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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Effects of the Theraplay on the Affection Improvement between Mothers and their Infants : Around Low-income Families
Kim, Kyung Sin ; Yee, Young Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 5~23
The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of a group theraplay program on the affection improvement between mothers and their children to prevent the factors dangerous to the development of the infants in the low-income families by organizing and carrying out the program. In this way, the study investigated the changes in the interaction between mothers and their infants, and in the mothers' efficacy in rearing. First, the results from the analysis of preliminary and post tests showed significant differences in 4 aspects such as structure, challenge, intervention and rearing. Especially, the results from the analysis of MIM showed that the interaction between mothers and their infants increased more in post tests than preliminary tests. Second, for the rearing efficacy, there were significant changes in general rearing efficacy, communication ability and teaching ability. These results showed that the theraplay for the affection improvement of mothers and their infants had effects on their interaction improvement.
The Effects of Home and Classroom Literacy Environments on the Reading Interests of Young Children
Cheon, Hwa Yeong ; Hwang, Hye Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 25~49
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of home and classroom literacy environments on the reading interests of 104 young children aged 4-5 years old. Their 104 mothers and 52 preschool teachers also participated in this study. The instruments modified and used in this study were the questionnaire which was developed by Fitzgerald(1991), Dickinson, Temple, Hirschler & Smith(1992), and the Primary Pupil Reading Attitude Inventory by Askov & Fischbach(1973). The results of this study were as follows. First, there were significant relationships between children's physical and psychological home literacy environments and reading interests. Second, there were also significant relationships between children's physical and psychological classroom literacy environments and reading interests. Third, home and classroom literacy environments, especially physical environments of home and psychological environments of classrooms, had an influence on children's reading interests. On the basis of this study, enough provision of literacy environments may help to improve children's reading interests, leading to better reading and writing ability.
UK and Sweden Work-Family Policy on Work.Care Citizenship
Kim, Na Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 51~79
This study was done to find out how women acquire their work citizenship through work-family reconciliation policies from the point of view of labour right and care right. This study investigated how labour right and care right, established by work-family reconciliation policies, are organized on a national level through the methods of socialization of the care such as the strategies of familization, de-familization, commodication and decommodication because paid labour and unpaid care work can be concretely embodied by such strategies. Actually in the care systems in the UK and Sweden, gender roles related to the responsibility for care was assumed differently. For that reason, the socialization of the care in these countries have been developed in a different way. And different results have been created from the two different countries in labour rights and care righst of man and women. The matter whether a society regards a woman as a laborer or caregiver especially has been an important starting point for the way in which social sharing of care develops. Work-family reconciliation policies stated in this study are very important factors. We can understand that care is not simply a duty of a man or a woman but an important human desire, which has to be granted to both a man and a woman as one of their own individual rights.
A Study on the Policy for Free Child Care for 0-2 Year old Children
Hwang, Ock Kyeung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 81~100
This study has attempted to suggest the direction for child care policy for 0-2 year old children in Korea from analysis on the issues included in the policy for free child care services of the Korean Government. For the analysis, such materials as governmental statistical reports of child care and policy and articles regarding free child care service in daily news papers during 2012 have been collected. From this study, it has been suggested that the policy for free child care for 0-2 year old children, in future, should take into account reliably carrying out matemity leave and parental leave arrangements, equity childcare support for working couples, realization of parental subsidies, expand parental choice, introduction of a small family day care system, providing information and knowledge on the development of infants and parenting. The suggestions of this study will contribute to the development and practice of an effective child care policy for 0-2 year children, which consider the needs and requirements of young children and their parents.
