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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Dec 1999
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Jun 1999
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Orthogonally multiplexed wavelet packet modulation and demodulation techniques
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 4, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~11
This paper introduces orthogonally multiplexed modulation and demodulation methods based on Wavelet Packet Bases and particularly describes Wavelet Packet Modulation (WPM) techniques that provide the designer of transmission signal set in time-frequency domain with tree structural information which can be adapted to given channel characterristics. Multi-dimensional signaling methods are also contrasted to common and different characteristics of conventional QAM. multi-tone modulation methods. The paper addresses the mothod how to find a best tree structure that has more adaptivity to impulse and narrowband tone pulse noises using a tunning algorithm which arbitrarily partitions the time-frequency space and makes a suitable orthogonal signaling waveforms. Simulation results exhibits a favorable performance over existing mod/demod methods specially for narrowband tone pulse and impulse interferences.
Still image comunications on the internet using the wavelet image compression technique
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 4, issue 1, 1999, Pages 12~21
Without a question. the most significant new medium for transmitting information is the Internet. Unfortunately. the multimedia elements that enrich our titles are extremely bulky. While the Internet hype is available in unlimited supply. Internet bandwidth and functionality of web browser are not making the net quite hospitable to multimedia data formats. In this thesis. for smoother and better communications over the net. a study is done on still image compression techniques. based on wavelet transform which is selected on MPEG-4 as a still image compression standard and a strong candidate for the JPEG-2000 standard. For Internet service. the study of plug-in programming and ActiveX control is implemented to enrich the functionality of web browser. As a result. the proposed still image service gives better image quality than current standard JPEG and does not yield to the common blocking artifacts.
Moving Object Tracking in Active Camera Environment Based on Bayes Decision Theory
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 4, issue 1, 1999, Pages 22~31
Moving object tracking improves the efficiency and qualification for observation system, broadcasting system, video conference, etc. This paper propcses an improved Bayes decision method for detecting and tracking moving objects in active camera environment. The Bayes decision based tracking approach finds the region of moving objects by analyzing the image sequences statistically. The propcsed algorithm regenerates the probability density function to accord with moving objects and background for active camera. Experimental results show that the algorithm is accurate. reliable and noise resistant. The result is compared with those of the conventional methods.
Information Coding Schemes for the Frequency Hopping Communication
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 4, issue 1, 1999, Pages 32~43
This paper addresses schemes which securely transmit voice and data information under the worst communication environment using the frequency hopping(FH) communication system to avoid monitoring or interference against enemy. In case of using the conventional FEC and bit interleaving scheme. the processing time for error control coding and bit interleaving due to system complexity is highly demanded. In this paper. the effective information coding scheme of maprity error correction and block interleaving compatible to the proposed FH communication system is proposed to transmit voice or data (I6Kbps. 4.8Kbps. 2.4Kbps. 1.2Kbps, O.6Kbps) under the worst FH communication channel. In transmitter. low rate data signals are configured to majority data blocks. and transmitted repeatedly to FH channel which are structured to 20Kbps hopping frame cells. In receiver. the received data are decoded block by block, and taken majority error correction. Consequently. burst or random errors are corrected at the block deinterleaver and the majority decoder. The proposed coder structure reduces the coding/decnding processing time as well as the jamming interferences, and further simplify the data processing complexity for FH communication. Improved performance of the proposed scheme was verified under simulated channel environments.
Rate-distortion based image segmentation using recursive merging
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 4, issue 1, 1999, Pages 44~58
In this paper, a rate-distortion based image segmentation algorithm is presented using a recursive merging with region adjacency graph (RAG). In the method, the dissimilarity between a pair of adjacent regions is represented as a Lagrangian cost function considered in rate-distortion sense. Lagrangian multiplier is estimated in each merging step, a pair of adjacent regions whose cost is minimal is searched and then the pair of regions are merged into a new region. The merging step is recursively performed until some termination criterion is reached. The proposed method thus is suitable for region-based coding or segmented-based coding. Experiment results for 256x256 Lena show that segmented-based coding using the proposed method yields PSNR improvement of about 2.5 - 3.5 dB. 0.8 -1.0 dB. 0.3 -0.6 dB over mean-difference-based method. distortion-based method, and JPEG, respectively.
Edge-Preserving Directional Regularization Technique for Disparity Estimation and Intermediate View Reconstruction of Stereoscopic Images
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 4, issue 1, 1999, Pages 59~67
In this paper, we study two important topics in stereoscopic image communication system. One is a disparity estimation (DE) method to obtain the depth information of a scene at the transmitter and the other is an intermediate view reconstruction(IVR) method at the receiver. We propose a new DE method using an edge-preserving directional regularization technique. The proposed DE method smooths disparity vectors in smooth regions and preserves edges without over-smoothing problem. It provides better reconstructed stereoscopic images and improved coding efficiency than the existing regularization techniques. In addition. we propose a new IVR method using interpolation and extrapolation techniques. The proposed IVR method preserves edge regions as well as occlusion regions well. Thus. it gives better intermediate views than the existing IVR methods.
Watermaking for still images in the DCT domain
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 4, issue 1, 1999, Pages 68~75
In this paper. we propose a digital watermarking method for still images in the discrete cosine transform (DCT) domain. The adaptive watermark insertion method in the high frequency region within a given image is employed to increase the invisibility of the inserted watermark in images, in which variable block-size method is used for selection of the high frequency region. Experimental results show that the proposed watermarking method is robust to several common image processing techniques. including joint photographic experts group (JPEG) compression, lowpass filtering, multiple watermarking, and croppIng.
Block Loss Recovery Using Fractal Extrapolation for Fractal Coded Images
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 4, issue 1, 1999, Pages 76~85
The degradation of image quality by block loss is more serious in fractal coded images with the error propagation due to mapping from the lost blocks than in DCT coded images. Therefore. a new algorithm is presented for recovering the blocks lost in the transmission through the lossy network as A TM network of the images coded by Jacquins fractal coding. Jacquins fractal code is divided into two layers of header code and main code according to its importance. The key technique of the proposed BLRA (block loss recovery algorithm) is a fractal extrapolation that estimates the lost pixels by using the contractive mapping parameters of the neighboring range blocks whose characteristics are similar to a lost block. The proposed BLRA is applied to the lost blocks in the iteration of decoding. Some experimental results show the proposed BLRA yields excellent performance in PSNR as well as subjective quality.