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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Effects of Toddler's Temperament and Mother's Parenting Behavior on the Development of Vocabulary Ability
Kim, Ki Cheoul ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~17
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.001
The objective of the study is to find out the effects of toddler's temperament and mother's parenting behavior on the development of vocabulary ability. The study was conducted with 299 infants between the ages of 18 and 24 months and their mothers in 47 day care centers in I city, Jeollabukdo. The results of the study are as follows. First, according to the correlation between infant's temperament and vocabulary based on the composition of temperament, approach-avoidance, adaptability, and mood showed a negative correlation with receptive and expressive vocabulary, and response intensity showed a positive correlation with receptive vocabulary. Second, according to the relation between mother's parenting behavior and infant's vocabulary ability based on the sub-factors of mother's parenting behavior, instructional parenting behavior and setting-limits parenting behavior showed a positive correlation with receptive and expressive vocabulary. Third, according to the effects of infant's temperament and mother's parenting behavior on the development of infant's vocabulary ability, as for the understanding of vocabulary, the explanation power of approach-avoidance is the highest, followed by instructional parenting behavior, response intensity, and mood. As for expressive vocabulary, the explanation power of instructional parenting behavior is the highest, followed by mood, response intensity and activity. In the development of infant's vocabulary ability, it was found that receptive vocabulary was affected the most by approach-avoidance, and expressive vocabulary was affected the most by instructional parenting behavior. Mothers will have to have interrelation skills suitable for temperament for the development of infant's receptive vocabulary, and have parenting behavior expressing the traits of things and events for the development of expressive vocabulary.
The Effect of Child Neglect and Abuse by Parents on School Adjustment of School-Aged Children : The Mediating Effects of Self-Awareness and Peer Attachment
Kim, Hye Gum ; Jo, Hye Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 19~36
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.019
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of child neglect and abuse by parents on school adjustment of school-aged children focusing on mediating effect of school-aged children's self-awareness and peer attachment. For this purpose, we analyzed the data of fourth wave Korean Child-Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS) including parents' child neglect and abuse, school-aged children's school adjustment, self-awareness and peer attachment. A total of 2,378 children and their parents using structural equation model of mediating effects responded to the survey. Measurement model and structure model had favorable goodness of fit and the results of structure models on each path were as follows. First, school-aged children's school adaption had negative correlations with parent's child neglect and abuse, but positive correlations with their self-awareness and peer attachment. Second, parent's child neglect and abuse influenced on school-aged children's school adjustment by partial mediators, their self-awareness and peer attachment. These findings showed practical way to increase school-aged children's self-awareness and positive peer attachment.
A Comparison of Effects of Playfulness, Emotional Control, Emotional Instability on Young Children's Peer Play Behavior
Sung, Mi Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 37~55
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.037
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of young children's playfulness, emotional control, and emotional instability on their peer play behavior, focusing on age differences. A total of 209 4- and 5-year-old children attending a child care center in South Korea participated in this study. The instruments used in this study were the Playfulness Scale, Emotion Regulation Checklist, and Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale. The collected data were analyzed using a Student's t-test, Pearson's partial correlation, and stepwise regressions with the SPSS software ver. 16.0. The main results of this study are as follows: First, there was a significant age difference in young children's emotional control, emotional instability, playfulness and peer play behavior. Second, the factors of emotional control and playfulness significantly predicted young children's play interaction irrespective of age. Third, the factors of emotional instability and playfulness significantly predicted young children's play disruption and play disconnection. Further, implications for the use of early intervention targeting specific emotional control and emotional instability problems have been discussed.
Young Children's Free Choice Activities and a Play Rule Restricting the Number of Players
Lee, Eu Jung ; Won, Kye Son ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 57~81
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.057
The purpose of this study was to find out the feature of children's play according to a player number restriction rule in the free choice activities. And it is expected that the result of this study will contribute to improving the management of free choice activities. The participants of this study were a homeroom teacher, professor as a co-researcher and 25 4-year-old children of a private kindergarten. The data were collected by observation, children interview and reflective journal of the teacher from July to October in 2014. The results indicated that the children were stressed out with using name cards for presenting center selection, showed overcompetitive behaviors, and frequently violated the rules. The researchers found that the restriction rule had some dysfunctions, which were interferences of moral development, social-emotional development, self-regulation development, preventing safety-accident and free choice behavior. The researcher as a teacher abandoned the player number restriction rule, and observed the children's play. As a result, children's self-regulation abilities on physical space, play and conflicts improved and the teacher changed her strategy when managing free choice activities. Based on the results, the needs of various restriction rules and appropriate methods for applying the rules in free choice activities were further discussed.
