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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Pre-service Early Childhood Teachers' Self-expression and Stress Coping Style on their Human Nature
Heo, Su Yun ; Seo, Hyun Ah ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 5~19
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.005
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pre-service early childhood teachers' self-expression and stress coping style on their human nature. More specifically, this study attempted to investigate how teachers' human nature, self-expression and stress coping style are correlated with another and determine how much human nature is influenced by the other variables, ultimately providing basic information necessary for improving the humanity of pre-service preschool teachers. Findings of the study can be summarized as follows. First, correlations among pre-service early childhood teachers' self-expression, stress coping style and human nature were investigated to find that those teachers' human nature and self-expression have close relationships with each other and that the two variables are significantly related with their stress coping style. Second, the influences of pre-service preschool teachers' self-expression and stress coping style on their human nature were analyzed to find that the human nature of those teachers as a whole and some sub-areas of the variables like positive self-concept and human creativity have significant relationships with their self-expression and stress coping style. Finally, based on these findings, this study discussed how to establish and manage a curriculum that helps to improve the human nature of pre-service early childhood teachers of junior colleges. It also hopes to find effective ways to manage the department of education.
The Effect of Crossover Musical Activities: Applying the Traditional Korean Jang-dan on the Multicultural Perception of Young Children
Hong, Khil Hoe ; Youn, Hea Ja ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 21~41
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.021
The purpose of his study was to explore the effect of crossover musical activities applying the traditional Korean Jang-dan on the multicultural perception of young children. The subjects of this study were one class of 21 5-year-old children(experimental group) in J kindergarten and two classes of 5-year-old children (20 children in comparative group and 20 children in control group) in S kindergarten located in Y city, totaling 61 children (31 male children and 30 female children). Twenty sessions of Crossover musical activities applying the traditional Korean Jang-dan (rhythmic patterns) developed by the author were applied to the experimental group, musical activities focusing on traditional Korean music to the comparative group and musical classes from Nuri curriculum for 5-year-olds to the control group, respectively. The result of this study showed the following, among the sub-factors of multi-cultural perception, the scores of post-cultural openness and post-cultural acceptability showed a significantly higher level in statistical terms in the experimental group, for which crossover musical activities applying the traditional Korean Jang-dan were conducted, than those in the comparative group and the control group. The comparative group which participated in musical activities of traditional Korean music exhibited a significantly higher level of post-cultural respectfulness statistically (than other groups). The result of this study implies that crossover musical activities applying the traditional Korean Jang-dan have the effect of enhancing the perception of cultural openness and cultural acceptability which are the sub-factors of young children's multi-cultural perception.
A Review of Laws and Evaluation Criteria on Health, Nutrition, and Safety in Child Care Centers
Choi, Hye Jin ; Nam, Mi Kyoung ; Son, Won Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 43~71
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.043
This study reviews recent trends of laws and evaluation criteria of heath, nutrition, and safety in child care centers, and addresses future research directions on them. To this end, we analyzed Child Care Laws, Child Care Acts, Child Care Program Accreditation Standards and Criteria, as well as master's theses, doctoral dissertations and journals that have been published on these issues since 1991. Through a comprehensive and critical review, we revealed three following findings in terms of child heath, nutrition, and safety. First, it is necessary to strengthen regulations for all children's heath, nutrition, and safety, or to discuss measures corresponding to those regulations to provide the best possible care to every child. Second, a careful examination of accreditation standards on health, nutrition and safety found that, although specific actions and criteria on these issues were already prepared, their implementation is not mandatory and the quality of provided health, nutrition and safety is not properly guaranteed. This finding shows that what is still necessary is to devise effective plans for handling institutional frameworks and processes of child care program accreditation standards. Third, among the three categories of health, nutrition, and safety, the topics on safety were found to be studied most frequently, whereas the other two topics were considered much less. It thus indicates that more research on health and nutrition are necessary.
