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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Nov 2015
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Sep 2015
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Jul 2015
Volume 20, Issue 3 - May 2015
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Mar 2015
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
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Comparison of Objective Metrics and 3D Evaluation Using Upsampled Depth Map
Mahmoudpour, Saeed ; Choi, Changyeol ; Kim, Manbae ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 204~214
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.204
Depth map upsampling is an approach to increase the spatial resolution of depth maps obtained from a depth camera. Depth map quality is closely related to 3D perception of stereoscopic image, multi-view image and holography. In general, the performance of upsampled depth map is evaluated by PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio). On the other hand, time-consuming 3D subjective tests requiring human subjects are carried out for examining the 3D perception as well as visual fatigue for 3D contents. Therefore, if an objective metric is closely correlated with a subjective test, the latter can be replaced by the objective metric. For this, this paper proposes a best metric by investigating the relationship between diverse objective metrics and 3D subjective tests. Diverse reference and no-reference metrics are adopted to evaluate the performance of upsampled depth maps. The subjective test is performed based on DSCQS test. From the utilization and analysis of three kinds of correlations, we validated that SSIM and Edge-PSNR can replace the subjective test.
Optimal Harvesting Time Allocation Scheme for Maximizing Throughput in Wireless Cognitive Relay Network with Secondary Energy Harvesting Relay
Im, Gyeongrae ; Lee, Jae Hong ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 215~223
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.215
Energy harvesting technique is an energy charging technique for communication device in energy-constrained environment. Recently, energy harvesting technique that harvests energy from wireless radio frequency signal is proposed. Representatively, there are time switching technique and power splitting technique. This paper proposes an optimal harvesting time allocation scheme in a wireless cognitive relay network when secondary user relay uses energy harvesting technique to transmit information. Secondary user relay receives information and energy simultaneously from the secondary user source`s signal via time switching technique. We aim to maximize the instantaneous throughput by optimizing harvesting time of the secondary user relay. Simulation results show that using optimized harvesting time gets larger instantaneous throughput compared to using constant harvesting time.
SIMD Instruction-based Fast HEVC RExt Decoder
Mok, Jung-Soo ; Ahn, Yong-Jo ; Ryu, Hochan ; Sim, Donggyu ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 224~237
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.224
In this paper, we introduce the fast decoding method with the SIMD (Single Instruction Multiple Data) instructions for HEVC RExt (High Efficiency Video Coding Range Extensions). Several tools of HEVC RExt such as intra prediction, interpolation, inverse-quantization, inverse-transform, and clipping modules can be classified as the proper modules for applying the SIMD instructions. In consideration of bit-depth increasement of RExt, intra prediction, interpolation, inverse-quantization, inverse-transform, and clipping modules are accelerated by SSE (Streaming SIMD Extension) instructions. In addition, we propose effective implementations for interpolation filter, inverse-quantization, and clipping modules by utilizing a set of AVX2 (Advanced Vector eXtension 2) instructions that can use 256 bits register. The evaluation of the proposed methods were performed on the private HEVC RExt decoder developed based on HM 16.0. The experimental results show that the developed RExt decoder reduces 12% average decoding time, compared with the conventional sequential method.
Image Enhancement Using The Contrast Sensitivity Function
Bang, Seangbae ; Kim, Wonha ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 238~247
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.238
We develop the signal processing method for adaptive implementing direction of signal and the frequency sensitivity of human visual system(HVS). Existing multibnad energy scaling method makes ringing artifact because it does not consider signal direction. To solve this problem, we use block gradient for signal direction in addition to existing method. And we use the fact that frequency component of signal is more sensitive than value of signal over human eyes. we enhance the signal according to contrast sensitivity function(CSF) which is the model of frequency sensitivity of human eye. Compared that the existing analysis models only improve the efficiencies in the existing systems, the developed method can process the image signals to be more desirable and suitable to HVS.
