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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
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A Comparative Study of Job Satisfaction and Stress Coping Strategies of Teachers in Early Childhood Education and Care According to Their Personality Types
Chae, Jin Young ; Kwon, Hye Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 5~23
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare how the Enneargram personality types of teachers in early childhood education and care would affect their job satisfaction and stress coping strategies. The findings are as follows. First, as to the distribution of the participants' Enneargram personality types, the most common was the Peacemaker type and the least common was the Achiever type. Second, for teachers' job satisfaction, there was a statistically significant difference in the job-related subcategory according to their personality types. The post-hot comparison showed that the Loyalist type showed the lowest score in job-related job satisfaction. Third, in terms of stress coping strategies, there was a statistically significant difference in the psychological coping strategy according to their personality types. The post-hot comparison showed that the Individualist type showed the highest score in psychological coping strategy. The implications for future studies are also discussed.
The Social Image of the Children in the Dong-A Ilbo Advertising : 1960s to 1990s
Kim, Hye Gum ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 25~51
This study analyzed the social image of children from the 1960s to 1990s in the Dong-A Ilbo advertising. The 7,760 representative ad samples were used for the purpose of this study. The findings were as follows: 1) The number of advertising related to children was similar in the 1960s and 1970s and it dramatically increased in the 1990s. 2) Drug advertising was the most frequent from the 1960s until the 1980s. The advertising of english instruction for young children emerged in the 1990s. 3) Young children, especially boys were mostly the model in advertising from the 1960s to the 1990s. 4) Advertising content focused on the role of the mother in early childhood education.
Effect on Parenting Stress of Children's Characteristics, Emotionality and Mother's Self-efficacy
Kim, Hera ; Kim, Jin Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 53~67
This study was to focus on the effect on parenting stress of children's developmental characteristics, emotionality and mother's self-efficacy, thus to set the structure equation model. Analysis data was collected from 2078 newborns to be involved Korea Children's Panel 1st year. The valuables were all measured by mothers. The main results of this study were as follows. First, children's developmental characteristics and emotionality had an effect on parenting stress directly. A lower level of children's developmental characteristics and a higher level of children's emotionality indicated a higher maternal parenting stress level. Second, mother's self-efficacy also had an effect on parenting stress level. A lower level of maternal self-efficacy demonstrated a higher level of maternal parenting stress level. Third, children's developmental characteristics and emotionality had an effect on parenting stress indirectly through mother's self-efficacy. Mother's self-efficacy which was affected by children's developmental characteristics and emotionality aggravated mother's parenting stress. The implication of these findings are also discussed.
Effects of Young Children's Temperament and Teacher-Child Relationship on Young Children's Problem Behaviors
Moon, Sang Hee ; Lee, Kyung Nim ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 69~89
This study was to examine the effects of young children's temperament and teacher-child relationship on young children's problem behaviors. The subjects of this study were 231 3-, 4- and 5- year old children and their teachers. The collected data were analyzed by correlations and pathway analysis. The results were as follows: First, young children's temperament were found to affect young children's problem behaviors directly and indirectly though teacher-child relationship. 'Negative emotionality' and 'attention span/persistence' temperament were found to be important for externalizing problem behaviors, and 'activity level' temperament to be important for internalizing problem behaviors. Second, teacher-child relationship was found to affect young children's problem behaviors directly and to mediate between young children's temperament and problem behaviors. Additionally teacher-child conflict relationship was found to be the most important variable predicting young children's externalizing and internalizing problem behaviors.
The Effects of Mothers' Parental Intelligence on Children's Peer Play Interaction and Peer Acceptance
Bae, Jo Kyoung ; Shin, Hae Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 91~111
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mothers' parental intelligence on children's peer play interaction and peer acceptance. The participants were 197 fiveyear- old children and their mothers of six kindergartens and child care centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. The Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale(Choi & Shin, 2008), the Peer Rating Scale(Asher et al., 1979), and the Parental Intelligence Scale(Hyon, 2004) were used as measurements. The results of this study were as follows. Firstly, the higher scores in mothers' parental intelligence of encouragement, enhancement, rational authoritativeness, acceptance, control, and avoiding rejection roles, the more the children's positive behaviors were exhibited during the peer play. Secondly, children whose mothers provided higher levels in parental intelligence of empathy, encouragement, rational authoritativeness and enhancement roles were rated as displaying higher levels of children's peer acceptance. On the other hand, children whose mothers expressed higher parental intelligence level of the rejection role tended to have lower levels of peer acceptance.
