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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Differences of Young Children's Emotional Intelligence and Happiness according to the Socioeconomic Status of their Fathers
Kim, Hyung Hoon ; Kim, Hyoung Jai ; Lee, Eun Rim ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 5~32
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of young children's emotional intelligence and happiness according to the socioeconomic status of their fathers. The subjects were 264 young children attending daycare centers and kindergartens in Busan, Korea. Data were analyzed with one-way MANOVA to find out the differences of young children's emotional intelligence and happiness according to education, income level or career of their fathers. Results of this study as follows: First, there were significant differences in emotional intelligence according to education, income level and career of their fathers. Second, there were significant differences in happiness according to education, income level and career of their fathers. Therefore, their father's socioeconomic status variables are the best variables in order to predict emotional intelligence and happiness of young children.
A Study on the Differences of Creative Leadership according to Preschool Children's Peer Popularity
Mun, Byung-Hwan ; ong, Ji-Myeong ; Kim, Hee Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 33~51
This study identifies the differences of creative leadership according to preschool children's peer popularity. The subjects of this study were 178 5-year-old children in institutes of early childhood education in G city and all collected data were analyzed by t-test. The results of the study are as follows: 1) Children's Peer Popularity and creative leadership in the overall score, and sub-elements such as creative thinking, self-management, respect for others and community care ability of young children have a positive relationship. 2) there were statistically significant differences in the whole creative leadership and sub-elements(creative thinking, self-management, and social leadership, respect for others and community care ability) depending on peer popularity. It suggest that the results of this study have a great value to provide fundamental data for the development of peer relation building program to enhance creative leadership.
The Meaning of Teaching for Children's Creativity and Teaching Creatively from Novice Early Childhood Teachers' Perspectives
Kwon, Hee-Kyoung ; Ahn, Hyo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 53~74
This study examined the meaning of creativity of children and teachers from two novice early childhood teachers' perspectives. Each novice early childhood teacher implemented a creative education program in her classroom for 16 weeks after getting a teacher training about children's creativity. At the end of each session of creative education program, each teacher had an evaluation time and wrote their reflective journals. Date sources were reflective journals, in-depth interviews, and several artifacts. The findings were as follows; 1) The meaning of children's creativity related to children's personal characteristics, such as thinking and acting differently as well as engaging fully in their current play. 2) The meaning of teachers' creativity related to teacher's personal characteristics, such as escaping from task-oriented tendencies as well as implementing with inventive flexibility.
Educational Climate of Childcare Centers, Professionalism of Teachers, and Quality of Childcare Curriculum Implementation
Lee, Sung Hye ; Kim, Yeon Ha ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 75~93
The present study was to investigate if quality of childcare curriculum implementation could be predicted by educational climate, teachers' professionalism, and teacher/classroom characteristics. According to the results, strong positive associations existed between eudcational climate, professionalism, and implementation of childcare curriculum. The most powerful predictor of curriculum implementation quality was 'respect and acceptance' which was a sub-factor of educational climate. Also, 'public service', a sub-factor of professionalism, explained a significant amount of variances in quality of curriculum implementation. Among teacher/childcare characteristics, the type of centers was one of the strong predictors. These study results provide meaningful implications regarding the importance of socio-cultural contexts in childcare centers as well as teachers'professionalism.
A Process Analysis on the Experiences of Preliminary Child Care Teachers in Child Care Practice
You, Byoungye ; Yang, Sungeun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 95~119
The study uses a qualitative research method for an in-depth study on child care practice for preliminary child care teachers. The study shows firstly that prior to practice, a preliminary child care teacher expects to perform a dual role. The preliminary child care teacher conceives an unequal, vertical relationship with a practice guidance teacher and serves as someone between a teacher and a friend to children, while perceiving the facility head as a mediator and practice colleagues as companions. Secondly, the preliminary child care teacher performed a triple role, while the practice guidance teacher played the role of a preliminary child care teacher. A preliminary child care teacher has mutually supportive interaction with a practice guidance teacher and serves as someone between a teacher and a friend, while acting as an important supporter to the facility head and as an uncomfortable competitor to a practice colleague. Thirdly, when a practice is completed, a preliminary child care teacher feels satisfied and sorry, while emphasizing a balance between theory and practice in a curriculum. The purpose of the current study lies in figuring out the needs for child care practice for a preliminary child care teacher who is the subject in child care practice to suggest improvements for a qualitative enhancement of child care practice.
