Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 10, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of Extra-Curricular Activities in Childcare Facilities and the Factors Affecting on Expenses of Extra-Curricular Activities
Kim, Jin Mi ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 5~23
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.005
The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting extra expenses incurred by extracurricular activities, prompted by the problem that the financial burden on households for their children's education and child-care is not showing enough signs of being mitigated, despite increased child-care subsidies from the government. Data for this study was obtained from the 4th Panel Study on Korean Children of Korea Institute of Child Care and Education. The analysis of the study shows that 68.5% of the surveyed children were participating in extracurricular activities and the average number of extracurricular activities they took part in was 2.9. The average extracurricular expenditure was 50.000 won. However, based on the findings of the survey, it was statistically significant to find that the number of extracurricular activities the children participated in and the expenditure the households spent on them varied by area. Variables were inserted in a gradual manner in identifying factors influencing households' expenditure on children's extracurricular activities. The results showed that amongst the variables used, the education level of the mother, the employment status of the mother, the type of the child-care support institution, and the household's place of residence featured prominently, with the place-of-residence factor accounting for most of the reason why a household spent the amount it did. The outcome of the study bears four policy implications: First, there is a need for a specific evaluation of the contents and costs of extracurricular activities and supervision and management of such activities. Second, it is necessary for the central government to provide a specific criteria of necessary expense. Third, throughout the child support agency, the courses and costs of special activities should be monitored regularly. Fourth, there should be extracurricular activity support for underprivileged children.
The Moderating Effect of Teacher-Child Relationship on the Relation between Child's Shyness and Peer Victimization
Kwon, Yeon Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 25~45
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.025
This study examined the moderating role of teacher-child relationship on the relation between children's shyness and peer victimization. Participants were 200 children(97 boys, 103 girls; recruited from classes with 5-6 year olds) and their kindergarten teachers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the children's peer victimization, shyness and teacher-child relationship. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, and hierarchical multiple regressions. Boys and girls were analyzed separately. Results showed that children's shyness had a positive relation to their peer victimization. Teacher-child relationship significantly related to children's peer victimization. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that the interaction of boys' shyness and teacher-child closeness predicted boys' peer victimization. Boys' shyness, whose teachers demonstrated the lowest level of teacher-child closeness, was significantly associated with their peer victimization. Boys' shyness had a significant relation to their peer victimization, especially for the highest level of teacher-child conflictual relationship. Results are discussed in terms of the role of teachers to shy boys' peer victimization.
Preschooler's Perception of Relationships with Others and Their Self Concepts: Focused on the Relationships with Mother, Teacher, and Peers
Shin, Su Hui ; Lee, Wan Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 47~62
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.047
The purpose of this study targeted 93 full 5-year-old preschoolers was to examine young children's recognition of the relationships with their mothers, teachers, and peers and to analyze the effect of children's recognition on their self-concept. Children's recognition of the relationships with the people around and their self-concepts were measured by use of picture diagrams to help children's understanding and their replies. Data analysis showed that young children recognize their relationships with the people around positively, and that children's conflict recognition with their teachers influence negatively on their self-concept. This study is meaningful in that it directly researched preschooler's cognition of the relationships with the people around themselves from situation in the lack of preceding research that it comprehensively studied about relationships with the preschooler and others, and it executed one-to-one interview with preschooler using the picture tool for preschooler developed by the investigator in order to measure the preschooler's cognition.
The Study of Parents' Perception on Accreditation System of Public Type Child Care Centers
Lim, Hye Young ; Kim, Hyun Joo ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 63~82
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.063
This research surveyed parents' perception on the accreditation system of public type child care centers with 202 parents of 7 public type child care centers in K-province. The results were as follows. First, concerning the necessity of the accreditation system of public type child care centers, high necessity was shown. Second, concerning the influence of the accreditation system on child care center selection, positive responses were shown. Third, the concerning level of perception on the accreditation system of public type child care centers, parents had focused on only the tuition of child care centers. The conclusion was that publicity activities are necessary for parents to understand the goal and role of public type child care centers and to have social concern on it through the various media. The parents' opinion of public type child care centers should be surveyed and is reflected on the accreditation system of public type child care centers for increasing the choices on the public type child care centers.
