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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Nov 2002
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Sep 2002
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Jul 2002
Volume 26, Issue 3 - May 2002
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Mar 2002
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
Non-destructive Test for Advanced Composite Structures
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 165~173
Stress Analysis on the Cam-Roller Contact Parts in a Marine Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 174~180
The subsurface stress field beneath the roller's contacting surface due to the contact pressure in lubricating condition has been calculated. Main purpose of this study in view of engineering is to prove the validity of the numerical profile roller presented by Koo et al. The Love's rectangular patch solution was used to obtain the subsurface stress field. The stress field of the numerical profile roller was compared with the one of the existing dub-off profile roller The analysis results show reduced subsurface stresses for the numerical profile roller.
The Effect of Extended Collision Model on a Spray
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 181~191
Spray calculation has been studied to understand the behavior of the spray in a combustion chamber But the spray dispersion has not been predicted properly in a high velocity injection spray or a wall impaction spray. In this study the extended grazing collision model is applied to improve the problem. The gas phase is modelled by the Eulerian continuum conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy and fuel vapour fraction. The liquid phase is modelled following the discrete droplet model approach in Lagrangian form. The droplet distributions, penetration, width and gas flows are compared for the cases with or without extended model. The extended collision model makes the results better.
Diagnosis of Coating Deviation in Continuous Galvanizing Line
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 192~199
In continuous galvanizing process, the mass of zinc deposited and its distribution are controlled by the air pressure, effective distance from the air knife nozzle to the steel strip surface and line speed. Coating defects are resulted from the unbalance of these control factors and the inaccuracy of coating equipments. This paper investigates the main cause of coating deviation and a new air knife system for control of coating thickness was developed. We investigate dynamic pressure variation by air knife types. It is found that the coating deviation is caused by the unbalance of dynamic pressure, the irregularity of strip position, and the strip vibration. Formulating a useful coating model by using present working condition, an optimal working condition is suggested. The productivity and coating quality are improved by applying the result of this research at the shop floor.
Flash Temperature of the Cam-Roller Contacting Surface in a Marine Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 200~208
The flash temperature of the cam-roller contacting surface for a marine diesel engine was analysed numerically. The elastohydrodynamic lubrication pressure and film thickness were adopted to get more accurate frictional coefficient, heat flux and temperature distribution. The maximum flash temperature was increased with both the increasing slip ratio of the contacting surfaces and increasing external load. This study tells that the temperature analysis is an indispensable procedure in designing elastohydrodynamic lubrication contacts on which the slip occurs.
A Study On the Radiation Corrections Applied to Thermocouple Measurements in Non-premixed Counterflow Flames
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 209~218
The temperature field of a counterflow non-premixed flame is investigated using thermocouples of two sizes. A thermal balance is performed on the thermocouple in order to calculate the magnitude of the radiation corrections involved. Both the thermocouple wire and bead are separately considered to be the relevant thermal surface to which convective heat transfer takes place, and from which radiation lasses occur. The flame is also simulated by using a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism in a previously developed computer code. The local thermo-physical properties of the gas mixture, required to calculate the corrections, are determined both from the simulation, and by approximating the properties of the mixture as those of molecular nitrogen at the measured temperatures. It is concluded that the thermocouple wire is the appropriate thermal surface to which radiation corrections apply, in the absence of information about the gas mixture, its properties can be reasonably approximated by those of nitrogen rm (
), and the radiation corrections are very sensitive to misalignments in the temperature and velocity fields.
An Analytic Study on the Relations between the Ziegler-Nichols Tuning Methods for Controllers
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 219~225
Parameter tuning methods by Ziegler-Nichols for PID controllers are generally classified into Z-N(1) and Z-N(2). The purpose of this paper is to describe what relations exist between the methods of Z-N(1) and Z-N(2), or how Z-N(1) can be originated from Z-N(2) by analyzing one loop control system composing of P or PI controller and time delay process. In this paper, for the first step to seek mutual relations, the simple formulas of Z-N(2) are transformed into those composing of the same parameters as Z-N(1) which is derived from the analysis of frequency characteristics. Then, the approximation of the actual ultimate frequency is proposed as important premise in the translation between Z-N(1) and (2). Such equalization and approximation brings a simple approximated formula which can explain how Z-N(1) is originated from the Z-N(2) in the form of formula.
