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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Childcare Center and Parents
Kim, Hye Gum ; Jae, Kyung Sook ; Kong, In Sook ; Noh, Jin Hyeong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~22
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.1.001
This study analyzed the policies related to parents in child care centers from 1991 to 2013 as shown in the guidance for child care business book published by the government and accredited journals by the National Research Foundation. Policies related to parents in child care centers were divided into the following periods: 1) the period of passive parent education focused on low-income families (1991-1994), 2) the period of relief for dual-income families (1995-1997), 3) the period of relief for adoption families and the practice of child care support services (2004-2007), 4) the period of active parent involvement (2008-2013). On the other hand, the research trends of parent education in child-care centers were as follows: 1) the survey of parent education was the most common at first, 2) the studies of the role and disposition of parents occupied the bulk, 3) the studies of parents` needs and satisfaction on parent involvement appeared plenty, 4) the studies of the personalized parent education increased. Consequently, the need for home care services and the importance of parents` education were suggested.
Action Research about Intervention to the Aggressive Behaviors of Junseo
Won, Kye Son ; Kim, Su Jin ; Oh, A Rum ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 23~42
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.023
The purpose of this study was to find and to apply an effective intervention method to deal with the aggressive behaviors of Junseo, who is in a classroom for two-year olds. First, we collected the data about the aggressive behaviors by ABC event sampling, journal, recording the frequency of behaviors and the interview with the parents. Second, we drew an inference to the reason for his behaviors and tried to find an appropriate method to deal with them with colleagues and the professor. A time-out was applied to Junseo`s aggressive behaviors and alternately, his parents were asked to applause him frequently on appropriate behaviors at home. The aggressive behaviors became better gradually while the intervention method was monitored and assessed for feedback. As a result, the approach procedure, which was used in this study, was suggested to deal with the aggressive behaviors of young children. And supporting the system for operating this procedure was further discussed.
Children`s Understanding on the Roles of Male Childcare Teachers and Children`s Gender Role Concepts
Lim, Jung Soo ; Lee, Wan Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 43~61
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.043
The purpose of this study was to analyze children`s perspectives on the role of male childcare teachers and children` s gender role concepts. According to the results, when it comes to how the children perceive the roles of the male childcare teacher, the children mostly saw the male childcare teacher as a person who teaches and in another case, they regarded him as someone who takes care of their daily life and who is willing to play games with them. On the other hand, the male childcare teacher`s organizing of an environment, supporting tasks and working on a computer were perceived less by the children. In terms of the gender role concepts, the study confirmed that depending on the role performance of the male childcare teacher, the children in the male childcare teacher`s class had better understanding than those children in the female childcare teacher`s class. In order to secure the children`s right to participate specified in the convention of the rights of the child, the study applied not only the interviews with the children but also their drawings to the analysis, and that was what led the study to an in-depth discussion on the perception of the children.
The Effects on Turnover Intention of Infant-Care Teacher`s Working Environment and Job Satisfaction - Infant-Care Teacher`s in Northern Gyeonggi-do -
Lee, Joo Young ; Ko, Jea Ug ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 63~82
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.1.063
The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of the working-environment and job-satisfaction on the turnover intention of infant-care teachers. For this study, a survey was conducted on 200 infant-care teachers, who work in facilities of Northern Gyeonggi-do. The main results of this study are as follows: First, the turnover intention of infant-care teachers has no statistically significant differences by socio-demographic factors. Second, turnover intentions relate negatively to working-environment and job-satisfaction. More job-autonomy reduces the turnover intention and more job-conflict and job-burden increases the turnover intention. Third, the working-environment and job-satisfaction have influences on the turnover intention of infant-care teachers in the regression model. In conclusion, we need to improve the working-environment and to enhance job-satisfaction in order to reduce the turnover rate of infant-care teachers.
A Study of Job Satisfaction According to Director`s Leadership Style and Type of Decision-making Recognized by Child Care Teachers
Min, Hea Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 83~100
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.083
The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of directors` leadership style and the type of decision-making on improving child care teachers` job satisfaction which is essential to operate high-quality nursing. The survey method was used for 184 child care teachers who work for child care centers. The collected data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and posteriori test to find out the differences in teachers` job satisfaction according to their recognition of directors` leadership and decision-making. The result showed that differences exist in child care teachers` job satisfaction according to the leadership and decision-making of directors as recognized by the teachers. The score of child care teachers` self-development, work, welfare & social stability related to job satisfaction hit the highest when directors` leadership type was efficiency-centered. Similarly, participatory decision-making type, which is the most ideal type, scored the highest in all sub-components of job satisfaction in the case of directors` type of decision-making. This implies that the directors who prefer positive leadership and democratic participatory decision-making type increase teachers` job satisfaction which will positively affect the child care centers` qualitative development.
