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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 2000
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 2000
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Field Test Results of Terrestrial Digital TV in Korea
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 140~158
Testing of terrestrial Digital TV(DTV) broadcasting in Seoul and Kyung-gi region was started in May 1999. Tasks of the committee for DTV technical evaluation were to implement test procedures for DTV transmitting systems, to analyze various technical aspects of DTV and to complete a field test. This paper summarizes the field test results. The field test vehicle was designed and constructed to measure field data. We chose over 200 test points to verify the receiving status of DTV signals and compared them with the analog TV signals at the same site. The results showed stable and satisfactory reception of DTV signals over 70%. The system performance index was over 80%.
Performance Analysis on Digital TV Transmission Through CATV Networks
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 159~166
This paper analyzed the transmission performance when we transmited digital TV signal through analog CATV network. We considered random noise, microreflection, and composite tripple beats as channel impairment factors, and random noise and CTB( Composite Tripple Beat) are modelled as Gaussian distribution and Weibull distribution respectively. Channel modellings for microreflections are classified as three cases, and we exploited carrier recovery and blind equalizer to minimize their effects. We developed a computer simulator for the digital transmission system using DVB-C specification to analyze digital transmission performance, and found BER values according to
for each configuration.
Error Concealment Techniques for Image Quality Improvement of Digital TV
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 167~175
Compressed bitstreams generated by an MPEG-2 video encoder (or digital TV picture transmission are quite sensitive to channel errors. Due to the coding structure of the MPEG-2 video compression algorithm, a single bit error can affect not only the current Picture frame but also succeeding frames. Error concealment algorithms attempt to repair damaged portions of the picture by exploiting spatial and temporal redundancies in the correctly received and reconstructed video frames. In this paper, we analyze the effect of channel errors in MPEG-2 video bitstreams and estimate lost motion vectors by exploiting temporal redundancies in the video frames. Motion vectors can be estimated from the vertically adjacent extended region of lost macroblocks. Finally, we conceal the damaged macroblocks by compensating the displacement with the estimated motion vectors. Simulation results demonstrate that both the weighted sum algorithm and the extension matching algorithm achieve good performance in terms of PSNR values as well as subjective image quality.
Design of a Format Converter from MPEG-4 Over MPEG-2 TS to MP4
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 176~187
MPEG-4 is a digital bit stream format and associated protocols for representing multimedia content consisting of natural and synthetic audio, video and object data. This paper describes an application where multiple audio/visual data stream are combined in MPEG-4 and transported via MPTG-2 transport streams(TS). Also, this paper describes how to convert MPEG-4 Over MPEG-2 TS bit streams into MP4 file which Is designed to contain the media information of an MPEG-4 presentation in a flexible, extensible format. MPEG-4 is presented in the form of audio-visual objects that are arranged into an audio-visual scene by means of a scene descriptor and is composed of the audio-visual objects by means of an object descriptor. These descriptor streams are not defined MPEG-2 TS. So. this paper focuses on handling of these descriptors and parsing TS streams to get MPEG-4 data. The MPEG-4 Over MPEG-2 TS to MP4 format converter is implemented in the demonstrated systems.
Image Retrieval using Adaptable Weighting Scheme on Relevance Feedback
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 188~198
As MPEG-2 is introduced, a new editing system that works at the compressed domain is required. It is efficient to paste the two different video sequences in the compressed domain, but after repeated pasting, the result sequence can violate MPEG-2 rate control algorithm. In other words, it causes the underflow of the buffer during the decoding time. The earlier study inserted an additional fade-in sequence but it is not natural when we make a program. In this paper, a nobel method using requantization of the underflow sequence is presented.
Analysis on Protection Ratio of IBAC DAB System for Co-Channel FM Interferer
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 199~210
The IBAC (In-Band Adjacent-Channel) DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting) system is to provide multichannel CD quality audio services and multimedia data services including text and picture in FM band (88~105 MHz). As the FM band is being used by the existing analog radio broadcasting, there must he an analysis of the interference effect between IBAC DAB and analog FM signal. Therefore, the protection ratio should be evaluated to verify the system compatibility and allocate the new IBAC DAB channel in FM band. In this paper, among the three types of interferences, FM-to-DAB, DAB-to-FM and DAB-to-DAB, that can be occurred, the Protection ratio of IBAC DAB system for co-channel FM interferer is analyzed by modeling the FM interferer and considering the multipath fading channel. The simulation results show that IBAC DAB system has far better sensitivity than Eureka 147 and needs a relatively high protection ratio for co-channel FM interferer, because of its narrow bandwidth, about one third of that of Eureka 147.
Performance Analysis of IBAC DAB System for Bandwidth in Korea FM Interference Environmentlevance Feedback
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 211~219
The IBAC DAB system was interfered by existing FM broadcasting signal as was used guardband within existing FM broadcasting. The FM interference signals are very important parameter in performance evaluation of IBAC DAB system. We got the characteristic of FM PSD in according to instantaneous change and average characteristic of FM broadcasting signal in according to characteristic of FM channel. In this paper, based on proposed IBAC DAB system, we analyze effects of FM interference for occupied bandwidth and performance of IBAC DAB modeling various FM interference signals with sum of sinusoid function using C language, suggest FM interference ratio that can maintain performance. We was know that IBAC DAB system have a great performance variation in according to average characteristic of FM PSD by simulation results, also, FM interference ration that can maintain performance of system is 10dB.
