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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1984
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1984
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An experimental study on heat transfer characteristics of variable conductance heat pipe
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 1984, Pages 4~16
The heat-pipe is characterised by the highly effective thermal conductance. In order to change the thermal conductance, the heat-pipe is connected to a reservior having a space which is filled with non-condensable gas. In normal operation, the vapour of working fluid will tend to pump the non- condensable gas into the reservoir and the gas-vapour interface situates at some point along the condenser section. The thermal conductance is affected by non- condensable gas. It is concluded that the suitable position of interface can be used to control the temperature of condenser section. In this experiment, the evaporating part is connected to the lowest position of heat-pipe. The copper heat-pipe which is filled with Freon-113 or distilled water as working fluid utilized. As results of experimental study, thermal conductance can be increased by the operating pressure which is infulenced by non-condensable gas. A correlative equation between the thermal conductance and the mass of non- condensable gas is also obtained.
A study on the development of simulation program for the small naturally aspirated four-stroke diesel engine
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 1984, Pages 17~36
Since 1973, the competition on the development of fuel saving type internal combustion engines has become severe by the two times oil shock, and new type engines are reported every several months. Whenever these new type engines are developed, new designs are required and they will be offered in the market after performing the endurance test for a long time. But the engine market is faced with a heavy burden of finance, as the developing of a new engine requires tremendous expenses. For this reason, the computer simulation method has been lately developed to cope with it. The computer simulation method can be available to perform the reasonable research works by the theoretical analysis before carrying out practical experiments. With these processes, the developing expenses are cut down and the period of development is curtailed. The object of this study is the development of simulation computer program for the small naturally aspirated four-stroke diesel engine which is intended to product by the original design of our country. The process of simulation is firstly investigated for the ideal engine cycle, and secondly for the real engine cycle. In the ideal engine cycle, each step of the cycle is simulated by the energy balance according to the first law of thermodynamics, and then the engine performance is calculated. In the real cycle imulation program, the injection rate, the preparation rate and the combustion rate of fuel and the heat transfer through the wall of combustion chamber are considered. In this case, the injection rate is supposed as constant through the crank angle interval of injection and the combustion rate is calculated by the Whitehouse-Way equation and the heat transfer is calculated by the Annand's equation. The simulated values are compared with measured values of the YANMAR NS90(C) engine and Mitsubishi 4D30 engine, and the following conclusions are drawn. 1. The heat loss by the exhaust gas is well agree with each other in the lower load, but the measured value is greater than the calculated value in the higher load. The maximum error rate is about 15% in the full load. 2. The calculated quantity of heat transfer to the cooling water is greater than the measured value. The maximum error rate is about 11.8%. 3. The mean effective pressure, the fuel consumption, the power and the torque are well agree with each other. The maximum error is occurred in the fuel consumption, and its error rate is about 7%. From the above remarks, it may be concluded that the prediction of the engine performance is possibly by using the developed program, although the program needs to reform by adding the simulation of intake and exhaust process and assumping more reliable mechanical efficiency, volumetric efficiency, preparation rate and combustion rate.
Developing a Computer Program for the Design of Marine Diesel Engine Shafting
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 1984, Pages 37~48
For the designing propulsion shafting of ship, shaft diameters are usually calculated according to the Society's rules and other scantlings such as a shaft length, coupling and taper parts, etc., are decided according to calculated diameters. And then, the torsional vibration, the lateral vibration and shaft alignment should be reviewed to check whether the resonance points of torsional or lateral vibration appear within the normal operating speed range and the shaft alignment is reasonable. If the results of calculations are unsatisfactory, this process should be repeated until the final condition is determined and the process of this work takes much time to carry out. To simplify the above tedious processes, authors have developed a computer program to fulfill the above design processes at once. This program takes aim at reducing the manual calculating work associated with the propulsion shafting of ship. To confirm the availability of developed computer program, several propulsion shaftings which are driven by diesel engines, have been analysed. The results calculated by authors developed computer program show comparatively good agreements with those of the actual propulsion shafting.