Interactions between Infants of Different Temperament and Teachers at a Nursery
Cho, Soo Youn ; Chun, Sook Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 101~128
This study investigated the interactions between infants of differing natures and teachers in a nursery, and to find the right way to foster the relationship. This study was carried out for 13 weeks, in a class consisting of eight children between one and two years old and with two teachers. The sources of data collection included observations, interviews with teachers, taking videos and voice recording. The results were as follows. (1) Infants with different natures show different reactions in the same situation and it affects the interaction between them and the teachers. (2) The types of interactions among infants with different natures are distinct and the interaction is influenced by factors other than just their nature. A constant interaction between infants and teachers based on the natures of infants and situational reacting strategies toward infants tremendously influence infants' development.
The Relationships Between Fathers and Children with Internet Addiction
Yee, Young Hwan ; Lee, Hwa Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 129~148
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between fathers and children with Internet addiction. To achieve the goal, researchers chose face to face interview methods with 12 children who had been considered'at risk'with Internet addiction. More specifically, examiners conducted individual in-depth interviews with 12 children associated with Internet addiction for 30~40 minutes during four sessions through structured questions and non-structured questions. After collecting data, examiners conducted a categorical analysis based on collected data. Finally, the research results, discovered in this research, were as follows: First, the Internet set up the inter-generational barrier in the relationship between father and child, second, children took an interest in the Internet instead of their busy father, Third, the Internet played the role of a place to escape from the awkwardness with their father, fifth, fathers were not able to control the Internet use of their children. Based on the research results, this study suggests a desirable behavior pattern for fathers which can be conducive to children with Internet addiction and their fathers along with a follow-up study.
Analysis of the Experiences of Teachers during a Nutrition Education Program
Je, Mi Soon ; Yoo, Soo Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 149~173
The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of teachers during the development and performance of a nutrition education program based on collaboration between the school organization and local community, as the experiences of teachers who participate in a nutrition education program might be one of major factors to determine the success or failure of their performance. It's basic goal is give some suggestions on school nutrition education and to explore how to assist teachers to ensure their successful performance of a nutrition education program. As a result of analyzing the collected data, the experiences that the teachers had in the program planning stage were subcategorized into two groups: 'finding hope amid complaints' and 'building a learning community'. The experiences that the teachers had in the acting stage were subcategorized ino two groups as well: 'regulating, equalizing and forming a new schema' and 'building stepping stones'. The experiences that they had in the evaluation stage were also subcategorized into two groups: 'finding it rewarding and thankful to teach' and 'new challenge'. The findings of the study are expected to provide essential information on how to assist teachers to offer effective and successful nutrition education.
The Effects of Early Childhood Teachers' Playfulness, Teachers'Positive Play Beliefs and Teaching Efficacy on Play on Teachers' Strategies of Problem Behavior Guidance
Kwon, Hye Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 175~200
This study focused on the relationships among teachers'playfulness, teachers'positive play beliefs, teaching efficacy on play and teacher's strategies of problem behavior guidance, and especially the mediating effects of teaching efficacy on children's play. Subjects were 151 early childhood teachers in Seoul and Chungcheungnam-do. The collected data were analyzed using simple regression, hierarchical multiple regression and the Sobel test. The main results of this study were as follows. First, teachers' playfulness and teachers'positive play beliefs had a positive influence on their proactive, positive reactive strategies of problem behaviors. On the other hand, teachers' positive play beliefs had a negative influence on their negative reactive strategies of problem behaviors. Second, teachers' playfulness and teachers'positive play beliefs had a positive influence on their teaching efficacy on play. Finally, the effects of teachers' playfulness on their proactive, positive reactive strategies of problem behaviors of preschoolers were totally mediated by their teaching efficacy on play.
