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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Marine Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 1984
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 1984
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An Experimental Study on the Performance and the Exhaust Emissions of Gasoline Engine Using Water-Gashol Blends as a Fuel
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 25~38
Since the energy shock in 1973, there have been wide studies for the developments of the alternative energy source, the rationalization of the energy utilization and the energy economy because of the recognition of the limitation of energy source all over the world. This study is experimentally examined in and compared with the engine performance of output, torque and fuel consumption rate, and the exhaust emissions with the change of engine rmp in the cases of using water-gashol blends, gashol and gasoline as a fuel in a conventional 4 cycle 4 cylinder gasoline engine. In the case of using water-gashol blends, it is installed by the exhaust manifold pipe into the intake manifold, and water is injected from nozzle fitted up the air horn of the carburetor. The results are obtained as follows; 1. In the case of an addition with water, the engine output and the torque are little difference with the case of gasoline. 2. The fuel consumption rate is decreased as compared with the case of gasoline. Especially, the decrease in quantity is remarkable at the low rpm. 3. The exhaust emissions are remarkably decreased as compared with the case of gasoline. Especially, decreases of CO and HC in quantity are remarkable at the low rpm, and a decrease of No/sub x/ in quantity is remarkable at the high rpm. 4. There is a moderate condition of operation because the producing factors of NO/sub x/ and CO, HC are contrary to each other.
A study on the corrosion fatigue and cathodic protection of the welded zone between high tensile strength steel and general strength steel used for the shipbuilding
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 39~50
The plane bending corrosion fatigue test was performed on the welded zone between SM58 steel plate and SM41 steel plate jointed with submerged arc welding in the air and in the natural sea water with various conditions. The main results obtained from the test are summarized as follows: 1) The welded zone of the steel plates has the lowest impact strength and the highest electrode potential, but the hardness was mediate of SM58 base and SM41 base. 2) The cathodic protection of the welded zone was also effective for the plane bending corrosion fatigue, and the optimum protection potential of the welded zone was -1,000 mV SCE. 3) The corrosion fatigue strength under the various stress conditions of the steel plate could be estimated and also the require safety factors on the design could be obtained from the plane bending fatigue limit diagram.
A study on the selection of optimal marine engine and its techno- economical evaluation method
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 51~66
The cost percentage of engine part in the total building cost of a ship is about 30-40% and the main engine occupies about 50% of the engine part cost. For certain ships the fuel bill can be as high as about 60-70% of the total operating cost after two oil shocks and its amount for one year is nearly equivalent to her main engine price. This fact has further increased the pressure on the engine builders to develop engines of higher efficiency and better possibilities to burn further deteriorated fuel qualities. But the energy-saving plants are ordinarily more expensive and their available amount of exhaust gas energy is less and therefore, they are not always profitable and optimum systems. This paper is prepared to decide the most economical and efficient engine systems by presenting reasonable selecting and economical evaluation methods of the main engine, which is the largest single unit and the most expensive, and its auxiliaries. In order to demonstrate the application of investigated methods in a practical case, a 46, 000 DWT class bulk carrier is selected as a model ship and her main engine and its auxiliaries are selected and evaluated. The result shows that the optimum determined has one year three months POP, 0.903 IRR at a year, 4, 116, 000 dollars PW in 15 years (for 5% escalation rate of fuel cost) and 9.522 BCR for same condition, when the engine plant of a same existing ship is taken as the basis.
A study on the arc suppressing method of switch gear using auxiliary contactor
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 67~73
The Author researched and published its results on how effectively the arcs suppressed when the contactors are opened at current zero point which indispensively exsists in AC circuits. In order to increase the effectiveness of suppressing the arcs in larger current, the author suggests a new suppressing method using auxiliary contactor which contains resistance which is connected in parallel with main contactor. The author's firm belief is that the arcs are suppressed remarkably, but there are several problems, especially how to determine the optimal resistance connected in series with auxiliary contactor.
The effect of addendum modification on bearing load in marine reduction gears
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 74~80
In the reduction gears for marine propulsion engine such as turbine or high speed diesel engine, the standard involute double helical gears are generally used. However the addendum modification gear can be used in the reduction gear as it has flexibility for gear design on the tooth strength, scoring and operating noise. In this case, the determination of gear shaft bearing load is difficult by the alternation of operating pressure angle. In this paper, the formulas of bearing load according to the arrangements of the reduction gears are derived and the diagrams of operating pressure angle according to the modification coefficient are presented.
Effect of heat treatment and mechanical stress on the dielectic strength of epoxy resin
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 81~87
The effect of heat treatment and mechanical stress on the dielectic strength of epoxy resin film is studied. The film with 30-210 .mu.m thickness are casted at room temperature for 8 hours and post cured at the range of temperature 60-180 .deg. C, and the heat setting time are two kind, ie, 2 and 10 hours. The samples are made with Stycast 1266 that the primary compound is diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A, and the hardner is denaturated polyamines. Under no mechanical stresses, the maximum dielectric strength of the sample is obtained for the sample heat treated for 2 hours at 150 .deg. C. However, the best dielectric strength characteristics under compressive stress is obtained for the sample heat treated at 90 .deg. C and 120 .deg. C. The dielectric strength of the sample are also affected significantly by the cooling velocity of the sample after post heat setting at given temperature.
A Study on the Characteristics of Spray of Swirl Nozzle for Desel Engine Injector(I)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering, volume 8, issue 2, 1984, Pages 88~97
The combustion process and the performance of a diesel engine are considerably affected by the characteristics of fuel spray. It is known that the spray of swirl nozzle for diesel engine injector of small orifice ratio becomes soft spray that has no core, therefore its penetration, one of the characteristics of spray becomes werse inspite of its good dispersion. In this paper, the spray characteristics of variously designed swirl nozzle for diesel injector were investigated by the photographic method. The nozzles, used in this experiment, vary in the diameter of swirl chambers and orifice ratio. From the results of the study, the sprays of this type nozzle of optimum swirl chamber and orifice ratio show that penetration decreased slightly but dispersion and spray volume increased remarcably, compared with unswirled single hole nozzle of the same size. It was suggested as a reason for the results, that the spray of this type swirl nozzle is similar to hard spray, therefore the core of the spray sustains good penetration considerably.