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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Feb 1981
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A Study on The Reduction of Fuel Oil Consumption for Fishing Boat Engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 12~19
As the fuel oil cost covers from 45% to 60% of the total expenditure for fishing boat operation, the energy saving is now an urgent problem to be taken a countermeasure for engineers, manufacturers or specialists engaging in this field. Undertaking a second-hand engine of the trainging ship, the author made several reconstructions to restore its performances. By inserting foot linears of connecting rods the compression ratio was increased and by adjusting both the fuel injection timing and the cooling water outlet temperature, its thermal efficiency was improved. The results of the experimental operation were summarized as follows. 1. By raising the piston top position 0.75mm more than the value of the operating manual, the compression pressure increased 1.3 kg/
and the maximum pressure did 3.4 kg/
at 75% load. 2. At 75% load, the difference of the maximum pressure between each cylinder was decreased from 2.4 kg/
to 1.8 kg/
. 3. The fuel consumption was decreased about 8 g/ps.h at 75% load, and about 5.3 g/ps.h at 85% load. 4. The brake thermal efficiency was improved about 1.5% at 75% load and 0.9% at 85% load.
A Study on the Propulsion Shaft Alignment Calculation by the Matrix Method of Three-Moment Theory
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 20~27
The alignment of propulsion shaft systems by the fair curve method has been developed over the past twenty years and in recent years its basic problems have been almost solved. At the present time, studies on introducing actual conditions are being undertaken. In a fair curve alignment, its aim is to achieve a stable shaft system which will be relatively insensitive to misalignment or the influence of external factors such as thermal variations due to the sunshine, speed change, etc. The key point of fair curve alignment is the calculations of reactions in the straight support and reaction influence numbers. The present authors have developed those calculating method by the matrix method of the three-moment theorem. The fair curve alignment is based on the analysis of propulsion shaft system which is assumed as a continous beam on multiple support points. The propeller shaft is divided into several elements. For each element, the nodal point equation is derived by the three-moment theorem. Reaction of supporting points of straight shaft and reaction influence numbers are calculated by the matrix calculation of each nodal point equation. It has been found that results of calculation for the model shaft agree well with those of experiment which had been measured by the strain gauge method. Results of calculation for the actual propulsion shafting of the steam turbine had been compared also with those of Det norske Vertas.
A Study on the Calculation Formulae for the Required Air and Combustion Gas of the Domestic Anthracites
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 28~33
The characteristics of typical 35 kinds of domestic anthracites among 155 kinds are studied to find the calculation formula for the required quantity of air and the combustion gas quantity. 1) The author's calculation formulae are as follows:
(1) Theoretically required quantity of air (2) Theoretical quantity of combustion gas 2) Theoretical quantity of air in combustion of domestic anthracite is always estimated more with Rosin's formula than author's one in the typical domestic anthracites which have the lower calorific value between 3, 000-8, 000 Kcal/kg and the difference of the calculated quantity of air becomes small, as the calorific value increases. 3) Theoretical quantity of combustion gas is estimated more by author's formula than by Rosin's one with the domestic anthracites which have more calorific value than 6, 700 Kcal/kg and is estimated less in the under range of the above calorific value. 4) Theoretical quantity of required air and quantity of combustion gas of domestic anthracite show
4% difference by Rosin's formulae in comparison with results of actual analysis, and about
1.5% by the author's one.
The Axial Vibration of Internal Combustion Engine Crankshaft (Part I.Calculation method of crankshaft axial stiffness and its natural frequencies)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 5, issue 1, 1981, Pages 34~51
Lately, due to increasing engine output by high supercharging, heavy crankshaft and propeller mass, as well as long strokes attended with the reduced crankshaft axial stiffness, the critical crankshaft axial vibration has frequently appeared in maneuvering range of the engine. Some investigators have developed calculating methods of natural frequencies and resonant amplitudes for crankshaft axial vibrations. But their reliabilities are uncertain as the estimated crankshaft axial stiffness are incorrect. The calculating procedure of these natural frequencies is practically analogous to the classical calculation of torsional vibration frequencies, except for an important difference due to the relationship of the axial stiffness of a crank and the angle between the crank and other, especially the adjacent, cranks. In this paper, 6 calculation formulae of crankshaft axial stiffness already published and a theoretically- developed one by authors are checked by comparing their calculating results with those measured values of one model crankshafat and three full-scale actual crankshafts. Also, the calculating methods of the crankshaft axial free vibration are investigated and their computer programs are developed. Finally, those developed computer programs are applied to calculating one model crankshaft and two full-scale actual crankshafts of ship's propulsion engines and their calculated results are compared with those measured values.