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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Meaning of Experience of Teachers who Implemented Action Research
Ahn, Jeehyee ; Suh, Youngsook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 5~35
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.005
This study aimed to figure out the action research process and experience and to examine the significance of such experiences to teachers who implemented action research. This study took in-depth interviews with three experienced teachers and analyzed collected data. In order to carry out action research, they must start from the point of their standing and find the most suitable methodology for the method of their own life. There might cases that they felt strangeness because of unexpected reaction, and struggled hard against uncertainty. But, they finally experienced the joy of completion of their research. Such experiences gave them opportunities to reflect on their own lives and to escape any mannerism through concentration and enthusiasm. And they could recognize the importance of record of ordinary life in a meaningful way, and also recognize the meaning of process as a new start other than failure. So, they made efforts to grant meaning in a widened perspective. And they found themselves to live as empirical researchers. This study demonstrates that teachers in the educational field could not only have sufficient quality to be researchers but also need to be more aware of such talents.
The Estimation of Standard Child Care Service Cost in Family Childcare Centers
Kim, Hye Gum ; Lim, Yang Mi ; Jo, Hye Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 37~78
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.037
This study aimed to analyze the operating expenses and to estimate the standard child-care service cost in family childcare centers. The subjects were 442 family childcare centers in Korea and the data were analyzed with descriptive statistics by using SPSS 18.0 programs. The main results were as follows. Firstly, as the result of operating expenses analyses of family childcare centers, monthly average staff wages were 5,120,000 won and average general operating costs per month were 5,114,170 won. Therefore, monthly average operating costs of family childcare centers were totally 10,234,170 won. Secondly, the four standard child care service costs were calculated on the basis of the directors holding an additional teacher`s position concurrently, whether the additional cooking staff were employed or not, and the type of lunch/snack materials.
The Relations among the Experiences and Beliefs of Cultural Diversity, and the Culturally Responsive Teaching Efficacy of American Early Childhood Preservice Teachers : Mediating Effect of the Beliefs and Multi-group Analysis of Teacher Education Stages
Chun, Hui Young ; Shelton, Marilyn ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 79~107
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.079
The purpose of this study purpose was to analyze the structural model of variables such as experiences and personal- and professional- beliefs of cultural diversity, and the culturally responsive teaching efficacy of early childhood preservice teachers including identifying the beliefs as mediating variables. Another purpose was finding the different structural relations among the research variables according to the stages of a teacher education program. The participants were 273 students who enrolled in K grade teacher education programs in the southwest areas of the U.S. The research variables were measured with the items used by Schroeder (2008), Pohan and Aguilar (2001), and Siwatu (2007). The structural equation model analysis showed that the direct effects were found between the paths from the cultural diversity experiences and personal beliefs to the culturally responsive teaching efficacy, from the experiences to personal beliefs, from the personal to professional beliefs. The personal beliefs were identified as a mediator of the path from the experiences to professional beliefs. By multi-group analysis, the path from professional beliefs to the culturally teaching efficacy showed a meaningful difference between the initial and final stage groups of a teacher education program. Suggestions for future research and early childhood teacher education programs were presented based on the results.
The Relationship between Perceived Participation in Decision Making and Turnover Intention among Early Childhood Teachers: The Mediating Effect of Organizational Commitment
Choi, Insuk ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 109~129
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.109
This study examined the relationship between perceived participation in decision making and turnover intention among early childhood teachers and tested whether teachers` organizational commitment was a mediating factor. The subjects were 193 early childhood teachers working in day care centers in the Incheon and Gyeonggi-do areas. All valuables were measured by teacher questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using Manova and Path analysis. The main results of this study were as follows. Firstly, there was a significant difference in perceived participation in decision making, organizational commitment and turnover intention among teachers according to only the type of day care center. Secondly, teachers` participation in decision making was positively related to organizational commitment while both of them were negatively related to turnover intention. Finally, teachers` organizational commitment fully mediated the relationship of participation in decision making to turnover intention. These findings could provide supporting evidence for measures to improve a working environment for early childhood teachers.