The Relationships between Preschool Teachers' Beliefs about the Purpose of Multicultural Education and Their Attitudes and Teaching Efficacy with Respect to Multicultural Education
Kim, Na Rim ; Kwon, Yi Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 83~100
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.083
This study aims to explore the relationships between preschool teachers' beliefs about the purpose of multicultural education and their attitudes and teaching efficacy with respect to multicultural education. For this purpose, 296 teachers, who were working at kindergartens and daycare centers, were chosen for this study and the survey method was used to collect data. The TMAS (Teacher Multicultural Attitude Survey), Multicultural Teaching Efficacy Scale, and teachers' belief about the purpose of multicultural education were used to evaluate teachers' multicultural-related variables. To analyze the data, frequency measurements, percentile, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient were used. Through this study, these findings were found: 1) Teachers most perceive human relations as the purpose of multicultural education. 2) There is no relationship between the belief in multicultural education and the attitudes and teaching efficacy with respect to multicultural education. However, The attitudes about multicultural curriculum show meaningful differences, depending on the teachers' beliefs about the purpose of multicultural education. 3) The attitudes and teaching efficacy with respect to multicultural education are strongly related to each other. These findings are discussed with respect to the necessity of multicultural education curriculum development for preschool teachers.
The Mediating Effect of Self-esteem among on the Relationship between Marital Satisfaction and Parenting Practice Infant Mothers depending on Household Income Level
Kwon, Shin Young ; Suh, Young Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 101~115
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.101
This study examines if self-esteem mediates the relationship between marital satisfaction and parenting practice by using the Panel Study of Korean Children of Korea Institute of Child Care and Education, and empirically analyzes if household income causes the difference of mediating effect. For this research, the 3rd Panel Study of Korean Children (2010), including 1,802 children whose average age is 25.75 months (SD=1.37), is employed. Based on the preceding studies which demonstrated the effect of marital satisfaction on mothers' parenting behavior directly and indirectly, a research model is designed by predicting that marital satisfaction might have a positive effect on parenting practice through the mediation of self-esteem. Structuring equation was used to analyze the model as the appropriate research method. The result of the data analysis utilizing a structural equation model is as follows: Firstly, the higher the marital satisfaction of a mother is, the more it influences her positive child-rearing attitude, not only directly, but also indirectly through her self-worth. Secondly, the modifying effect in accordance with the level of the income of a household was found to be meaningful only in the influences of the marital satisfaction to the self-worth. This study result suggests that the enhancement of the self-worth of a mother will contribute to improving the quality of child-rearing, regardless of the level of the income of a household.
The Effects of Parental Abuse/Neglect Perceived by Child and Community Awareness of Child on School Life Adjustment according to Child Gender
Kim, Hye Gum ; Yang, Suk Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 117~131
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.117
This study examined the effects of parental neglect/abuse perceived by child and community awareness of child on school life adjustment according to child gender. The participants were 2,219 sixth grade students(1,167 boys, 1,052 girls) in the third Korea Youth Panel Survey. The results of this study were as follows; First, boys perceived parental abuse more than girls and boys perceived community more positively than girls. Boys perceived more difficulty than girls in peer relationship adjustment. Second, parents' neglect and abuse perceived by boys showed negative correlation with school life adjustment and community awareness of boys showed positive correlation with school life adjustment. On the other hand, parents' neglect and abuse perceived by girls showed negative correlation with school life adjustment and community awareness of girls showed positive correlation with school life adjustment. Third, the less perceived parental neglect/abuse and the better perceived community, the better the boys and girls could have school life adjustment. The results of this study offers a fundamental data about the parental neglect/abuse and the community awareness which can improve the school life adaptation of a sixth grade students who are moving from a primary school to a middle school.
The Effects of Educational Activity in Relation with Nuri Curriculum in Green Growth Education Programme for Young Children on Their Knowledge in Environmental Conservation, Sensitivity to the Natural Environment and Attitudes in Environmental Conservation
Kang, In Sook ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 133~158
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.133
This study's aims at seeking ways to support educational activity in 'Green-Growth' for children, in order for children to practice green life from their infancy and studying effects of their educational activity in knowledge of environmental conservation and receptivity to the natural environment, attitudes in environment conservation. This study conducted a survey of fifty-four children of five years of age attending the kindergartens in the Metropolitan City of Incheon. Twenty-seven were classified in the experimental group and the remaining Twenty-seven were in the comparative group. For the statistical analysis of the data collected, the t-test and the analysis of covariance(ANCOVA) were conducted using the SPSS WIN 17.0 program. The findings of this research are as follows: the children of the experimental group who experienced educational activity in green growth, demonstrated higher score than those of the comparative group in knowledge of environmental conservation and receptivity to the natural environment, attitudes in environment conservation. The result of the research indicates that educational activity in green growth, for children, enhances their knowledge in environment conservation, the receptivity to natural environment and the positive changes of attitudes in environmental conservation. It is then advisable to integrate and apply educational activity in green growth to the curriculum of kindergartens from early childhood.
