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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Nature-friendly Fingertips Play Program for the Development Small Muscle Functions and Creative Thinking Abilities of Young Children
Byun, Sang Woo ; Seo, Hyun Ah ; Han, Hee Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 5~24
The purpose of this study was how a nature-friendly fingertips play program with nature affected the development of small muscle functions and creative thinking abilities of young children. The subjects of this study were 28 five year old children. Fourteen of them were from H preschool and the other fourteen were from P preschool in the city of B. The research 'evaluation tool for small muscle motor function development' by Byung Dong Kang(2002) was used to measure the small muscle motor functions of preschool students. The Korean version standardized by Young Chae Kim(2004) was used to measure the development of creative thinking abilities. The study arrived at the following results. First, the nature-friendly fingertips play program affected positively to the development of entire small muscle functions, accuracy, rapidness, and stability for young children. Second, the nature-friendly fingertips play program affected positively to the entire creative thinking abilities, fluency, and resistance to the early conclusion. In conclusion, the nature- friendly fingertips play program affected positively to the development of small motor functions and creative thinking abilities.
The Effect of Mother's Parental Attitude and the Ability of Children's Self-regulation on Young Children's Leadership
Ro, In Soon ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 25~45
The aim of the present study was to analyze the elements of young children's leadership which is influenced by socio-demographic variable elements, mother's parental attitude and the ability of children' self-regulation with subjects of 435 five-year-old children and their mothers. Results showed that there was a difference in children's total leadership according to the gender. Regarding differences of mother's rearing attitude, boys showed higher self-control and leadership than girls. In differences of self-regulation and leadership, girls had a higher ability of self-regulation and leadership than boys. For birth order, parents who had more than 2 children show higher Control enemy rearing attitude. Regarding mother's employment, a working mother had freer rearing attitudes. Regarding a mother's educational background, there were differences of groups among rearing attitudes. In differences of family monthly income, there were differences regarding AE static rearing attitudes, autonomous parenting attitudes and get-up-and-go of leadership. Secondly, as a result of the relationship among mother's rearing attitudes had a static correlation between autonomous parenting attitudes and control enemy rearing attitudes. Thirdly, the children's leadership is high when the family income is high, mother's rearing attitude is free and children's ability of self-control is high.
The Effect of the Theme Centered Block Play Activities on Young Children's Metacognition and Sociality
Shin, Su Kyung ; Kim, Hyun Jeong ; Park, Yun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 47~66
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of theme centered block play on young children's metacognition and sociality. The subjects of this research were a total of 60 five year old children from two classes in Gwangju. The average age of the subjects was 73 months. The subjects were randomly assigned to two groups. The experimental group participated in theme centered block play activities while the control group participated in free block activities. The collected data were analyzed by t-test using the SPSS program. The results of this study were as follows: The experimental group showed significantly higher improvement than the control group in young children's metacognition and sociality. Therefor, it might be concluded that theme centered block play activities contributed to the development of metacognition and sociality of young children.
Childcare Teacher's Concept Map Analysis about Early Childhood Safety Educational Contents
Lee, Song Yi ; Son, Won Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 67~87
The purpose of this study is to investigate childcare teacher's knowledge of child safety education. In this study, Novak and Gowin(1984)'s concept map was applied to investigate knowledge of safety instruction. Forty teachers working at child centers were completed the concept map. The results of this study were as follows: First, Teachers used 194 higher concepts. 'Safe action in dander situation'(77.8%) was most frequently used higher concept and followed by 'traffic safety('35%). Second, Teachers used 1,270 dependent concepts. Third, there was significant difference in density according to frequency of safety instruction. These results can be meaningful to decide the contents of child safety instruction for teacher's education and as a basic data for teacher's education.
A Study on the Preference of Young Children for the Outward Appearance of a Teacher-aided Humanoid Robot
Ha, Soo Yeun ; Lee, Seong Ae ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 89~110
The purpose of this study is analyzing the preference of young children for the outward appearance of a teacher-aided humanoid robot. The subjects of this study were 180 kindergarten children who were 4 years old. Ninety five children among the subjects were male, and 85 children were female. The instrument used for this study consisted of 15 questions that involved 3 domains; figure, face, and practical use of robot. The major findings of the study were as follows: First, young children preferred a smooth and intimate robot, and one that had a similar size to them. Second, young children preferred a more characteristic face with big eyes. Third, young children preferred a robot which had a contoured body Fourth, young children preferred a robot which had two legs or tank wheels. Fifth, young children preferred a robot that could play with them and be manipulated by them.
The Influences of Teachers' Self-leadership and Principals' Leadership on Teachers' Efficacy
Min, Sunghye ; Kim, Ongi ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 111~127
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of directors' leadership and teachers' self leadership on teachers' efficacy. The participants were 217 teachers in private day care centers. LBDQ (Halpin, 1967), RSLQ (Houghton & Neck, 2002), and a teachers' efficacy questionnaire (Kim & Lee) were used. The data collected were analyzed by SPSS 18.0. The results of this study were as follows: First, teachers cognized that directors' leadership was very high. Second, directors' leadership was clustered by 4 types: human oriented, task oriented, leader and deficient type. And, teachers' efficacy was clustered by 4 types: leader, restricted, compensated and task oriented type. Third, directors' task oriented leadership, human oriented leadership, and teachers' self leadership (self punishment, self-goal setting, self observation and self esteem) affected teachers' efficacy. And directors' human oriented leadership and teachers' self leadership (self punishment and self-goal setting) affected teachers' personal efficacy.