Speech Watermark Based on Patchwork for Digital Broadcasting
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 220~226
A novel audio watermark algorithm, the Modified Patchwork Algorithm, is applied to the speech to show that it is effective for digital broadcasting systems. Digital broadcasting system does not separate speech from audio data. However. speech data is very important especially for educational broadcasting. Speech can carry more information than video data. Thus, intellectual property management and protection for speech data is urgent. This paper addresses the technical issues, speech watermark algorithm, and its robustness against malicious attacks.
Adaptive QoS Management for MPEG-4 Streaming Service over Internet
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 227~238
This paper, at first, provides analysis on loss pattern of Internet based on real experiments of the current Internet. Then, we propose an effective adaptive QoS management technique, in which measured loss pattern as well as PLR (Packet Loss Ratio) are used to select titrate of temporal scalability. level of FEC and retransmission This selection is also incorporated to the MPEG-4 error resilience tools and error concealment techniques. In order to minimize effect of packet loss, multimedia stream is segmented in the unit of group of Pictures (GOP) and interleaving and FEC are applied to the segment. Proposed algorithms are applied to build a VOD system.
Control Parameter Extraction using Wavelet Transform for Auto-Focus Control of Stereo Camera
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 239~246
An efficient control parameter extraction scheme required for auto-focusing control of a stereo camera is proposed. Without loss of generality, it is assumed that an interesting object exists in the center of a captured image by a stereo camera. In such a case. we apply a 2-dimensional wavelet transform to the center area with specific image size in the captured image. Next, we extract required focus control parameters using an Ll-norm for doubly high-pass filtered components. Experimental results show that the proposed scheme is effectively applicable to the auto-focusing for a stereo camera compared to the conventional control scheme using discrete cosine transform (DCT).
New Fast Block-Matching Motion Estimation using Temporal and Spatial Correlation of Motion Vectors
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 247~259
This paper introduces a new technique that reduces the search times and Improves the accuracy of motion estimation using high temporal and spatial correlation of motion vector. Instead of using the fixed first search Point of previously proposed search algorithms, the proposed method finds more accurate first search point as to compensating searching area using high temporal and spatial correlation of motion vector. Therefore, the main idea of proposed method is to find first search point to improve the performance of motion estimation and reduce the search times. The proposed method utilizes the direction of the same coordinate block of the previous frame compared with a block of the current frame to use temporal correlation and the direction of the adjacent blocks of the current frame to use spatial correlation. Based on these directions, we compute the first search point. We search the motion vector in the middle of computed first search point with two fixed search patterns. Using that idea, an efficient adaptive predicted direction search algorithm (APDSA) for block matching motion estimation is proposed. In the experimental results show that the PSNR values are improved up to the 3.6dB as depend on the Image sequences and advanced about 1.7dB on an average. The results of the comparison show that the performance of the proposed APDSA algorithm is better than those of other fast search algorithms whether the image sequence contains fast or slow motion, and is similar to the performance of the FS (Full Search) algorithm. Simulation results also show that the performance of the APDSA scheme gives better subjective picture quality than the other fast search algorithms and is closer to that of the FS algorithm.
A Simple Auto Calibration Method for CCD Camera With High Distortion Lens
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 260~272
In this paper, we propose a simple auto calibration method for a CCD camera with wide an91e lens that causes high degree of distortion. We formulate a cubic warping equation for the relationship between the cross points on the distorted calibration target and the corresponding points from the standard grid image, and calibrate distorted images using the computed parameters. The experiment has been performed with the distorted images resulted from wide angle CCD camera. The experimental results show that the proposed method, in terms of the average and maximum distorted error, has higher accuracy than the existing methods because of maintaining the calibration ratio more than 95 percent. The proposed method is applicable to wide variety of images regardless a type of lens or distortion.
Indoor Wireless Channel Characteristics at 800MHz
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 273~280
Channel characteristics between the outdoor transmitter far away from the building and receivers inside the building are explored theoretically using ray tracing technique. In this paper, 29 receivers are located on the single floor of the building to observe the variation of channel properties depending on receiver location. For each receiver, amplitudes and phases of ail the possible rays form the transmitter to the receiver are traced to obtain impulse response. Statistical results for rms delay spread and power delay profiles for representative receiver location are given.
Estimation of Motion-Blur Parameters Based on a Stochastic Peak Trace Algorithm
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 281~289
While acquiring images, the relative motion between the imaging device and the object scene seriously damages the image quality. This phenomenon is called motion blur. The peak-trace approach, which is our recent previous work, identifies important parameters to characterize the point spread function (PSF) of the blur, given only the blurred image itself. With the peak-trace approach the direction of the motion blur can be extracted regardless of the noise corruption and does not need much Processing time. In this paper stochastic peak-trace approaches are introduced. The erroneous data can be selected through the ML classification, and can be made small through weighting. Therefore the distortion of the direction in the low frequency region can be prevented. Using the linear prediction method, the irregular data are prohibited from being selected as the peak point. The detection of the second peak using the proposed moving average least mean (MALM) method is used in the Identification of the motion extent. The MALM method itself includes a noise removal process, so it is possible to extract the parameters even an environment of heavy noise. In the experiment, we could efficiently restore the degraded image using the information obtained by the proposed algorithm.
A Watermarking Technique using Block-based Wavelet Transform
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 290~299
In this paper, we introduce a watermarking technique using a block-based wavelet transform. Our objective is to achieve the invisibility of the watermark embedded into an image. That is, the difference between the original image and the watermarked image is perceptually invisible. Also, we propose a scheme that is robust to common Image processing by embedding the watermark into ail frequencies. Especially, we certified that the proposed watermarking algorithm was robust to JPEG compression and noise. In addition, our detection scheme can detect the manipulated area for the purpose of authentication. From the experimental results, we conclude that the proposed watermarking system satisfied the objectives proposed in this paper.