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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Association of Child Care & Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 9, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Young Children's Verbal Expression Ability on Their Prosocial Behaviors
Jung, Yoon Yee ; Hwang, Hye Jung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 5~23
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.005
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of young children's verbal expression on their prosocial behaviors. The subjects were 44 four-year-olds and 42 five-year- olds in nine kindergartens and daycare centers located in Gyeonggi-do. The instruments used were Verbal Expressiveness Inventory(Jang, 1981) and PBSYC for teachers(Kim, 2003). The major findings of the study were as follows: Concerning the correlations between their verbal expression and prosocial behavior, those who had better verbal expression showed more prosocial behavior. The relationships between the subfactors of verbal expression and those of prosocial behavior were inconsistent to some extent, but there was a positive correlation between the two overall. So it could be said that a better verbal expresson leads to better prosocial behavior. From the findings of the study on the effect of the verbal expression on prosocial behavior, it can be concluded that young children who have better verbal expression are more excellent at building a good peer relationship, helping their peers, being considerate, making themselves accessible, sharing their own belongings with peers and regulating their own emotions. This study is expected to assist early childhood education institutions to provide young children with a variety of educational activities geared toward improving verbal expression to improve their prosocial behaviors. Also, this study is expected to help teachers to improve the prosocial behavior of young children in diverse ways.
A Study on the Perceptions of Childcare Teachers on the Training Programs for Cooperating Teachers in Childcare Practicum
Ra, Seung Seon ; Lee, Choon Ja ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 25~49
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.025
This study intends to identify the perceptions of childcare teachers in training programs for cooperating teachers in childcare practicum. The 368 childcare teachers who participated in the study lived in D City. The researchers modified the questionnaire from the study of Woon-Ju Cho (2001). In order to analyze the collected data, frequency and cross tab analyses were performed. The research results are as follows: Firstly, according to the examination of the purpose of the training programs for cooperating teachers in childcare practicum, they perceived the acquisition of the abilities to instruct effective teaching methods as the purpose of the training programs for cooperating teachers in childcare practicum. Secondly, there were no statistically significant differences as the researchers investigated the perceptions of childcare practicum, according to the level of participants' education and experiences. But, there was a statistically significant difference of feedback on the journal of the participants' experience level. Thirdly, according to an analysis on the formats of the training programs for cooperating teachers in childcare practicum according to education levels and experience levels, the participants' preferred short-term education during the semester (after returning to the workplace on weekdays). In specific, they preferred less than three hours of education for a three-day or shorter period. As for the characteristics of long-term training programs, three days or less weekly and one to two hours daily were preferred.
Comparison of School Readiness between Children in Low-income Families and Children in Non-low-income Families
Cho, Kyung Jin ; Choi, Jung Su ; Park, Su Kyung ; Ahn, Sun Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 51~72
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.051
The purpose of this study was to compare the school readiness between children in low-income families and children in non-low-income families. In particular, it examined the influence of family's income levels child's age and gender upon children's school readiness. The subjects were 184 children that were 4~5 years. The collected data were analysed using t-tests, one-way ANOVA, two-way ANOVA, and Scheffe test. The results showed that the school readiness of children from non-low-income families's was higher than children from low-income families. The school readiness was explained significantly by the interaction effect of children's age and gender. However, there was no difference in children's school readiness according to the participation in Dream Start. The findings suggest that the level of income is the key factor in differences of children's school readiness. Finally, the importance of social support of low-income children and development of effective Dream Start programs was discussed.
Kindergarten Teacher's Difficulties the Relationships between Teacher and Parents
Kim, Bo Young ; Kim, Hun Joo ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 73~106
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.073
The purpose of this study is to identify difficulties in the relationships between kindergarten teachers and parents and find out factors that make the relationship difficult. The research questions are as follows: Firstly, what are the difficulties of the kindergarten teachers in making relationship with the parents? Secondly, what are the reactions of the kindergarten teachers toward the difficulties in making relationships with the parents? The research participants were 15 teachers of private kindergartens located in C city. Semi-structured interviews were administered to the participants. Their responses were categorized into several themes while examining transcribed data continuously. The difficulties expressed by the kindergarten teachers were analyzed into "Teacher aspect" and "Parent aspect". The research findings were as follows. Firstly, the teachers found difficulty with particular characteristics of parents and their demands. Also, teachers found difficulty with making positive relationships with the parents because they perceived problems from their own perspective. Secondly, The teachers' reactions towards the difficulties of the relationships with the parents appeared into 4 different types.