Effect of Happiness on Parental Stress and Employer-supported Childcare Centers Satisfaction Level
Hong, Sung Hee ; Tak, Jeong Hwa ; Kang, Hyun Mi ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 73~91
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.073
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the happiness of parent users of employer-supported childcare centers on their parental stress and employer-Supported childcare centers satisfaction level. It's basically meant to provide some information on how to ensure work-family reconciliation and improve the performance of employer-supported childcare centers. The subjects in this study were 206 parents who were users of employer-supported childcare centers. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the happiness and childcare centers satisfaction of the parent users of the employer-supported childcare centers were both at a higher level, and their parental stress was slightly above average. Second, there was a negative correlation between the happiness and parental stress of the parents who used the employer-supported childcare centers, and happiness was positively correlated to childcare centers satisfaction level. Third, as for the impact of the happiness of the parent users of the employer-supported childcare centers, parental stress was under the largest influence of happiness, followed by family harmony. happiness had the greatest impact on childcare centers satisfaction level, followed by interpersonal relationships. This outcome suggests that the supportive direction for parenting needs to focus on the affective dimension of promoting parents' happiness as well as focusing on the material and structural dimension.
The Study of 3-year-old Infants' Emotional Regulation Strategies in Frustrating Situations and Their Mothers' Responsive Strategies
Yun, Kyem Suk ; Lee, Jin Suk ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 93~110
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.093
The purpose of this study was to examine the use of emotional regulation strategies of 3-year-old infants in frustrating situations and the correlation between infants' emotional strategies and their mothers' responsive strategies. In the current study, 33 dyads of infant-mother were observed in the laboratory. Stansbury and Sigman's (2000) experimental instrument was revised and complemented according to Korean culture, and it was categorized into 5 measures for infants' use of emotional regulation strategies in frustrating situations and their mothers' responsive strategies: comforting, instrumental, cognitive reappraisal, distraction, and others. As a result, infants' emotional regulation strategies and their mothers' responsive strategies were categorized as 5 such strategies. The findings of this study showed that 3-year-old infants used complex strategies including cognitive reappraisal. They used instrumental strategy most during a 'clean up' frustrating situation and distraction strategy during a 'candy given then denied' situation. There was significant correlation between infants' emotional regulation strategies and their mothers' responsive strategies.
Use of Smart Devices of Infants and Preschool-children and Their Mothers' Perceptions
Lee, Su Mi ; Seo, Hyun Ah ; Han, Hee Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 111~131
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.111
This study aims to research the use of smart devices of infants and preschool children, and their mothers' perception about it. Moreover, the goal of this study is to collect preliminary data about problems from the use of smart devices, and to prevent the problems. Therefore, the questions of inquiry for this study are: 1. How do infants and preschool children use smart devices? 2. How do mothers perceive their children using smart devices? Four hundred and forty mothers, who send their child to a day-care center or kindergarten in Busan, participated in this research and data among 397 of them were analyzed using PASW 18.0 program. The answers to a multiple-choice question were converted into a frequency and percentage. To verify the difference of factors, Chi-squared Test and One-way Analysis of Variance methods were used. The following are findings of this study: 1. Most of the families owning smart devices allow their children to use a smart device when children want it, and children use it for entertainment purpose before their bedtime. Children start to use a smart device mostly around the age of 4. Compared to girls, boys spend a longer time on smart devices playing mobile game. In addition, the research indicated that the children of younger mothers tend to use smart devices in earlier ages than the children of elder mothers. 2. Mothers of preschool children have higher perception about the availability of their child using smart devices compare to the mothers of day-care center. However, the research showed that elder mothers have more positive perceptions about all the other five lower factors, (e.g. educational characteristic, entertainment characteristic, design, safety, and smart recognition).
Mental-state Talks of Mothers with 2-year-olds in Pretense/Role-play and Book Reading Contexts
Kim, Hee Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 133~151
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.133
The purpose of this study was to examine maternal mental-state talks while mothers and their 2-year-old children interacted in two contexts which were pretense/role-play and shared book reading contexts. Thirty-six dyads of mothers and their 2-year-old children participated in this study. The results showed that the mothers made more references to mental-state in the pretense/role-ply context than in the book reading context, but the ratio of using the three types of mental state talks(i.e., desire, feeling, and cognition) did not vary with the contexts. The most frequently used mental-state talk by the mothers was 'desire' in both contexts and the tendency to use the three types of mental-state talks in the two contexts was related. The results of this study suggest implications for providing useful information on the role of mothers in the development of children's theory of mind.
