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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 8, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Effects of Mothers' and Teachers' Literacy Beliefs, Perception of Picture Books, and Frequency of Reading Activities on the Interaction for Reading Picture Books with Preschoolers
Chee, Yeon Joo ; Choi, Naya ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 5~28
This study was aimed to compare teacher's and mother's literacy beliefs, perception of picture books, and frequency of reading activities, and examine how these variables affect the interaction for reading picture books with preschoolers. The results of the survey from 120 teachers and 168 mothers who have 5-year-olds in Gyeonggi-do and Incheon-si are as follows. Teachers' literacy beliefs were closer to whole language beliefs than were mothers'. Teachers and mothers both fully realized the importance of reading aloud picture books to children with no difference between each other. The level of teachers was higher than mothers' in terms of pleasure of reading picture books. Mothers thought that it is important to reflect on preschoolers' development level, individual conditions, and daily lives when choosing picture books. On the other hand, teachers believed that the popularity of the book is more important. Overall, teachers perceived more benefits of reading picture books than mothers. Mothers reported more extensive interaction when reading books with preschoolers than teachers, while teachers spent more time on reading activities with preschoolers than mothers. Teachers' and mothers' frequency of reading activities and perception about the benefits of reading picture books had effects on their interaction for reading picture books with preschoolers.
The Effects of Mothers' Adaptation Support Strategies on Infants' Adaptation in Child Care Centers : A Short-term Longitudinal Study
Shin, Hee Nam ; Cho, Bok Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 29~55
The main purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between infants' early adjustment and later adjustment in childcare centers and to analyze the mothers' adjustment support strategies. The subjects consisted of 244 infants from newborns to 36 months old and their mothers and childcare teachers of public childcare centers. The results of the study were as follows. First, there was a significant difference according to infants' age in mothers' adjustment support strategies. The more mothers use appropriate strategies for adjustment earlier in childcare centers, the better infants showed adjustment according to infants' age respectively. Second, there was a significant difference between the early adjustment(Time1) and the later adjustment(Time2) of infants. Third, mothers' adjustment support strategies affected on infants' later adjustment in childcare centers. These results show that appropriate mothers' adjustment support strategies were related to infants' adjustment by age longitudinally. The implications of these results indicate that developing adjustment programs including effective strategies for infants' mothers in childcare centers considering their demographic characteristics and specified needs is needed.
The Effects of Emotional Labor on Burnout and Career Commitment of Childcare Teachers
Kim, Young Eun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 57~76
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of emotional labor on burnout and career commitment of childcare teachers. For that purpose, a survey was taken with 207 childcare teachers in the region. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS 12.0(ver.). The findings were as follows: first, emotional labor(3.05), burnout(3.22), and career commitment(2.86) recorded higher points than average on a 5-point scale. Second, there were significant correlations among the variables of emotional labor, burnout, and career commitment. Third, emotional labor had positive(+) impacts on emotional exhaustion and depersonalization of the burnout subvariables and no significant impacts on personal accomplishment. Fourth, emotional labor had significant negative(-) effects on career commitment. Those findings show that the emotional labor of childcare teachers has influences on their burnout and career commitment on which it was estimated to have tacit effects. It is thus required to recognize and reevaluate the importance of emotional labor and establish a foundation for a social support system.
Church School Kindergarten Teacher Education Programs for Teachers' Perceptions and Needs Analysis
Kim, Sung Hye ; Kang, Ran Hye ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 77~97
This study aims to analyze the recognition and demands of church school kindergarten teachers enrolled in a kindergarten teacher training program. 278 kindergarten teachers in the Seoul and Gyeonggido area were chosen as the research objects and questionnaires were distributed to and recollected from them. The questions cover 3 areas: the recognition, necessity and contents of the training program for kindergarten teachers. The data from the collected questioners were processed to bring in frequency and percentage by question and an X2 test was employed to see whether there was a difference among background variables. In addition, mean and standard deviation were used for the questions regarding the program contents. The results showed that the teachers had a deep interest in and awareness of the necessity of the program. Among the demographic variables, they turned out statistically different by academic career, education-related career and major. Second, the list of the demands they made for the training contents for kindergarten teachers showed that they wanted, in the order of importance; educating parents, understanding young children, handling techniques of troubled children, effective communication skills with young children, and understanding their traits and teaching methods by trait and spiritual training of teachers.