A Study on Performance Analysis for Terrestrial Cloud Transmission Systems
Kim, Jeongchang ; Park, Sung Ik ; Kim, Heung Mook ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 248~256
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.248
In this paper, we model the interference plus noise signal for terrestrial cloud transmission systems and present bit error rate (BER) performances. Since terrestrial cloud transmission systems experience co-channel interference from one or more transmitters, they have to operate under a negative signal-to-interference plus noise ratio (SINR) region. The interference plus noise signal can be modeled as Gaussian random variable under the required SINR region and we observe the BER performance of the cloud transmission system using the derived model. Also, we propose an improved channel estimation scheme by averaging the channel estimates based on least square based interpolation scheme. Simulation results show that the cloud transmission system can operate under negative SINR region using the proposed channel estimation scheme.
Enhanced Binary Block Matching Method for Constrained One-bit Transform based Motion Estimation
Kim, Hyungdo ; Jeong, Jechang ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 257~264
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.257
In this paper, Enhanced binary block matching method for Constrained one-bit transform (C1BT) based motion estimation is proposed. Binary motion estimation exploits the Number of non-matched points (NNMP) as a block matching criterion instead of the Sum of Absolute Differences (SAD) for low complex motion estimation. The motion estimation using SAD could use the smaller block for more accurate motion estimation. In this paper the enhanced binary block matching method using smaller motion estimation block for C1BT is proposed to the more accurate binary matching. Experimental results shows that the proposed algorithm has better Peak Signal to Noise Ration (PSNR) results compared with conventional binary transform algorithms.
Frame Rate Up-Conversion with Occlusion Detection Function
Kim, Nam-Uk ; Lee, Yung-Lyul ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 265~272
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.265
A new technology on video frame rate up-conversion (FRUC) is presented by combining the median filter and motion estimation (ME) with an occlusion detection (OD) method. First, ME is performed to have a motion vector. Then, the OD method is used to refine motion vector in the occlusion region. Since the wrong motion vector can be obtained with high possibility in the occluded area, a median filtering that less depends on the motion vector is applied to that area, and since the motion vector is continuous and robust in the non-occluded area, BDMC(Bi-Directional Motion Compensated interpolation) is applied to obtain interpolated image in that area. BDMC using the bi-directional motion vectors achieves good results when continuity and robustness of the motion vector is higher. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm provides better performance than the conventional approach. The average gain of PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio) is approximately 0.16 dB in the test sequences compared with BDMC.
The Comparative Analysis of Gambling Media System in the Construction of a Large Technological System
Jung, Kuhyun ; Seo, Myeong-Cheon ; Cho, Kyu-Dong ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 273~282
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.273
This study was to analyze the gambling media system, one of important factors in horse racing industry. The purpose of this study is to show a vision in special field of horse racing industry, which is examined as comparative analysis on domestic and foreign gambling media system in terms of Large Technological Systems by Hughes(1987). This study approaches in two different viewpoints. First, this study is to conceptualize the subjects of study in Large Technological System. Second, this study is to show common factors and differences on domestic and foreign gambling media system through conceptualization. This paper shows vision and implications like faster decision-making by authority`s direct operating, competitive content development, future policy in accordance with the international open-door policy and broadcasting convergence for the balanced development of horse industry through the gambling media system, analyzing reverse salient which is the barrier of domestic gambling media system from comparative study.
MMT-based Broadcasting Services Combined with MPEG-DASH
Park, MinKyu ; Kim, Yong Han ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 283~299
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.283
In this paper, we propose new broadcasting services that combine MMT (MPEG Media Transport) standard with MPEG-DASH (Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP) standard. MMT is a next-generation multimedia transport standard that is IP-friendly and provides functionalities appropriate for hybrid broadcasting that uses broadcast physical channels and the Internet simultaneously. MPEG-DASH enables media streaming services that can be dynamically adaptive both to the network traffic conditions of wired and/or wireless Internet and the receiving entity environment. We explain the scenarios of the proposed broadcasting services and demonstrate that various hybrid broadcasting services can be easily realized through the combined usage of MMT and MPEG-DASH. By making the test bitstreams containing contents for the new services and developing the receiver back-end software that performs the function of the receiving entity for the new services on personal computers, we verified that the proposed scenarios can be realized.
