different types of suitable swirl control valve(SC7) with high swirl and tumble ratio are selected through steady flow experiment, being installed in a spark ignition engine. The relationship between lean misfire limit and torque was investigated with injection timing and spark ignition timing. Also, the effect of intensified swirl new on the combustion Stability and exhaust emissions was experimently examined by the measuring in-cylinder pressure and combustion variation. The results show that the engine with swirl control calve is superior to other conventional engine on the lean misfire limit, specific torque, combustion variation and emission, and the appropriate injection timing and spark ignition timing exist according to the type of swirl control valve.
Flow Analysis in an Entrained Flow Combustor
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1308~1316
This paper described a numerical investigation performed to understand better the effects of flow parameters in an entrained flow combustor on the flow characteristics. The computational model was based on the gas phase Eulerian equations of mass, momentum and energy. The code was formulated with RNG
model for turbulent flow. The calculation parameters were the ratio of primary and secondary jet velocity and the height difference between primary and secondary jet As the secondary jet velocity increased, the upper recirculation 3one of the primary jet was strengthened. It was found that as the primary jet velocity increased, there was a critical jet Velocity at which the size of upper and lower recirculation zone was reversed.
Heat Load Characteristics of Sea Water Cooling Apparatus on Inshore Fishing Boat
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1317~1323
The circumstance is giving the blow against fishermen with the incoming-decreasing and the difficulty of crew's supply & demand and management. In addition, the depression of the external situation like the departure of WTO system and the plan of EEZ proclaim is forcing fishery into improving their fishing condition. By this international and domestic circumstance, development of the sea water cooling apparatus for fish hold storage is demanded sincerely. First of all, we Investigated load characteristics which based on development of sea water cooling system and optimum fish hold storage. The experimental results is as follows. In creasing the speed of compressor and mass blew rate of refrigerant, the temperature of NaCl solution is low. And the load characteristics experiment on fish hold storage outlet is as fellows. As time goes by, increasing the mass flow rate of NaCl solution, temperature difference between inlet and outlet is small in a model of fish hold storage. These results provide many useful informations applicable to an actual design of sea water cooling system and optimum fish hold storage.
Numerical Analysis of Fluid and Thermal Characteristics on Live Fishing Tank of Small Fishing Boat
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1324~1329
The depression of the external situation like the departure of WTO system and the plan of EEZ proclaim is forcing fishery into improving their fishing condition. By this international and domestic circumstance, development of the sea water cooling apparatus for fish hold storage is demanded sincerely. This study represents the thermal characteristics of the fish hold storage during transportation. The numerical analysis in this study is the finite volume method with the SIMPLE computational algorithm to study the seawater flow behavior in the fish hold storage. The computation were carried out with the variations of the circulating flow velocity and depth of fish hold storage. As the result of the three dimensional simulations, the mean temperature doesn't almost change by the circulating flow rate. find the mean temperature is suddenly changed by the ratio of depth of fish hold storage.
A Study about Flow Characteristics of Impinging Jet for Thermal Control (I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1330~1335
A present study is the flow characteristics of impinging jet by PIV measurement and numerical analysis. The flow characteristics of impinging jet flow are affected greatly by nozz1e inlet velocity An circular sharp edged nozzle type(
) was used to achieve uniform mean velocity at the nozz1e inlet, and its diameter is 10 mm(d). Therefore, the flow characteristics on the impinging jet can be changed largely by the control of main flow In this parent study, we investigate the effects of inlet velocity, its variable is nozzle inlet Reynolds numbers (Re=1500, 3000, 4500, 6000 and 7500)
Study on the Crevice Corrosion Behavior of 55400 in Marine Environment
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1336~1340
Due to increase of air pollution substance, such as
, H2S ,CO, HCI,
and so on, the operating environment of mechanical equipment and facilities like generating plants, ships, metal structure etc., are acidified and corroded. In these environments, the crevice corrosion of marine facilities frequently occurs at crevice like jointed bolt, gasket or sealant, riveted plates, contact of metal with non-metallic solids etc. Therefore, this paper was studied on the crevice corrosion behavior of mild steel(SS 400) in marine environment. In a variety of NaCl solutions, the aspect of he .crevice corrosion and polarization behavior under the crevice corrosion was investigated. The main results obtained are as follows: 1) Under crevice corrosion, the open circuit potential become less treble as the concentration of NaCl solution increased. 2) The corrosion current density of mild steel was high drained as the concentration of NaCl solution increased by 3.5%, but in the concentration increased over 3.5%, the corrosion current density was low drained. 3) The crevice corrosion is more sensitive to the synergy effect of dissolved oxygen and NaCl.
A Study on the Heat and Mass Transfer Characteristics of Vacuum Freeze Drying Process for Porous Media
c. s. song ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1341~1352
Vacuum freeze drying process by which frozen water in a drying material is removed sublimation under vacuum condition, is now applied to various industrial field such as the manufacturing and packaging of pharmaceuticals in pharmaceutical industry, the drying of bio- products in bio-technology industry, the treatment of various quality food stuff in food technology, and so on. The Knowledge about the heat and mass transfer characteristics related with the vacuum freeze drying process is crucial to improve the efficiency of the process as well as the quality of dried products. In spite of increasing needs for understanding of the process, the research efforts in this fields are still insufficient. In this paper, a numerical code that can predict primary drying in a vial is developed based on the finite volume method with a moving grid system. The calculation program can handle the axis- symmetric and multi-dimensional characteristics of heat and mass transfer of the vial freeze drying process. To demonstrated the usefulness of the present analysis, a practical freeze drying of skim Milk solution in a vial is simulated and various calculation results are presented.
Visualization of Vortex Lock-on to Oscillatory Incident Flow in the Cylinder Wake Using Time-Resolved PIV
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 25, issue 6, 2001, Pages 1353~1361
Vortex lock-on or resonance behind a circular cylinder is visualized using a time-resolved PW when a single frequency oscillation is superimposed on the mean incident velocity. For vector processing, a cross-correlation algorithm in conjunction with a recursive correlation and interrogation window shifting techniques is used. Measurements are made of the Karmas and streamwise vertices in the wake-transition regime at Reynolds lumber 360. When lock-on occurs, the vortex shedding frequency is found to be half the oscillation frequency as expected from previous experiments. At the lock-on state, the Karman vortices are observed to be more disordered by the increased strength and spanwise wavelength of the streamwiee vortices, which lead? to a strong three-dimensional motion.