Early Childhood Teachers` Perception on the Meaning of Free Play and the Roles of Teachers
Eom, Eun Na ; Seo, Dong Mi ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 101~128
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.101
The purpose of this study was to investigate early childhood pre service teachers` perception on the meanings of free play and the roles of teachers in charge of free play hours. For this purpose, this study analyzed reflective journals, metaphorizing, image drawings, and interview records made by 69 junior students majoring in Early Childhood Education and participating in the practice of child care. According to the results, the meanings of free play perceived by the early childhood pre service teachers were summarized into `an exciting festival,` `a fenced playground,` and `a journey for learning.` In addition, their perceptions on the roles of teachers in charge of free play hours were summarized into `accompanying teacher,` `leading teacher,` `correcting teacher,` and `encouraging teacher.` These results suggest the need of systematic education through pre service curriculums that help early childhood pre service teachers form a balanced view and perception on the meaning of free play and the teachers` role performance.
Effectiveness of 「Authentic Parental Competence」 Consultant Development Program: Focusing on Parental Competence of Mothers with Preschool and Elementary School-Age Children
Chung, Kai Sook ; Kyun, Ju Youn ; Choi, Eun A ; Kim, Ji Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 129~151
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.1.129
The purpose of this study was to develop and verify the effectiveness of consultant development program enhancing `authentic parental competence` of the mothers with preschool and school-age children. The objects of this study were 14 mothers with preschool and school-age children. In order to examine the changes of the mother`s parental competence, t-test and qualitative analysis on in-depth interviews were conducted. The results of this study were as follows. First, this program had a positive effect on all the sub-factors of mother`s `authentic parental competence`. Second, mothers mentioned that they changed their parenting competence(change of parenting knowledge, beginning of reflective attitude on their parental role), self-system competence(understanding and respective attitude for the mother herself, self-awareness as a spouse, sweet glances and warm understanding as a parent), social competence(sympathetic understanding of her acquaintances, attempt a role as consultant) after this program. Based on these results, the implications and limitations were also discussed.
Preschooler`s Internal Representation Profile Types and Diurnal Cortisol Regulation Pattern at Home
Min, Hyun Suk ; Moon, Young Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 153~171
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.1.153
The purposes of this study were to explore the relations of preschoolers` narrative representation profile types to diurnal cortisol regulation pattern at home. Fourteen story stems from the MacArthur Story Stem Battery (MSSB, Bretherton, et al., 1990) were administered to 40 preschoolers(22 boys, 18 girls, aged 5) recruited from 8 kindergartens in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. And also, their saliva cortisol was collected. The children`s responses were aggregated into 5 dimensions, based on content themes and performance scores, which included emotions expressed and narrative coherence using the MacArthur Narrative Coding System(Robinson, et al., 2004). Data were analyzed by means of cluster analysis. Five response profiles emerged over the course of this research: Prosocial, Anxiety, Dyregulated aggression, Restricted, and Avoidance profiles. Cortisol at home showed decrease diurnal cortisol regulation patterns, however it showed a difference according to narrative response profiles. Restricted, Prosocial, and Avoidance profiles showed decrease diurnal cortisol regulation patterns. Anxiety profiles showed flat pattern, and Dyregulated aggression profile showed rising diurnal cortisol regulation pattern. These results show the preschoolers` internal representation may affect the diurnal cortisol reaction in daytime.
The Impact of Day-care Center Organizational Characteristics on Teacher Efficacy
Chung, Mi Ra ; Kang, Su Kyung ; Kim, Min Jeong ; Yee, Bang Sil ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 173~190
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.1.173
This study examined the effects of day-care center organizational characteristics on teacher efficacy. The participants of this study were 319 day-care center teachers who work in the Seoul-Gyeonggi area. The results of this study are as follows: First, day-care center teacher efficacy shows the difference depending on the teachers` career. Second, teachers` efficacy was influenced by day-care center organizational characteristics. In particular, it appeared that `challenge` and `distinction of role` affect teacher efficacy when the career of the teacher is less than 5 years. And it appeared that `challenge`, `distinction of role` and `retraining` affect teacher efficacy when the career of the teacher is more than 5 years. We discussed organizational characteristics for improving teacher efficacy and suggested the implication for retraining teachers and supervision to promote teacher efficacy based on the results.
