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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association for Radiation Protection
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Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
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Development of the Monte Carlo Simulation Radiation Dose Assessment Procedure for NORM added Consumer Adhere·Non-Adhere Product based on ICRP 103
Go, Ho-Jung ; Noh, Siwan ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Yeom, Yeon-Soo ; Lee, Jai-Ki ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 124~131
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.124
Radiation exposure to humans can be caused by the gamma rays emitted from natural radioactive elements(such as uranium, thorium and potassium and any of their decay products) of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials(NORM) or Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials(TENORM) added consumer products. In this study, assume that activity of radioactive elements is
and the gamma rays emitted from these natural radioactive elements radioactive equilibrium state. In this study, reflected End-User circumstances and evaluated annual exposure dose for products based on ICRP reference voxel phantoms and ICRP Recommendation 103 using the Monte Carlo Method. The consumer products classified according to the adhere to the skin(bracelet, necklace, belt-wrist, belt-ankle, belt-knee, moxa stone) or not(gypsum board, anion wallpaper, anion paint), and Geometric Modeling was reflected in Republic of Korea "Residential Living Trend-distributions and Design Guidelines For Common Types of Household.", was designed the Room model(
, a closed room, conservatively) and the ICRP reference phantom`s 3D segmentation and modeling. The end-user`s usage time assume that "Development and Application of Korean Exposure Factors." or conservatively 24 hours; in case of unknown. In this study, the results of the effective dose were 0.00003 ~ 0.47636 mSv per year and were confirmed the meaning of necessary for geometric modeling to ICRP reference phantoms through the equivalent dose rate of belt products.
DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR ENERGY AND RADIATION TEXTBOOKS FOR ELEMENTARY, MIDDLE, AND HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS
Han, Eun Ok ; Kim, Jae Rok ; Choi, Yoon Seok ; Lochhead, James ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 132~146
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.132
To develop tailored elementary, middle, and high school textbooks suitable for understanding the nuclear energy and radiation, quantitative and qualitative research was carried out in parallel, which included nine steps to ensure the validity of content and structure. The elementary, middle, and high school students wanted to acquire information used in their daily lives, including the definition of nuclear energy and radiation, principles and status of nuclear power generation, and information about irradiated food, medical radiation, and radiation in life. In the evaluation of the effects of textbook contents according to the educational requirements of each school level, high suitability frequencies (>80%) were shown for the human character, education goals, curriculum goals, evaluation method, and education time. At some levels, the high suitability frequencies (>70%) were shown for the education grade, education type, and textbook type.
EQUIVALENT DOSE FROM SECONDARY NEUTRONS AND SCATTER PHOTONS IN ADVANCE RADIATION THERAPY TECHNIQUES WITH 15 MV PHOTON BEAMS
Ayuthaya, Isra Israngkul Na ; Suriyapee, Sivalee ; Pengvanich, Phongpheath ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 147~154
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.147
The scatter photons and photoneutrons from high energy photon beams (more than 10 MV) will increase the undesired dose to the patient and the staff working in linear accelerator room. This undesired dose which is found at out-of-field area can increase the probability of secondary malignancy. The purpose of this study is to determine the equivalent dose of scatter photons and neutrons generated by 3 different treatment techniques: 3D-conformal, intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). The measurement was performed using two types of the optically stimulation luminescence detectors (OSL and OSLN) in the Alderson Rando phantom that was irradiated by 3 different treatment techniques following the actual prostate cancer treatment plans. The scatter photon and neutron equivalent dose were compared among the 3 treatments techniques at the surface in the out-of-field area and the critical organs. Maximum equivalent dose of scatter photons and neutrons was found when using the IMRT technique. The scatter neutrons showed average equivalent doses of 0.26, 0.63 and
at abdominal surface region which was 20 cm from isocenter for 3D, IMRT and VMAT, respectively. The scattered photons equivalent doses were 6.94, 10.17 and
for 3D, IMRT and VMAT, respectively. For the 5 organ dose measurements, the scattered neutron and photon equivalent doses in out of field from the IMRT plan were highest. The result revealed that the scatter equivalent doses for neutron and photon were higher for IMRT. So the suitable treatment techniques should be selected to benefit the patient and the treatment room staff.
HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD EXPOSURE TO INDOOR RADON IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE DWELLING`S AGE
Shahrokhi, Amin ; Shokraee, Forough ; Reza, Ali ; Rahimi, Hasn ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 155~161
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.155
Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas and a major indoor contribution of exposure to ionizing radiation in dwellings.
is a health hazard gas what is responsible for thousand lung cancer deaths every year. In this study, indoor radon concentrations present in thirty representative houses in Mahallat city, Iran, were determined in order to estimate lung cancer risk associated with residential radon exposure. Long-term passive method, using CR-39, was used to measure the radon concentration. The results showed an association between the age of the dwellings and the indoor radon concentration that was found, in that the concentration of radon tended to increase as the age of the dwelling also increased. The indoor radon concentrations were calculated to be within the range of
, with an average of
. The annual effective dose from inhaled radon and its decay products was calculated between
, with an average of
. By taking into consideration the EPA recommendation and ICRP statement, the average annual risk of lung cancer from inhaled radon was calculated as 0.09%, 0.06%, 0.01%, and 0.03% for current smokers (CS), those who had ever smoked (ES), never smokers (NS) and the general population, respectively.
Radiation Exposure on Radiation Workers of Nuclear Power Plants in Korea : 2009-2013
Lim, Young-khi ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 162~167
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.162
Although the perfomance indicators of the nuclear power plants in Korea show optimal, it requires detailed analysis and discussion centered on the radiation dose. As analysis methods, analysis on the radiation dose of nuclear power plants over the past five years was assessed by comparing the relevant radiation dose of radiation workers and per capita average annual radiation dose of the world`s major nuclear power stations was also analyzed. The radiation workers over the annual radiation dose limit of 50 mSv were not. The contrast ratio of the radiation exposure according to the reactor type was the normal operation of PHWR was 6.2% higher than those of the PWR. This shows the radiation work of PHWR during normal driving operation is much more than those of PWR. According to the Performance Indicators of the World Association of Nuclear Operator, the annual radiation dose per unit in 2013 showed 527 man-mSv of Korea is the best country among the major nuclear power generating states, the world average was 725 man-mSv. The annual per capita radiation dose is about 80% less than 1 mSv of the public dose limit and also the average per capita dose showed a very low level as 0.82 mSv. Workers in related organizations showed 1.07 mSv, the non-destructive inspection agency workers showed 3.87 mSv. The remarkable results were due to radiation reduced program such as development of radiation shielding and radiation protection. In conclusion, the radiation exposured dose of nuclear power plants workers in Korea showed a trend which is ideally reduced. But more are expected to be difficul and the psychological insecurity against the operation of the nuclear power plants is existed to the residents near the nuclear power plants. So the radiation dose reduction policy and radiation dose follow up study of nuclear power plants will be continously excuted.
Organ Weights and Splenocytic Apoptosis in γ-irradiated Korean Dark-Striped Field Mice, Apodemus Agrarius Coreae
Joo, Hyunjin ; Choi, Hoon ; Yang, Kwang-hee ; Keum, Dong-kwon ; Kim, Hee sun ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 168~173
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.168
The present investigation was planned to estimate potential possibility of striped field mice, Apodemus agrarius coreae (A. a. coreae), as a biological dosimeter in radio-environmental ecology. We bred captured wild A. a. coreae at laboratory and classified taxonomically based on external, cranial and tooth characters. Organ weights and splenocytic apoptosis were observed in order to establish a basic data on radiation biology of A. a. coreae (male, 40 weeks old). The biological effects was observed at 24hrs following irradiation (doses : 0, 0.5, 1, 2 Gy, dose rate :
). Only thymus weights was significantly decreased. Splenocytic apoptosis was increased after irradiation. But splenocytic apoptosis was decreased in 0.5 Gy
-irradiated mice compared to those of 0, 1, 2 Gy (P < 0.05). These data suggested that events in thymus and spleen of Korean dark-striped field mice, A. a. coreae THOMAS, could be a potential radio-biological indicator in human environments.
