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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
The Influence of Father's Personal Variables and Children's Emotional Intelligence on Theirs Creative Personality Perceived by Teacher
Chung, Da Wn ; Kim, Jung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 5~20
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.005
The purpose of this research is to introduce the fundamental data to develop a program to educate parents properly. To do so, the research investigates the relationship between the father's personal variables and the child's creative personality and emotional intelligence, and searches for what variable shave a significant influence on the balanced growth of a child among a father's personal variables. The participants of study were 200 children of 3~5 years old enrolled in kindergarten or child care centers located in mostly DaeGu city and GyeongBuk provinces. The research applied two tools by measuring the child's creative personality, and observing test paper for a child's emotional intelligence. The data was analyzed by the ANOVA test, Scheff
s post-hoc test, Pearson's product moment correlation test and multiple regression analysis. In subordinate variables of a child's creative personality, significance difference was discernable partly with the father's salary and education levels. However, there was no significance difference with the father's age. Especially, the positive influence of the father's education level is apparent on the entire child's creative personality variables, uniqueness and imaginative amusement. Influence Emotional self-awareness shows on entire creative personality variables, uniqueness, diverse interest and imaginative amusement. Emotional awareness in others influences on diverse interest, imaginative amusement. Others emotional control influences positively on entire creative personality. The results of this study suggest that the child's emotional intelligence are significant method to improve the child's creative personality in the education field.
Contents Analysis on Hangul-learning Applications for Preschoolers - Comparative Analysis by Teaching Methods
Suh, Joo Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 21~37
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.021
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contents of Korean-learning applications by comparing two teaching methods(Phonics Instruction/Whole Language Approach). For this purpose, a total of 51 Korean-learning applications were analysed. The instruments used in this study were developed based on Applications for preschoolers Evaluation Criteria and Vocabulary Game Applications for preschoolers Evaluation Criteria. The collected data were analyzed by using a t-test. The main results are as follows. First, 'Developmental appropriateness' had the highest scores whereas 'Amusement' had the lowest scores in general. Second, there was a significant difference in 'Interaction' by teaching method. Implications for the development of more systematic Korean-learning applications for preschoolers are discussed.
The Effect of Private Kindergarten Teacher's Teacher Efficacy and Communication Competence on Job Stress
Choi, Eun Hye ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 39~57
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.039
The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of private kindergarten teachers' teacher efficacy and communication competence on their job stress. The subjects in this study were 161 private kindergarten teachers working in kindergartens in Gyeong-gi province. For the research analysis, frequency, Cronbach's
coefficient, and Pearson's correlation were calculated and regression analysis were conducted. The results are as follows. Firstly, it was revealed that personal teacher efficacy does have statistically meaningful negative influences on job stress as a whole as well as the sub-factors of job stress, but general teacher efficacy has meaningful negative influences only on the personal-related stress of the sub-factors. Secondly, communication competence has statistically meaningful negative influences on job stress as a whole as well as the sub-factors of job stress. Through this study, it is possible to provide a basic guideline to configure the subject content that enhance teacher efficacy and make them give full play to communication competence and develop a positive attitude for coping with job stress in a curriculum for private kindergarten teachers.
Exploring Predictors Affecting Children's Character Development Using Hierarchical Linear Modeling: Focusing on Effects of Child Care Teachers' Emotional Support
Shin, Nary ; Oh, Jeong Soon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 59~85
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.059
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of child care teachers' emotional supports in individual classrooms on children's social skills, including self-control, assertion, cooperation, and responsibility that were related to their character development. Data were collected in a purposive sample involving 32 teachers working with 646 children at age five and 555 parents of the children. Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) was used to analyze a two-level model. The results showed that there were significant differences among classes with data reported by teachers but characteristics such as teachers' education and work experiences, child-teacher ratio, and type of child care centers as well as teacher's emotional supports did not explain the differences. Children's age and gender, which were predictors at the individual level, significantly explained their level of social skills reported by parents as well as teachers. The findings implied that other predictors influencing differences among classes should be explored in future studies.
Research on the Ecological System Variables Predicting Korean 4-year-olds' Cognitive Development
Kim, Jihyun ; Kim, Jung Min ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 87~108
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.087
The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference in Korean 4-year-olds' cognitive development depending on variables concerning ecological system variables, predictive influences among these variables, and different predictive patterns between working mothers and non-working mothers. The subjects consisted of 998 4-year-olds, derived from the Korean Child Panel data of 2012. The results were as follows: First, 4-year-olds' cognitive development was different depending on their sex, education level of mother and father, mothers' working status, quality of home environment, and mothers' involvement in children's life in their institution. Second, mothers' involvement in children's life in their institution, children's sex, quality of home environment, and mothers' working status predicted 4-year-olds' cognitive development. Third, there was a different pattern of predictive influence among variables according to the mothers' working status. The mothers' involvement in their children's lives in their institution and children's sex was proved to be important in both, but that was more significant in working mothers, and the quality of home environment predicted cognitive development only in working mothers. These results were discussed in terms of necessity of the Korean national policy to support young children's cognitive development efficiently, especially for working mothers.