The Relationship Between Children's Reading Ability of Environmental Print and Phonological Awareness
Kim, Hyo Jin ; Son, Seung Hee ; Rha, Jong Hae ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 107~127
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.107
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in children's reading abilities of environmental print and phonological awareness by children's age and the relationship between children's reading abilities of environmental print and phonological awareness. The subjects were 90 children, 3 to 4 years of age. The Children's Reading Abilities of Environmental Print Scale (CRAEPS) developed by Son (2012) and Phonological Awareness Scale (PAS) revised by Choi (2007) were used to measure children's reading ability of environmental prints and phonological awareness. The results of this study were as follows: Firstly, 4-year-olds performed significantly better than 3-year-olds on the environmental print reading tasks. Also, 4 year-olds scored significantly higher than 3-year-olds in syllable counting, syllable deletion, and phoneme substitution. Secondly, children's scores on the environmental print reading tasks were positively correlated with phonological awareness. In other words, the 3-year-olds who could read environmental prints better got higher scores in syllable counting and the 4-year-olds who could read environmental prints better got higher scores in syllable counting, syllable deletion, and phoneme substitution.
The Study on Free Choice in Childcare Policy : Focusing on Public Childcare Service VS Home Childcare Allowance
Lee, Soo Kyung ; Oh, Mi Ok ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 129~150
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.129
The issue of child care in family policy is one of the most important agendas. It is the primary task for a welfare state to form such conditions as socializing it to ensure labor rights and parental rights. The aim of this study is to review any controversies in the agenda of free choice in child care. But real 'free choice' comes true when all community members as individuals are able to enjoy their rights as both workers and parents without any restriction and sexual discrimination in the labor market. But in reality 'free choice' has not been realized in our society. This study is based on the analysis of these issues in free choice - the concepts of liberty, equity and equality, the role of the state, financial efficiency and the status of women in the labor market. Based on the analysis of the issues in accordance with the criteria, I suggest some policy recommendations: adequate and sufficient child care services, the introduction of univer sal child benefits and the expansion of public child care facilities.
An Analysis on the Contents of Multicultural Education in Teacher's Manual for 「Age 3-5 Nuri Curriculum」
Ha, Hyun Jung ; Shon, Yoo Jin ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 151~170
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.151
This study analyzes the contents of multicultural education in teacher's manual for "Age 3 - 5 Nuri Curriculum." The criteria of identity, diversity, openness, democracy, and community were used to investigate 1,470 activities relevant to multicultural education in Nuri Curriculum, which was published in March, 2013. The findings were categorized into life theme, contents area and activity type. In the life theme, multicultural contents appeared most in 'my town' and 'my country,' while the least in 'spring, summer, fall, winter.' In the contents areas, diversity, identity and community appeared more than democracy and openness. And, these contents included social relationships. In the activity type, multicultural contents are analyzed the most frequently in 'math activity' and 'sharing a story.'
A Qualitative Study on Classroom Culture in a Toddler Class of 2 year olds
Hong, Sung Hee ; Cho, Eun-Lae ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 171~196
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.171
The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of classroom culture in a toddler class of 2 year olds. Data was collected through 16 sessions of non-participatory observations and teacher interviews of toddlers in H daycare center. Collected data was carefully read and categorized accordingly to fit the theme of this qualitative study. Data analysis yielded four conclusions regarding the toddlers' classroom culture: behavior to advance together as a group, communicating through body language, complete reliance and responses towards the instructor, and a dichotomy between disintegration and integration. The result of this study suggests a need for instructor's proper guidance and establishing an appropriate childcare environment, as well as a reconsideration regarding toddlers as a host of the classroom culture, to increase the understanding of toddler's interactions in classrooms and social trends.
