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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Relationship between Peer Interaction, Self-regulation and Leadership of Young Children: Analysis on Mediating Effect of Self-Regulation
Park, Mi Suk ; Ahn, Hyo Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 1~17
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.4.001
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between peer interaction, self-regulation and leadership of young children, and examine the mediating effect of self-regulation ability in the effect of peer interaction on the leadership of young children. The subjects of the study were 211 children aged 4 to 5 who attended in child education institutes in the Seoul-Incheon area. A survey was conducted on teachers who worked in kindergartens and day care centers with questionnaires, and the collected data were analyzed. For data analysis, SPSS WIN 21 program was used to calculate mean, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis, and correlation analysis was conducted. Also, the structural equation model was validated using Amos 21, and the following results were obtained. First, the positive peer interaction, self-regulation and leadership of children were positively associated. Second, the peer interaction did not have a significant effect on the leadership of young children, and the self-regulation of young children had a positive effect on the leadership of young children. It was found that peer interaction had a positive effect on the self-regulation of young children, and in the relationship of effects on the leadership of young children, the self-regulation was found to play a role of significant mediating effect. Such results are remarkable elements in leadership education for young children, implying the importance of peer interaction and self-regulation of young children.
Analysis of Early Childhood Teacher's Concept Maps on the Contents of Early Childhood Nutrition Education
Lee, Youn Hee ; Kim, Nam Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 19~37
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.4.019
The purpose of this study was to examine early childhood teachers' knowledge and the level of their knowledge on the contents of early childhood nutrition education. The subjects were 105 early childhood teachers and they were asked to draw a concept map. The number, characteristics and density of superordinate concepts on the contents of early childhood nutrition education were analyzed. The results were as follows: Firstly, the most frequent superordinate concept was dietary habits. Secondly, food culture was the highest average of the number of subordinate concepts. In a hierarchy, food culture was also the highest score. In specificity scores, food was the highest score. And the density ranged from 0.33 to 3.60. In conclusion, the teachers' knowledge structure on early childhood nutrition education could be regarded as parallel, not well-integrated, rather than hierarchical or well-organized. A variety of nutrition education and customized teacher training should be provided for early childhood teachers to offer early childhood nutrition education.
Impact of Children's Self-esteem and Happiness on Their Resilience
Lee, Hajeong ; Tak, Jeong Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 39~61
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.4.039
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the variables of young children related to self-esteem and happiness on their resilience from multidimensional perspectives. The subjects in this study were 200 young children who spend daily life in early childhood education institutions located in Busan. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the level of young children's awareness about their self-esteem was below average, but the level of their awareness about their happiness and resilience was above average. Second, there were significant positive correlations among their total self-esteem scores, total happiness scores and total resilience scores. Third, the self-esteem and happiness of the young children exerted a significant influence on their resilience. Among the subfactors of happiness and self-esteem had the largest impact on resilience.
Infant Parents' Marital Satisfaction and Their Family Environment Focused on Employment Status
Kim, Jin Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 63~79
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.063
This study explored the effect of mother's employment status on family environment and physical environment and psychological environment, the main concern of this which factors have effects on marital satisfactions of either employed or non-employed mothers. First, the result of analysis on family environment according to mothers' employment status shows non-employed mother's parental stress is higher than employed mother's. Besides, non-employed mother's self-esteem is lower than employed mother's, and non-employed mother's depression is significantly high. Concerning fathers' factors, the level of conflict between husband and wife is higher among husbands when their wives are employed. In the light of childrens' factors, non-employed mothers consider that their children display more negative emotion and more picky. Children's development of employed mothers is included in normal development range more than that of non-employed mothers. Second, conflict between husbands and wives have an significantly negative effect on marital satisfaction regardless wife's employment status. Husbands' cooperation in child-rearing and marital satisfaction have a positive effect on wives' marital satisfaction. The significant factor which influences on employed mother's marital satisfaction is education level of wives. This study would be meaningful in that infancy home environment was compared focusing on the mothers' employment status, and some factors which factors(variables) have impacts on marital satisfaction of infancy mothers were examined.
An Exploration of Multicultural Concepts in Bestselling Children's Picture Books
Kim, Miai ; Yoon, Jae Hui ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 81~107
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.081
Ninety-eight bestselling children's picture books from 2008 to 2014 were analyzed for multicultural education. The criteria used for the analysis included Culture, Diversity, Identity, Equity, Anti-bias, and Cooperation that were drawn from Kim & Park (2011). An examination of the books revealed that they contained concepts of Cooperation, Identity, Culture, and Diversity in their orders of frequency while ideas of Equity and Anti-bias were barely depicted. Differences between domestic and translated books were found. Translated picture books reflected Diversity more frequently than domestic ones. Under a criterion of Culture, Recognizing Differences and Similarities was more frequently portrayed in translated books while Respecting for Cultures was more frequently found in domestic ones. Findings were discussed in terms of bestselling picture books' limitations of dealing with critical multicultural issues, domestic picture books' lack of reflection of changing multicultural realities, fantasy picture books'dealing with critical multicultural issues through metaphors, and possible problems of the books conveying biased or confusing messages. It was suggested that an adult's role is essential when the bestselling literature is used for the purpose of multicultural education. Their deliberate guidance can help young children engaged in critical issues of race, gender, and ability and develop their multicultural sensitivities through literature.