Mediating Effects of Self Leadership on the Relationship between Stress Coping Strategies and Beginning Early Childhood Teachers` Role Performance
Kim, Jung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 191~208
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.1.191
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among beginning early childhood teachers` stress coping strategies, role performance, and self leadership. The subjects in this study were 491 beginning early childhood teachers working in kindergarten and child care centers across the country. Stress coping strategies questionnaire(Chang-Soon Park, 2005) and role performance questionnaire(Bog-Mae Park, 2011), and self-leadership questionnaire(Dong-Hyen Park,2014) were used for this study. For the research analysis, frequency, Cronbach`s
coefficient, and Pearson`s correlation were calculated and regression analysis were conducted. The results are as follows. Firstly, it was revealed that passive stress coping strategies does not have statistically meaningful influences on role performance, but active stress coping strategies have statistically meaningful positive influences on role performance. Also, 491 beginning early childhood teachers` active stress coping strategies have statistically meaningful positive influences on role performance through the mediation of self leadership. That is, the results explain that the higher the self-leadership of beginning early childhood teachers is, the higher the role performance that they have experienced is. It shows that beginning early childhood teachers`self leadership mediates partially between active stress coping strategies and role performance. Through this study, it is possible to provide basic information to configure the subject content that enhance their self-leadership and develop active stress coping attitudes in a curriculum for beginning early childhood teachers.
A Study on the Operational Status of Locally Oriented Family Nurturing Support Projects: with a Focus on the Operational Cases of the Child Care Support Center of Jinju City
Kim, Eun Ju ; Yeon, Hee Jong ; Lee, Young Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 209~230
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.209
The purpose of this study is to find out the operational status of regionally focused home rearing support projects. The existing rearing support policies on the government level are assessed as not capable of reflecting various requirements of each family and not practically supportive. Therefore, to overcome these limitations, this study focused on the operation case of Jinju City`s child rearing comprehensive support center, which is operating various rearing support projects on the regional community level. To find out the operation status of regionally focused home rearing, this study performed literature collection related to home rearing support projects in JinjuCity, interviewed the persons in charge as well as participants, and observation by actual participation. The results show the characteristics of realization of publicity in child rearing focused on municipalities, operation of projects with consistent directionality, and creation of networks reflecting various characteristics and requirements of the community, through the operation status of regionally focused home rearing. This study will be a useful reference for the settlement and operation of the child rearing comprehensive support center, which is entering into a new transition period, and is meaningful as this study provides the basic material for the desirable direction to be pursued by the regionally focused home rearing support projects.
The Effects of Character Education Activities Utilizing Picture Books on Young Children`s Pro-social Behaviors
Kim, Young Mi ; Kim, Hyun Joo ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 231~247
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.231
The purpose of this study was to identify how character education activities utilizing picture books affect pro-social behaviors of young children. The subjects were 46 children aged 5 who attended private child care centers in G city. The children were allocated to either the experiment group or the control group. The data were collected for 12 weeks and the activity sessions were provided to the experiment group 3 times a week (36 times in total). The sessions consisted of an integrated approach toward character education. Therefore, various activities were included such as listening to the stories of picture books, discussion, drama, language activities, music, mathematics, science and games. The findings of this study were as follows: The experiment group which experienced character education utilizing picture books has significantly improved their pro-social behaviors compared to the control group. The approach positively influenced the overall sub-variables such as leadership, helping, communication, initiative consideration, approach trial, sharing, empathy, and emotional control. The character education activities should be applied to character education utilizing picture books for young children because they let young children experience building up trust and learn social attitude, and influenced increase of pro-social behaviors on young children.