The Effects of Goals, Satisfaction, Self-efficacy and Depression on the Happiness of Early Childhood Pre-service Teachers
Yoon, Gab Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 113~131
This study examined the effects of psychological attributes influencing the happiness of early childhood pre-service teachers. The psychological attributes included positive states(self-efficacy, satisfaction), negative states(depression), and goals for the future(professional goal as a teacher). The objects were 269 early childhood pre-service teachers who were studying in college and university to become early childhood teachers. The results were as follows: First, there were not clear differences in terms of goal content(self, others), whereas there were clear differences in terms of school satisfaction and major interest of childhood pre-service teachers. Second, self-efficacy was positively correlated with happiness and depression was negatively correlated with the happiness of early childhood pre-service teachers. Third, self-efficacy and depression were predicting variables for the happiness of early childhood pre-service teachers. More specifically, depression was the most influential variable when it comes to determining the level of happiness. Thus, implications for improving the happiness of early childhood pre-service teachers were presented.
Care-giving Activities to Enhance Infants and Children's Rights Respect : Based on Care-giving Teachers' Recongnition of Their Activities to Increase Infants and Children's Rights Respect
Kim, Jin Sook ; Suh, Young Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 133~162
In this paper, care-giving teachers' recognition of their activities to increase infants and children's rights respect were studied, and teachers' required actions to enhance infants and children's rights respect were analogized. To conduct this survey, focus group interviews were done for 2 groups' care-giving teachers: each group was constructed with 6 teachers. In care-giving teachers' daily work, respected or non-respected various cases on their infants and children's rights respect were intensively reviewed. From this result, total 12 sub categories and detail 40 items were extracted as care-giving teachers' required activities to activate infants and children's rights respect. The aforementioned teachers' activities must be conducted as top priority at their care-giving activities for infants and children's rights respect.
A Narrative Inquiry on Work-related Stress of Child Care Teachers in Employer-supported Child Care Centers
Hwang, Hae Ik ; Tak, Jeong Hwa ; Kim, Mi Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 163~184
The purpose of the study was to carry out research on the work-related stress of child care teachers in employer-supported child care centers. Four-experienced child care teachers were designated for this research, and then data were collected through narrative research. In this study, work-related stress of child care teachers in employer-supported child care centers was found to be of the following types, "laborious oneself caused by the prolonged working environment", "fears about non-permanent employment status", and "a huge mountain named parents work". Research findings were discussed in term of the implication of understanding teacher' work-related stress.
The Story of Grandmothers' Experience Raising Children
Kim, Yoon Sook ; Jun, Yeon Woo ; Jo, Hea Soog ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 185~208
The goal of this study is to take a look at grandmothers' experience raising children with a focus on the children's generation and the grandchildren's generation. To do this, we conducted in-depth interviews with three grandmothers who raised their children and their grandchildren. As a result, grandmothers' experience raising children was shown in three categories: change in the raising environment, the raising culture, and the sense of value of raising children. These results suggest that the raising experience of grandmothers who have raised children in the past and are currently raising children again are being changed by the transition in raising experience, raising culture, and sense of value of raising children.
A Study on Teachers' Perception of Sociodemographic Functional Conflict, Hierarchical Conflict, and Organizational Effectiveness in Child Care Centers
Chung, Dawn ; Kim, Jung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 209~227
This study is about how functional conflict, hierarchical conflict in child-care centers and the sociology population of teachers influence organizational effectiveness. The questionnaire listed about the organizational conflict and the organizational effectiveness were used in this study. For the analysis of the questionnaire, frequency, percentage, reliability, and regression were used as statistical tools. In the results, the teacher's academic backgrounds, career, and marital status seem to have an influence on the organizational conflict. The hierarchical conflict in child-care centers has a more negative influence on organizational effectiveness than the functional conflict.
A Study on the Level of Mother's Parenting Stress
Yang, Misun ; Kim, Yangeun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 229~247
The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of mothers' parenting stress according to the knowledge and behaviors that mothers have on infant development. The subjects of this study are 145 mothers whose infants range in age from 18 to 36 months. The instruments used are: 1) Knowledge of Child Development Inventory (KCDI) (Larsen & Juhasz, 1986), 2) Q-sort modified by Ahn (2001), 3) Parenting Stress Scale (PSS) (Kim & Kang, 1997), and a demographic questionnaire. The data analyses used SPSS 12.0 which employs basic statistics, a reliability test, ANOVA and Pearson's correlation. The results of this study indicate a correlation (r= -.20*) between behaviors of child-rearing and parenting stress of mothers. Specifically, mothers behaviors of child-rearing related to cognition development could predict parenting stress.
Current Working Conditions for the Teachers in Child Care
Hwang, Ock Kyeung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 3, 2012, Pages 249~272
This study has been carried out to suggest an improvement measure by analysing the current situation of the working condition for the teachers in child care. For this, governmental policy and law and relevant references in relation to the working conditions for the teachers have been collected for analysis. On the basis of the research, in order to improve the working condition for the teachers the following suggestions have been made: provision of salary system considered the level of qualification criteria and academic certificate, carrying out a raise in pay according to the salary class, requirement of written indication of a provision of allowance, increase of the initial salary for the principal of nurseries, observance of legislation for payment of excess duty allowance, elucidation of legislation for the salary of the teacher in unsupported nurseries and settlement of ratio of supporting personnel expenses from government.