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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Sep 2001
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
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Digital Audio Watermarking for Copyright Protection of Broadcasting Content
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 3~12
Over the last few years, digital audio watermarking has become an interesting issue In many application areas, including digital broadcasting. This is primarily motivated by a need to provide copyright protection of digital audio content. Digital watermarking is a technique to embed copyright or other information int? the underlying data. Several possible audio watermarking techniques have been developed including spread spectrum watermarking, echo watermarking, phase coding, and patchwork. In this paper, we describe some requirements of digital audio watermarking as a tool for copyright protection of broadcasting content, and compare popular audio watermarking algorithms in some significant aspects.
Digital Audio Watermarking in The Cepstrum Domain
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 13~20
In this paper, we propose a new digital audio watermarking scheme In the cepstrum domain. We insert a digital watermark signal Into the cepstral components of the audio signal using a technique analogous to spread spectrum Communications, hiding a narrow band signal in a wade band channel. In our proposed method, we use pseudo-random sequences to watermark the audio signal. The watermark Is then weighted in the cepstrum domain according to the distribution of cepstral coefficients and the frequency masking characteristics of the human auditory system. The proposed watermark embedding scheme minimizes audibility of the watermark signal. and the embedded watermark is robust to mu1tip1e watermarks, MPEG audio ceding and additive noose.
An Efficient PN Sequence Embedding and Detection Method for High Quality Digital Audio Watermarking
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 21~31
In the PN-sequence based audio watermarking system, the PN sequence is shaped by a filter derived from the psychoacoustic model to increase robustness and inaudibility The psychoacoustic model calculated in each audio segment, however, requires heavy computational loads. In this paper, we propose an efficient watermarking system adopting a fixed-shape perceptual filter that substitutes psychoacoustic model derived filter. The proposed filter can shape the PN-sequence to be inaudible and enable to embed the robust watermark in a simple manner. Moreover, we propose an anchitecture for the PN-sequence compensation fitter In the watermark detecter to increase correlation between the watermark and the PN-sequence. With the proposed architecture, the blind watermark detection performance has been enhanced.
Digital Watermarking for JPEG2000
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 32~40
In this paper, we propose a DWT (discrete Wavelet Transform) based watermarking method, which can be conveniently Integrated In the up-coming JPEG2770 baseline system. Although Conventional DWT based watermarking techniques insert watermark signal Into wavelet coefficients after the transform, our proposed method embeds a watermark into wavelet coefficients obtained from the ongoing process of lifting for DWT. The proposed method allows us to selectively determine frequency characteristics of the coefficients where the watermark is embedded. so that the Inserted watermark cannot be removed or altered even when the filter-bank for DWT is known. Through the simulation, we show that the proposed method is more secure and more robust against various attacks than conventional DWT barred watermarking techniques.
Fragile Image Watermarking Using Bit Planes
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 41~49
Digital watermarking has been proposed for copyright protection of digital data. According to the property of an embedded watermark, it is classified into two categories, robust watermarking and fragile watermarking. The former is used for copyright protection, and the laster applies to the authentication/integrity to verify the authenticity of data, If an Image has been modified or forged. the embedded watermark cannot be extracted from the Image. As a results, it is possible to defect the modification of the image. As pixels are represented by tilts, the modification of bits corresponds to the alteration of the image. In this paper, a new fragile watermarking is proposed In which two watermarks are embedded in order to detect some modification occurred In high and low bit Planes. From simulation results, the embedded watermark is Invisible in a watermarked image and we can locale some Places where the modification occurring
Digital Image Watermarking using Inner Product and Adaptive Quantization
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 50~57
A digital watermarking is a newly developed scheme to embed invisible or inaudible information Into the host data in order to insist the copyright of the owner or the creator. This paper describes a robust data embedding scheme that employs inner product and adaptive quantization. Compared to the previous works for digital watermarking, our proposed scheme can embed relatively large amount of Information, since a secrete key Is not directly relaxed to the watermark data. A secret key is used for the design of random direction vectors. which are taken Inner product with the DCT transformed feature set data. In odder to achieve robustness against malicious attacks. we exploit the Properties of human visual system In designing the random direction vectors which behave as embedded noises. Experimental results show that we can recover the embedded information without utilizing the original host data. We also demonstrate that the ownership assertion is possible even though The watermarked data may undergo common signal processing operations, such as JPEG compression. clopping. and filtering.