The Effects of Child-Centered Group Play Therapy Program on the Withdrawal of Children`s Daily Stress, Anxiety, Peer-Interaction and EEG Variation
Lee, Yu Seon ; Han, You Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 249~267
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.249
This study aims to examine the effect of child-centered group play therapy on the improvement of withdrawn preschool children`s daily stress, anxiety, peer interaction and EEG variation. The research subjects are 12 children of 3-5 years of age who are over 65T in the social-withdrawal scale of KPRC(Korean Personality Rating Scale for Children). They were recommended by class teachers due to the withdrawal behavior at D kindergarten in Seoul. The experimental group received 12 sessions of the child-centered group play therapy program, twice a week for 35 minutes. But the control group did not receive any of the child-centered group play therapy program. To verify the effects of the program, a Mann-Whitney-U test of the non-parametric was preceded and homogeneity between the two groups was verified. Also, a Wilcoxon`s signed-rank test was conducted to check on the pre-to-post changes of daily stress, anxiety, peer-interaction and EEG variation by using SPSS 18.0. The results of this research showed that the child-centered group play therapy program decreases daily stress and anxiety, while it increases positive peer-interaction and the EQ of withdrawal children. The result of this study serves as a baseline data about the effects of child-centered group play therapy for withdrawal children with emotional difficulties.
A Study on Collaborative Activity for Young Children in Terms of Early Childhood Teachers` Belief on Constructivism
Han, Hee Seung ; Lee, Jeong Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 269~287
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.269
The purpose of this study was to survey collaborate learning in early childhood settings in Korea. Specifically, the study examined whether the realities of and the teachers` perception on collaborative learning would differ in terms of the teachers` belief on constructivism. To achieve this purpose, 210 teachers of kindergartens and daycare centers in Busan completed a questionnaire developed by the authors. The teachers` belief on constructivism was rated as high, medium, and low. The
-test, one-way analysis of variance, and the Scheffe test were used to analyze the teachers` interest on and practice level of collaborate learning. As a result of this analysis, the authors observed several significant differences in the realities of and the teachers` perception on collaborative learning in terms of the teachers` belief on constructivism. We discussed the results and provided practical implications for teacher training.
The Longitudinal Effect of the Creative-Fostering Program for Pre-early childhood Teacher on their Problem Solving Ability and Self-Efficacy
Kim, Kyoung Eun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 289~303
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.289
The aim of this study was to examine the short-term longitudinal effect of creativity-fostering programs for pre-early childhood teachers on their problem solving ability and self-efficacy. The participants of this study were 67 pre-early childhood teachers (36 from the experimental group and 31 from the control group) in Seoul, Kyunggi-do, and Chungcheong-do, Korea. Pre-early childhood teachers` problem solving ability and self-efficacy was measured three times. Data were analyzed with a
) two-way analysis of variance for repeated measures. The change in problem solving and self-efficacy appeared to be dependent on the group and test. Further statistical analysis of the data indicated that the participation of creativity-fostering programs for pre-early childhood teachers was longitudinally effective on their problem solving ability and self-efficacy.
An Analysis of Creativity Elements on Activities in the Nuri Curriculum Teachers` Guidebooks for the Ages of 3-5
Lee, Mi Ran ; Chun, Hui Young ; Song, Young Joo ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 305~327
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.305
The purpose of this study was to investigate the tendencies and general distributive features of creativity elements on activities in the Nuri curriculum teachers` guidebooks for the ages of 3-5. This was done by analysis of 1,883 activities related to creativity in the teachers` guidebooks. In order to analyze the data, the frequency and percentage of creativity elements were calculated. The results can be summarized as follows: First, the ratio of activities related to creativity was 95.1% for the age of three, 93.1% for the age of four, and 78.6% for the age of five. Second, the most common creativity element was cognitive element and the next was motivational element, and the least was dispositional element. Third, regarding themes, the frequency of creativity elements was highest in `tools for living`, and lowest in `countries of the world`. Fourth, the creativity elements were more frequently found in group activities rather than free choice activities. Last, the frequency of creativity elements was highest in nature exploration, and was followed by social relations. The results of this study could be used as basic data for practicing activities related to creativity in the field of early childhood education.
A Qualitative Study of Early School-age Children`s Experiences on Social Skills Training Program
Song, Seung Min ; Doh, Hyun Sim ; Kim, Min Jung ; Kim, Soo Jee ; Shin, Nana ; Kim, A Youn ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 329~354
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.329
The purpose of this qualitative study was to develop a social skills training program for improving early school-age children`s social behaviors and to investigate its effectiveness by observing their experiences on the program with a qualitative method. Data were collected from 7 children using observer`s descriptive notes and reflective notes, compliment notes by assistant leader, program leader`s weekly journals, children`s weekly journals, and video recordings. Four theme categories and 11 sub-lower categories emerged. Theme categories were (1) relationship building, (2) changes in emotional expressions, (3) changes in prosociality, and (4) changes in social skills. This study observed early school-age children`s positive changes in social behaviors and emotional expressions through the social skills program.
