Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Visualization of Tooth for Non-Destructive Evaluation from CT Images
Gao, Hui ; Chae, Oksam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 207~213
This paper reports an effort to develop 3D tooth visualization system from CT sequence images as a part of the non-destructive evaluation suitable for the simulation of endodontics, orthodontics and other dental treatments. We focus on the segmentation and visualization for the individual tooth. In dental CT images teeth are touching the adjacent teeth or surrounded by the alveolar bones with similar intensity. We propose an improved level set method with shape prior to separate a tooth from other teeth as well as the alveolar bones. Reconstructed 3D model of individual tooth based on the segmentation results indicates that our technique is a very conducive tool for tooth visualization, evaluation and diagnosis. Some comparative visualization results validate the non-destructive function of our method.
Stress Analysis of the Occlusal Force on the Mandibular First Premolar
Yoo, Oui-Sik ; Chun, Keyoung-Jin ; Yoo, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 214~218
The occlusal force of the tooth leads to loss of tooth tissue owing to attrition and abrasion, and may cause abfraction and pathological change of the dentin. Thus, we developed finite element models, examined them by applying ordinary occlusal force, and analyzed the stress distribution. Specimens used were mandibular first premolars from 15 Korean males and 13 females and were made into finite element models from medical images that were obtained using a Micro-CT. We have found that the irregular feature of the tooth is not only useful to masticating and pronouncing as well known, but it is also suitable for protecting inner tissue by dispersing stress and delivering proper pressure to periodontal tissue to continue a physiological action. Also, image analysis could let us know the factor that is the cause of a disorder due to stress concentration in the cervical line. These results are expected to support the field of dental treatment planning, operating procedure and clinical trial, and the advance of technical expertise to develop implants and dentures.
Effects of Pre-Strains on Failure Assessment Analysis to API 5L X65 Pipeline
Baek, Jong-Hyun ; Kim, Young-Pyo ; Kim, Woo-Sik ; Seok, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 219~223
This paper prescribed the structural integrity of the API 5L X65 pipeline subjected to tensile pre-strain. The effects of pre-strain on the mechanical properties of API 5L X65 pipe were substantially investigated through a variety of the experimental procedures. Axial tensile pre-strain of 1.5, 5 and 10% was applied to plate-type tensile specimens cut from the pipe body prior to mechanical testing. Tensile test revealed that yield strength and tensile strength were increased with increasing tensile pre-strain. The increasing rate of the yield strength owing to the pre-strain is greater than that of the tensile strength. However, the pre-strain up to 5% had a little effect on the decreasing of the fracture toughness. The structural integrity of the API 5L X65 pipeline subjected to large plastic deformation was evaluated through the fitness-for service code.
Correlation between Muscular Fatigue and EMG Activity during the Prolonged Casual Computer Work
Cho, Won-Hak ; Lee, Woo-Yong ; Choi, Hyeon-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 224~229
An experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of turtle neck syndrome, so called, on muscular fatigue and muscle activity. Six subjects (males) participated and performed the prolonged casual computer work in the study. EMG signals from six muscles of the dominant neck-back region were acquired and recorded for 10 seconds at the beginning and the end of three hours computer work. EMG was recorded from six muscles by using a computerized data recording and analysis system. Power spectrum function of EMG was calculated off-line by means of a signal processing software package. Power spectrum functions were smoothed with a moving average filter of 21 points and normalized with respect to the maximal value achieved during the trials. Muscle activity and median frequencies of Sternocleidomastoid(SCM) in turtle neck posture was approximately 51%, which were less than those in normal neck posture. SCM also showed the biggest decrease in median frequency. Results will provide the insight into the neck-back injury mechanism of turtle neck patients. Furthermore, they will be helpful in developing rehabilitation programs for restoring patients' neck-back functions.
A New Form of Nondestructive Strength-Estimating Statistical Models Accounting for Uncertainty of Model and Aging Effect of Concrete
Hong, Kee-Jeung ; Kim, Jee-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 230~234
As concrete ages, the surrounding environment is expected to have growing influences on the concrete. As all the impacts of the environment cannot be considered in the strength-estimating model of a nondestructive concrete test, the increase in concrete age leads to growing uncertainty in the strength-estimating model. Therefore, the variation of the model error increases. It is necessary to include those impacts in the probability model of concrete strength attained from the nondestructive tests so as to build a more accurate reliability model for structural performance evaluation. This paper reviews and categorizes the existing strength-estimating statistical models of nondestructive concrete test, and suggests a new form of the strength-estimating statistical models to properly reflect the model uncertainty due to aging of the concrete. This new form of the statistical models will lay foundation for more accurate structural performance evaluation.
