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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Research Trends in Early Childhood Education and Childcare Policies
Kim, Byung Man ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 5~31
The purpose of this study was to examine major journals of early childhood education and childcare in an effort to determine research trends in early childhood education and childcare policies between 1995 and 2011. One hundred twenty-six papers included in journals that registered with Korea Research Foundation were analyzed to keep track of research trends in early childhood education and childcare policies. A research trend in another area that early childhood education and childcare policies were linked to each other in a broad sense was explored as well. Specifically, the year of the papers, their research themes, purposes, data gathering methods, form of research, number of researchers and financial assistance were analyzed. As a result, it was found that a lot of papers were presented in and after the mid-2000s, and that the most dynamic research efforts were channeled into childcare policies. As for research theme, a wide variety of themes were covered every year. The most dominant type of research was literature review, and the most common purpose of the studies was to examine the state of national policies. Literature analysis was the most prevailing data collection methods, and the most dominant form of research was case studies. In terms of the number of researchers and financial aid, the largest number of the papers was conducted by individuals and without any financial assistance.
The Effect of Social support and Self-efficacy for Parenting Task on the Maternal Involvement of Early Childhood Education
Sung, Won-Kyung ; Kim, Yang Eun ; Lee, Choon-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 33~51
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of social support and self-efficacy for parenting task on parent involvement of early childhood education. Subjects were 181 mothers with children ranging in age from three to five years old. Instruments used in this study were: 1) Self-efficacy for parenting task index(Colemen, Karraker, 2000), 2) Social support(Shin, 1997 ; Lee, 2006) and 3) Parent involvement(Conduct Problem Prevention Research Group(CPPRG), 1995; 2002). Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Results of this study show that self-efficacy for parenting related to children's achievement and recreation, social support from the husband were positively correlated to the parent involvement of early childhood education. Also, mothers' self-efficacy for parenting task mediated between social support and parent involvement of early childhood education.
A Study on Variables Affecting Kindergarten Teachers' Adaptation to the Teaching Profession : Focused on Background Variables, Development Stage, and Perception of Accountability
Kim, Sun Nam ; Choi, Hye Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 53~76
The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of background variables, development stage, and perception of accountability on kindergarten teachers' adaptation to the teaching profession. The researchers surveyed 224 teachers in public and private kindergarten. The results of the study are as follows: First, in terms of age, the older they were, the better teachers adjusted to the teaching profession. As for their teaching career, the more teaching experience they had, the better teachers adapted to the teaching profession, but there were no significant differences between 6-10 years and more than 11 years. As to the level of education, four-year college graduates or graduate school graduates adjusted better than two-year college graduates. Second, teachers in the Capability Development Stage and Growth-Enthusiasm Stage showed a higher degree of adaptation than those in the Entrance-Acceptance Stage. Finally, the higher perception of accountability they have, the better teachers could adapt to the teaching profession. Among the categories of accountability, the professional accountability affected most highly the teachers' adaptation to the teaching profession.
A Study of Eco-friendly Practices Regarding Meals and Snacks at Early Childhood Care and Education Centers
Kwon, Shin Young ; Suh, Young Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 77~96
This study investigated into the practice levels of child-care directors, child-care teachers, and the cooking staffs in terms of practicing eco-friendly rules regarding meals and snacks provided to the children. It also sought out to see which determinants makes differences between these three groups, if there are in fact any meaningful differences between these three groups. In order to achieve the aforementioned purpose, this study selected 200 child-care institutions located in Seoul and Kyung-ki Province and surveyed a total of 583 members of these child-care institutions including 118 child-care directors, 363 child-care teachers and 102 workers in the cooking staffs. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS 12.0 program. The summary of this survey is as follows: First, regarding the provision of eco-friendly meals and snacks for the children, the practice levels got lower in the order of cooking staffs, child-care directors and child-care teachers. Second, it was shown that the child-care teachers' practice level of providing eco-friendly environment to feed eco-friendly meals and snacks to the children is relevant to the type, number of teachers, position and their educational backgrounds. However, it is shown that the experience of the child-care teacher is not relevant to the practice level.
The Effects of Children's Temperament and Playfulness on Their Leadership
Lee, Bok Dong ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 97~111
This goal of this study was to find relationships between variables that have an influences on young children's leadership. The subjects of the study were 251 five year old children enrolled in childcare programs located in Seoul & Gyeonggi-do, Korea, the methods for analyzing children's leadership were t-tests, a correlation analysis and the multiple regression analysis which was used to recognize what factor affected the leadership of young children the most. The result of this study was that there was a difference between the sub-factor and leadership of playfulness according to the gender and birth order of young children and whether their mother was working out or not. In other words, there was a difference in the leadership and temperament according to gender and birth order and whether their mother was working out or not. Secondly, there was partial correlation between the temperament of young children, playfulness, and leadership according to the testing of the low-level variable factor. Thirdly, the strongest predictor of children's leadership wad the social independence among playfulness.