Impact of the Parental Beliefs, Parental Attitude and Parental Behavior of Parents on the Multiple Intelligences of Preschoolers
Ha, Soon Ryun ; Seo, Hyun Ah ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 131~156
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.131
The purpose of this study was to examine the importance of parental beliefs, parental attitudes and parental behaviors of parents with preschool children and the relationship of the variables in an attempt to help preschoolers to gain multiple-intelligence experiences in an integrated manner in consideration of their interests, needs, strengths and weaknesses. A survey was conducted on the selected parents who had preschool children, and a multiple regression analysis was carried out to look for connections among the variables. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the preschool girls were ahead of the preschool boys in linguistic intelligence, musical intelligence and spatial intelligence, and the latter surpassed the former in logical-mathematical intelligence. Second, whether there would be any differences among the preschoolers in multiple intelligences according to age was analyzed, and those who were at the Western age of five were ahead of the four-year-olds in logical-mathematical intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence and naturalist intelligence. Third, the parental attitude of the parents was identified as the most influential variable for the multiple intelligences of the preschoolers, followed by parental behavior. Parental beliefs just had a very small impact on their multiple intelligences. The findings of the study imply that parents should be helped to improve their parental attitude and parental behavior to boost the multiple intelligences of their preschool children.
Impact of Psychological and Behavioral Variables of Parents from Low Income Families upon Children`s Problematic Behaviors : Comparison between Two-parent Families and Single-parent Families
Bang, So Young ; Choi, Sun Hee ; Lee, Soo Hyun ; Hwang, Hye Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 157~179
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.157
The purpose of this study was to examine psychological and behavioral characteristics of parents from low income families and to figure out the influence of these parents` characteristics upon children`s problematic behaviors by comparing two-parent families and single-parent families. The subjects in this study were 193 parents who participated in a dream- start program geared toward low-income families. Their psychological and behavioral characteristics were tested, and their children`s problem behaviors were investigated. As a result, the children from intact families in the low-income classes showed more problem behaviors when their parents faced heavier parental stress, and they showed less problem behaviors when their parents were more satisfied with their relationship with them. In contrast, the children from single-parent families in the low-income brackets showed less problem behaviors when their parents had better dietary habits and were more satisfied with their daily routine life, and they showed more problem behaviors when their parents were under heavier parental stress. The findings of the study seem to suggest that the development of parental and parent education programs is required to relieve the problem behaviors of children from the low-income classes and improve the parental behavior of their parents, and that a wide variety of assistance should be provided in consideration of the current marital status of parents as well.
Understanding Instructor`s Challenges of Content Based Instruction : For Pre-service Teachers in Early Childhood Education
Ahn, Hyo-Jin ; Kim, Eunhyun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 181~200
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.181
This study aimed at exploring how an instructor constructs meanings through content-based instruction (CBI) offered to pre-service teachers majoring in early childhood education. The course, early childhood mathematics education, was conducted during the spring semester in 2011. This study adopted a narrative inquiry, and data were collected through observations, interviews, and work samples. This study found that during the whole process from the preparation phase to the end-of-program evaluation, the instructor captured diverse challenging moments. During the preparation phase, she needed to have careful orchestration in designing lessons in order to overcome her feeling of pressure as a non-native speaker of English and design the integration of contents and English language learning to be truly powerful. In the phase of implementation, the lack of student motivation and building a good rapport between the instructor and the students were certainly challenges. The result of the student evaluations weakened her desire to implement CBI. The instructor incorporated diverse instructional strategies to overcome the obstacles. The instructor`s experiences in this study will positively shape future educators` thinking and learning about meaningful and appropriate academic English instruction for content-area teaching of college students who were majoring in early childhood education.
Realities and Difficulties of English Education for Young Children of North Korean Refugee Mothers
Jo, Hye Young ; Kim, Mee Kyoung ; Lee, Moon Ok ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 201~228
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.201
The research goal of this study is to investigate the realities and difficulties of English education for young children of North Korean refugee mothers. The subjects of this study were 201 North Korean refugee mothers of 3-5-year-old children. They were surveyed and some of them were interviewed on their children`s English education. The results of the study are as follows. First, most of the North Korean refugee mothers in this study provided their children with English education since their children were 3 years old. The major reason for the English education was their children`s peer group who received English education early in their lives. Their educational interaction periods with their children were less than 10 minutes, and they had their young children study English alone, focusing solely on their assignment. Next, North Korean refugee mothers claimed that the biggest difficulties for teaching English to their children were cost, lack of information, lack of time to teach English, and unsatisfactory English education. They expressed that the cost for English education was a burden on the family to some extent.
