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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Radiation Protection
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Dec 2007
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
A Model for Radiological Dose Assessment in an Urban Environment
Hwang, Won-Tae ; Kim, Eun-Han ; Jeong, Hyo-Joon ; Suh, Kyung-Suk ; Han, Moon-Hee ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 32, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~8
A model for radiological dose assessment in an urban environment, METRO-K has been developed. Characteristics of the model are as follows ; 1) mathematical structures are simple (i.e. simplified input parameters) and easy to understand due to get the results by analytical methods using experimental and empirical data, 2) complex urban environment can easily be made up using only 5 types of basic surfaces, 3) various remediation measures can be applied to different surfaces by evaluating the exposure doses contributing from each contamination surface. Exposure doses contributing from each contamination surface at a particular location of a receptor were evaluated using the data library of kerma values as a function of gamma energy and contamination surface. A kerma data library was prepared fur 7 representative types of Korean urban buildings by extending those data given for 4 representative types of European urban buildings. Initial input data are daily radionuclide concentration in air and precipitation, and fraction of chemical type. Final outputs are absorbed dose rate in air contributing from the basic surfaces as a function of time following a radionuclide deposition, and exposure dose rate contributing from various surfaces constituting the urban environment at a particular location of a receptor. As the result of a contaminative scenario for an apartment built-up area, exposure dose rates show a distinct difference for surrounding environment as well as locations of a receptor.
Development of Simulated HPGe Detector Spectrum for Education
Seo, Kyung-Won ; Lee, Mo-Sung ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 32, issue 1, 2007, Pages 9~13
From HPGe calibration spectrum of liquid mixed source in cylindrical vial, we developed simulated spectrum for spectrum analysis education. It is the spectrum that combine peaks separated from measured spectrum. After that, spectrum removed statistical variation of channel counts. Statistical fluctuation of the spectrum is made by Box-Muller function. The spectrum contains 18 peaks. The peak's centroid and area were defined exactly. Developed spectra are calibration spectrum, sample spectrum, background spectrum and spectra for efficiency correction for geometry and cascade coincidence.
COMPUTATIONAL DETERMINATION OF NEUTRON DOSE EQUIVALENT LEVEL AT THE MAZE ENTRANCE OF A MEDICAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY
Kim, Hong-Suk ; Lee, Jai-Ki ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 32, issue 1, 2007, Pages 15~20
An empirical formula fur the neutron dose equivalent at the maze entrance of medical accelerator treatment rooms was derived on the basis of a Monte Carlo simulation. The simulated neutron dose equivalents around the Varian medical accelerator by the MCNPX code were employed. Two cases of target rotational planes were considered: parallel and perpendicular to maze walls. Most of the maximum neutron dose equivalents at the doorway were found when the target rotational planes were parallel to maze walls and the beams were directed to the inner maze entrances. The neutron dose equivalents at the outer maze entrances were calculated for about 698 medical accelerator facilities which were generated from the geometry configurations of running treatment rooms, based on such gantry rotation that produces the maximum neutron dose at the doorway. The results calculated with the empirical formula in this study were compared with those calculated by the Kersey method for 7 operating facilities. It was found that the maximum disagreement between the calculation of this study and that of the Kersey method was a factor of 8.54 with the value calculated by the Kersey method exceeding that of this study. It was concluded that the kersey method estimated the neutron dose equivalent at the doorway computed by MCNPX more conservatively than this study technique.
Dose Determination in the IR-221 Gamma Facility Using a Monte Carlo Simulation
Lim, Ik-Sung ; Kim, Ki-Yup ; Roh, Gyu-Hong ; Lee, Chung ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 32, issue 1, 2007, Pages 21~26
This study is performed to evaluate the dose rate and to analyze the dose distribution of the gamma irradiation facility (IR-221) by using a Monte Calro simulation, which is helpful of upgrading the radiation processing qualification. Monte Cairo simulation is performed by MCNP4B code. Dose rates were measured at total 369 points with alanine dosimeters to compare the calculation results and the measurements data. The results have shown that the MCNP4B code is very useful to determine the dose distribution of the IR-221 gamma irradiation facility, as the calculation dose rate is within about
of the measurement data. Dosimetry about the gamma irradiation facility usually needs enormous manpower and time. However Monte Cairo calculation method can reduce the tedious dosimetry jobs and improve the irradiation processing qualification, which will probably contribute to obtain the reliability of the irradiation products.
Analysis of Changed Bio-Signal to Radiation Exposure of Nuclear Medicine Worker
Lee, Hwun-Jae ; Lee, Sang-Bock ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 32, issue 1, 2007, Pages 27~34
In this paper, We are evaluated about bio-signal between general workers and nuclear medicine workers which is more radiation exposure relatively. In order to reciprocal evaluated two group, we experimented nuclear medicine workers in Chung-Buk National University Hospital at department of nuclear medicine and worker in Chon-Nam National University Hospital at CT room, general radiographic room, medical recording room, receipt room, general office room. Used of experimental Equipments as follows, for a level of radiation measurement by pocket dosimeter which made by Arrow-Tech company, for heart rate and blood pressure measurement by TONOPORT V which made by GE medical systems company, for heat flux and skin temperature and energy expenditure measurement by Armband senseware 2000 which made by Bodymedia company. Result of experiment obtains as follows: 1) Individual radiation exposure is recorded 3.05 uSv at department of nuclear medicine and order as follows CT room, general radiograpic room, medical recording room, receipt room, general office room. Department of nuclear medicine more 1.5 times than other places. 2) Radiation accumulated dose is not related to Heat flux, Skin temperature, Energy expenditure. 3) Blood pressure is recorded equal to nuclear medical workers, general officer, general people about systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Compared to blood pressure between nuclear medical works which is more radiation exposure and other workers was not changed. Consequently, more radiation exposed workers at nuclear medicine field doesn't have hazard.
Development and Application of Test Apparatus for Classification of Sealed Source
Kim, Dong-Hak ; Seo, Ki-Seog ; Bang, Kyoung-Sik ; Lee, Ju-Chan ; Son, Kwang-Je ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 32, issue 1, 2007, Pages 35~44
Sealed sources have to conducted the tests be done according to the classification requirements for their typical usages in accordance with the relevant domestic notice standard and ISO 2919. After each test, the source shall be examined visually for loss of integrity and pass an appropriate leakage test. Tests to class a sealed source are temperature, external pressure, impact, vibration and puncture test. The environmental test conditions for tests with class numbers are arranged in increasing order of severity. In this study, the apparatus of tests, except the vibration test, were developed and applied to three kinds of sealed source. The conditions of the tests to class a sealed source were stated and the difference between the domestic notice standard and ISO 2919 were considered. And apparatus of the tests were made. Using developed apparatus we conducted the tests for
brachytherapy sealed source and two kinds of sealed source for industrial radiography.
brachytherapy sealed source is classified by temperature class 5, external pressure class 3, impact class 2 and vibration and puncture class 1. Two kinds of sealed source for industrial radiography are classified by temperature class 4, external pressure class 2, impact and puncture class 5 and vibration class 1. After the tests, Liquid nitrogen bubble test and vacuum bubble test were done to evaluate the safety of the sealed sources.