Analysis of Childcare Support Policies and Fertility Rates of the OECD Countries: Focusing on Cash-support Policies, Child-care Facility Policies, and Tax Benefits Policies
Kang, Kyoung Hee ; Jun, Hong-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 197~221
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.197
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the child care support policies and the birth rate in 33 OECD countries. In the structural equation modelling, the birth rate was the dependent variable while the cash-support policies, the child-care facility service policies, and the tax benefits policies were the independent variables. The analysis showed that the most effective factor on the birth rate was the child-care facility service policies. Regarding the effectiveness of the policy expenses, the cash-support policies showed stable fluctuation of effectiveness according to the fluctuation of cash amount, the child-care facility service policies. In conclusion, in order to increase the effectiveness of the cash-support policies, the adequate cost calculation to decrease the parents' burden for child-bearing, re-allocation of budget, and support methods and timing should be continually discussed. In addition, for the better effectiveness of the facility service policies, more various, comprehensive and high-quality facility service policies that could balance home and work, should be implemented.
The Influence of Teacher Efficacy and Stress Coping Strategies on Job Satisfaction of Teachers in Early Childhood Education and Care
Chae, Jin-Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 223~241
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.223
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of teacher efficacy and stress coping strategies on job satisfaction of teachers in early childhood education and care. 189 teachers were recruited from 8 day care centers and 10 kindergartens in Seoul, Kyunggi, Kyungbuk, and Chonbuk provinces in Korea. Data were analyzed through frequencies, Pearson's correlations, and the stepwise regression analyses using PASW 18.0. The findings are as follows. First, the result showed that teachers in ECEC were most likely to be satisfied with their job characteristics most among the 4 subcategories in job satisfaction. They also perceived their the ability of discipline high for teacher efficacy, and used the direct coping strategy most as a stress coping strategy. Second, the teachers' ability to create a positive learning atmosphere affected job characteristics, the ability to participate in decision-making affected the relationship with director and colleagues, working environment, welfare and salary the most. Third, the direct coping strategy had the most impacts on all subcategories of job satisfaction. The results of this study may provide basic data for finding effective way to increase job satisfaction of teachers in ECEC.
Children's Responses to the Characters of Fantasy Picture Books
Chae, Jong Ok ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 243~265
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.243
The purpose of this study is to figure out how a child, as an active responder, responds to the characters of fantastic picture books by analyzing the child's questions and comments through the reading aloud approach. The subjects of this study are fifty-four children under five years old. Nine fantastic picture books are used as the study materials. The contents of the analysis are the frequency of children's questions and comments, the types of responses and the reasons of preferences to the characters. The results of the analysis are as follows: Firstly, the frequency of comments is three times higher than the frequency of questions. Secondly, the frequency of "evaluative questions" is the highest and "imaginative questions" is the next highest. The frequency of "transparent questions" and "personal questions" are comparatively low. Thirdly, most of the children answered that the reason of preference of the characters was "the character's appearance" and then "their subjective feeling to the character", "the character's role" and "the character's characteristics" in that order. Only one child answered that it was "the character's gender." This study will contribute to the planning and implementation of the strategies of reading picture books and to the strategic study to improve children's responses as well.
A Qualitative Study on Self-perceived Child-rearing Difficulties among Mothers with Infant Twins
Byun, Kyung Ae ; Kim, Eun Ju ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 267~288
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.267
The purpose of this study was to examine the child-rearing difficulties of mothers with twins in an effort to discuss how to lend assistance to these mothers, as the birth of twins has been on the rise. The participants in this study were six mothers who resided in the city of P and raised infant twins. They were interviewed twice in depth from December, 2012, to July, 2013. The findings of the study were as follows: First, as for the difficulties of their children perceived by the mothers, their children had to share everything, no matter if it was good or bad, and they were confronted with environmental constraints. In addition, they were fragile from the moment they were born. Second, concerning the self-perceived child-rearing difficulties of the mothers, they had no time to take care of themselves at all and felt lonely all the time. And they were under pressure due to financial burden. In order to help these mothers and their children to tide over their difficulties, there should be a change in the way people in general look at twins, and the establishment of emotional and financial support systems is required. The findings of the study are expected to provide some information on how to offer full-fledged support for mothers with twins.