The Effects of a Green Based Growth Education Program on Young Children's Environmental Preservation Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior
Lee, Mi Jin ; Kim, Ji Eun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 153~174
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.153
This study started as an effort to solve the serious environmental program that the Korean government and internationally focused on. For the purpose of the study, a green based growth education program was composed that young children could participate in. With this program, the study participants could form attitudes, behavior, and knowledge of environmental preservation. To see the effectiveness of the green growth educational program, the study set up a control and an experimental group. The program was composed with four major content 'ecosystem', 'energy', 'resource', and 'green citizenship'. The study planned 20 sessions including fairy tales, storytelling, art, game, and science activities. The study's participants were a total of 42 five-year-old children. The result of the research showed that the experimental group's environmental preservation knowledge, attitude, and behavior score was significantly higher than the control group. The green growth educational program had a positive effect on young children's knowledge, attitude, and behavior of environmental preservation. This study included the realities of the difficulties applying green growth education in kindergarten, the result provided practical information regarding the green growth educational program to kindergarten teachers.
Perceived Importance and Mathematical Interaction of 5-year-olds' Mothers according to Contents of Mathematics Education
Kim, Ji Hyun ; Kim, Jung Min ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 175~192
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.175
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in perceived importance of mathematical education (perceived importance) and mathematical interaction of 5-year-olds' mothers according to contents of mathematical education. Second, we intended to examine whether mothers' understanding of purpose of mathematical education predicted on their perceived importance and mathematical interaction. Third, we analyzed relative influence between mothers' perceived effectiveness of concrete materials and worksheets on their perceived importance and mathematical interaction. The subjects consisted of 151 mothers of 5-year-olds lived in D city and K province in Korea. The results were as follows: First, mothers' perceived importance and mathematical interaction were higher in 'number and arithmetic'. Second, mothers' understanding of purpose of mathematical education predicted their perceived importance in all contents and mathematical interaction in 'number and arithmetic', 'geometry', and 'algebra'. Third, mothers' perceived effectiveness of concrete materials predicted better in most contents of mathematical education. Meanwhile, in 'number and operation', mothers' perceived effectiveness of worksheets did a predictive role in their importance awareness. These results were discussed in terms of necessity of a parent education program to provide practical information about contents and methods of mathematical education for their 5-year-old children.
The Relationship Between Job Satisfaction, Parental Role Satisfaction, and the Child Rearing Behavior of Fathers of Preschool Children
Lee, Hee Sun ; Lee, Yun Na ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 193~212
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.193
The study examined the relationship among job satisfaction, parental role satisfaction, and child-rearing behavior on fathers of preschool children. In addition, the study researched the mediation effect of parental role satisfaction between job satisfaction and child-rearing behavior. For such purposes, the study collected data by using questionnaires, targeting 376 fathers of children aged 3-5 in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do province. They completed questionnaires regarding Job satisfaction, parenting satisfaction, and child-rearing behavior. The major findings of this study were as follows: first, there was a significant relationship among job satisfaction, parental role satisfaction, and child-rearing behavior of fathers. A fathers' negative job satisfaction was negatively related to a child-rearing practices. The relationship between fathers' job satisfaction, and child-rearing behavior was mediated by parental satisfaction.
The Effects of a Thematic Fantasy Play Program on Prosocial Behaviors and Peer Play Interaction of Young Children with Developmental Delays in an Inclusive Classroom
Cho, Sung Sim ; Shin, Hae Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 213~236
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.213
This study is aimed at enhancing the prosocial behaviors and the positive peer play interaction of young children with developmental delays. Three children with developmental delays and three students without developmental delays who were 4-year-old students in an inclusive classroom were selected. Their homeroom teacher carried out the program with a small group of 6 children totaling 21 sessions over 3 months. The major results of this study were as follows: First, the result of both the observer and the parents' test after the program showed that the small group made positive changes on prosocial behaviors. In addition the frequency of target behaviors increased during the intervention. Second, the result of both the observer and the parents' test after the program showed that positive peer play interaction increased in the small group. Moreover the negative peer play interaction such as play disturbance and play isolation decreased. In conclusion, the thematic fantasy play program is useful for an inclusive classroom, and can be a concrete method to support inclusive education and childcare.