Association between Teachers' Conceptions of Art Education and Children's Creative Personality-Mediating Effects of Teachers' Role of Creativity Improvement
Shim, Sook Young ; Moon, Si Yeun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 109~125
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.109
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among teachers' conceptions of art education, and children's creative personality by mediating effects of teachers' role of creativity improvement. Participants included 156 teachers and 593 children in kindergartens and child care centers. Results indicated the following. First, the higher teacher's concepts of art education was the higher their role of creativity improvement was and children's creative personality was. Second, teachers' conceptions of art education and their role of creativity improvement were positively influenced by the children's creative personality. Third, the children's creative personality was influenced by the teachers' conceptions of art education and the their role of creative improvement control and the mediating effects of the teachers' role of creative improvement was significant in a partial way. The implication is that the teachers' conceptions of art education may enhance the their role of creative improvement and foster children's creative personality.
A Metaphor Study for the with Children with Disabled Child of Pre-service Early Childhood Teachers : from Disability Study Perspective
Kang, Yu Jin ; Yeon, Hee Jong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 127~146
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.127
This study is to examine the metaphor of pre-service early childhood teachers for the children with disabilities through the disability studies perspective. For this purpose, 213 pre-service early childhood teachers who were the students of universities in Busan and Gyeongnam area were selected as target objects, and data were collected from Sep. 15 to 29, 2015. The collected data were categorized and quantified based on the systematic metaphor analysis. As a result, the metaphor for the children with disabilities of pre-service early childhood teachers were categorized into 4 types such as medicine-limit type, medicine-diversity type, society-limit type and society-diversity. The result of this study would be utilized as basic data required for consideration with regard to the direction of integrated education and for increasing the professional speciality of teachers who perform the integrated education in the training course for pre-service early childhood teachers.
The Effects of Maternal Psychological Control and the Disparity between Children's Temperament and Mothers' Demand Level on Children's Behavior Problems
Jeon, Eun Ha ; Park, Ju Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 147~166
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.147
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of maternal psychological control and the disparity between children's temperament and mothers' demand level on children's externalizing and internalizing behavior problems. The participants of this study were 221 children aged 4 to 5 and their mothers from three kindergartens located in Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do. To measure children's behavior problems, the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales were used. Maternal psychological control was assessed by the Psychological Control Scale-Youth Self-Report. The Revised Dimension of Temperament Survey and DOTS-R: ethnotheory was used, to measure the disparity between children's temperament and mothers' demand level. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, t-test and hierarchical regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows. First, both for boys and girls, the disparity between children's activity temperament and mothers' demand level had a negative effect on externalizing behavior problems. However, maternal psychological control had no significant effect on externalizing behavior problems both for boys and girls. Second, for boys, the high level of maternal psychological control and the disparity between children's adaptive temperament and mothers' demand level had a negative effect on internalizing behavior problems. However, for girls, such effects were not significant.
A Study on the Development of a Flourish Competency Enhancement Program for Infant Teachers
Kang, Hyun Mi ; Hwang, Hae Ik ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 167~187
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.167
The purpose of this study was to purpose fundamental data which can be used for the development of a flourish competency enhancement program for infant teachers. The methods of the questionnaire study were performed on 213 infant teachers. The results are as follows. First, as a result of investigating their awareness of a flourish competency, many of the infant teachers replied that they were aware of it to a certain extent. The differences of institution type were statistically significant. Second, as a results of looking for any possible difference in the teacher's background variables in needs for the development of an enhancement program for flourish competency, there weren't significant differences in opinions on the needs of the program, effects of the program, purpose of the program, execution cycle, methods of the program training, intention of involvement. But needs of flourish competency existed of significant differences in institution type and execution time and program operator existed of significant differences in institution type and career. This study is hope to suggest some of the development directions of a flourish competency enhancement program for infant teachers.