An investigation of the behavior in the corner crack propagation of Al-Alloy by the plane bending fatigue
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 1984, Pages 49~63
The 5086-H116 Al-Alloy plate specimens having an edge through-thickness notch were investigated to find out the characteristics of the corner crack propagation by the plane bending fatigue. The experiments were also carried out in order to clarify the change of the corner crack propagation behaviour due to the various materials and their thicknesses. In addition, the retardation effect of overload on the corner crack propagation was quantatively studied. Main results obtained are as follows; 1. In the case of estimating the crack propagation rate of the corner crack, it is more reasonable to consider the growth rate of fracture surface area than that of crack length. 2. The shape of the corner crack growing in the plane plate under the bending fatigue can be estimated. 3. The crack propagation rate increases with the increasing of the thickness and the decreasing of the Young's modulus of materials. 4. Regardless of a thickness and kind of materials of specimen, the characteristics of the corner crack propagation can be concluded. 5. The retardation effect of overload is distinct in the corner crack propagation.
A study on the Trans-vector control of the 3.phi. Induction motor drive
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 1984, Pages 64~71
In this paper, the fundemental equation on the Trans-vector control of 3.phi. Induction motor drive and the new equivalent circuit to be adapted for this equation, have been obtained, and control drives system to be coincide with this equation is made. Therefore, it has been obtained that control scheme can always be used motor drive. 3.phi. Induction motor drive has been got the dynamic behavior the same as that of DC motor drive. The drive dynamic response is very rapid because of Trans-vector control on the
(primary current) and .
(frequency of primary current) of the Induation mechine. This paper indicates that a practicality of the drive control system and the rationalty of the theory have been identified with the experimental results. The effect of parameter variations on the drive dynamic response can be evaluated from these results.
A study on characteristics of three phase induction motor with stator voltage control by symmetrically triggered triacs
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 1984, Pages 72~84
In this paper, the characteristics relating to the stator voltage control of a small three phase squirrel cage induction motor by means of symmetrically trggered triacs instead of antiparallel SCR's is described. A complete model of the system with 220V,
, 1HP motor and triac gate control circuit has been designed and tested in the laboratory, and the experimental results are compared with the numerical values. As a result of the above investigation, it is found that the range of induction motor speed control by stator voltage control is narrow.
A study of flow oscillations in a upright heated pipe
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 1984, Pages 85~99
The stability of the two-phase flow in a heated channel is of great importance in the design and operation of the boilers and light water nuclear reactors, because it can cause flow oscillations and lead to a violation of thermal limits with resultant overheating of the channels and cladding. This paper presents a systematic evaluation to the variation effects of the basic four (4) dimensionless parameters in a homogeneous equilibrium model. The flow stability is examined on the ground of static characteristic curves. The complicated transfer function of flow dynamics which gives consideration to the transport lag of density wave is derived, and the transient flow stability is analysed by applying the Nyquist stability criterion in control engineering. The analysis results summed up as follows 1. The coolant flow becomes stable in large friction number and specific flow, while it is unstabale in small friction number and flow. 2. Large phase-change number and Froude number destabilize the two-phase flow, but small numbers stabilize it. The effect to variation of phase-change number is more dominant compared with Froude number. 3. The dynamic analysis is required to hold the sufficient safety of heated channels since only static results does not keep it. The special attention could be payed in the design and operation of heat engines, because the unstaable region exists within the stable boundary at small and middle phase-change number and Froude number.
A study on the solutions of the 2nd order linear ordinary differential equations using fourier series
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 1, 1984, Pages 100~111
The methods solving the 2nd order linear ordinary differential equations of the form y"+H(x)y'+G(x)y=P(x) using Fourier series are presented in this paper. These methods are applied to the differential equations of which the exact solutions are known, and the solutions by Fourier series are compared with the exact solutions. The main results obtained in these studies are summarized as follows; 1) The product and the quotient of two functions expressed in Fourier series can be expressed also in Fourier series and the relations between the Fourier coefficients of the series are obtained by multiplying term by term. 2) If the solution of the 2nd order lindar ordinary differential equation exists in a certain interval, the solution can be obtained using Fourier series and can be expressed in Fourier series. 3) The absolute errors of Fourier series solutions are generally less in the center of the interval than in the end of the interval. 4) The more terms are considered in Fourier series solutions, the less the absolute errors.rors.