Examining the Experiences and Significance of a Mothers' Learning Community
Byun, Kyung Ae ; Kim, Eun Ju ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 121~145
This study aims to examine the experiences and significance of a mother's learning community, which is a voluntary small get together of mothers who have infants and young children. For this, a participatory observation and in-depth interview were carried out from June 2012 to January 2013 targeting eight mothers who participated in the mothers' learning community. The mother's learning community is organized by mothers who mainly live and raise young children in P city. First, the mother's learning community gave three kinds of experience to mothers: finding ways of communication through the new meetings, a feeling of fulfillment through voluntary participation, and enjoying the pleasure of being recognized from other people. Second, the significance in this experience could be observed to allow children to have the pleasure of rapport with their mothers, to make more conversation at home, and to allow the community to have significance as network of life. The results of this study will be used as basic data in the mother's learning community in the near future, and for casting a lime light for follow-up research.
A Study about How Child Care Directors Make Decisions during their Operating Hours
Han, Hyun Jee ; Suh, Young Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 147~169
The study aims to reveal the factors that impact the decisions made by child care directors in the process of managing their day care centers. The seven participants I surveyed are directors in child care centers located in Seoul and Kyung Ki-Do. Through in-depth interviews and case-by-case studies, I uncovered that there are both external and internal factors that influence a director decisions. The external factors are following the standards set by the law, accommodating the demands set by parents, collaboration with the teachers, accepting the advice of friends and family, and creating realistic conditions. The internal factors are each director's own management philosophy, religious beliefs, and personal experience. This study aims to create policies for establishing and developing educational material so that child care directors will be able to provide an ideal environment for the supervision and education of children.
Mediating Effect of Divergent Thinking Attitudes in the Relationship of Pre-service and In-service Child Care Teacher's Self-Esteem and Creative Teaching Beliefs
Jung, Hyejin ; Lee, Wanjeong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 171~188
We investigated whether divergent thinking attitudes mediate the relationship between self-esteem and creative teaching beliefs among teachers. We examined differences in the mediating model we proposed in the groups of pre-service and in-service child care teachers. We found differences in the pre-service and in-service child care teachers in the proposed mediating model. Especially in the pre-service child care teachers, the mediating effect of divergent thinking attitudes was confirmed. There was a significant effect from self esteem to creative teaching beliefs and also a significant effect from divergent thinking attitudes to creative teaching beliefs. But in-service child care teachers, there was neither direct nor indirect effect of self-esteem to creative teaching beliefs. Suggestions for more studies and for better in-service education for the pre-service and in-service child care teachers are recommended for the future.
An Analysis of Private Learning Expenses of Young Children and its Determining Factors
Suh, MoonHee ; Yang, MiSun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 189~207
This study was to examine current situations and factors related to private learning expenses. A household survey involving a nationally representative sample of 976 households and 1,648 3-5 year old children was conducted. The questionnaire was comprised of two parts; the first part investigated the demographic and socio-economic status of the parents. The second part inquired as to the type and cost of private education, during the month of June, 2012. Data were analyzed by chi-square, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression analyses. The findings of the study were: First, 86.7% of parents of pre-school children used private learning. Second, private learning expenses were estimated to be 129,700 Won for 3~5 year old children. And older children and children from higher income and full-time homemaker families used more private learning. Thirds, Income and the child's age affected private learning expenses. Policy measures were suggested based on the findings as follows: Institutional infrastructure should be established: Strong support for national curriculum and the development and dissemination of special programs is needed.
The Recognition of the Substitute Teacher System between Substitute Teachers by Public Funds Support and Substitute Teachers by Local Province Funds Support
Baek, Sun Jung ; Kim, Hye Gum ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 209~228
The purpose of this study was to analyze the recognition of the substitute teacher system between public funds support and local province funds support and to search for a policy guideline. The participants were 49 substitute teachers supported by public funds and 53 substitute teachers supported by local province funds. Results were as follows: Firstly, substitute teachers supported by public funds participated through an internet site but substitute teachers supported by local province funds participated through printed materials from the Childcare Information Center and ambient solicitors. The participating motive for substitute teachers were to work together in different roles. Secondly, Substitute teachers thought the most important characteristics of substitute teachers was the flexibility to cope with various situations in childcare centers. Finally, substitute teachers by public funds support were satisfied with no overtime work but substitute teachers by local province funds were satisfied with experiences in various childcare centers.