A Network Analysis of Multicultural Education Contents according to Transitions of National Kindergarten Curriculum: 2009 Educational Activities and Materials Guidebooks for Kindergarten and the Nuri Curriculum Teacher Guidebooks for the Age of 3-5
Nam, Mi Kyoung ; Yoon, Gab Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 189~210
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.189
This study's aim was to find a patterns of network dynamics focused on multicultural education contents within the teacher's guide books which are based on national kindergarten curriculum. It was analysed that the 43 guidebooks(2009 Educational activities and materials guidebooks for kindergarten, 11 and the Nuri curriculum teacher guidebooks for the age of 3-5, 32) were analysed using the UCINET 6 program with multicultural education contents frameworks. The findings were as follows: First, multicultural contents' density is connected to life theme of the Nuri curriculum was higher than the 2009 kindergarten curriculum. And life theme with high connectivity was 'I and my family' in the 2009 kindergarten curriculum and 'animals, plants and nature'(3 years old), 'kindergarten and friends' & 'I and my family'(4-5 years old) in the Nuri curriculum. Second, the highest connection content was 'having interests in culture' & 'knowing similarities and differences' in the 2009 kindergarten curriculum, and 'having interests in culture' & 'promoting a sense of community' in the Nuri curriculum. Finally, multicultural education for young children according to the national educational curriculum transition was changed from 'identity' to 'interaction and cooperation'. It means that the Nuri curriculum is more focused on international knowledges and competencies as a world citizen. It suggests the directions for multicultural education for young children in the future.
A Study on Image Types of Homosexuality of Early Childhood Pre-service Teachers
Lee, Youn Sun ; Kim, Tae Kyung ; Yeon, Hee Jong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 211~237
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.211
The purpose of this study was to explore early childhood pre-service teachers' belief in homosexuality. This study applied the Q-method to investigate teachers'subjective awareness of homosexuality. Using an open questionnaire, we asked participants to describe how they think about homosexuality. Forty-five pre-service teachers were Q-sampled. Using the QUANL program, 45 statements were classified into 9 levels. Results revealed that image types of early childhood pre-service teachers can be classified into four distinguished categories: 1) type of respect: to regard gays and lesbians as normal people who love the same sex, 2) type of acknowledgment: to regard them as very unique people who attract people's attention, 3) type of relation-denying: to regard them as someone who were born totally differently, and 4) type of extremely denying-to regard them not being respected and disgusting. Most of the teachers seemed to have a tendency to acknowledge and respect individuals'sexual orientation. However, some pre-service teachers still have a negative attitude toward homosexuality. The significance of this study is to reveal the silenced issue, that is, sexual orientation in the field of early childhood multicultural education. Teachers can have a strong effect on young children's belief about sexual identity and sexual orientation. It would be important to look back on educators'perspective on homosexuality before suggesting the direction of multicultural education of young children related to the issue of sexual orientation.
A Phenomenological Study on the Child-rearing Experience and Conflict of Grandmothers in Dual-income Families: from the Grandmother's and Working Moms' Point of View
Kim, Mee Ok ; Song, Seung Min ; Lee, Sa Rah ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 239~269
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.239
The purpose of this study is to understand the different views of grandparent's that are rearing children from the grandmother and working mom as co-caregivers by studying conflicts and the experience made by grandmothers by rearing children through a phenomenological approach, and to help to build healthy relationships and furthermore to promote a healthy educational environment. Data were collected from six working mothers from a child care center in Gyeonggi, and their six grandmothers who were rearing grandchildren through in-depth interviews, emails and observation based on the instruction of semi-structured interviews. For analysis, a phenomenological analysis method is used. As a result, 78 meaning units, 15 sub-elements and 6 theme categories were drawn. Theme categories were (1) grandmothers' rearing experience; perform a double-role through grandchildren-rearing (2) working moms' rearing experience; conflicts over ideologue of motherhood (3) grandmothers' rearing positive effect: increasing grandmothers' efficacy and intimate relationships with grandchildren (4) working moms' rearing positive effect: reducing working moms' children-rearing stress (5) negative effect: increasing grandmothers' children-rearing stress and working moms' low children-rearing efficacy (6) rearing conflicts: the two mothers' conflicts over children-rearing values. Through the study, it implies that social intervention is needed to solve the conflicts between two mothers over the rearing attitudes and methods as understanding and intervention is needed.
Effects of Mother's Affectionate Parenting, Psychological·Behavioral Control on Young Children's Problem Behaviors: Mediating Effect of Self-control
Sung, Hey won ; Han, Sae Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 11, issue 4, 2015, Pages 271~292
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2015.11.271
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of young children's self-control in the relationship between mother's affectionate parenting psychological behavioral control and young children's problem behaviors. The subjects of this study were 368 mothers whose young children were 3 to 5years old and attending to 3 private kindergartens and 2 child-care centers located in Chunkbuk. Data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, Primary factor analysis, Cronbach's
, t-test, F-test, Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical regression, using the SPSS 12.0 program. The results of this study were as follows: First, young children's self control partially mediated when mother's affectionate parenting affected young children's internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors. Second, young children's self control partially mediated when mother's psychological control affected young children's internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors. Third, young children's self control did not show a mediating effect on the relationship between mother's behavioral control and young children's internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors. In conclusion, young children's internalization of mother's psychological control and behavioral control as well as affectionate parenting have its effect on problem behaviors.