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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
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Volume 1, Issue 2 - Sep 1996
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
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Time-Synchronization Method for Dubbing Signal Using SOLA
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 85~95
The purpose of this paper Is to propose a dubbed signal time-synchroniztion technique based on the SOLA(Synchronized Over-Lap and Add) method which has been widely used to modify the time scale of speech signal. In broadcasting audio recording environments, the high degree of background noise requires dubbing process. Since the time difference between the original and the dubbed signal ranges about 200mili seconds, process is required to make the dubbed signal synchronize to the corresponding image. The proposed method finds he starting point of the dubbing signal using the short-time energy of the two signals. Thereafter, LPC cepstrum analysis and DTW(Dynamic Time Warping) process are applied to synchronize phoneme positions of the two signals. After determining the matched point by the minimum mean square error between orignal and dubbed LPC cepstrums, the SOLA method is applied to the dubbed signal, to maintain the consistency of the corresponding phase. Effectiveness of proposed method is verified by comparing the waveforms and the spectrograms of the original and the time synchronized dubbing signal.
Multiresolution Image Browsing Techniques and Optimization for Image Retrieval System
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 96~107
In case of remote image retrieval via shared network or low speed link in order to make a decision for target image problems such as transmission delay are encountered. In this paper browsing and optimization techniques are proposed for fast retrieval of Image by the multiresolution representation and progressive transmission. The proposed network model was analyzed and evaluated for system's performance improvement. Interactive user-system using several multiresolution representation has shown better performance in transmission delay minimization over the single resolution image retrieval system.
Compression Algorithm of HDTV Video Signals for VTR Recording
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 108~117
In this paper we propose a Wavelet- based compression algorithm of HDTV video signals for the purpose of recording HDTV signals in the digital VTR. Comparing to the DCT- based compression method, which only yields unrecognizable DCT coefficients, the low frequency components of Wavelet coefficients maintain recognizable spatial domain information. So, it is more suitable for various VTR operations such as editing and multi-speed mode operations. Also, the adopted Wavelet filter can be Implemented with simple shift operations, which can reduce the computational complexities substantially. The quality of reconstructed HDTV signals with a 4:1 compression ratio turns out to be good enough for the studio use.
Wavelet-Based Image Compression Using the Properties of Subbands
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 118~132
This paper proposes a wavelet transform- based image compression method using the energy distribution. The proposed method Involves two steps. First, we use a wavelet transform for the subband decomposition. The original image Is decomposed into one low resolution subimage and three high frequency subimages. Each high frequency subimages have horizontal, vertical, and diagonal directional edges. The wavelet transform is luther applied to these high frequency subimages. Resultant transformed subimages have different energy distributions corresponding to different orientation of the high pass filter. Second, for higer compression ratio and computational effciency, we discard some subimages with small energy. The remaining subimages are encoded using either DPCM or quantization followed by entropy coding. Experimental results show that the proposed coding scheme has better performance in the peak signal to noise ratio(PSNR) and higher compression ratio than conventional image coding method using the wavelet transform followed by the straightforward vector quantization.
Implementation of VOD System Using LAN
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 133~141
In this paper, a VOD(Video -on-Demand) system is implemented using LAN(Local Area Network). The use of LAN causes the time-delay problem due to its narrow channel limitation, as a result, the service using the conventional LAN used not to be popular. In this paper, to solve these problems, we develop the modified topology, the selection methodology of the network equipment, and the dedicated(improved) protocol. Consequently, we can serve at most 3 or 4 clients at the same time, and we conclude it is necessary to optimize the network buffer size depending on the size of video data.
Study on the Digital VCR System and Its Image Enhancement Techniques
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 142~151
The digital video cassette recorder(DVCR) is considered as next generation VCR due to its performance breakthrough in various aspects, such as digital recording and various digital image processing techniques. The purpose of our study is to understand the standardized specifications of the DVCR system, evaluate the performance of the system, and improve the quality of the reconstructed DVCR image. More specifically, in order to enhance the DVCR Image we consider a series of discrete cosine transform(DCT), quantization, inverse DCT, and Inverse quantization as a degradation process of the Imaging system, and propose a fast adaptive image restoration algorithm for reducing blocking artifacts.
Hardware Implementation of GA HDTV Video Encoder Using Hierarchical Motion Estimation and Adaptive Quantization
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 152~164
This paper describes the hardware architecture and implementation trade-offs of the Grand Alliance HDTV video encoder system. The implemented video encoder accepts video in 1125 line(30Hz) interlaced format, and produces a bit-stream compliant with the motion picture experts group version 2(MPEG-2) standards. The encoder processing includes large- area motion estimation and an advanced rate control mechanism. To keep the system complexity realizable, we adopt a fast hierarchical motion estimation method and developed its hardware architecture. Furthermore an adaptive perceptual quantization method is adopted to improve the perceptual quality. The developed system Is based on the 4-way parallel processing architecture and is implemented by using programmable IC, memory IC, and special-purpose processors such as DCT and motion estimation processors.
A Statistical Image Segmentation Method in the Hierarchical Image Structure
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 165~175
In this paper, the image segmentation method based on the hierarchical pyramid image structure of reduced resolution versions of the image for solving the problems in the conventional methods is presented. This method is described the object detection and delineation by statistical approach. In the object detection method, IFSVR( Inverse-father-son variance ratio) method and FSVR(father-son variance ratio ) method are proposed for solving clustering validity problem occurred In the hierarchical pyramid image structure. An optimal object pixel Is detected at some level by this method. In the object delineation method, the iterative algorithm by top-down traversing method is proposed for moving the optimal object pixel to levels of higher resolution. Using the computer simulation, the results by the proposed statistical methods and object traversing method are investigated for the binary Image and the real image. At the results of computer simulation, the proposed methods of image segmentation based on the hierarchical pyramid Image structure seem to have useful properties and deserve consideration as a possible alternative to existing methods of image segmentation. The computation for the proposed method is required 0(log n) for n
n input image.
Robust 3-D Motion Estimation Based on Stereo Vision and Kalman Filtering
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 1, issue 2, 1996, Pages 176~187
This paper deals with the accurate estimation of 3- D pose (position and orientation) of a moving object with reference to the world frame (or robot base frame), based on a sequence of stereo images taken by cameras mounted on the end - effector of a robot manipulator. This work is an extension of the previous work. Emphasis is given to the 3-D pose estimation relative to the world (or robot base) frame under the presence of not only the measurement noise in 2 - D images[ 1] but also the camera position errors due to the random noise involved in joint angles of a robot manipulator. To this end, a new set of discrete linear Kalman filter equations is derived, based on the following: 1) the orientation error of the object frame due to measurement noise in 2 - D images is modeled with reference to the camera frame by analyzing the noise propagation through 3- D reconstruction; 2) an extended Jacobian matrix is formulated by combining the result of 1) and the orientation error of the end-effector frame due to joint angle errors through robot differential kinematics; and 3) the rotational motion of an object, which is nonlinear in nature, is linearized based on quaternions. Motion parameters are computed from the estimated quaternions based on the iterated least-squares method. Simulation results show the significant reduction of estimation errors and also demonstrate an accurate convergence of the actual motion parameters to the true values.