A Comparative Analysis on the Development and Maladaptive Behavior at Daycare Centers by Children of Multicultural and Non-multicultural Family Background
Kim, Hwan Nam ; Lee, Sun Ae ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 229~252
In this study, WSS developmental checklist and nursery maladaptive test were conducted and applied to 203 multicultural children and non-multicultural children. The children were 3-5years old and were attending 34 kindergartens located in Gimpo-si and Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do to investigate the developmental level and status of adaptation to the nursery in multicultural children. The result shows that there is no difference in the development of scientific thinking and mathematical thinking while developmental level is lower in personality, sociality, language, reading and writing area in multicultural children compared to non-multicultural children. According to age, there is no difference in the development between 4~5-year-old multicultural children and non-multicultural children while there is a difference in the development between 3-year-old multicultural and non-multicultural children. It also shows that there are no significant differences in nursery adaptation between multicultural children and non-multicultural children.
A Study on the Practicing Level of the NURI Curriculum for Early Childhood Teachers
Tae, Sung-Ran ; Hwang, Hye-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 253~272
The purpose of this study was to supplement the NURI Curriculum by investigating the practicing level of the NURI Curriculum for 5-year olds according to the demographic backgrounds of early childhood teachers. The subjects of this study were 201 early childhood teachers who work at kindergartens and child care centers located in Gyeonggi Province and were in charge of 5-year olds. The instrument used was a questionnaire measuring the practicing level of the NURI Curriculum. The results of this study were as follows. First, the practicing level of the NURI Curriculum for 5-year olds generally showed high scores. A total average of 3.24 on a 4 scale was found. In each case, educational contents have the highest score, 3.40, and educational evaluation has the lowest score, 3.03. Secondly, teachers' age, teaching career and educational background had an affect on the practicing level of the NURI Curriculum for 5-year olds, but their certificate and institution type did not. That is, the higher the teachers' age, teaching career and educational background, the higher the practicing level of the NURI Curriculum for 5-year olds.
A Study on Actual Conditions and Curriculum Analysis of the Preschool Private Education Program of Cultural Centers
Lee, Young Joo ; Gil, Hyo Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 273~289
The goal of this study was to analyze the demands of parents of an after-school program. In order to do this, we looked at cultural centers and their curriculums. Cultural centers are one of the most popular private education centers for preschoolers, and are used for the operation of special activities. The research was conducted on preschool curriculums of 300 cultural centers, including cultural centers of department stores and supermarkets. The curriculum analysis was conducted for 400 preschool curriculums of three cultural centers, which had the most programs of all. The scope of the curriculum analysis was based on the 3rd Childcare Standard Curriculum for infants and Nuri Curriculum for preschoolers. As a result of the analysis, there were 12,286 programs for infants. The most popular topics for programs were comprehensive activity, physical activity, and music activity. There were 15,310 programs for preschoolers. Physical activity was the most popular topic among them. It was followed by drawing activity and number and operating activity. Analyzing the contents of these programs, we found that 'participating in physical activity' of physical exercise, and 'expressing artistically' of artistic experience were the most popular contents of infants. 'Expressing artistically' of artistic experience and 'control of body and basic exercise' of physical exercise were most popular contents for preschoolers. The results show that parents demand physical activity programs for infants and artistic activity programs for preschoolers. The results of the research should be considered when childcare centers try to make a special after-school program.
The Effects of Infant Care Teacher's Emotional Intelligence and Organizational Culture on Role Performance
Shin, Hee Jung ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 291~308
This study focuses on variables affecting role performance of infant care teachers and aims at developing quality care service by means of role performance of infant care teachers. The research participants were 350 infant care teachers in nurseries in Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi area. The results are as follows. First, there was no difference by age on teachers' emotional intelligence, organizational culture and role performance. As for educational level, there was a difference in 'counseling and emotional support' a subordinated factor in role performance. As for career, there was a difference in 'education and teaching activity' a subordinate factor of role performance. As for working facility type, there was a difference in emotional intelligence and organizational culture. Second, there was correlation between infant care teachers' emotional intelligence and organizational culture, and their role performance. Third, infant care teachers' emotional intelligence was the best predictor of their role performance. Therefore, more studies should be done to raise the emotional intelligence of infant care teachers.