An Analysis of Teacher-Child Interaction Level based on Factors of Characteristics of Institution, Teacher, and Child Group
Park, Chang Hyun ; Na, Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 99~125
Teacher-child interaction was included in kindergarten and child care center accreditation evaluation and is considered as important as teaching and learning methods in the newly implemented Nuri curriculum. The purpose of this study was to confirm the difference of levels (emotional. verbal, behavioral) for the style of the interaction between teachers and children in kindergarten and child-care centers and to analyze direct effect and interaction effect, according to institution(kindergarten, childcare center). teacher(age, educational career, academic career), and child group(child number, child age) variables. The subjects in this study were 191 teachers in kindergartens and child-care centers in G region in Seoul. The overall average of the teacher-child interaction (emotional, verbal and behavioral interactions) was significantly higher, and there were not significant differences depending on the institution type and child group. According to the results of this study, factors of teacher characteristics affected the teacher-child interaction more than child-concerned variables.
The Effects of Science Activities on the Scientific Attitudes and Scientific Research Ability of Young Children Using the ARCS Motivational Model
Hong, Ji-Myeong ; Mun, Byung-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 127~146
In this study, we try to find out what effects science activities have on young children's scientific attitude and scientific research ability using Keller's ARCS motivational model. The subjects of this study were 40 5-year-old children of two classes in kindergarten located in G city. The results of this study are as follows: First, science activities using ARCS improves efficiently young children's scientific attitudes. Second, science activities using ARCS improves efficiently young children's scientific research ability. In conclusion, it was found that science activities using ARCS motivation model improved scientific attitudes and the scientific research ability of young children. The results of this study suggest that science activities through ARCS are worth using as an appropriate and significant teaching method to improve young children's scientific attitudes and scientific research ability in the education field.
The Curriculum Need for a Public Child-care Teacher
Chung, Dawn ; Kim, Jung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 147~168
The results of our study will help develope the education programs for a child-care teacher. The study was conducted to investigate the job request questionnaire. The subjects of the questionnaire were 257 people who are teachers, directors of child care centers and students. Frequency analysis, t-test, Chi-square, ANOVA, and Sch
ffe were used to analyze the questionnaire as statistical tools. Firstly, public child care centers positively recruit teachers who graduate from college and consider their ability and sincerity to be the most important factors. Secondly, directors and teachers in public child care centers tend to consider preparing education, advice with child's parents, and managing facility the most important duties. Based on the results, the development of the education program will be focused on the child care field.
A Study of Infant Care Teacher's Training Program and Its Effectiveness : Implications for Research and Practice in Early Childhood Education and Care
Seo, So Jung ; Oh, Sun Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 169~192
This study reviewed the current status of in-service education programs for infant care teachers in early childhood education and care settings. In addition, the training program(titled "infant specialist program") which had been developed in one district of Seoul in order to assist the job performance and speciality for infant care teachers was discussed. The focus in the development of the training program, its teaching content and method were addressed in detail. The results related to evaluation of the training program of interest were reported. The infant care teachers who had participated in the training program reported that the levels of their teaching efficacy and those of knowledge of infant development from post-tests were significantly increased over time. In line with the main results of this study, implications for practice and policy were discussed.
A Study on the Development and Application of the Field-University-Government Cooperation Oriented Supervision Program for Child-care Centers
Nam, Mi Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 193~217
This study developed and applied the 'field-university-government cooperation oriented supervision program' for child-care centers. A draft of the 'field-university-government cooperation oriented supervision program' was drawn up from the Delpi method with a panel consisting of experts, and from teachers's perception on it's adequacy. And then it was applied to A child-care center. Participating subjects consisted of a panel of 20 experts, 153 child care center teachers and 1 director and 4 teachers in child care centers, 1 professor in an university. The step by step results of the study are 1) the developed draft of the 'field-university-government cooperation oriented supervision program', included two categories and consisted of a total 63 items; 2) when the program was applied, participant' responses through the supervision was summarized as 2 key words, 'new attempt vs limits of unprepared collaboration', 'confusion and further possibility'. In conclusion, this program showed both possibility and limitations.