Effects of Physical Expressive Activities on Creativity in Young Children
Kim, Tae Ju ; Shin, Nary ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 289~307
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.289
This study was designed to examine the effects of integrated physical expressive activities on creativity in young children. Subjects of this study were 38 preschoolers at the age of 4 who consisted of both the experimental group of 18 children and the control group of 20 children. To measure the creativity of young children, this study adopted Figural Test A of Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT) as pre-and post-tests with both experimental and control group. The results showed that effects of integrated physical expressive activities varied by sub-dimensions of creativity; children's participation in integrated physical expressive activities was effective to improve openness, abstractness of titles, and elaboration even if overall creativity and fluency increased after their program participation. Also, originality was the only sub-dimension that was not improved. It implied that integrated physical expressive activities have partial positive effects on some sub-dimensions of creativity.
A Study for Validation of the Preschool Child Observation Record (COR) for Korean Children
Shin, Nary ; Oh, Jeong Soon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 309~337
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.309
The purpose of this study was to validate Preschool Child Observation Record-II developed by High/Scope for Korean preschool children. The subjects of the study were 255 children aged three to six attending child care centers and their head teachers. They were observed for at least two months and completed the Korean version of Child Observation Record-II(K-COR-II). K-COR-II consisted of six categories and 32 items which had five-level-rubrics. The results from an exploratory factor analysis identified one dimension of the scale, there was no evidence of discriminant validity even after face validity was examined. The concurrent validity and internal consistency of the revised scale were relatively high. Also, the mean between the upper and lower groups with regard to item discrimination showed significant difference. It was concluded that K-COR-II can be used as a valid and reliable instrument to various aspects of preschool children's development.
A Pre-school Teacher's Educational Meaning of an Activity : 'Discourse between Children through Books' in 3-year-old Children's Classroom
Suh, Hye Jeong ; Yoon, Koung Ok ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 339~368
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.339
This study aims to discover how three-year-old children to search for existence and its meaning, while they participate a programme, 'discourse among children through books' as a way of resolving curiosities. Data were collected between April 2, September 10, 2010 and the collected data included teacher's class records, pictures, discussion notes and interview materials. The results showed that 'discourse among children through books' follows steps in a process. The steps include: Deciding a topic that children should search for, choosing an appropriate book to resolve children's curiosities, spending some time for discoursing among children by using pictures in the book, and sharing what they had understood. Through this process, a pre-school teacher met with children who were full of abilities, ideas and motivation to explore with a little assistance. The pre-school teacher was able to overcome preconceived ideas that informational books could be difficult for children, and experienced various lessons, while the children led their own learning. It represents that the activity, 'discourse among children through books' can be a children centered inquiry learning teaching strategy, because the informational books ensure that the children gain knowledge and are actively in cogitation.
A Study on the Parenting Knowledge and Parenting Style of Mothers with Infants
Seo, Jin Young ; Lee, Joo-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 369~389
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.369
The main purposes of this study were to analyze the moderating effect of parenting knowledge in the relationship between socio-demographic factors and parenting style. This study was conducted with the data from 'Panel Study Korean Children(2009).' Among the original data, a sample of 1,637 mothers with infants ranged from 13 to 18 months old was selected. The results of this study were as follows. First, there were significant differences in child's birth-order, mother's education level, and monthly family income. Second, there was a statistically significant difference in the parenting style of mothers in their parenting knowledge. That is, the mother with a high score in parenting knowledge reported more positive parenting style. Lastly, the interaction effects between socio-demographic variables and parenting knowledge on parenting style were statistically significant only with the variables such as child's birth-order and mother's education level. The mothers who cared for their first child and got a high score in parenting knowledge showed the most desirable parenting style, and the mothers whose educational level was under high school graduation and parenting knowledge score was low reported the lowest score in parenting style. These results suggest parenting knowledge should be subject-specifically provided as the differences in socio-demographic variables.
