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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
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Volume 1, Issue 2 - Sep 1996
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
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Digital DBS System
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~6
Digital DBS service using Korea Sat starts at Korea Telecom's Yong-in transmission site. Total 6 transmitting stations are needed. At each transmitting station, 4 TV programs are compressed and multiplexed using MPEG-2, modulated into IF, RF signals, then finally transmitted through antenna. At DBS transponder, received signal is down converted, amplified and re-transmitted to earth. At receiver, signal is received by 45cm dish antenna, then wanted program is selected, demultiplexed and decoded. Transmission performance of BER lOE-ll is implemented by using FEe coding and QPSK modulation. For pay TV management, conditional access system, smart card and modem are used.
Hierarchical Motion Estimation Method for MASF
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 7~13
MASF is a kind of temporal filter proposed for noise reduction and temporal band limitation. MASF uses motion vectors to extract temporal information in spatial domain. Therefore, inaccurate motion information causes some distortions in MASF operation. Currently, bilinear interpolation after BMA(Block Matching Algorithm) is used for the motion estimation sheme of MASF. But, this method results in unreliable estimation when the object in image sequence has larger movement than the maximum displacement assumed in BMA or the input images are severely corrupted with noise. In order to i:;olve this problem, we analyse the effect of inaccurate motion on MASF and propose a hierarchical motion estimation algorithm based on the analysis results. Experimental results show that the proposed method produces reliable output under large motion and noisy situations.
A Study on 28GHz Wireless CATV system
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 14~21
Wireless CATV is a type of CATV that offers its subscribers a mix of microwave channel by transmitting the programming over MMDS frequency. The benefit of wireless CATV can be made available in areas of scattered population and other areas where it is too expensive to build a traditional cable station. Also, due to the lower cast of building a wireless cable station, saving can be passed on to the subscribes. Therefore, in this paper 28[GHz] band bidirectional analog wireless system was proposed. When fully implemented, wireless CATV may have as many as 33 channels of broadcast. Further, if digital wireless CATV is used 150 to 300 channels may become available.
Color Image Palette Construction Based on Human Color Perception
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 22~28
In color indexed images using the palette, the corrupted indices cause serious quality degradation in the reconstructed images at a receiver. In this paper, using the human visual characteristics of color perception, we propose the color image palette minimizing the quality degradation and the reconstruction error. We define the new measure to compare the performance of palette .construction algorithms and show the effectiveness of the proposed method under the bit error condition by computer simulation.
Unequal Error Protection Method for Vector Quantized Signals
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 29~34
In data transmission system, some data are more sensitive to channel errors. Unequal crror protection method increases transmission reliability by protecting channel error sensitive data more than other data. However, this method cannot be directly applied to vector quantized signals which are designed by LBG algorithm that assumes no channel distortion in the design, process. Therefore, in this paper, to apply unequal error protection to vector quantized signals, we propose a method which systematically assigns binary indexes to code vectors. We applied the proposed method to the transmission of vector quantized first-order Gauss-Marcov signals assuming that the percentage of the important data is 50%
Six-Connected Contour Coding Using Contour States
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 35~43
In this paper, we present efficient six-connected contour coding algorithms which can uniquely reconstruct any contour image and efficiently compress the contour data. We first design chain difference codes using two onward direction states, based on the fact that the probability distribution of the direction vectors of horiwntal/vertical direction state is different from that of the direction vectors of diagonal direction state. In order to increase coding efficiency, we also design chain difference codes using five states which are classified according to current and previous onward direction vectors. In addition, we also remove the END codeword to reduce total codeword occurrency. Experimental results show that when using 2 states and 5 states without END codeword total entropy decreases by about 12% and 14% for real images and by about 10% and 26% for a synthetic image, respectively.
3D Deinterlacing Algorithm Based on Wide Sparse Vector Correlations
Kim, Yeong-Taeg ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 44~54
In this paper, we propose a new 3-D deinterlacing algorithm based on wide sparse vector correlations and a vertical edge based motion detection algorithm. which is an extension of the deinterlacing algorithm proposed in [10. llJ by the authors. The prooised algorithm is developed mainly for the format conversion problem encountered in current HDTV system, but can also be aplicable to the double scan conversion problesm frequently encountered in ths NTSC systems. By exploiting the edge oriented spatial interpolation based on the wide vector correlations, visually annoying artifiacts caused by interlacing such as a serrate line. line crawling, a line flicker, and a large area flicker can be remarkably reduced since the use of the wide vectors increases the range of the edge orientations that can be detected, and by exploiting sparse vectors correlations the HjW complexity for realizing the algorithm in applications cam be significantly simplified. Simulations are provided indicating thet the proposed algorithm results in a high performance comparable to the performance of the deinterlacing algorithm. based on the wide vector correlations.
Effects of Sports Video using Motion Estimation and Image Characteristics
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 55~61
We propose an algorithm for video effects of sports broadcasting that informs TV viewers of a sports player's sequential performing forms and locus in detail when gymnastic game such as 'vault' is broadcasted. It records the image sequences while a player is performing, extracts only the player's performing forms from background scenes by a proposed algorithm, superposes them sequentially on a background scene, and broadcasts them with slow speed. This system named as 'Multi-Motion' has ever been used in NHK live broadcasting for 1995 World Gymnastics Championships held in Japan.
Chaotic Signal Masking Based on Lorens System
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 62~66
In this paper, we consider a signal masking structure based on the Lorenz system, which uses a feedback path of the information signal in the transmitter system. The scheme recovers the information signal exactly at the receiver, and can be used with increased amplitude information signal. The scrambling property of the scheme is also investigated by computer simulations, from which the performance is show to be better than that of the conventional method.
A Perceptual Audio Coder Based on Temporal-Spectral Structure
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 67~73
In general, the high quality audio coding(HQAC) has the structure of the convertional data compression techniques combined with moodels of human perception. The primary auditory characteristic applied to HQAC is the masking effect in the spectral domain. Therefore spectral techniques such as the subband coding or the transform coding are widely used. However no effort has yet been made to apply the temporal masking effect and temporal redundancy removing method in HQAC. The audio data compression method proposed in this paper eliminates statistical and perceptual redundancies in both temporal and spectral domain. Transformed audio signal is divided into packets, which consist of 6 frames. A packet contains 1536 samples(
) :nd redundancies in packet reside in both temporal and spectral domain. Both redundancies are elminated at the same time in each packet. The psychoacoustic model has been improved to give more delicate results by taking into account temporal masking as well as fine spectral masking. For quantization, each packet is divided into subblocks designed to have an analogy with the nonlinear critical bands and to reflect the temporal auditory characteristics. Consequently, high quality of reconstructed audio is conserved at low bit-rates.
Color Image Retrieval from Database Using Graph Representation
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 1, 1996, Pages 74~83
In this paper, an effective color image retrieval algorithm is proposed based on the graph representation. Also we propose a color constancy algorithm to remove the effect of illumination change. Illumination condition of an image can be transformed to that of reference image using the proposed color constancy algorithm, so that the effect of dirrerent lighting is significantly alleviated. Then, we represent a color image as a graph with several nodes and edges in the histogram space, and finally two images are matched by compared two graphs representing them. The simulation results show that the proposed 3-step algorithm performs well for various conditions, including different lighting, translation, rotation, and scaling of the object in the image. In addition, the proposed algorithm is very fast compared to the geometry-based matching technique.