The Influence of Early Childhood Teachers' Achievement Goal Orientation and Organizational Citizenship Behavior on Job-Satisfaction
Lee, Jin Wha ; Lim, Won Shin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 159~174
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.159
This current study sought to investigate effects of in-service teachers' achievement goal orientation, organizational citizenship behavior on job-satisfaction and to discuss the improvement of early childhood teachers' achievement goal orientation and organizational citizenship behavior. A total of 178 teachers participated in this study and completed questionnaires. To analyze the data, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple-regression analysis were used. The results were as follows. Firstly, relatively correlation existed between teachers' achievement goal orientation and job satisfaction. Particularly, mastery-approach orientation, performance-approach orientation showed the relatively high correlation with job satisfaction and its sub-scales. Also, teachers' organizational citizenship behavior had relatively positive correlation with their job-satisfaction and its sub-scales. Secondly, teachers' achievement goal orientation and its sub-scale had 38% significant effects on their job-satisfaction. And teachers' organizational citizenship behavior appeared to have 8.6% influence on job-satisfaction. Based on the results, several ways were discussed to develop and improve teachers' achievement goal orientation and organizational citizenship behavior.
Relationship among Child Care Teachers' Role Performance, Supervisor's Support and Burnout
Kim, Jung Hee ; Lee, Yong Joo ; Kim, Dong Choon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 175~190
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.175
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among child care teachers' role performance and burnout, and supervisors' support. The subjects in this study were 171 child care teachers working in Gyeonggi province. Role performance questionnaire, the perceived supervisor's support scale, and the perceived burnout scale were used for this study. For the research analysis, frequency, Cronbach's
coefficient, and Pearson's correlation were calculated and regression analysis were conducted. The results are as follows. Firstly, it was revealed that both child care teachers' role performance and the perceived supervisors' support had statistically negative significant correlations with child care teachers' burnout. Secondly, role performance had statistically meaningful negative influences on child care teachers' overall burnout. Training and teaching activities as a sub-variable of child care teachers' role performance had statistically meaningful negative influences on emotional exhaustion, a lack of feeling of personal accomplishment, and overall job burnout. Thirdly, supervisors' support also had statistically meaningful negative influences on burnout. Material support as the sub-variable had statistically meaningful negative influences on emotional exhaustion, dehumanization, a lack of feeling of personal accomplishment, and overall job burnout. Evaluative support had statistically meaningful and negative influences on dehumanization and a lack of feeling of personal accomplishment. Through the results of this study, it must be indicated that it needs to promote the support of the supervisor in the various aspects and to provide a way which child care teachers efficiently perform the role in order to reduce their burnout.
Study on Teachers' Perception on Child's Personality Education Using Concept Mapping
Park, Jin Hee ; Son, Won Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 191~209
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.191
This study aims at figuring out perception of teachers on the education of a child's personality development using concept mapping and demonstrating its importance. To recognize concept mapping of teacher's perception on the education of a child's personality development, the procedure of the research are as follows. The specific research results are as follows: First, based on the categorization, using multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis, the results were concept mapping with 2-dimensions and five clusters. Second, dimensions of perception of teachers on the education of a child's personality development in concept mapping, showed virtue in left and performance in right, respectively, in X-axis, while environmental factor was in the upper area and personal factor was in the lower area, in Y-axis. Third, teachers' perception on the importance on education of child's personality development was evaluated in 5 categories as follows: 'Emphasizing adult's role'(M=4.45) was perceived as the most important among categories related to the education of a child's personality development. These results can be used for developing teacher's training program or an institutional supporting plan to raise performance of the education of a child's personality development in the future.
Comparative Research on Ego, Marriage and Parenting-Related Psychological Characteristics of Mothers of Normal Infants and Mothers of Infants with Developmental Risk: Focus on the 3rd Year Data from the Panel Study on Korean Children
Yu, Seung Yeon ; Lim, Ji Sun ; Kim, Yeon Ha ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 211~228
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.211
The present study aims to identify the ego, marriage and parenting-related psychological characteristics of mothers of infants with developmental risk, as well as to perform comparative analysis between their psychological characteristics and those of mothers of normal infants. For this purpose, we used SPSS 21 statistical software to calculate the average and standard deviation values, and also conducted frequency analysis and t-tests. The study subjects were mothers of 1584 normal infants and 186 infants with developmental risk, who were classified by Korean Denver II developmental screening test from a total of 1802 families listed in the 3rd year data from the Panel Study on Korean Children in 2010. Our results revealed a significant difference in the martial satisfaction and husbands' parenting participation between two groups, among the marriage-related psychological characteristics. There was also a significant difference in the parenting knowledge, style and stress among the parenting-related psychological characteristics. However, a statistically significant difference was not observed in the ego-related psychological characteristics of mothers. These results are thought to serve as baseline data for the infants with developmental risk at the precautionary level.