Effects of Infant`s Attachment to Mother and Teacher on Adaptation to Child Care
Kim, Young Suk ; Shin, Nary ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 229~249
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.229
This study aims to analyze the effects of infants` attachment to their mother and child care teacher on their adaptation to child care. Data were collected in a purposive sample involving 100 infants and toddlers at age one and two, their mothers, and 36 teachers were analyzed with two-way ANOVA. The results showed that the effects of infants` attachment to their mother and teacher varied by subfactors of adaptation. `Social Relationships` and `Positive Emotion` were significantly different only among infants who established insecure attachment with their mother. Second, the level of `Social Relationships` and `Positive Emotion` were significantly high when teacher-infant attachment was secure among infants who established insecure attachment with their mother. Third, there were significant effects of mother-infant attachment on `Aggressive Behavior` as infants who established insecure attachment with their mother showed a significantly higher level of `Aggressive Behavior` than infants having secure attachment with their mother.
The Effects of One to One Interactive Picture Book Reading on Two-year-olds` Verbal & Nonverbal Reading Response and Teachers` Language Teaching Efficacy
Yoo, Kyung Hee ; Choi, Naya ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 251~276
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.251
This study was performed in order to examine the effects of one to one interactive picture book reading on infants` reading response and teachers` language teaching efficacy. A total of 50 2-year-olds from 8 child care centers in Incheon were divided into an experimental group and a control group. The interactive picture book reading activities were carried out once a week during 12 weeks. The infants in the experimental group read one-to-one with teachers, and their counterparts read the same book in a group. The change in teachers` language teaching efficacy was examined, and their subjective perception was evaluated through in-depth interview. As a result of this research, the infants in the experimental group showed significantly increased verbal response, compared to the control group, both in the total score and most sub-factors such as naming, responding, asking, demanding, spontaneous utterance, and decontextualized utterance. They also represented a significant rise, compared to the control group, in the total score of non-verbal response and factors like finger indicating, imitating, and accepting. Finally, the teachers who led the experimental group showed increased language teaching efficacy, and evaluated the effects of interactive picture book reading with infants very positively.
Fathers` Awareness and Practice of Picture Book Reading with Toddlers
Kim, Myoungsoon ; Pae, Sunyoung ; Kim, Jiyeon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 277~297
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.277
The present study was designed to examine fathers` awareness and practice of picture book reading with toddlers. The subjects were 221 fathers who have toddlers, and the data collected by questionnaires were analysed by mean and standard deviation, and frequency analysis. As a result, approximately 59% of fathers stated that it is essential to read to their children who are 12 month old or less, and 36% of fathers answered that they read books as much as their children wanted. The majority considered the emotional aspect of picture book reading as being significant. Also, nearly half (46%) of the fathers read books to their children 1-2 times per week, and 37% of them spent 6-10 minutes at a time reading books. While reading books, 60% of the fathers explained text and pictures to their children and a fourth of the fathers answered their children`s questions. Also, while reading books, fathers tried to accept their toddlers` responses positively. However, they did not have much time to read books to their children and had little knowledge on how to read books to infants. Further research and education programs on picture book reading for fathers are needed.
The Effect of Teacher-led Group Theraplay on Ego Resilence, Peer Competence and Teacher-child Relationships Among Full-day Kindergarteners
Kim, Kyung Eun ; Han, You Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 299~320
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.299
This research aims to develop and evaulate the effectiveness a group theraplay program for teachers than can boost full-day kindergarteners` ego resilence, peer competence and teacher-child relationships. A total of 14 children attending a full-day kindergarten located in Seoul were the subjects of this study. The experimental group consisted of 7 children exposed to 10 sessions of group theraplay for 50 minutes per session, held twice a week. The control group consisted of 7 children who did not receive any treatment. The teacher evaluated ego resilience, children`s peer competence and student-teacher relationships to investigate two group`s behavioral changes. Data analysis was done by performing the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test and Wilcoxon test after classifying and evaluating pre- and post-examinations of each group. The results of this research are as follows : The group theraplay program was found to be effective based on the study results of improving ego resilience and peer competence among full-day kindergartners and strengthening teacher-child relationships.