The Effects of Mothers' Smartphone Addiction on Parenting Efficacy and Parenting Attitude
Chang, Yo Ok ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 109~129
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.109
This study is to examine the effects of smartphone addiction on the mothers' parenting efficacy and parenting attitude. This study consisted of 203 smartphone using mothers of preschoolers in Gyonggi-do. The measurements included smartphone addiction scale(National Information Society Agency, 2011), the parenting efficacy scale(Choi & Chung, 2001), and the parenting attitude scale(Bae, 2005). Theses analyses were included in the Pearson correlation coefficient, the T-test, and the Hierarchical regression analysis. The findings indicated that the younger mothers showed higher levels of smartphone addiction. The results of smartphone addiction subscales on parenting efficacy indicated that the disturbance of adaptive functioning was related with general parenting ability, healthy parenting ability, communication ability, and learning guidance ability. The results of smartphone addiction subscales on parenting attitude showed that the disturbance of adaptive functioning was positively related with rejective parenting attitude and virtual life orientation was negatively associated with affective and autonomous parenting attitude. These findings can emphasize parents' appropriate smartphone use, and be useful resources to develop and utilize the programs of positive parenting efficacy and parenting attitude.
The Impact of Kindergarten After School Specialized Art Program on Young Children's Art Competence
Kim, Min Seok ; Shin, Hwa Sik ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 131~150
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.131
The aims of this study were to organize whether the Kindergarten After School Specialized Art Program could be applicable to young children, and whether this program would be effective to the development of young children's art competence. This study consisted of two steps: development of the Kindergarten After School Specialized Art Program and examination of its impact on children's art competence. This study used a two-group pretest/posttest design. Statistical analyses employed for this study were descriptive analysis, ANOVA, and repeated measure ANOVA. The results were as follows. Firstly, the Kindergarten After School Specialized Art Program was developed based on a literature review relevant of current art education. Secondly, the experimental group revealed a significant improvement in four components, whereas the control group showed a significant, but slight improvement compared with the experimental group in only three components. Thirdly, in between group comparison, a competencies on the four components based on multiple-creative ability in the experiment group were higher than that of the control group and the difference between both groups was statistically significant. Therefore, the program seemed to be effective in the improvement of art competence and multiple-creative ability. In addition, recommendation for the future research about after school teachers' and parents' recognition of the Kindergarten After School Specialized Art Program and strategies for its application are suggested.
A Study on the Effects of Storytelling-linked Integrated Math Programs on Young Children's Mathematical Disposition and Self-efficacy
Jung, Dan Be ; Kim, Ji Eun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 151~175
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.151
This study configured an integrated math program in which young children can directly participate through storytelling, a teaching technique that has recently earned great popularity. The purpose of the study is to have a positive effect on their mathematical disposition and self-efficacy through the adoption of this program. The program consists of the following five themes: 'understanding of the basic concept of numbers and calculation', 'understanding of the basic concept of space and figure', 'basic measurement', 'understanding of rules' and 'basic data collection and result representation'. The specific activities for each theme planned and executed according to a detailed plan were designed for 20 classes including integrated activities such as story sharing, fine arts and games. The study's participants were 48 five-year old children. The result of the research was that the experimental group's mathematical disposition and self-efficacy score was significantly higher than the control group. The Storytelling-Integrated Math Program was effective in young children's cultivating mathematical disposition and improving self-efficacy. Considering the reality that there has been some confusion and difficulty in carrying out storytelling math and an integrated math program based on the NURI curriculum, it appears that this study could provide a specific and effective teaching-learning program to teachers who want to introduce a program like this.g
A Study on Physical Activities in the Teachers' Guidance Manual for the Nuri Curriculum of Four-Year-old Children -Focusing on Pre-service Early-childhood Teachers' Simulated Instruction -
Hong, Kil Hoe ; Youn, Hea Ja ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 177~200
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.177
The purpose of this study is to analyze physical activities in 'Teachers' Guidance Books for the Nuri Curriculum of 4-year-old children' through simulated instruction of pre-service teachers and, through this, to help them better perform physical activities in their field education for early-aged. The subjects of the study were 30 sophomore students in the early-aged children's Education Department in their 2ndsemester of K University located in Gyeonggi-province. For the analysis of physical activities in 'Teachers' Guidance Books for Nuri Curriculum of 4-year-old children', a qualitative study was conducted and data were collected through informal interviews, reflective journals of pre-service teachers and 30 sessions of education assessment sports. The results of the analysis on the physical activities in 'Teachers' Guidance Books for Nuri Curriculum of 4-year-old children' are as follows; first, preliminary teachers of early-aged children understood the major goal of physical activities in 'Teachers' Guidance Books for Nuri Curriculum of 4-year-old children' as 'expressing.' Second, the teachers thought careful analysis is required on media such as 'video, illustration books, sounds, picture materials' presented together with physical activities in 'Teachers' Guidance Books for Nuri Curriculum of 4-year-old children.' Third, teachers pointed out 'activities that were difficult to understand for pre-service early childhood teachers' and 'improperly presented activities different from the title' as errors and problems in the performance of the Nuri Curriculum. Fourth, as for 'points to make improvement on', pre-service early childhood teachers' requested basic physical activities before the actual activities, the provision of proper actual materials, the necessity of active demonstrations of teachers and making a regulation for the situation of physical activities by early-aged children and teachers together. The results of the study illustrate that deep contemplation and judgment is required of the teachers before conducting physical activities of the Nuri Curriculum.