An Analysis of Research Trends in Music Education for Young Children from 1985 to 2015
Kang, Eun Deok ; Shin, Ji Hye ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 83~101
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.083
This study is aimed to suggest some of the right directions for young children's music education in the future. For the purpose, we sampled 265 domestic theses and dissertations that were written over the past three decades between 1985 and 2015, which were analyzed by period of time, content, method and subjects. As for data analysis, statistical data on total frequency and percentage were obtained. The results were as follows: First, the largest number of the studies were implemented during the period from 2007 to 2010, and there was a rapid increase in the number of the dissertations. Second, in terms of the content of research, the biggest number of the studies were concerned about western music teaching methods and integrated teaching methods. The third most common research method was quantitative research. Specifically, experimental research was most prevalent. Fourth, regarding subjects, five-year-old preschoolers were the most common subjects. This study is of significance in that it provides basic information on the management of the Nuri curriculum and music education for young children.
The Impact of Listening Competence on the Teacher-Parent Communication Difficulties and Teacher-Child Interaction
Pu, Sung-Sook ; Park, Jung-Ha ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 103~121
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.103
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the listening competence of early childhood teachers on their teacher-parent communication difficulties and teacher-child interaction in an attempt to provide some information on the development of the listening competence of early childhood teachers. Three hundred and twenty two early childhood teachers participated in the study and descriptive, correlation, multiple regression analysis were conducted. The results are as follows: First, listening competence had a statistically significant negative correlation with teacher-parent communication difficulties. Second, among the sub-factors of listening competence, comprehending and interpreting, and responding exerted a statistically significant negative influence on teacher-parent communication difficulties. Third, listening competence had a statistically significant positive correlation with teacher-child interaction. Fourth, among the sub-factors of listening competence, responding, comprehending and interpreting, analyzing and evaluating exerted a statistically significant positive influence on teacher-child interaction.
An Analysis on Childcare Teachers' Attitudes Towards Free Childcare for Infants
Kim, Gihwa ; Yang, Sungeun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 123~142
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.123
This study explores the attitudes of infant care teachers towards child care centers for infants, and suggests improvements for free child care services for infants, with regard to the teaching principles of said teachers. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with 26 infant care teachers. Most of the infant care teachers agreed that working mothers, but not stay-at-home mothers, should use child care centers. They also argued that, because child care for infants is free, (1) mothers have become more dependent on public child care, (2) mother's perception of child care centers has changed, and (3) people have exploited child care services. According to the teaching principles of these teachers, optimal childrearing for infants should involve the following: First, mothers themselves should take care of infants aged 0 to 2 years at home, when possible. Second, mothers using child care centers should form a childrearing partnership with the centers' teachers, and thus closely cooperate with them. Third, the role of infant care teachers should be understood as that of "the second mother." The highlight of this study is that it investigated the changes child care teachers have experienced as main providers of child care services for infants since the implementation of free, universal infant care, and suggested directions for improving child care services.
The Effects of Cooperative Activity using Character-related Picture Books on Children's Caring Thinking
Park, Hyun Ji ; Kim, Ji Eun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 143~170
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.143
This paper organized a cooperative activity using character-related picture books for guiding children to cooperate as a part of an effort to present solutions against the increasing tendency of individualism and the de-communization phenomenon among serious social issues affecting children in modern society. This paper aims to help the children to build the proper caring thinking for others and understanding the self by applying those cooperative activities. The subjects were 50 children of 4 years old in K and S day care centers in city C. The data were analyzed by caring thinking tool using t-test. It also recognized change to children's caring thinking of play situation by way of video and observation journal. The results of the research found that the experimental group's caring thinking score was significantly higher than that of the control group. In accordance with the general analysis of the program results, it was verified that the cooperative activity's use of character-related picture books included caring thinking, understanding the self, and respecting others' emotionsin them. The results of this study can be used as basic data to develop an educational activity program for character development and help with the application of character-related picture books.