An Analysis on the Change in Pre-service Teachers' Perceptions about the Images of Young Children
Lee, Choon Ja ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 219~239
The purpose of this study was to analyze pre-service teachers' perceptions and change on the images about young children. The subjects of this study were 31 students in the early childhood department at a university. It was a longitudinal study conducted for four years. The data regarding the images that students had about young children were collected by having them answer a question. The question was "Young children are... Because of..." Subjects were asked to answer that question when they were freshmen and then, to answer the same question when they were seniors in order to see the change. A content analysis and frequency were conducted. The study of the results could be summarized as follows. Firstly, from their first year to senior year, the images that pre-service teachers perceived such as, vibrant active beings and beings with various characteristics" did not change. However, the images such as "being who was capable of interacting with environments" had changed. And the new image which viewed a child as a being who should be respected emerged. Secondly, the factors that influenced the image changes were based on the experience of working as assistant teachers at an early childhood setting, and practicum. Therefore, a systematic work on assistant teachers should be done and a concept about child-center education should be built.
Mediating Effects of Child Care Efficacy on the Relationship between Professional Learning Environment and Turnover Intention
Yang, Yeon Suk ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 241~256
This purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of child care efficacy on the relationship between professional learning environment and turnover intention. For this purpose, we conducted a questionnaire survey with 237 child care teachers. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, when child care teachers had low professional learning environment or low efficacy, their job turnover intention and occupational turnover intention improved. Second, job turnover intention and occupational turnover intention was affected by professional learning environment. Third, child care efficacy mediated between professional learning environment and occupational turnover intention.
A Study on Teacher's Perception of Early Childhood Music Education
Song, Yu Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 257~274
The purpose of this study is to examine the reality of early childhood education and recognition of its teachers. The subjects of this study were 173 day care center teachers. They were surveyed by questionnaire and the results were tabulated using descriptive statistics. According to the result, 1) the majority answered that test cohort is two years children, number of subject is between 10 and 20 children, required time is 20-30 minutes, frequency is once a week, and teaching duration is more than a year. 2) It was reported that the education plan is usually submitted to day care center teachers and if it is not well linked, there are not many things that can be revised after consultation with teacher, even though it is well delivered. 3) Although they answered that the preparation of teaching materials for music activities were well used, the efficiency of the material towards children was reported as just normal. 4) There was a replacement of the music teacher during the specialized music education program.
A Study on Pre-service Educare Teacher's Leadership Experiences about Educare Program Development Based on Communities
Yoon, Gab Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 275~300
This study is to investigate the meaning of pre-service educare teachers' leadership experience about program development. The participants were 41 juniors in college, majoring in Child Welfare. They attended an 'infant & young childhood educare program development and evaluation' class for 15 weeks. During the given period they made documents from reflective journals and 5 participants among them were interviewed individually. Analyzing the documents sheds light on the meaning of the pre-service educare teahcers' experience. The results are as follows. First, pre-service educare teachers got a deeper understanding and attachment about communities. Second, they did a critical analysis about well-known home and abroad educare programs. Third, they had a opportunity of reflection about their education philosophy and competences. Forth, they experienced diverse leadership that is needed from educare teacher. The results showed the implications and suggestions about pre-service teacher education for educare teacher's curriculum leadership development.
A Study on Variables related to Positive and Negative Peer Interactions of Young Children
Lee, Jee Hee ; Kim, Hye Youn ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 8, issue 6, 2012, Pages 301~322
The purpose of this study is to provide the basic data which can effectively improve young children's peer interaction behavior. For this purpose, this study examined the differences in the peer interactions of 4-year-old or 5-year-old children according to gender and age, and relationship among young children's temperament and emotion regulation, mother's emotional expressiveness, and teacher-child relationships, and then analyzed the relative influence of these variables on peer interaction behavior. The results are as follows. It appeared that boys' positive peer interaction is higher than girls'. Boys' negative peer interaction also is higher than girls'. In addition, the positive peer interaction of 5-year-old children is higher than that of 4-year-old children. As a result of examining the relative influence on peer interactions, children's emotion regulation ability is the most influential variable.