Radiological Safety Perception Change after Spatial Dose Measurement of Radiology Department Students
Moon, Jae Mi ; Park, Sang Tae ; Yu, Ji Hyun ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 174~180
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.174
There are currently many research papers on the knowledge, perceptions and actions of radiation-related staff, but hardly any papers on radiation major students in college who are to be staff members of radiation related jobs in the future. It is of course important to understand the perceptions of staff working on the lines and change their knowledge and perceptions, but in the long term it seems more efficient to understand those who are in the stage of being educated to be staff members-their knowledge and perception of radiation so that ultimately they can attain the right kind of understanding. Therefore the aim of this study is to grasp the pre-radiation staff`s basic concept of radiation and space dose, their understanding of radiation safety based on this, and whether there is a change in their perception before and after the space dose measurement experiment; in the end this is to see if the space dose measurement experiment is effective in changing perception on radiation safety. This study took as its subject 64 students majoring radiation in college, I.e. pre-radiation staff members, and gauged their basic conceptualization of radiation, understanding of space dose, and understanding of radiation safety; in the X-ray room within the department the students were asked to measure space dose for themselves, so as to see whether there was a change in their understanding of radiation safety before and after the experiment, according to their understanding of the basic concept of radiation and of space dose. As a result of the space dose measurement experiment, students` increased basic knowledge of concept of radiation and understanding of the dangers of space dose were noteworthy, and accordingly their understanding of radiation safety became stricter and more conservative. In spite of this, their work ethic stayed in the lead of their understanding of radiation safety; this implies the need of a more departmentalized safety education program. Therefore instead of safety education that simply uses visual-audial material in a kind of lecture, I suggest here that there be a more experiential safety education program that enables learners to try out space dose measurement experiments for themselves, a work ethic education that aims for a conventional point of view towards radiation safety as well as a stern attitude.
Optimization of Acquisition Time of Beta-Gamma Coincidence Counting System for Radioxenon Measurement
Byun, Jong-In ; Park, Hong-Mo ; Choi, Hee-Yeoul ; Song, Myeong-Han ; Yun, Ju-Yong ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 181~186
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.181
Measurement of xenon radioisotopes from nuclear fission is a key element for monitoring underground nuclear weapon tests.
in the air can be detected via low background systems such as a beta-gamma coincidence counting system. Radioxenon monitoring is performed through air sampling, xenon extraction, measurement and spectrum analysis. The minimum detectable concentration of
can be significantly variable depending on the sampling time, extraction time and data acquisition time due to its short half-life. In order to optimize the acquisition time with respect to certain experimental parameters such as sampling and xenon extraction, theoretical approach and experiment using SAUNA system were performed to determine the time to minimize the minimum detectable concentration, which the results were discussed.
CHANGING OF RGS TRANSCRIPTS LEVELS BY LOW-DOSE-RATE IONIZING RADIATION IN MOUSE TESTIS
Kim, Tae-Hwan ; Baik, Ji Sue ; Heo, Kyu ; Kim, Joong Sun ; Lee, Ki Ja ; Rhee, Man Hee ; Kim, Sung Dae ;
Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, volume 40, issue 3, 2015, Pages 187~193
DOI : 10.14407/jrp.2015.40.3.187
Deleterious effects of high dose radiation exposure with high-dose-rate are unarguable, but they are still controversial in low-dose-rate. The regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) is a negative regulator of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling. In addition, it is reported that irradiation stress led to GPCR-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphotidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-k) signaling. The RGS mRNA expression profiles by whole body radiation with low-dose-rate has not yet been explored. In the present study, we, therefore, examined which RGS was modulated by the whole body radiation with low-dose-rate (
). Among 16 RGS expression tested, RGS6, RGS13 and RGS16 mRNA were down-regulated by low-dose-rate irradiation. This is the first report that whole body radiation with low-dose-rate can modulate the different RGS expression levels. These results are expected to reveal the potential target and/or the biomarker proteins associated with male testis toxicity induced by low-dose-rate irradiation, which might contribute to understanding the mechanism beyond the testis toxicity.