The Effect Analysis of a Picture Book-Based Leadership Education Program
Chung, Nam Mi ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 113~136
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a picture book-based leadership program on children's leadership. The participants of the study were 76, four- and five-year-old children of two kindergartens located in Seoul. The subjects participated in a 10-week program. The program was conducted once a week, for a total of 10 times during two and a half months. Children's leadership rating scale(Jang & Hwang, 2009) was used in the collection of data by teachers. A pre-post test paired-samples t-test and ANCOVA(analysis of covariance) were conducted to analyze the differences between the experimental group and the comparative group in leadership. The results of this study were as follows: First, there was a significant difference between the experimental group and the comparative group in the leadership scores of 5-year old children of the leadership scores of teachers. Second, there was a significant difference between the experimental group and the comparative group in the scores of challenges and self-confidence, self-control, and problem solving ability among the leadership component factors only among 5-year old children.
The Influence of Teachers' Instructional Professionalism and Job Stress on the Adjustment of First-grade Elementary School Children
Kim, Se Ru ; Park, Ji Young ; Cho, Hong Ja ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 137~157
The purpose of this study was to analyse the influence of teachers' instructional professionalism and job stress on the adjustment of First-grade elementary school children. The subjects were 250 elementary school children and their 25 teachers in G City and J Province. Data were collected by questionnaires and analyzed by Pearson's r and Regression analysis using the SPSS 18.0 version. The major results of this study were as follows: First, there were significant correlations between instructional professionalism and all the sub-variables of children's adjustment. Second, there were significant correlations between teachers' job stress and children's adjustment, with the exception of content knowledge and content-based instruction. The results showed that there were significant correlations among teachers' instructional professionalism, job stress, and children's adjustment.
A Survey Study on the Difference between Recognition and Implementation in Early Childhood Teachers on Instructional Planning Elements
Kim, Jae Hwan ; Keum, Mi Suk ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 159~183
The purpose of this study was to examine any possible gaps between the recognition of early childhood teachers on instructional planning elements and their implementation. The subjects in this study were 341 teachers who worked in Province. The collected data were analyzed by paired t-test, one-way ANOVA - test. The alpha coefficients of the instruments were 0.92 and 0.94 respectively, which showed the instruments were both reliable. The teachers investigated scored high when a four-point scale was utilized, but they scored lower in implementation than in recognition. In conclusion, teachers were well aware of instructional planning elements and performed well, but they had more difficulties in implementation than in recognition. When their recognition and implementation were evaluated by the type of institution and preschooler age in charge, the national and public kindergarten teachers were rated highest, and those who were in charge of five-year- olds in Western age were rated highest. The above-mentioned findings suggest that it's necessary to take actions to boost the recognition and implementation of teachers in relation to instructional planning elements.
The Relationship of Head Teachers' Styles for Handling Conflict and Organizational Effectiveness in Child-care Centers
Im, Seong Jin ; Cho, Hyea Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 185~206
The purpose of this study was to investigate the general tendency of styles for handl ing conflict and organizational effectiveness perceived by head teachers in child-care centers, and the relationship between head teacher's styles for handling conflict and organizational effectiveness. A total of 194 child-care head teachers who work in the Busan and Gyeongnam area responded to the questionnaire. The main results of the study were as follows; First, among the styles for handling conflict, the head teacher s used the most obliging type toward their principal, and also used the most integrati ng type toward colleague teachers. The head teachers perceived moderate or higher level of organizational effectiveness in child-care centers, and there were partial diffe rences in styles for handling conflict and organizational effectiveness depending on ag e, academic achievement, career of head teachers and facility type. Finally, it was fou nd that organizational effectiveness of child-care center were positively correlated wit h integrating type, dominating type and compromising type among all styles for hand ling conflict which head teachers adopted, but was negatively correlated with avoidin g type. Particularly, it was found that the head teacher's styles for handling conflict having most significant effects on organizational effectiveness were avoiding type to ward their principal and integrating type toward colleague teachers.
A Study of Young Children's Adjustment to Childcare Centers : Focusing on the Individual Variables, Peer Competence, and Child-teacher Relationship
Kim, Sang Lim ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 207~230
The purpose of this study was to examine which variables of interest predicted young children's adjustment to childcare centers. The variables of interest in the study include children's individual variables(gender, age, and temperament), peer competence, and relationship with teachers. The subjects were 130 preschoolers aged 2 to 3 and their mothers and teachers. SPSS 15.0 program was used to analyze the data of the study. The results showed the statistically significant differences in children's adjustment to childcare centers by gender. Also, statistically significant relationships were found between children's adjustment to childcare centers and their temperament, peer competence, and relationship with teachers. Finally, the results of regression analyses revealed that children's conflicts with teachers, closeness to teachers, and leadership in peer competence were found to be the influential predictor of children's adjustment to childcare centers. Implications for research and practice were discussed in the light of the study results.
A Study on History of Child Care Support Policy and Community Based Child Care Support Policy in Japan
Hwang, Seong Ha ; Nam, Mi Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 4, 2012, Pages 231~250
The purpose of this study was to inquire into the formation and alteration of child care support policy and the actual of community based child care support policy in Japan in order to draw implications for child care policy in Korea. For the purpose of this study, the research contents are as follows. First, inquire into the formation and alteration of child care support policy. Second, inquire into the actual community based child care support policy. The major literatures reviewed were 'Child Rearing Visions' and 'Child Rearing New System'(The Cabinet Office, 2010) in Japan. For child care policy in Korea, two implications were drawn from community based child care support policy in Japan. First, it is necessary to establish macroscopic, comprehensive child care policy. And, the policy has to consider local finance and conditions of the community. Second, the child care budget based on liaison government and community should be expanded. Also, it has to provide child care support service through a community network.