A Study on the Thermal Characteristics of the Low Temperature Vacuum Dryer by Material Layers
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 226~232
In tradition, there have been two kinds of drying methods, which are sun drying and artificial drying. The sun drying method which has been adopted traditionally has been replaced by the hot-air drying method which is one of the most general methods of artificial drying, with its simple drying system, low initial cost of drying plant, and easy operating method. But the hot-air drying method has some defects ; (1)much energy loss happens due to the discharge of hot air during the drying process, (2)control of drying rate is not easy on account of changing relative humidity of inlet air for uniform hot air temperature, (3)high temperature of floods in drying process brings about the production of low-grade drying products. Also, the hot-air drying method is inducing environmental and sanitary problems which are resulting from the emission of high temperature and high humidity air, including stick on the drying progress. Vacuum drying technique, whose drying time and 7uantity of exhausting energy is about 1/3 ~1/4 of hot air drying, is very excellent in the drying efficiency. As the results, it took about 20 hours for material to reach about 18% of the final moisture content in order to store products for a long time, from about 470% of the early moisture content at the beginning of drying, and maximum drying rate comes to about
at about 350% of the moisture content.
Drag Reduction Characteristics of Cylinder Having Square Dimpled Surface
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 233~239
The drag reduction of the cylinder having square dimpled surface was studied by the measuring the drag force acting on the cylinder. The level of the drag reduction was changed by the arrangement shape of the square grooves and Reynolds number. The drag of the cylinder was reduced about 28% with proper arrangement of square grooves. The flow field around the cylinder having grooves at the minimum drag was visualized by using post color ink in order to see the influence of the grooves. In this case, the separation points were silted rearward and the wake region was smaller than that of the smooth cylinder.
Growth of Ice Crystal with Concentration of Surfactant in Water Solution
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 240~247
Recently, a thermal energy storage system has been developed actively fur the purpose of saving energy and reducing the peak electrical demand. Especially, ice slurry is a promising working fluid for low temperature energy storage systems. A flow of ice crystals has a large cooling capacity as a result of the involvement of latent heat. However, there are still problems related to the recrystallization of ice crystals for realizing long term storage and long distance transportation. To find improvements fur this, a method for the creation of ice crystals resistant to recrystallization has been proposed and researched by the use of an antifreeze protein (AFP) solution etc. In the present study, it has been investigated the growth of ice crystal in several kinds of water solution added non-ionic surfactant. The results shows that size of ice crystal was smaller with increasing in added surfactant. And ice crystal was not increased with added surfactant.
Improving the performance of a Medium Speed Diesel Engine Using Miller Cycle
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 248~255
Miller cycle was studied and analyzed by engine performance simulation to achieve very low fuel consumption and to meet the IMO NOx regulation on a medium speed diesel engine. Based on the performance simulation results the intake valve closing time for HYUNDAI HiMSEN 6H21/32 engine was set at 0deg.ABDC(After Bottom Dead Center). Also, the simulation results indicated that significant NOx reduction could be achieved with low reduction of fuel consumption. The performance simulation investigated the effect of compression ratio and turbocharger on fuel consumption and NOx concentration in combination with Miller cycle. The results indicated a significant reduction of fuel consumption with keeping NOx concentration. The results of performance simulation were compared with measured data to verify simulation results. The comparison showed the maximum error was 2.34% in exhaust temperature. Also, the experimental result showed that improvement in BSFC(Brake Specific Fuel Consumption) was 5.8g/kwh with keeping NOx level similar to simulation result.
New reliquefaction system of Boil-Off-Gas by LNG cold energy
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 2, 2002, Pages 256~263
The Boil-Off-Gases(BOG) in the LNG production terminal are continuously generated during the unloading, storage and supply processes by the heat penetration. In order to use these gases as useful fuel, the reliquefaction process should be installed to put the reliquefied BOG in the main LNG supply line before the secondary pump in terminal. The current reliquefaction method of BOG in LNG terminal is the direct contact one between LNG and BOG in the absorption column. But the system has severe disadvantage, which is the 10 times of LNG circulation needed for unit mass of BOG reliquefaction. It causes, therefore, high power consumption of LNG circulation pump and excessive city-gas supply, even if short demand of NG is needed in the summer time. In this paper, the new reliquefaction system of BOG by using LNG cold energy with indirect contact in precooler was suggested and analysed. The result showed new indirect contact method of BOG reliquefaction system between LNG cold energy and BOG is much more effective than the current direct contact one because of only about 1.3 times of LNG circulation needed and higher energy saving by pump power reduction.