New Retransmission Method using the minimum MPDU starting Spacing in Two-level Aggregation of IEEE 802.11n
Shin, In Cheol ; Kim, Dong-Hoi ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 300~309
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.300
In IEEE 802.11n WLANs(Wireless Local Area Networks), to support high throughput, MAC(Media Access Control) layer adopts A-MSDU(Aggregate-MAC Service Data Unit) and A-MPDU(Aggregate-MAC Protocol Data Unit). Generally, as the A-MPDU uses a selective retransmission capability, A-MPDU provides higher throughput than A-MSDU. However, although A-MPDU uses the selective re-transmission capability, if the size of MPDU within A-MPDU is smaller than the size of minimum MPDU starting spacing, A-MPDU can reduce throughput because of the overhead of retransmission owing to the addition of delimiter, that is a dummy MPDU. Therefore, to overcome the above problem, two-level Aggregation method, where the small MPDU within A-MPDU is replaced by not delimiter but A-MSDU, has been introduced. In the two-level Aggregation method, the existing re-transmission scheme retransmits only A-MPDU, but if the size of retransmission data is smaller than the size of the minimum MPDU starting spacing, the proposed retransmission scheme retransmits the aggregated retransmission data and MSDUs. Therefore, we know that the proposed retransmission scheme have better throughput that the existing retransmission scheme.
A study of Development of Transmission Systems for Terrestrial Single Channel Fixed 4K UHD & Mobile HD Convergence Broadcasting by Employing FEF (Future Extension Frame) Multiplexing Technique
Oh, JongGyu ; Won, YongJu ; Lee, JinSeop ; Kim, JoonTae ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 310~339
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.310
In this paper, the possibility of a terrestrial fixed 4K UHD (Ultra High Definition) and mobile HD (High Definition) convergence broadcasting service through a single channel employing the FEF (Future Extension Frame) multiplexing technique in DVB (Digital Video Broadcasting)-T2 (Second Generation Terrestrial) systems is examined. The performance of such a service is also investigated. FEF multiplexing technology can be used to adjust the FFT (fast Fourier transform) and CP (cyclic prefix) size for each layer, whereas M-PLP (Multiple-Physical Layer Pipe) multiplexing technology in DVB-T2 systems cannot. The convergence broadcasting service scenario, which can provide fixed 4K UHD and mobile HD broadcasting through a single terrestrial channel, is described, and transmission requirements of the SHVC (Scalable High Efficiency Video Coding) technique are predicted. A convergence broadcasting transmission system structure is described by employing FEF and transmission technologies in DVB-T2 systems. Optimized transmission parameters are drawn to transmit 4K UHD and HD convergence broadcasting by employing a convergence broadcasting transmission structure, and the reception performance of the optimized transmission parameters under AWGN (additive white Gaussian noise), static Brazil-D, and time-varying TU (Typical Urban)-6 channels is examined using computer simulations to find the TOV (threshold of visibility). From the results, for the 6 and 8 MHz bandwidths, reliable reception of both fixed 4K UHD and mobile HD layer data can be achieved under a static fixed and very fast fading multipath channel.
Fast PU Decision Method Using Coding Information of Co-Located Sub-CU in Upper Depth for HEVC
Jang, Jae-Kyu ; Choi, Ho-Youl ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 20, issue 2, 2015, Pages 340~347
DOI : 10.5909/JBE.2015.20.2.340
HEVC (High Efficiency Video Coding) achieves high coding efficiency by employing a quadtree-based coding unit (CU) block partitioning structure and various prediction units (PUs), and the determination of the best CU partition structure and the best PU mode based on rate-distortion (R-D) cost. However, the computation complexity of encoding also dramatically increases. In this paper, to reduce such encoding computational complexity, we propose three fast PU mode decision methods based on encoding information of upper depth as follows. In the first method, the search of PU mode of the current CU is early terminated based on the sub-CBF (Coded Block Flag) of upper depth. In the second method, the search of intra prediction modes of PU in the current CU is skipped based on the sub-Intra R-D cost of upper depth. In the last method, the search of intra prediction modes of PU in the lower depth`s CUs is skipped based on the sub-CBF of the current depth`s CU. Experimental results show that the three proposed methods reduce the computational complexity of HM 14.0 to 31.4%, 2.5%, and 23.4% with BD-rate increase of 1.2%, 0.11%, and 0.9%, respectively. The three methods can be applied in a combined way to be applied to both of inter prediction and intra prediction, which results in the complexity reduction of 34.2% with 1.9% BD-rate increase.