A Study on the Relationship between Father`s Verbal Control Modes, Children`s Self-efficacy, Social Competence, and Interactive Peer Play
Kwon, Heekyoung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 321~334
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.321
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of father`s verbal control modes, children`s self efficacy, social competence and interactive peer play. The subjects were pairs of 195 three, four and five year-old-children and their fathers. Data were analyzed with mean, standard deviation, and bivariate correlation. Results indicated that father`s verbal control modes were significantly correlated with children`s self efficacy, social competence and interactive peer play. Father`s person-oriented control verbal mode was positively related to children`s self-recognition, self-emotion, social competence, leadership and interactive peer play while imperative control verbal mode was negatively related to children`s instability, interrupted play behavior, and disturbed play behavior.
Children`s Perception about Rest and Naps in Early Child Care and Education Centers Based on the View of Respecting Children`s Rights
Lee, Soon Hee ; Suh, Young Sook ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 335~355
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.335
The purpose of this study was to investigate children`s recognition and needs about rest and naps at child care education centers, in the view of respecting children`s rights. The participants were 40 children(20 4 year olds and 20 5 year olds), attending B Public Child Care Education Center in Seoul. The research methods were accomplished by participant observation in project activities and interviews with semi-structured questions. The collections of this process which were recorded document materials and video materials were analyzed by transcribed method. The results of this study were as follows: First, the meaning of the children`s recognized rest showed time for family together, time for fun play, time required when they were very stressful and angry, and time for eating delicious meals. Second, children recognized that nap time in the child care center was time for a forced nap, time for listening to quiet music, and time for feeling good after a nap. Third, as for the needs to take a rest and a nap for children, they wanted to rest when they came together at full day class after their friends had returned home, they wanted a special area except the classroom, and they wanted to be cared for by familiar adults. Based on these results of the study, future research directions were proposed in terms of respecting children`s rights of enjoying a rest and a nap.
Childrens` Experience in the Forest Kindergarten
Jeon, Ju Young ; Son, Won Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 357~379
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.357
The purpose of this study was to have a more perfect understanding of forest kindergartens, to examine educational values important for the actualization of forest kindergarten education and to suggest some of the right directions for forest kindergartens. To serve the purpose, it was necessary to conduct qualitative research to closely observe the experiences of preschoolers in a forest kindergarten and grasp the meaning of their experiences. As a result, it has been found that the world of experiences among the preschoolers in the forest kindergarten consisted of the following three fields: The first was the field of real nature. The preschoolers found their own nature in the forest kindergarten. The second was the field of aesthetics. The preschoolers acquired aesthetic experiences in the forest kindergarten. And the last was the field of genuine play. The findings of the study had the following implications for education: First, it`s important to provide enough time to preschoolers. Second, it`s important to reconsider the meaning of preschooler`s activity spaces. Third, it`s important to see the meaning of genuine play and things to play with in a new light. The findings of the study show that a forest kindergarten could serve as a meaningful space to provide happiness for preschoolers.
History and Law of Child-care in Korea
Cho, Bok Hee ; Kang, Hee Kyung ; Kim, Yang Eun ; Han, You Me ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 381~405
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.381
This study aims to prepare basic resources for the development of child-care by figuring out the main characteristics of child-care history, laws, and current status in Korea. First of all, in the section of child-care history, the overall trend of child-care affaires were examined by classifying it into stage 1-Child Welfare Act, stage 2-Early Childhood Education Promotion Act, stage 3-Initial Period of Child-Care Act and stage 4-Complete Revision of Child-Care Act. Second, as for child-care related laws, basic laws such as Infant and Child-Care Act, and related laws such as Early Childhood Education Act and Child Welfare Act and other related laws such as Equal Employment Opportunity and Work Family Balance Assistance Act, act on Support for Disabled Children`s Welfare and Social Welfare Services Act, the information related to child-care was specified. Third, as for current status of child-care, general status, status of child-care centers and children, and types of child-care centers were examined respectively.
Examining Children`s Peer - relationship Strategies of Free Play in a Child-care Center
Jeon, Ga Il ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 407~436
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.407
This study, based on understanding the play features of the participants, explores early children`s peer-relation strategies of maintaining and altering play frame and understanding the meaning of the strategies. Free play of 5-year-old children`s was observed. The child-care center was visited 1 or 2 days a week, from March to October, 2012. The data collected were based from field notes, interviews with participants, their workbooks and more. The participants used strategies such as `refusing`, `incapacitating`, `interpreting in a way to sympathize`, and `changing the rules of play` to maintain the play, whilst `tell-on`, `being on the same side`, `accepting 3rd party` features were used to alter play frame. Participants using these various play-frame strategies experienced life implications of `dialectic of exclusion and selection` and `quiver of boundary`. This study, specifying efforts of the children to maintain and alter the play frame, will provide an understanding of perception of "social exclusion" to children, which has been viewed negatively in the past. It will also benefit on-site teachers in helping them understand peer-relationship within children and provide a more in-depth intervention for peer-relationship issues.
