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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Nov 2002
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Sep 2002
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Jul 2002
Volume 26, Issue 3 - May 2002
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Mar 2002
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
Progress of In-Process Quality Monitoring Technology in Laser Welding and Its Industrial Application
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 288~298
A Study on the Load Frequency Control of Power System Using an Optimal Modulation Controller
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 299~306
The load frequency control(LFC) of power system is one of important subjects in view of system operation and control. That is, even though the rapid load disturbances are applied to the given power system, the stable and reliable power should be supplied to the users, converging unconditionally and rapidly the frequency deviations and the tie-line power flow ones of each area into allowable boundary limits. Nonetheless of such needs, if the internal parameter perturbation and the sudden load variation are given, the unstable phenomena of power systems can be often brought out because of the large frequency deviation and the unsuppressible power line one. So, an optimal modulation controller for UC of multi-area power system is designed by a recursive algorithm that determines the state weighting matrix Q of a linear quadratic performance criterion. The optimal modulation controller is based on optimal control and can obtain the exact dynamic response of the UC of multi-area power system in the time domain. The performances of the resultant optimal modulation control, that is, the steady-state deviations of frequency and tie-line power flow and the related dynamics, were investigated and analyzed in detail by being applied to the UC of multi-area power system in the perturbations of predetermined internal parameters. Through the simulation results tried variously in this paper for disturbance of stepwise load changes, the superiorities of the proposed optimal modulation controller in robustness and stability were proved.
Effects of Fuel Injection Timing on Exhaust Emissions Characteristics in Marine Diesel Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 307~312
A study on the exhaust emissions of marine diesel engine with various fuel injection timing is performed experimentally .In this paper, fuel injection timing is changed from BTDC
intervals, the experiments are performed at engine speed 1800rpm and from load 0% to 100% by 25% intervals, and main measured parameters are fuel consumption rate, Soot, NOx, HC and CO emissions etc. The obtained conclusions are as follows (1) Specific fuel consumption is indicated the least value at BTDC
of fuel injection timing and it is increased in case of leading the injection timing. (2) Soot emission is decreased in case of leading fuel injection timing and it is increased in the form of convex downwards with increasing the load. (3) NOx emission is increased in case of leading fuel injection timing and it is increased in the form of straight line nearly with increasing the load. (4) HC and CO emissions are decreased in case of leading fuel injection timing and they are changed in the form of convex downwards with increasing the load.
A Study on Optimal Electric Load Distribution and Generator Operating Mode Using Dynamic Programming
H-H Yoo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 313~319
Since the oil crisis in 1970, a great deal of effort has been made to develop automatic electric load sharing systems as a part of the efforts to save energy. A large scale electric generating system composes more than two generators whose characteristics may be different. When such a system is operated individually or in parallel, the lagrange multiplier's method has difficulty in achieving optimal load distribution because generators usually have the limitations of the operating range with inequality constraints. Therefore, a suitable operating mode of generators has to be decided according to the selection of the generators to meet electric power requirements at the minimum cost. In this study, a method which solves the optimal electric load distribution problem using the dynamic programming technique is proposed. This study also shows that the dynamic programming method has an advantage in dealing with the optimal load distribution problem under the limitations of the operating range with inequality constraints including generator operation mode. In this study, generator operating cost curve of second order equation by shop trial test results of diesel generators are used. The results indicate that the proposed method can be applied to the ship's electric generating system.
A Study on the Spray Cooling Characteristics according to the Angle of Hot Heat Transfer Surface
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 320~327
An experimental study of heat transfer from hot flat surface to water sprays was conducted in high temperature region. Heat transfer measurements for hot flat surface were made by 4 sheathed C-A thermocouples. Droplets volume flux were also measured-independently at a position in spray field. The test conditions included variations in droplets volume flux, subcooling of cooling water of
and 80 to
respectively. The effects of inclination angle on heat transfer were investigated and changes in inclination angle of hot flat surface affected heat transfer coefficients of high temperature region.
A Erosion Aspect of SS400 by Cavity Collapse Fluctuation in Marine Sludge Oil
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 328~336
decrease in efficiency due to cavity fluid fluctuation. The purpose of this study is to examine erosion aspect on the SS400 specimen by cavitation and the effect of impact pressure generated from the demolition of the cavity of ultrasonic vibrator horn in the marine sludge oil environment. The erosion damage of specimen was investigated mainly on weight loss, weight loss rate and maximum erosion rate with variation of the vibration amplitude of
as well as the change of space between transducer horn and specimen. The experimental results showed that as the space between ultrasonic vibrator horn and specimen disk increased, the weight loss and weight loss rate decreased and the values were larger in SFO than in SLO. These findings would help interpret the aspect of cavitation erosion damage in metallic materials of different operating environment and material characteristics.