The Effects of Small Group's Cooperative Learning According to Personality Types on Young Children's Science Activities
Kang, Sang ; Shin, Ji-Hye ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 201~220
This study focused on science activities that need collaborative inquiry process and evaluate the effects of small group's science cooperative learning according to personality types on young children's science activities. The subjects are 30 five-year-old kindergarteners. They have been divided equally into three groups, extroversion(E), interversion(I), and heterogeneous group of EI mixed group depending on EI indicators through K-ABC cognitive ability tests and MMTIC personality types targeting. Both of groups have 10 members each. For data analysis, scientific attitude was analyzed with ANCOVA, scientific knowledge development was done with frequency analysis. As a result, first there was a difference in scientific knowledge development between the homogeneous group and heterogeneity group in small group's cooperative learning. Through the results of a Scheffe post-hoc test, there was a significant difference between E and I homogeneous groups but there was no difference between I homogeneous group and the heterogeneity group, and between E homogeneous group and the heterogeneity group, I homogeneous group had the most effective group composition in scientific attitude improvement.
Teacher-Teacher Conflicts in Childcare Centers : Causes and Process of Resolution
Choi, Mimi ; Suh, Youngsook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 221~239
This study examines teacher-teacher conflicts in childcare centers, specifically the causes of conflicts and the process of resolution through in-depth interviews in order to provide suggestions for positive conflict resolution. The subjects of the interviews were five working childcare center teachers, and each subject was interviewed three to four times between September 7th and October 4th in 2011. The result of the interview indicates that childcare center teachers perceive the following to be causes of the conflict: hierarchical relationship among teachers; lack of social skills; differences in personal values and educational philosophy; and uncooperative behaviors of teachers. Moreover, each teacher's eagerness to improve relationships and capacity to make appropriate judgment had positive and negative effects on the relationship with colleagues. In sum, childcare center teachers experienced various conflicts between fellow teachers and recognized the importance of sustaining positive relationships through conflicts as well as through the process of conflict resolution.
Exploring Four-Year-Old Children's Peer Culture Patterns
Choi, Hyun Ju ; Choi, Youn Chul ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 241~262
The purpose of this study is to explore four-year old children's peer culture. During free choice play time, various activities and interaction patterns were observed and analyzed to understand the characteristics of peer culture. The results of this study showed two main peer culture patterns. First of all, peaceful peer culture in which children maintained close relationships based on mutual respect were found. Also conflictive peer culture in which children had negative relationships with other children, such as vertical, discriminative and neglected relationships were observed.
Effect of Preschool Teacher's Job Stress and Depression on Burnout : Focusing on the Moderating Effect of Depression
Hong, Kil-Hoe ; Jung, Hyejin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 263~280
This research is about the effects of job stress and depression on burnout. One hundred seventy nine Kindergarten school teachers in Kyounggi Incheon province participated in this research. They answered the questionaires about job stress, depression and burnout. Average, standard deviation, correlation analysis, simple period analysis and statistical considerations were used. Four meaningful conclusions were found. First, factors which indicates nursery school teachers' work stress have meaningful relations with depression and burnout. As nursery school teachers' work stress goes up, they were more depressed, and their burnout decreases. Second, factors which indicates nursery school teachers' work stress have considerable effect on the work performance. Third, Kindergarten school teachers' burnout is directly and mutually influenced by the job stress and depression. Therefore, Effort to lesson burnout is needed to decrease not only job stress but also depression.
The Relationships between The Quality of Teacher-Child Relationship, Teacher-Child Interactions, and Child Temperament
Ahn, Sun Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 1, 2013, Pages 281~299
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between the quality of teacher-child relationship, child temperament, and teacher-child interaction. The subjects were 51 3-4 years old children who were attending a preschool in Seoul and their mothers. The mothers of the young children rated child temperament and the head teachers of the children evaluated the quality of teacher-child relationship. The frequency of teacher-child interactions in the classroom was collected through observation during self-selected activities in the classrooms. Observational data included frequency of teacher-initiated interactions and number of child-initiated interactions. The results showed that boys were more likely to have conflictual relationships with teachers and girls were likely to have close relationships with teachers. And lower levels of effortful control were associated with teacher-child conflict. More child-initiated interactions were related to the conflict relationships with teachers. Results suggest that child characteristics and teacher-child interactions contribute to children's relationships with teachers.