A Study on Present Situation and Development of National Childcare Curriculum
Yee, Younghwan ; Seo, Hyunah ; Youn, Jeongjin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 309~342
This study analyzes the development process of national childcare curriculum, the goal and contents of the 3rd Standard Childcare Curriculum for Childcare Center in order to suggest the successful way to improve the 3rd Standard Childcare Curriculum. After its establishment in 2007, significant changes had been made to the Standard Childcare Curriculum in order to improve the quality of childcare: Nuri Curriculum for age 5 in 2011, second revision of Standard Childcare Curriculum in 2012, creation of Nuri Curriculum for age 3-4, revision of Nuri Curriculum for age 5, and third Standard Childcare Curriculum in 2013. The third Standard Childcare Curriculum is specified as infants age 0-1, age 2, and age 3-5(Nuri Curriculum). For a successful settlement of the 3rd Standard Childcare Curriculum, first, we need in depth analysis of the Nuri Curriculum by age classification. Second, there should be an effort to link the Standard Childcare Curriculum with elementary school education in practical manner. Further, we need to solve the payroll gap problem between teachers in charge of Nuri Curriculum and infant classes. Finally, teachers should be given more respect, and equivalent teaching qualification standard should be made between childcare and early childhood education.
A Study on the Self-image of Fathers having Young Children
Jun, Yeon Woo ; Jo, Hea Soog ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 343~363
The purpose of this study is to determine the self-image of fathers who have younger children. For this purpose, this researcher conducted profound interviews with 6 fathers residing in P city who have young children in order to identify images that they were having about themselves. The interviews were conducted from Aug. 7th to 30th, 2012 over a total of 3 sessions for each of the subjects on the basis of 1 session a week and 1 or 1 and a half hours per session. The findings of this study showed that the subjects were having different self-images that could be largely classified into five categories, 'father who can't do for family as much as he wants', 'father who has not yet been successful', 'father who feels lonely under his own duty and responsibility, 'father who sacrifices himself for family' and 'father who is different from fathers of the past'. Based on the analysis and discussions of these findings, this study suggested how fathers having younger children should do to have a better image about themselves.
A Study on the Effects of Parent Education Programs for Parents with Young and School-age Children through Meta-Analysis
Chung, Kai Sook ; Yoo, Mee Sook ; Cha, Ji Ryang ; Park, Hee Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 365~387
This study was to analyze the general trends and the effects of parent education programs in accordance with operating methods, contents, and goals by using meta-analysis. The subjects were the studies about the effects of education programs for parents who have young and school-aged children, 41 and 15 respectively. The results showed that the trends of the operating methods in both groups did not have many differences. Also, on the contents and goals of the programs, parenting related factor was treated the most in both groups. Second, the overall effects of the parent education programs were higher on those for parents with school-aged children than parents with young children. -When parents together, not separately, participated in program, the effect size was the largest. However, the effects of other operating methods factors like number of subjects, hours per session, and number of sessions showed inconsistent results. On the effects of contents and goals, the effect of self-system competency factor as psychological characteristics was the highest in the programs for parents with young children and the effect of parenting competency factor was the highest for the ones with school-aged children. This study has implications for providing basic data for developing effective programs for parents with young and school-aged children.
The Changes of Childcare Center's Establishment and Licence Standards and Childcare Publicness
Cho, Songyon ; Choi, Hye Yeong ; Shin, Hae Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 3, 2013, Pages 389~417
This study investigated the changes of chlidcare centers' status, establishment and licence standards, and childcare publicness 20 years after Infant and Early Child Care Act(IECC Act) was enacted in Korea. For this purpose, we examined the trends of establishment status and explored the changes of licence standards sorted as location, type, size, area, indoor-outdoor facilities, playgrounds, in accordance with the revision of the IECC Act from 1991 to 2013. In addition, we organized the concepts and standards for the public service of childcare. Finally, we presented some problems found in the IECC Act and the implementing rules about childcare center's establishment and licence standards. We provided some suggestions in order to improve the institution and ensure the publicness. Through these efforts, we tried to contribute the improvement of the quality of childcare in Korea.