Screen Mark Attack : A New Image Watermarking Attack
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 58~65
This paper describes a new watermarking attach algorithm, a screen mark attack. The screen mark attack is a modified overmarking attach, which attacks a watermarking system by Inserting another watermark into a marked Image. Overmarking attack has a problem that it cannot be applied to a public watermarking software that prohibits the watermark embedder from embedding another watermark Into an already marked image. However, the proposed attack algorithm can be applied to such a pub1ic watermarking scheme. Test results show that the proposed watermarking attack algorithm is successful for commercial watermarking softwares and attacked images show better quality than Images attached by 07her attack tools.
Implementation of the Audio CODEC for Digital Audio Broadcasting Service
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 66~71
This paper Introduces an implementation of MPEG-2 AAC codec system for digital audio broadcasting. This system consists of the encoder and the decoder. This system includes MPEG-2 system multiplexing and demultiplexing modules for Interfacing to the ETRI-DAB system. Four DSPs are adopted for the encoder and three DSPs for 7he decoder. Each DSP Processes system control. 1/0 control, audio signal processing. multiplexing and demultiplexing. This Paper also discusses some near future estimations relaxed to the DAB system and it\`s services. Currently a stereo audio codec is available but multi-channel audio codec and MPEG-4 audio cosec wall be also Implemented.
An Adaptive Mobility Estimator for the Estimation of Time-Variant OFDM Channels
Kim, Dae-jin ; Kim, Cheol-Min ; Park, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 72~81
An adaptive channel estimation technique for OFDM-based DTV receivers is proposed using a new mobility estimator. Sample mean techniques for channel estimation have displayed good performance in slow fading channels, because averaging reduces noise In channel estimation operation. This paper suggests an algorithm which selects the optimal number of symbols within which the sample mean of consecutive pilot data can be obtained. The designed mobility estimator determines the optimal number by comparing mobility variance and estimated noise valiance. The algorithm using the mobility estimator obtains an optimal channel function under time-invariant or time-variant multipath fading channels, thereby making the best BER performance.
An Implementation of Digital TV Stream Analyzer
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 82~97
In this paper, we describe a software implementation of a digital TV stream analyzer that can be used for analyzing and verifying digital TV bitstreams on personal computes. It accepts as input MPEG-2 transport streams (TS's) already stored on hard disks and doesn't require any special hardware. After classifying TS packets into program specific information(PSI) TS section auido, video, program clock reference (PCR) private data and null packets, it displays their contents through a graphic user interface along with the syntax elements of the TS header. Also it displays the decoded I frame nearest in time axis the TS packet currently shown This feature helps pin pointing the specific location of problematic parts in bitstreams. The bitsteam analyzer provides the compliance test of MPEG-2 Systems standard and the data injection functionality with which one can easily insert additional data to existing MPEG-2 bitstreams. Using the resulting system one can produce at low test streams for interactive broadcasting and data broadcasting for laboratory use.
Huffman Code Design and PSIP Structure of Hangul Data for Digital Broadcasting
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 98~107
In this paper we derive an optimal Huffman code set with escape coding that miximizes coding efficiency for the Hangul text data. The Hangul code can be represented in the standard Wansung or Unicode format, and we can generate a set of Huffamn codes for both. The current Korean DT standard has not defined a Hangul compression algorithm which may be confronted with a serious data rate for the digital data broadcasting system Generation of the optimal Huffman code set is to solve the data transmission problem. A relevant PSIP structure for the DTB standard is also proposed As a result characters which have the probability of less than 0.0043 are escape coded, showing the optimum compression efficiency of 46%.
Improvement of Deblocking Algorithm by Using Characteristics of Region
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2001, Pages 108~118
In this paper, the conventional deblocing algorithms are compared in each region of the image. Based on the comparison result, we propose a new deblocklng algorithm that can improve subjectives as well as the objective quality. Because the human visual system is mode sensitive to the blocking artifacts in the low frequency re91on, we compare the performance of several deblocking algorithms in 7he low and high frequency region separately. For this purpose we also propose an algorithm for classifying the region into low and high frequency ones. and propose a deblocking algorithm which is applied differently to each region. The result shows that the adaptive LPF method yields the best performance in the low frequency region in terms of both subjective and objective quality. Hence. by applying the adaptive LPF method to the low frequency region, the performance of conventional algorithms can be improved. In the high frequency region. it is observed that the DCT-based POCS algorithm provides the best performance. Hence, by combining the algorithm with the adaptive LPF method, the best objective performance is obtained.