A Study on the Evaluation of Bending Fatigue Strength in Shaving Gears
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 337~343
This study deals with evaluation of bending fatigue strength in shaving gears. The saying gears were manufactured by processes that are currently used in most gears manufacturing companies. The test gears are bobbed, then the tooth surface are treated by a combination of shaving, carburizing and shot peening. The constant stress amplitude fatigue test is performed by using an electro-hydraulic servo-controlled pulsating tester. The S-N curves are obtained and illustrated. In this study, the effect of shaving process and shot peening was investigated and evaluated quantitatively on the fatigue strength. The enhancement of fatigue strength due to shaving process and shot peening is clarified.
A Study on the Comparison of Triangular and Quadrilateral Elements for the Analysis of 3 Dimensional Plate Structures
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 344~352
In the analysis of the 3 dimensional plate structures by the finite element method, the triangular elements are generally used for the global stiffness matrix of the analyzed system. But the triangular elements of the plates have some problems in the process of formulation and in the precision of analysis. The formulation of the finite element method to analyze 3 dimensional plate structures using quadrilateral elements is presented in this paper. The degree of freedom off nodal point is 6, that is, the displacements in the direction off-y-z is and the rotations about x-y-z axis and then the degree of freedom off element is 24. For the comparison of the analysis using triangular elements and quadrilateral elements, the rectangular plates subjected to the uniform load and a concentrated load on the centroid of the plate, for which the theoretical solutions have been obtained, are analyzed. The calculated deflections of the rectangular plates using the finite element method by the triangular elements and the quadrilateral elements are also compared with the deflections of the plates calculated by theoretical solutions. The defections of the rectangular plates calculated by the finite element method using the quadrilateral elements are closer to the theoretical solutions than the defections calculated by the finite element method using the triangular elements. The deflection of the centroid of plate, calculated by the finite element method, converges to that of theoretical solution as the number of elements is increased. This convergence is much more rapid for the case of using the quakrilateral elements than fir the case of using triangular elements.
A Study on the Flow Characteristics in Axial Flow Rotors with Varying Tip Clearance
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 353~361
The tip leakage flow passing through the clearance between rotor blade tip and casing shroud has been known to occupy an important portion of the rotor overall loss. In this study, flow characteristics in axial flow rotors with different tip clearances is investigated by experimental and numerical methods. The experimental study was carried out to measure static pressure and velocity profiles at the real rotating test rig. The axial flow rotors used for the experiments have ten blades and three different rotor diameter. The tip clearance heights are 1mm, 3mm, and 4.5mm. Measurements were done using spherical type five-hole probe by non-nulling method. The numerical study was carried out to calculate pressure distributions and velocity vectors at the same condition as the experiments in the flow fields of axial flow rotors using Phoenics code.
A Study on In-cylinder Phenomena in a Swirl Type GDI Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 362~374
For the purpose of development of a GDI engine, the in-cylinder phenomena, such as the spray behaviors, fuel distributions, unburned fuel, and flame characteristics were investigated in a single cylinder GDI engine. The GDI engine was equipped with a swirl type electronic injector and SCV(Swirl Control Valve). PLIF(Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence) system with KrF Excimer laser was used far the measurements of fuel distributions. The effects of the injector specifications, such as the spray cone angle and the offset angle on the in-cylinder phenomena were investigated. As a result, it was found that the injected fuel collided with the bottom of the bowl and moved upward along the exhaust side wall of piston bowl. This fuel vapor played an important role in the instance of spark ignition. The unburned fuel and flame characteristics were greatly influenced by the injector specifications.
Development of pub Level Dissolved Oxygen Measuring Technology using Clark Cell
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 375~381
Measuring of the dissolved oxygen is widely used for the environmental control of natural waters, sewage waste treatment, medical and biochemical studies, soil husbandry, food and drug process control, and prevention of corrosion in boilers. Especially, a power plants need special management for preventing accidents from corrosion, therefore, it is essential to measure the concentration of dissolved oxygen in real-time. In this paper we present a method of measuring dissolved oxygen very accurately up to pub units. This method, called polarograph method, is based on the measures of the electric current generated by the oxidation process in cathode and de-oxidation process in anode, assuming that the amount of the current is proportional to the density of dissolved oxygen.
A Study on the Development of a pub level Silica Measuring Technology by the Split-beam Type System
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 26, issue 3, 2002, Pages 382~388
Dissolved silica is one of fatal components at a boiler facility Therefore, a dissolved silica measurement system should be equipped for managing efficiently the boiler facility. Most of silica measurement systems are composed of a sensor module of single-beam type structure, and silica density is measured with a infrared spectrometry using the Lambert-beer method. However, such a system occurs measuring error of large range and inconsistency of a light source, because of measuring a standard sample and a measuring sample alternatively. This paper introduces a method that the sensor module has a split-beam type structure and a tungsten lamp. The proposed system can measure silica density quickly and precisely more than those composing of a single-beam type structure, because of measuring and comparing with two samples at a same time. And examination results are shown to compare efficiencies of the system and existing commercial products, and for an ammonia influence.