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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of Child Care and Education Teacher's Current Practices and Difficulties in Supporting Children with Problem Behaviors
Lee, Yeon Jeong ; Cho, Youn Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 5~29
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.005
The purpose of this study was to find out various problem behaviors of children who were not diagnosed with any disability, but instead, engaged in problem behaviors. This study also intended to review the difficulties of children with problem behaviors, their teachers' difficulties and needs, to suggest support for child care and education teachers. This study conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with eight child care and education teachers. The interviews were transcribed into text and analyzed by contents. The results of this study are as follows. Problem behaviors of children described by teachers were classified into external and internal types. In addition, children with problem behaviors had experienced difficulties in maintaining relationships with their teachers, peers and parents. Many teachers were not successful to provide appropriate support for preschoolers who demonstrated problem behaviors in classrooms or some teachers provided individualized support. Teachers adapted the behavioral and the psychological approaches to problem behaviors of preschoolers. However, teachers reported difficulties with children with problem behavior and brought up the following issues on teaching children with problem behaviors; managing troubled matters happening in the class, difficulty in controlling teacher's emotions on problem behaviors, the lack of time, the integrated child care time without teacher in charge of child, the interruption in activity progress, the lack of a special way to deal with problem behaviors, and difficulty in cooperation with families through parents-teacher counseling sessions. Teachers counseled with parents who had a child with problem behaviors and revealed that parents reacted to problem behaviors in various ways such as embarrassment, acceptance, ignorance, or avoidance. Most teachers received assistance and support for teaching children with problem behaviors, from families, local communities and in-service training. Lastly, teachers with preschoolers with problem behaviors needed the support of experts on managing behavior problems, assistant teaching personnel, education for parents and teachers, respects for teachers, psychological counseling or play therapy from professional service agencies, diagnosis service at child care and education centers which children attended, and support networking with agencies. Teachers also required the family support of medical diagnosis and psychological counseling and financial support from the government.
A Study on the Factors of Operational Publicness of Child Care Centers
Yang, Mi Sun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 31~46
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.031
The purpose of this study is to analyze publicness by the types of childcare centers, and factors related to publicness in the operation of childcare centers. The subjects of this study were 511 childcare centers. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, F-test, Duncan's post hoc test, and regression. The findings of the study were: First, Among childcare centers, Public childcare centers were high in universality, transparency and participation. But family daycare homes and private centers were low in universality, transparency, participation, and openness. Second, public childcare centers, family daycare homes, private childcare centers, major city and medium-sized cities affected universality in the operation of childcare centers. Public childcare centers, social welfare foundation childcare centers, family daycare homes, private childcare centers and proportion of capacity affected transparency in the operation of childcare centers. Public childcare centers, family daycare homes, private childcare centers and proportion of capacity affected participation in the operation of childcare centers. Government able to accomplish publicness in the operation of childcare centers if it would strengthen management process and expanded financial for childcare centers.
Effects of Preschoolers' Temperament and Relationships with Teachers on their Peer Interaction
Shin, Hye Jin ; Shin, Nary ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 47~68
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.047
The purpose of this study was to investigate how children's temperament and relationships with teachers affect their peer interaction. For this purpose, two surveys were conducted on mothers and teachers of 326 four- and five-year-old children attending four kindergartens in Gyeonggi Province. The data were analyzed by using PASW 18.0 to carry out hierarchical regression and post hocanalyses. The results showed that closeness to teachers moderated the effects of children's emotionality on their positive peer interaction. On the other hand, children's temperaments including emotionality and activity, and their relationship with teachers were directly influential on their negative peer interaction; no interaction effect was found between their temperament and relationships with teachers. It was concluded that the quality of teacher-child relationships could promote children's positive peer interaction while it could also reduce their negative interaction with peers. However, the temperament of children played limited roles in their negative peer interaction.
The Influence of Educare Teachers' Science Education Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Science on Science Teaching Anxiety
Kim, Hera ; Chae, Jin Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 69~84
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.069
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of educare teachers' science education knowledge and attitudes towards science on science teaching anxiety. 259 teachers of young children were recruited from 19 daycare centers and the data were analyzed through frequency, percentage, Pearson's correlations using PASW 18.0 and structure equation modeling using AMOS 7.0. The findings are as follows. First, educare teachers showed more than median scores in all science education knowledge, attitude towards science and science teaching anxiety. Second, in total 57% of the variance in teachers' science teaching anxiety was accounted for by teachers' science education knowledge and attitude towards science. This result implied that teachers' science education knowledge and attitude towards science should be improved in order to reduce teachers' science teaching anxiety.