Short-Term Longitudinal Study on School Life Adjustment of Children and Parents` Neglect/Abuse as Perceived by Children according to Gender and Grade
Kim, Hye Gum ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 355~371
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.1.355
This study explored the longitudinal relationships between school life adjustment and the parents` neglect/abuse as perceived by children according to gender. The participants were 5th and 6th grade children and the instruments were parents` neglect/abuse scale and school life adjustment scale. Using Korea Youth Panel data of Child Youth Policy Institute of Korea, 5th and 6th grade data were analyzed. The results were as follows: Neglect/abuse as perceived by children were different according to their gender and grade. Children who had perceived more parents` neglect/abuse were more likely to have difficulty in school life adjustment. The results of this study suggest that the appropriate interventions for the parents` neglect and abuse is needed by showing the stability of the child`s perception of the parents` neglect and abuse during the 5th-6th grade.
Finnish National Curriculum Reform as the Realization of Democracy: Lessons for Nuri Curriculum Reform
Yun, Eunju ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 373~393
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.373
This study aimed to investigate the process of the national curriculum reforms in Finland since 1968. The history of Finnish educational system reform was firstly discussed in order to provide the background and context of the curriculum reforms from 1968 to the present for a deeper understanding of the Finnish curriculum reform processes. Secondly, I provided a contour of the history of Finnish curriculum reform, focusing on the development and revision of early childhood curriculum since the 2000s. Finally, the current Finnish national curriculum reform named the "2012-2016/7 National Core Curriculum Reform" was depicted in details: processes, participants, principles etc. In conclusion, the Finnish national curriculum reform processes provide lessons: long-term reform design, open reform process, and a variety of reform participants including beneficiaries of education and students, which were the ones who have been neglected so far in Korea. In short, the Finnish curriculum reform process can be considered a realization of democracy.
Impact of Mother`s Child-Rearing Stress on the Development of Breastfeeding Infants and Non-Breastfeeding Infants
Lee, You Me ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 395~413
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.395
This study aims to observe the impact of mothers` child-rearing stress on the development of 3-month-old, breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding infants. For this purpose, a survey based on the K-ASQ scale was conducted on a sample of 533 3-month-old infants and their mothers in the Seoul and Kyeong-gi area. The results of the study are as follows. First, breastfeeding mothers felt less child-rearing stress than their non-breastfeeding counterparts, especially in parent-role stress. Second, breastfeeding infants exhibited a better personal sociality than non-breastfeeding infants. Third, it was found that mothers` child-rearing stress had an impact on all aspects of infant development in breastfeeding infants, and especially in the development of communicational skills, having an impact of 12.4%. However, in non-breastfeeding infants, mothers` child-rearing stress had an impact only on communication and personal sociality development and exhibited a nonsignificant impact on other aspects. Lastly, it was found that mothers` parent-role stress, out of all aspects of child-rearing stress, was the main factor of negative impact on infant development in both breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding infants. Based on the results of this study, I have suggested family-level and society-level support measures to reduce mothers` parent-role stress and promote breastfeeding.
Parental Perception on the Mechanism of Child Development and Importance of Education
Lee, Joo-Yeon ; Lee, Yoon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 415~433
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.415
The purposes of this study were to investigate Korean parents` perception on nature versus nurture and to examine the dualism in the mechanism of human development. For this goal, the present study used the Korean proverbs about child development and education as a measurement scale for developmental values. This study 1) examined the degree of agreement on the proverbs, 2) analysed the differences in the degree of agreement as the subject`s socio-demographic variables, and 3) compared agreement scores as the topic of proverbs. The participants of the study were 608 parents. As the first result, the agreement scores between nature and nurture proverbs were very similar, whereas the agreement score of the importance of education proverbs was relatively higher. Second, there were some differences in related socio-economic variables as the topic of proverbs. Especially, it was revealed that the participants had some different beliefs in the nurture as their age and in the importance of education as their sex. Third, there was no significant difference between the agreement scores of nature and nurture proverbs. From these results, it seems that the interactionism between nature and nurture is generally accepted by Korean parents, and child education is a very important belief.