The Meanings of Teaching by Pre-service Teachers in The Education for Pre-service Daycare Teachers
An, So Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 237~260
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.237
This research aims to find out what pre-service teachers are seriously concerned about and what they contemplated during the process of discovering the meanings of teaching, and to reveal the meanings compiled by the pre-service teachers. Furthermore, this research intends to identify the elements considered to help the pre-service teachers continue to construct the meanings of teaching in the education for pre-service daycare teachers by reviewing the process of contemplation. To do so, this study selected a target group of 29 seniors of M University who took the class of 'Teaching Method for Young children' given in the first semester of 2012 and 'Child Care and teaching Practice' given in the second semester of 2012. Research data collection was done based on the paper materials on participant observation, interview, student journals and professor feedbacks and small group discussion. According to the research, the pre-service teachers created the meanings of teaching as they experience confusion between one extreme to another of power and looking easy, having children focused and being focused, just giving and leaving and discrimination and equality. They considered teaching as a process of continuous reconstruction by choosing the best place between the opposites within the context of teaching and understood that teaching is to respect the right of learning for children and at the same time to make efforts to develop inner-self. In addition, to support the pre-service daycare teachers in their efforts to find the nature of teaching in the education program, it is required to review the teaching process from a variety of aspects in the atmosphere where they are not afraid of confusion, and to provide time to meditate alone and share ideas with others.
A Study on the Present Situation and Development of Educare for Diverse Children
Chung, Chung He ; Choi, Hyo Jung ; Bae, Jae Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 261~294
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.261
According to the features of pluralistic society, the needs of educare are also more diversified in terms of educare for young children with disabilities, multi-cultural background, infant-toddlers, and children who need time extended care. Recently, as the interest in these vulnerable areas is increased, providing quality child-care services have become more emphasized. Therefore, this study investigated the statuses, issues, research trends and suggested developmental directions of child care services for disabilities, multi-cultural, infant care, and time extended care. Implications and suggestions for research, practice, and policy development in the future were provided.
The Current Status of Parental Capacity for Children's Happiness
Jang, Hye Jin ; Yun, Eun Ju ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 295~317
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.295
This study is intended to improve parental capacity from the viewpoint of children's happiness. It extracts a core parental capacity for children's happiness from the international index such as OECD well-being, UNICEF Children's welfare, International survey of children's well-being, and Korean children's key index. Based on the extracted core parental capacity, this study developed a self-checklist aiming to perceive parents' capacity status and suggest a political plan in order to improve parents' capacity for children's happiness. The self-checklist has a total of 66 questions and is composed of 7 domains; Child development, Health and Safety, Family relation, Physical and material environment, Play, Guidance in life, and Community engagement. The results from the survey are as follows. The domains of Development of children as well as Health & Safety are reported as the highest value at 4.1 point; on the contrary, those of Guidance in life and Community engagement are reported as the lowest value at 3.8 point. In terms of age, it was reported that the capacity of parents under 35 years-old was better than that of parents over 35 years of age. As for family income, it was revealed that the order of parents' capacity generally depends on the family income.
Effects of Variables on Mothers' Choices of Types of Infant Care
Seo, So Jung ; Ha, Ji Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 2, 2014, Pages 319~335
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.2.319
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of variables of interest on mothers' choices of infant care. The variables of interest in this study were categorized into the following three areas: 1) demographic characteristics of mothers and infants, 2) structural and procedual dimensions of infant care facilities, and 3) maternal beliefs on child-rearing. The subjects of this study were mothers whose infants were currently cared by at infant care facilities(n=185) and those who were on the waiting list to use non-maternal infant care(n=53). The main results of this study were as follows. First, mothers of this study preferred to select a type of center-based subsidized infant care over other types of care(family day care) due to quality of the program. Second, the mothers who were not using infant care and cared for their infants at homes reported that there were limitations in their choices of types of infant care due to accessibility and availability of public subsidized infant care facilities, and their child rearing goals were more likely to emphasize learning achievement and maturity than character education or personality. The mothers were more likely to choose a family home care over center-based public subsidized care when they were employed, had younger infants, had longer period of time on waiting lists, and emphasized structural dimensions of infant care than center-based care users. Implications for research and practices were discussed along with the main results of this study.