Meaning of the Experiences of Career Portfolio Production among Preservice Early Childhood Teachers
Yoo, Soo Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 129~156
The purpose of this study was to examine the meaning of the diverse experiences of preservice early childhood teachers during their participation in a career portfolio production program. A career portfolio production program was implemented during a nine-week period of time, and data were gathered to explore the meaning of their experiences in that process, which involved their journals, the report of their coaching professor and small- group interview data. The collected data were analyzed by encoding. As a result of analyzing the data, their experiences were categorized into eight categories: perceiving the flow of time, gathering scattered experiences, finding oneself amid chaos, being aware of being together, building psychological wellbeing, imagining one's own future as an early childhood teacher, mapping out one's future and making one's way to the world. The meanings of their experiences were reclassified into three stages: beginning, development and wrapping-up stages, in which there were two, four and two meanings respectively. The findings indicated that they were mostly cognizant of the meaning of their own experiences of producing career portfolio while they participated in the program step by step.
The Influence of the a Project Approach on the Improvement of the Thinking Faculty of Preschoolers
Bae, Mi Kyoung ; Whang, Hye Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 157~177
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the project approach on the thinking faculty improvement of preschoolers. The subjects in this study were 60 preschoolers who were selected from S kindergarten in Gyeonggi Province. After an experimental group and a control group were organized with 30 preschoolers each, the experimental group engaged in project activities that were based on the project approach, and the control group didn't. As a result of making a comparative analysis, the following findings were given. The preschoolers who participated in the project approach were found to excel over the other preschoolers who didn't participate in perceptual thinking, analytic thinking, synthetical thinking, inferential thinking and thinking faculty. Therefore there should be more consideration to the project approach in the sector of early childhood education, since the activities are effective in improving the thinking faculty of preschoolers.
Study on the Relationship Among Children's Theory of Mind, Social Competence, and Emotional Intelligence
Ahn, Hyo Jin ; Kim, Sang Lim ; Lee, Si Ja ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 179~202
This study examined the relationship among children's theory of mind, social skills, and emotional intelligence. A total of 76 five-year old children in the Seoul area participated in this study. Children were tested on three different type of theory of mind tasks and teachers rated their children's emotional intelligence and social competency. SPSS 18, t-test, correlation analysis, and step-wise of multilateral regression were performed for data collection. The results were as follows: First, 40.8% of participants passed the task of theory of mind. There were significant differences in total score of theory of mind, social competence skills, and emotional intelligence between successors and failures. Second, by gender, there were significant differences in total score of theory of mind, social competence skills, and emotional intelligence. Third, there was a relationship between theory of mind and social competence skills, social competence skills and emotional intelligence, and theory of mind and emotional intelligence.
A Discourse on the Issues and Problems of Kindergartens Attached to Elementary Schools: A Perspective of the Directors of the Kindergartens
Kim, An Na ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 203~229
This study tries to provide basic data that can be useful in suggesting the direction of kindergartens attached to elementary schools, by examining the issues in such kindergartens and the ways to develop them for the future. To do this, I surveyed seven participants, who are currently directors in the kindergartens attached to the elementary schools, by in-depth interviewing. As a result, I found the main issue involves the administrators' lack of expertise about the education of preschoolers. Thus, I suggest that there should be more opportunities to retrain the affiliated principals or directors to better understand the education of preschoolers or the related instructors. Second, I concluded that another critical issue involves the poor administrative and financial system in the current kindergartens attached to the elementary schools. To solve this, I suggest that the government and the local education offices should actively support them with a the solid administrative and financial system. Finally, considering the complaints that the current teachers in those kindergartens are being isolated from the greater society, I suggest that there should be specific solutions to construct the cooperative systems related to scholarships and consulting that help the teachers develop their expertise in educating preschoolers.
Job Stress, Personal Resources, Burnout, and Work Engagement in Child Counselors
Choi, Jin Hye ; Kang, Hyun Ah ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 231~252
This study examined the influence of job stress and personal resources (hardiness, optimism) of child counselors on their burnout and work engagement. For the study, 171 child counselors were surveyed. The main effects of job stress and personal resources on burnout and engagement were tested using hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The findings of this study were as follows: First, the study showed that both job stress and personal resources were related to burnout and work engagement. Specially, job stress was more closely related to burnout, whereas personal resources were more closely related to work engagement. Second, hardiness as personal resources reduced the level of burnout in child counseling. Third, although job stress negatively affected the level of work engagement, personal resources (hardiness, optimism) were relevant predictors of work engagement. Hardy and optimistic child counselors are less likely to experience burnout, they are more likely to experience vigor, dedication, and absorption on their job. Based on the results of this study, the practical implications for child counselors were discussed.
A Study on The selection criteria of Korean Traditional Nursery Rhyme for Children
Cho, Jin Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 5, 2012, Pages 253~274
The purpose of this study is to make establishing criteria for Korea traditional nursery rhyme suitable for children and apply them effectively in early child education. The researchers of this study are firstly concerned with establishing criteria for Korean traditional nursery rhymes suitable for children. Secondly, they are concerned with establishing Korean traditional nursery rhymes suitable for children which are selected by following the established criteria. A Delphi survey was performed with early childhood educators and 30 related professionals to establish criteria for Korean traditional nursery rhymes suitable for children. The SPSS 12.0 program was used to calculate the standard deviation and average. Through this process the final seven criteria selected are: 'traditional play spaces and fun of play language is showed', 'lifestyles and emotions of children in the past is expressed', 'easy to understand story', 'the content is interesting', 'assisting in the development of children', 'easy to sing melody', and 'simple and repetitive in rhythm'. And 112 songs appropriate to the children were selected based on these criteria. The lyrics of the songs mainly expressed 'the joy of play.' it means songs need to combine with play to succeed to the next generation.