Influence of Resin-Infiltrated Time on Wood Natural Materials Using Conventional/Air-Coupled Ultrasound Waves
Park, Je-Woong ; Kim, Do-Jung ; Kweon, Young-Sub ; Im, Kwang-Hee ; Hsu, David K. ; Kim, Sun-Kyu ; Yang, In-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 235~241
Composite wood materials are very sensitive to water and inspection without any coupling medium of a liquid is really needed to wood materials due to the permeation of coupling medium such as water. However, air-coupled ultrasound has obvious advantages over water-coupled experimentation compared with conventional C-scanner. In this work, it is desirable to perform contact-less nondestructive evaluation to assess wood material homogeneity. A wood material was nondestructively characterized with non-contact and contact modes to measure ultrasonic velocity using automated data acquisition software. We have utilized a proposed peak-delay measurement method. Also through transmission mode was performed because of the main limitation for air-coupled transducers, which is the acoustic impedance mismatch between most materials and air. The variation of ultrasonic velocity was found to be somewhat difference due to air-coupled limitations over conventional scan images. However, conventional C-scan images are well agreed with increasing the resin-infiltrated time as expected. Finally, we have developed a measurement system of an ultrasonic velocity based on data acquisition software for obtaining ultrasonic quantitative data for correlation with C-scan images.
Time Reversal Beam Focusing of Ultrasonic Array Transducer on a Defect in a Two Layer Medium
Jeong, Hyun-Jo ; Lee, Jeong-Sik ; Bae, Sung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 242~247
The ability of time reversal techniques to focus ultrasonic beams on the source location is important in many aspects of ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation. In this paper, we investigate the time reversal beam focusing of ultrasonic array sensors on a defect in layered media. Numerical modeling is performed using the commercially available software which employs a time domain finite difference method. Two different time reversal approaches are considered - the through transmission and the pulse-echo. Linear array sensors composed of N elements of line sources are used for signal reception/excitation, time reversal, and reemission in time reversal processes associated with the scattering source of a side-drilled hole located in the second layer of two layer structure. The simulation results demonstrate the time reversal focusing even with multiple reflections from the interface of layered structure. We examine the focusing resolution that is related to the propagation distance, the size of array sensor and the wavelength.
Preliminary PINC(Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components) RRT(Round Robin Test) - Pressurizer Dissimilar Metal Weld -
Kim, Kyung-Cho ; Kang, Sung-Sik ; Shin, Ho-Sang ; Chung, Ku-Kab ; Song, Myung-Ho ; Chung, Hae-Dong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 248~255
After several damages by PWSCC were found in the world, USNRC and PNNL(Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) started the research on PWSCC under the project name of PINC. The aim of the project was 1) to fabricate representative NDE mock-ups with flaws to simulate PWSCCs, 2) to identify and quantitatively assess NDE methods for accurately detecting, sizing and characterizing PWSCCs, 3) to document the range of locations and morphologies of PWSCCs and 4) to incorporate results with other results of ongoing PWSCC research programs, as appropriate. Korea nuclear industries have also been participating in the project. Thermally and mechanically cracked-four mockups were prepared and phased array and manual ultrasonic testing(UT) techniques were applied. The results and lessons learned from the preliminary RRT are summarized as follows: 1) Korea RRT teams performed the RRT successfully. 2) Crack detection probability of the participating organizations was an average 87%, 80% and 80% respectively. 3) RMS error of the crack sizing showed comparatively good results. 4) The lessons learned may be helpful to perform the PINC RRT and PSI /ISI in Korea in the future.
Preliminary Round Robin Test(RRT) for Program for the Inspection of Nickel Alloy Components(PINC) - Reactor Vessel Head Penetration (RVHP) -
Kim, Kyung-Cho ; Kang, Sung-Sik ; Shin, Ho-Sang ; Song, Myung-Ho ; Chung, Hae-Dong ; Kim, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing, volume 29, issue 3, 2009, Pages 256~263
After several PWSCCs were found in Bugey(France), Ringhals(Sweden), Tihange(Belgium), Oconee, Arkansas, Crystal Fever, Davis-Basse, VC Summer(U.S.A.), Thuruga(Japan), USNRC and PNNL started the research on PWSCC, that is, the PINC project. USNRC required KINS to participate in the PINC project in May 2005. KINS organized the Korean consortium at March 2006 and Pre-RRT for RVHP were performed for the preparation of PINC RRT. Through these preliminary RRT, Korea NDE teams can learn and develop the detection and sizing technique for RVHP dissimilar metal weld. These techniques are now being prepared in Korea and need to be utilized for the In-service inspection of the RVHP and BMI of Korea Nuclear Power Plants. PINC RRT mock-ups will be helpful to training.