A Study on the Kindergarten Teachers' Perception and Need of Kindergarten Consulting
Song, Ju Yeon ; Chung, Myung Suk ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 391~415
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.391
The purpose of this study was to examine the kindergarten teachers' perception and need for kindergarten consulting. The subjects in this study were 178 kindergarten teachers who worked in kindergarten in the city of Busan. The data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics by the SPSS 18.0 program. The findings of the study were as follows: First, kindergarten teachers' perceptions for kindergarten consulting were above average in all areas. Concerning the impact of the variables for kindergarten teachers, there were statistically significant differences in perceptions for kindergarten consulting according to their career, academic credential, license, and the type of instruction. Second, regarding the need of the kindergarten teachers for kindergarten consulting, the need in the area of teaching consulting was highest. Concerning the impact of the variables for kindergarten teachers, there were statistically significant differences in the need for kindergarten consulting according to their career, academic credential, license, and the type of instruction.
Research Student Teacher's Sense of Humor, Psychological Well-being and Ego-resilience Correlation with each other
Choi, Nam Jung ; Oh, Jung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 417~438
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.417
This study studies the effect of student teacher's sense of humor, psychological well-being and ego-resilience by general characteristics and by examining the correlation with each other and influences. A sample of 323 student teachers was obtained from a college and a university in the Busan area. This study made use of an research instrument which was a questionnaire for sense of humor(Woo, 2008), psychological well-being(Lee, 2006) and ego-resilience(Park, 1997). For the data analysis connection analysis and regression analysis, SPSS version 18.0 was used. The results of study are as follows. First, student teachers have scores which are above average scores of sense of humor, psychological well-being and ego-resilience. Second, there was a positive correlation between the sense of humor and ego-resilience and a low grade variable of ego-resilience of student teachers and their sense of humor and psychological well-being and between their psychological well-being and ego-resilience. Third, When a multilinear regression analysis was made to confirm which variable would affect ego-resilience, sense of humor and a low grade variable of their was found to exert a statistically significant impact by 5%, and psychological well-being and a low grade variable of their was found to exert a statistically significant impact by 26%. Based on the results, the education training or programs for student teacher to use the sense of humor and psychological well-being should be developed according to the ego-resilience.
A Story of Practice of Mutual Respect Rights between a Mother and two Sons
Suh, Young Sook ; Kim, Ji Eun ; Song, Eun Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 439~460
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.439
The purpose of this study was to examine a mother's and her two son's 'practice of mutual respect rights' experiences, and to find a solution to inspire the practice of realizing rights of mutual respect within a family. From September 2012 to March 2013, qualitative research methods such as transcripts, observations, in-depth interviews, and analysis of records were applied to a mother and her two sons. As a result, the mother's experiences showed that she and her two sons had enough mutual respect, and the regression of the first child was a natural and positive part in that process. Also, conflicts between protection rights and participation rights were integrated into a practice of mutual respect, and the mother had an opportunity to think about positive discipline. With this practice, the mother and her two sons were able to reconcile their relationships and have deep respect for one another, and family members felt psychologically safe through this practice of rights. In addition, the practice of rights was transferred to other family members, and the mother came to have courage about being an adequate parent. The results of this study revealed that the following research could be used to propose concrete contents and to plan how to recognize and access the practice of rights among family members.
Status, Issues, and Improvement of Korean Childcare Accreditation
Hwang, Hae-Ik ; Kim, Nam-Hee ; Jung, Hye-Young ;
Korean Journal of Childcare and Education, volume 9, issue 6, 2013, Pages 461~490
DOI : 10.14698/jkcce.2013.9.6.461
The purpose of this study was to investigate the status, issues and improvement of Korean Childcare Accreditation and to suggest some developmental directions of Korean Childcare Accreditation. For this purpose, we examined Korean and accreditation systems abroad and the previous research related to the accreditation. Finally, we presented some problems about Korean Childcare Accreditation and alternative ways to solve them. In other words, to achieve a true purpose of accreditation, we have to convert a philosophical paradigm and childcare staffs have to be the subject of accreditation. In addition, we need to hold various viewpoints, indicators, and evaluation methods to recognize discrimination and multiplicity of individual childcare centers. And we have to hold cooperative relationships among childcare centers, parents, community, and government.