Looking Into the Realities of Early Childhood Education: Focusing on Postmodern Aspec
Jun, Yeon Woo ; Jo, Hea Soog ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 435~459
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.435
It is generally agreed that the 21st century is the era of postmodernism. Postmodernism emerged with opposition and resistance to modernism which pursued values like the absoluteness of truth and knowledge, the Enlightenment, rationalism, objectivism and consequentialism among others. Now postmodernism is currently given a great deal of attention as it is considered a new ideology that can help explain many of the different and continuous changes which are occurring in a variety of fields including politics, economy, society and culture, not to mention education. In this sense, this study`s purpose is to examine postmodern aspects found specifically in the field of early childhood education. As a result, this study found that those aspects could be briefly described by four main phrases, or `early childhood education whose contexts are based on relativity`, `early childhood education operating under the system of rhizome` `early education in which inter-directionality is pursued` and `early education in which process-orientation is being intensified`. In the chapter of conclusion, finally, this study discusses how those aspects are correlated with one another and what implications they may have for the field of early childhood education.
The Effects of Parenting Beliefs and Supportive Interaction on Mothers` Parenting Stress of Young Children: Variations by Income Level and Employment Status
Ok, Kyung Hee ; Kim, Mee Hae ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 461~480
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.461
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of mothers` parenting beliefs and supportive interaction on maternal parenting stress. It also examined variations of the results by household income levels and mothers` employment status. Participants of the study were 770 mothers of children aged 23-31 months who were a part of the 2010 wave of the National Survey for Panel Study on Korean Children. The analyses revealed that parenting stress was affected by mothers` parenting beliefs and supportive interaction. Mothers` supportive interaction has been shown significantly to predict parenting stress in all four groups of this study. The results demonstrated that the strength of the relationship between parenting stress and parenting beliefs and reciprocal interaction varied based on the combination of income and work status. These findings suggested that income and employment status are important to examine collectively.
The Influence of Career, Burnout, and Play-teaching Efficacy on the Job Satisfaction of Childcare Teachers
Kim, Song Yee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 481~499
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.481
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of career, burnout, and play-teaching efficacy on the job satisfaction of childcare teachers. Participants of this study were 201 childcare teachers in work-site daycare centers from the Seoul and Kyonggi areas. Collected data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, Pearson`s product moment correlation, and multiple regression with SPSS ver. 13.0. Major results of this study were as follows. First, there were significant differences in total play-teaching efficacy and total job satisfaction according to childcare teacher`s career. Second, there were significant positive correlations between childcare teachers` career and their play-teaching efficacy, and between childcare teachers` play-teaching efficacy and their job satisfaction. Also, there were significant negative correlations between childcare teachers` career and their burnout, between childcare teachers` burnout and their play-teaching efficacy, and between childcare teachers` burnout and their job satisfaction. Finally, the most powerful predictor on job satisfaction was burnout. Further, childcare teachers` burnout, play-teaching efficacy, and career explained their job satisfaction. This study primarily suggests that efforts heightening childcare teachers` play-teaching efficacy as well as reducing their burnout according to their career is important in enhancing their job satisfaction.
Performance Evaluation and Suggestions Based on the 2013 Child Care Center Accreditation System
Jae, Kyung Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 1, 2015, Pages 501~521
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.501
This study aims to examine the effects of the main eight items amended in the 2013 child care center accreditation system and to provide suggestions. The participants in the study were 200 child care center teachers and staff; 150 professionals consisting of public officials in charge of child care, members for the accreditation committee, and inspectors at the site; and 144 parents. They participated in an on-line questionnaire survey conducted during the end of February, 2014. The survey questions regarding the eight changed items were the same to all the three participating groups, and three more questions were asked to child care center teachers and staff. The collected data were analyzed with frequencies and percentages to present general recognition level. For a group comparison, analysis of variance was first performed among 3 professional groups, all of which has the same size. When there was not a statistically significant difference among the three groups, the second analysis of variance was done among three groups of professionals including the three groups, teachers and staff, and parents. The results showed that there were differences in recognition among the groups regarding each changed item in the 2013 child care center accreditation system, but overall, the groups evaluated the main amendments positively and the changes were considered appropriate and necessary. However, it was found that in-depth reviews are needed of procedure unification to check the basics to require legal compliance; management of unaccredited centers such as valid period reduction and no accreditation, or limit for re-accreditation application; and the burdens of child care centers about surprise visits and notice of inspection dates in advance.