The Experience of Fathers who Have Children with Internet Addiction
Lee, Hwa Sook ; Yee, Young Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 437~460
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.437
The purpose of this study was to examine the image perceived by fathers of children with Internet addiction. To achieve the study purpose, we conducted depth interviews with ten fathers of children with Internet addiction who had been diagnosed as At-Risk through a face to face meeting. The reason for choosing face to face interviews was to listen to the subjective stories and descriptions from fathers about the kind of fathers they are, which are felt and experienced in real life. More specifically, we selected the depth-interview methods through structured questions and non-structured questions. The interviews were held for two or three hours through an individual meeting of ten fathers and data were collected in order to conduct a categorical analysis. The figures discovered from fathers of children were divided into four categories; the father figure who is indifferent to the Internet use of his child, the father figure depending only on education through the Internet, the father figure who is in a weaker point than the Internet and the father figure who is addicted to the Internet. Based on the study results, we suggested the desirable behaviors, which may be useful for both fathers and children with Internet addiction as well as a follow-up study.
The Meaning of Father`s Participation Experiences in the Educational Program for Fathers
Kwon, Hye Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 461~488
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.461
This study aimed to explore the meanings of fathers` experiences as they participated in educational programs for fathers. In-depth interviews with 3 fathers with children attending elementary school and middle school were implemented to examine their participation experiences in educational programs for fathers and their expectations for educational programs for fathers. The findings of this study showed that fathers wanted opportunities to carry out more active roles with their children instead of passive father roles. They learned interaction with their children and wives through participating in educational programs. The education programs impart a broader perspective and knowledge of father roles, and participation may encourage improvement of their relationships with their children and wives. They felt the importance of father roles in educational programs, which helps a father be a good father. But, they complained about harsh circumstances to participate in educational programs. So educational programs for fathers should be provided to all fathers that are geared to the level and need of each father. Further studies for more revelatory documentation were also suggested.
Determinants of Preschoolers` Self-determination: Focus on their Playfulness, Self-esteem, and Self-regulation
Park, Geun Joo ; Seo, So Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 489~511
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.489
The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of preschoolers` levels of playfulness, self-esteem and self-regulation on their self-determination. Furthermore, the mediational effects of the children`s self-esteem in the relationship between their playfulness and self-determination. To meet the purposes of this study, 126 preschoolers aged 6-7 years old who attended early childhood education and care settings were sampled. Data on the preschoolers` self-esteem, self-regulation, and self-determination were assessed by their teachers, and their playfulness was observed by one of the researchers in this study. The main results of this study were as follows. The most influential variable on the young children`s self-determination was found to be their levels of self-esteem. Also, the preschoolers` self-esteem mediated the effects of the playfulness on their self-determination. Implications for research and practice were discussed along with the results of this study.
Childcare Policies In Korea
Park, Kyung Ja ; Hwang, Ock Kyeung ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 5, 2013, Pages 513~538
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.5.513
As a childcare program of TaeHwa Christian Women`s Institution in 1921, the childcare system in Korea was incepted. Since then, the political foothold of childcare system has steadily been advancing to provide high quality services to young children. In almost a hundred-year-history of public childcare in Korea, depending on the changes enforced on the related laws and regulations and varying perspectives over time, the administration office accountable for childcare policies has been authorized to the Ministries of Health, Social Affairs, Education, Labor, Home Affairs, Rural Development Administration, and/or others. But as of 1991, under the enactment of Infant and Child Care Act, it was changed to be administered by the unified authority of the Health and Social Welfare Ministry. Then, in 2004 and 2007, its statutory authority, respectively, transferred to the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family and back to the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. Staring of the Infant and Child Care Act in 1991, Korean childcare policies have been managed by the dual systems of the Education Ministry and the Health and Social Welfare Ministry each holding jurisdiction over kindergartens and childcare centers, respectively. Faced with the recent marked decline of birth rate, diverse childcare policies are currently implemented in the pursuit of finding means to enhance the quality of childcare and to develop policies for the restoration of the low birth rate. This study presented distinct features of current childcare policies and discussed about future directions and challenges of these policies.