The Effect of Toddlers' Negative Emotionality and Mothers' Reactions to their Child's Negative Emotions of Social-emotional Behaviors
Kim, Yang Eun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 85~102
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.085
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of toddler's emotionality and mother's reaction to their child's negative emotions of social-emotional behaviors of toddlers. The subjects were 141 mothers and toddlers ranging in age from 18 to 36 months. Instruments used in this study were: 1) Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire(ECBQ)(Rothbart, 1994), 2) Coping with Toddlers' Negative Emotions Scale(CTNES)(Eisenberg et al., 1996), and 3)Brief Infant Toddler Social and Emotional Assesment(BITSEA)(Carter et al., 2006). Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The results of this study show that toddler's emotionality and the mother's negative reaction to their child's negative emotions were related to the social-emotional behaviors of toddler. Also, mother's reaction to their child's negative emotions have mediation effects between toddler's emotionality and social-emotional behaviors. Specifically, toddler's emotionality has a partial mediating effect on social-emotional behaviors through mother's supportive reaction to their child's negative emotions. Additionally it was also determined that the toddler's emotionality has a complete mediating effect on the relationship between mother's unsupportive reaction to their child's negative emotions and the social-emotional behaviors of toddler. Theses results support the notion that mother's character as well as child's personality at birth are critical predictors which could impact social-emotional behaviors of toddler.
The Relationship among Child Care Teachers' Personal Characteristics, Resilience and Social Support
Kim, Jung Hee ; Lee, Yong Joo ; Kim, Dong Choon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 103~120
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.103
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among child care teachers' personal characteristics, resilience, and social support. The subjects in this study were 154 child care teachers working in Gangwon province. The resilience questionnaire(Jung Hyun Lee, 2013) revised from KRQT-52(Korean Resilience Quotient Test) and the perceived social support scale(Lee Jae-Young, 2012) were used for this study. For the research analysis, frequency, Cronbach's
coefficient, and Pearson's correlation were calculated and ANOVA test, Scheff
post-hoc analysis, and regression analysis were conducted. The results are as follows. Firstly, it was revealed that child care teachers' experiences, age, marital status, and type of child care center had a statistically meaningful difference in resilience. In contrast, teachers' educational backgrounds did not have a meaningful difference in resilience. Secondly, all the sub-variables of teacher's perceived social support had a positive statistically significant correlation with all sub-variables of their resilience. Thirdly, physical support of child care teachers' perceived social support had statistically meaningful positive influences on the positive characteristics and the overall resilience. Also evaluative support of child care teachers' perceived social support had statistically meaningful positive influences on the interpersonal skills, self-regulation, positive characteristics, and the overall resilience of resilience. In conclusion, the results indicated that it is needed to strengthen child care teachers' perceived social support for enhancing resilience, taking into account the background characteristics of individual teachers.
The Effects of Animal Experience Activities on Young Children's Emotional Intelligence and Resilience
Lee, Soeun ; Lim, Hui Yoon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 121~135
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.121
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of animal experience activities on young children's emotional intelligence and resilience. Seventy 3- and 4-year-olds were divided into experimental group in which children participated 12 times in animal experience activities, and control group. Data were analyzed by mean, t-test and ANCOVA. The results revealed that children with animal experience activities got higher scores in emotional intelligence including utilization of emotion, recognition and consideration of others' emotion, recognition and expression of self emotion, and emotional adjustment and impulse control. In addition, 4-year-olds scored higher in resilience than 3-year-olds, and the interaction effect between group and age indicated that the positive effects of animal experience activities were more significant in 4-year-olds.
The Development of an Instrument to Assess Young Children's Understanding of Science Inquiry Skills and Its Application
Kim, Kyung Sook ; Kim, Hee Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 137~158
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.137
The present study aimed to develop an instrument to assess young children's understanding of science inquiry skills. For the purposes of the study, based on analysis of literature and evaluation tools related to young children's science inquiry skills, five categories of understanding science inquiry skills including observing, classifying, predicting, measuring, and discussing were selected. Then 30 test items were developed and verified three times through opinions from science education and early childhood education professionals and teachers. Finally, a total of 19 test items within five categories were developed. The 19 items' item difficulty, item discrimination, and item internal consistency were verified statistically. In addition, concurrent validity and test-retest reliability of the items were verified by the significant correlation coefficients. The instrument developed in this study was administered to 300 children who were 3, 4, and 5 years old. The results showed that 5 year old children had better competence to understand science inquiry skills than 4 and 3 year old children, while there were no differences in the competence between boys and girls.
The Influential Factors on Parenting Guilt of Mothers using a Day-care Center
Lee, Joo Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 3, 2014, Pages 159~177
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.3.159
The purpose of this study was to examine the influential factors on parenting guilt of mothers who use a day-care center. To achieve these research goals, the present study 1) analysed the differences in the mother's parenting guilt as the socio-demographic variables of the mother and child, and 2) examined the relative effect size of influences on the mother's parenting guilt with their parenting efficacy, satisfaction on the day-care center, emotional and informational support from teachers, and mother's active interaction with day-care teachers. The participants of the study were 350 mothers whose infants and toddlers were attending day-care centers in Gwangju and Jeollanamdo. The results of this study are as follows. First, the mothers with infants who were younger than 3 years old reported more parenting guilt than the mothers with toddlers. Second, the mothers whose children were the first child reported more parenting guilt than the mothers with children who were the second or the third child. Third, the emotional support from the day-care teacher was the most influential factor on the mother's parenting guilt. This study suggests that the mutual cooperation between mother and day-care teacher are very important to reduce the mother's parenting guilt.