Effects of Personal Backgrounds and Institutional Characteristics of Teachers on the Quality of Early Childhood Education and Care: The Conditions for Improving the Quality Classroom
Park, Chang Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 201~220
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.201
The purpose of this study is to analyse the effects of teachers'personal background (academic, education career) and institutional characteristic factors(founded facility type, class size, and curriculum organization type) on the quality of the classroom in early childhood education and care(ECEC) fields. This study is to explore the conditions for improving the quality of ECEC, looking back on a traditional paradigm focused on teacher education and qualifications. The hierarchical regression analysis was conducted through a survey as a research method. The results indicated that the effects of institutional characteristics were more influential than teachers' education on classroom quality. Public kindergartens and child care centers were reported to have higher effects than the private ones on classroom quality. Based on these results, policy implications and future research plans were suggested in perspective of improving the publicness of ECEC services.
The Effects of Emotional Intelligence on Happiness among Early Ehildhood Teachers: The Mediating Effects of Job Stress and Teaching Efficacy
Lee, Eun Suk ; Lee, Kyung Nim ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 221~238
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.221
This study examined the effects of emotional intelligence, teaching efficacy and job stress on happiness among early childhood teachers. Data were collected from 246 early childhood teachers. To collect the data, emotional intelligence, teaching efficacy, job stress, and happiness instruments were used. All research variables were measured using self-reported questionnaires, and were analyzed with one-way ANOVA, t-test, Pearson's correlation and pathway analysis. The results indicated teachers' happiness had no difference by demographic variables. Emotional intelligence had a direct effect and an indirect effect through teaching efficacy and job stress on happiness among early childhood teachers. Teaching efficacy and job stress had a direct effect on happiness among early childhood teachers. Additionally, emotional intelligence was the most important variable predicting early childhood teachers' happiness. Teaching efficacy and job stress had a mediating effect between emotional intelligence and happiness.
The Impact of Integrated Character Education Activities Involving Children's Songs on Children's Emotional Intelligence and Empathic Ability
Kim, Sung Mi ; Kim, Hyun Joo ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 239~260
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.239
The purpose of this research is to understand the impact of integrated character education activities involving children's songs on children's emotional intelligence and empathic abilities. Research subjects were recruited from J preschool in H County. There were a total of 46 four-year old children who were divided into test and control groups. For 12 weeks, these children participated in activities two times per week for a total of 24 integrated character education activity sessions which consisted of learning and singing children's songs and integration of activities such as storytelling, music, science, building, movement, literature, and cooking. The summary of research findings is as follows: First, there was a significant difference in emotional intelligence between the test group which participated in integrated character education activities involving children's songs and the control group. Secondly, there was a significant difference in empathic abilities between the test group which participated in integrated character education activities involving children's songs and the control group. The result of this study is that writing songs for children and various developed programs should be needed for character education activities.
A Qualitative Research on the Effects of an Edu-care program for Low-income Grandparent-headed Families
Kwak, Yun Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 261~281
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.261
The purpose of this study is to investigate the daily life of low-income grandparent-headed families and identify the effects of the Edu-Care program. To this end, the researcher conducted focus group interviews with ten grandparents and ten grandchildren who participated in the adjustment program, which was implemented for about five months. After participating in the program, the grandparents perceived that their skills for educating and raising children were improved and that they experienced psychological stability. Meanwhile, the grandchildren perceived that their learning competency and motivation for learning were enhanced and recognized why learning is necessary for their career. It was also found that the conditions and experiences needed for low-income grandparent-headed families are an integrative support program, a differentiated curriculum, and aid and care provided by human resources.