Study on Guidelines for Selecting Traditional Games in Relation to Multiple Intelligence Development
Kim, Eun Kyung ; Kwon, Dae Won ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 229~248
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.229
The purpose of this study is to draw guidelines on how to select traditional games that would efficiently help and develop multiple intelligences in children. Guidelines standard of section inquiries were prepared through a Delphi survey targeting twenty experts in early childhood education and traditional games. As a result, linguistic intelligence questions regarding writing, listening, speaking and vocabulary acquisition were selected. logical-mathematical intelligence questions regarding strategy, counting, patterns, hypothesis, verification, and comparing, contrasting, calculating ability were selected. Spatial intelligence questions regarding drawing, coloring, representation activities, operating and creating were selected, physical performance intelligence questions regarding global muscles, eye-hand coordination, flexibility, accommodation force, balance, agility and muscular strength were selected. Musical intelligence included questions about singing, and playing musical instruments. Interpersonal intelligence included perspective-taking, role-sharing, cooperation and discussion. For intrapersonal intelligence questions regarding personal significance-ties, planning-decision making, emotional expression and problem solving were selected. Finally, in relation to naturalist intelligence, questions regarding living organisms, inanimate objects and seasons were selected. In addition, traditional games were analyzed based on the finalized guidelines, and the results showed that each of the traditional games would not only work with one intelligence at a time but with other different intelligence as well. In the light of that, the study confirmed the validity of the guidelines on how to select traditional games that would develop multiple intelligences in children.
Early Childhood Teachers's Perception and Implementation of Nuri Curriculum
Park, Mi Jung ; Seo, Hyun Ah ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 249~272
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.249
The purpose of this research is to investigate the differences between early childhood teacher's perception and implementation of the composition direction and details of 5 criteria of "Nuri curriculum by age for 3 to 5 year-olds". As basic research data, this research is to contribute to understand the actual needs of on-spot teacher training, in the early implementation stage of Nuri curriculum, and to be used as basic data to effectively support and execute teacher training, so that "Nuri curriculum by age for 3 to 5 year-olds" can settle as educational basis of stable educational policy in the future. This research used PASW 18.0 program to analyze the difference of early childhood teachers' perception and implementation about Nuri curriculum. Results of this study were as follows; First, the general trend of early childhood teachers' perception and implementation was analyzed by average and standard deviation. Second, to see the difference between perception and implementation of Nuri curriculum for the entire group of early childhood teachers surveyed, matching sample t-test was used.
A Study on the Image Type of the Korean Traditional Child Rearing: Focused on Mothers with Infancy and Early Childhood
Kim, Eun Ju ; Lee, Young Kyoung ; Yeon, Hee Jong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 273~298
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.273
The purpose of the study was to examine the image types of the traditional child rearing by mothers with infancy and early childhood through Q-methodology. To conduct that, Q-group was first formed from mothers who raised their child in traditional way after their brainstorming about the method and interviewing them. Based on the subject's shared statements, Q-standard was made with 40 subjects. The 40 subjects were asked to grade each statement from one to nine and then their responses were analyzed by QUANL program. The image types were classified into 4 groups. There were 'Type 1: Relationship-oriented parenting through harmony' 'Type 2: Archetypal Parenting based on the Korean traditional values,' 'Type 3: Practice-oriented Parenting to respect life,' and 'Type 4: Attachment Parenting modern variants necessary.' This study serves as a momentum to see the impact of traditional child rearing on modern child upbringing by examining mother's viewpoints on traditional child rearing.
Story of Mothers' Child Rearing Community, "Love of Children"
Ahn, Hyo Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 10, issue 5, 2014, Pages 299~319
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2014.10.5.299
This study explored the low-income mothers' view about the child rearing community, "Love of Children". The child rearing community, "Love of Children", was formed by the members who participated in Seesawswing parenting education since 2009. The participants of this study were 14 members of "love of Children" out of 51. Using content analysis, the data were analyzed. The results were as follows. First, mothers in the child rearing community, "Love of Children" were proud of graduating from Seesaw swing parenting education. The sense of accomplishment made them continuously participate in the child rearing community. Second, the members of the child rearing community, "Love of Children", did several activities, such as getting-along, sharing information, serving children and mothers in thelocal community, and learning about child caring. Third, mothers in the child rearing community, "Love of Children", thought that this group gave them opportunities to think reflectively about themselves and to experience meeting with others. Also, they thought that it gave them a sense of empowerment.