Childcare Teachers Educational Beliefs and Self-efficacy according to Psychological Preferences of the MBTI Test
Kim, Hyo Eun ; Lee, So Eun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 171~185
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.171
The purpose of this study is to investigate the pervasive MBTI psychological preferences of childcare teachers and to examine the effects of MBTI psychological preferences and teachers' educational beliefs on childcare teachers'self-efficacy. The participants of this study were 141 childcare teachers. An independent samples t-test, Pearson's productive correlation, and step-wise multiple regression were employed to analyze the data. The results are as follows: First, Depending on the MBTI psychological preferences trends in childcare teachers, there were differences in self-efficacy. Second, personality type Sensing(S) was positively correlated with preference for easy tasks. Personality type Thinking(T) was negatively correlated with behavioral education belief, and was positively correlated with interactional education belief, self-regulated efficacy and total score of self-efficacy. Personality type Judging(J) was positively correlated with interactional/maturational education belief and self-regulated efficacy. Third, interactional education belief and MBTI psychological preferences of childcare teachers had asignificant influence on self-efficacy.
The Effect of Childcare Center President's Transformative Leadership on Childcare Teacher's Satisfaction: Focusing on the Effect of Organization Culture and Organization Committment
Oh, Gyo Seon ; Kong, In Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 187~202
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.187
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between childcare center president's transformative leadership, organization culture, organization commitmen, organization culture, organization commitmen of the mediating effect in the effect of the childcare center president's transformative leadership and job satisfaction of childcare teachters. Three hundred twenty three childcare teachers located in S City in Jeollanam-do were selected as subjects of this study and subsequently surveyed. The results of this study were as follows: First, a positive correlation was observed between childcare center president's transformative leadership and organization culture, job satisfaction and organization commitment of childcare teachers. Second, childcare center president's transformative leadership had an influence on job satisfaction through the medium of organization culture and organization commitment. This study examined the effect that childcare center president's transformative leadership would have on job satisfaction of childcare teachers through the medium of organization culture and organization commitment. The results of this study may provide basic data for efficient operations of childcare centers, and such results are remarkable elements in job satisfaction of childcare teachers, implying the importance of childcare center president's transformative leadership, organization culture and organization commitment.
A Study on Working Time and Psychological Difficulties of National and Public Daycare Center Teachers in the Operation Process of an Accreditation System
An, So Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 203~223
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.203
The purpose of this study is to reveal working time and psychological difficulties of national and public daycare center teachers in the operation process of an accreditation system and seek ways of resolving them. For this purpose, a survey was conducted on 413 teachers in 291 national and public daycare centers in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Incheon, and in-depth interviews were conducted with 7 nursery teachers. It showed that in the operation process of an accreditation system, teachers had been performing heavy tasks of 11 hours daily, and they were experiencing psychological difficulties with the conflict 'between interactions with infants and other duties', 'between free exploration and safety health', and 'between our story and external criteria'. Based on the findings, the following changes of recognition for nursery teachers were required. First, there is a need for the change of recognition concerned with the child-care of high quality, rather than performing evaluation index. Second, there is a need for the change of recognition concerned with overall optimization rather than sectional optimization. This study is significant in that it suggested the basic direction for the operation process of an accreditation system, by exploring the psychological difficulties of nursery teachers.
The Effect of Children's Moral Emotions on Social Competence : Focusing on Empathy, and Sympathy
Lee, Yong Joo ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 12, issue 1, 2016, Pages 225~244
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2016.12.225
This study seeks to analyze how children's moral emotions affect their social competence. Moral emotions focus on empathy and sympathy. The purpose of this research is to offer basic data for establishing both amoral and emotional educational program. The subjects of this research involve 182 children(either 4 or 5 year olds) that have lived in Korea. Analysis of the collected data have yielded some interesting results. First, it is found that children's empathy and sympathy are dependent on children's age and their fathers' educational level; as a result, increasing the age of the children and their fathers' educational level are found to increase empathy and sympathy. Secondly, both empathy and sympathy scores are found to have correlation to the scores of positive reciprocity, capability, and interpersonal relation on social competence. Sympathy scores increase with respect to the leadership scores of social competence. Lastly, children's empathy is a factor that affects positive reciprocity, capability, interpersonal relation, and participation on social competence. Their sympathy affects leadership on social competence. The results of this study suggest that strengthening the empathy and sympathy levels of children could partially enhance their social competence.