The Main and Interaction Effects of Day-care Experiences and Maternal Parenting Behavior on Preschoolers' Problem Behaviors
Choi, Mi Na ; Shin, Nana ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 283~310
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.283
The purpose of this study was to examine the main and interaction effects of day-care experiences and maternal parenting behavior on preschoolers' externalizing and internalizing problem behaviors. A total of 248 preschoolers(112 boys and 136 girls) and their mothers participated in this study. Mothers provided information about their children's day-care experiences(i.e., age of entry, hours per week, days per week, and number of day care centers attended by the preschoolers), their parenting behavior, and their children's problem behavior. Data were analyzed using correlations, multiple and hierarchical regressions, and post-hoc analysis suggested by Aiken and West(1991). First, preschoolers who frequently changed day-care centers showed higher levels of aggression. Second, maternal logical explanation, coercive and neglecting parenting behavior significantly influenced preschoolers' externalizing and internalizing problem behavior. Finally, interactions of day-care experiences and maternal parenting behavior were significant in predicting preschoolers' problem behavior. These findings suggest that day-care experiences need to be considered with other family variables in predicting preschoolers' developmental outcomes.
Effects of Children's Playfulness and Teacher-Child Interactions on Their Peer Interactions
Choi, So Young ; Shin, Hae Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 311~329
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.311
This study examined the influences of children's playfulness and teacher-child interactions on their peer interactions, and investigated whether teacher-child interactions had any moderating effects upon the relation between child playfulness and peer interactions. The participants of this study were 240 children in fourth year classes in child care centers in Seoul and Gyoung-gi province and 24 of their teachers. In order to measure the research variables, the Korean version of PIPPS(Pen Interaction Peer Play Scale) by Choi and Shin(2008), the Children's Playfulness Scale(Barnett, 1991), and the modified version of the Caregiver Interaction Scale(Arnett, 1989) were used. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statics, Pearson's correlations, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results indicated that children's playfulness and teacher-child interactions had significant effects on their peer interactions. Especially, the teacher-child interactions were related to the play disruption and the play disconnection of peer interactions. In addition, teacher-child interactions moderated the effect of children's social spontaneity(children's playfulness) on their play disconnection(peer interactions). The results have some implications for the role of teacher-child interactions in peer play interactions and a range of prevention efforts.
The difficulties of Teachers During the Process of Early Adaptation in Day Care Center
Park, So Yun ; Seo, Hyun Ah ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 331~354
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.331
This study attempts to reveal the difficulties of teachers during the process of infant's early adaptation in the day care center and realize the thought and demand of teachers. And the purpose of this study is to make a desirable development in infant's early adaptation. The participants of the study were 9 infants all 1 year of age, their 7 parents, and 8 teachers of S public child day care center in P city. The 8 teachers were interviewed several times. The results of the study can be summarized as follows. First, the teachers' difficulties in their relationships with the parents are 1) egotism focusing on only their own child, 2) distrust between the teachers and parents, 3) a lack of understanding in the role as parents at early adaption programs, 4) and a lack of understanding in the management of the day care center. Second, in their relationships with the infants, the teachers'difficulties are 1) the uncontrollable behaviors of infants, 2) the arbitration of struggle between children, 3) and the inequality between enrolled and fresh infants. Third, in their relationships with the teachers, the difficulties are 1) co-work with other teachers 2) and conversation with the director of the day care center. This study is expected to give actual help to understand the difficulties of teachers who experience difficulties in the early infant adaptation process and to provide important preliminary data to plan specific management which assist with the difficulties of teachers.
The Relationship Between Maternal Gatekeeping and Paternal Parenting: The Mediating Effects of Marital Communication
Chung, Mi Ra ; Kim, Min Jeong ; Yee, Bang Sil ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 2, 2015, Pages 355~373
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.2.355
The purpose of this study was to test the mediation effect of marital communication with spouse between maternal gatekeeping and paternal parenting involvement. The participants were 210 fathers and their toddler children. The survey was rated by the fathers. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistic, Pearson's product-moment correlation and hierarchical multiple regression. The mediating effect was tested by Baron & Kenny's(1986) four steps. The results of this study were as follows: First, the maternal gatekeeping had a negative effect on the paternal parenting involvement. Second, the maternal gatekeeping consolidated the paternal permissiveness and non interventional child rearing behavior. The mediating effect of marital communication was significantly complete. The marital communication was key factor can help to increase paternal involvement and lead to paternal positive parenting behavior. The discussion included the suggestion for encouraging the paternal involvement and positive child rearing behavior.