Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Broadcast Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Sep 2001
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 2001
Selecting the target year
Efficient DCT Domain Transcoding for Video Transmission
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 121~130
We propose an efficient DCT-domain video transcoding algorithm for flexible for bit-rate video communications. Video transcoding provides communication fiexibility by adaptively changing the bit-rate of compressed bit stream. During the transcoding process, adrift error is unavoidable because of the difference between reference images in the series of encoding and decoding. For solving the drift error problem, cascade pixel-domain transcoder (CPDT) has been proposed. CPDT, however, requires highly complex hardware and heavy computational overhead. In this paper we propose a DCT-domain transcoding technique, which enables efficient transcoding without any drift error. The proposed cascade DCT-domain transcoder (CDDT) is realized by new motion compensation and down-sampling methods in the DCT-domain.
MPEG-2 422P@ML Transcoder for Digital TV Transmission
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 131~138
We have proposed a transcoder which converts the MPEG-2 422P@ML bitstream into MPEG-2 422P@ML bitstream. properties of the MPEG-2 422P@ML profile and requirements for the transcoder are analyzed for the proposed transcoder. The MPEG-2 422P@ML profile permits several GOP structures, each of which has little resemblance. Such different GOP structures lead to a complicated transcoder which includes motion estimation, and have limited use of the side information in the bitstream. By computer simulations, we showed that the results of the transcoding is as good as that of the direct coder by MPEG-2 422P@ML.
A Simplified Pre-processing Method for Efficient Video Noise Reduction
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 139~147
Since various noises degrade not only image quality but also compression efficiency in MPEG and H.263, pre-processing is necessary to reduce spatial and temporal noise and to increase ceding efficiency as well. In this paper, we propose a simplified method for noise detection, spatial and temporal noise reduction. Noise detection is based on correlation of the current pixel with its neighboring 4 pixels. Spatial noose reduction utilizes a non-rectangular median filter that is less complex than the conventional rectangular median filter. The proposed temporal filter is an IIR average filter using LUT(Look-up Table) to enhance subjective video quality. The proposed pre-processing method is very simple and efficient.
Selective Quality Control of Multiple Video Programs for Digital Broadcasting Service
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 148~159
This paper presents a selective duality control system to control relative picture quality among the video programs in terms of Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) . The selective quality control system allows variable bit rate (VBR) for each video program to maintain the pre-determitted relative picture Quality among aggregated video programs while keeping a constant bit rate for alt programs to be transmitted over a single constant bit rate (CBR) channel. Thus is achieved by simultaneous controlling the video encoders to generate VBR video streams at the central controller. furthermore, we also suggest a buffer regulation method based on the analysis of the constraints Imposed by sender/receiver buffer sizes and the total transmission rate. Through various simulation results, it is found that the proposed quality control system guarantees that the video buffers neither overflow nor underflow and the quality control errors do not exceed 0.1 dB.
Generalized Panoramic Scene Reconstruction from Video Sequences Based on Outlier Rejection
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 160~168
In this paper, we propose a new practical motion model that can exploit the general properties of camera motion in constructing a panorama. accounting for panning. tilting, and evert the change in focal length of the camera. We also present an efficient algorithm to handle moving objects or noose in the scene based on outliers rejection. Spatial and temporal statistical properties of motion field are exploited to detect the outliers. The proposed algorithm removes moving objects or noise from the panoramic Image so that mode clear and complete view of the background Image can be obtained. This method does not require assumptions or a priors knowledge of the scene. The entire process is fully automatic as this method does not require any manual correction in the process of constructing a Panorama. The proposed algorithm is tested on the broadcasting images of soccer games. Oun simulation result shows that this method is superior to conventional image mosaicing algorithms.
A Real-time Video Watermarking Technique Using Spatial and Frequency Domain Feedback
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 169~176
Most of the previous video watermarking algorithms cannot be supported by real-time video processing. The maul reason is that in order to develop a robust algorithm the watermarking technique requires a very high computational cost when embedding and extracting the watermark in various frequency domains. Previous embedding methods simultaneously try to compress a video by MPEG and embed a watermark supporting real-time processing. However, In this paper, our proposed algorithm can support real-time processing in both spatial and frequency domains. First. the watermark is created on the courier transform domain, and next is inverse-Fourier-transformed ; then, we directly embed it into the video frame In the spatial domain. This procedure does not require a lot of the computational cost during embedding because of the spatial domain processing. Also, it is possible to support a video stream service and a very robust algorithm from MPEG compression and various geometric attacks.
An Improved Watermark Detection Method Through Correlation Analysis
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 177~186
A digital watermark Is a perceptually unobtrusive signal embedded in some multimedia asset such as an Image for copyright protection. In many cases watermark detection amounts to thresholding a correlation vague between a watermark and a received image. Watermarking detection schemes can be classified into two types. Type 1 is based on a correlation process that is applied to the difference between an original image and an input Image to be tested. Type 2 is based on a correlation process that is directly applied to an input Image. The type 1 fails to prove the rightful ownership, while type 2 has an advantage in terms of rightful ownership compared with type 1. However, type 2 has a problem that doesnt appear in type 1. The problem is that correlation between a watermark and an original Image to be watermarked is trio significant to be ignored, when it Is normalized by watermarks energy. In this paper, based on the analysis of the correlation, we propose a novel watermarking scheme to minimize the effect and also verify the performance of the proposed scheme by experiments.
A Submode Selection Method for Advanced Intra Coding in H.263
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 187~194
The Advanced Intra Coding(AIC) mode included in the H.263+ which is for video ceding at low bit rates, selects one prediction direction of DCT coefficients among three directions for every intra macroblock. Based ()n the selected direction, It uses a different DCT scanning order, quantization scheme, and VLC table. The use of the AIC mode brings higher compression ratio and improved PSNR than the H.263 baseline. This paper proposes a simplified submode selection method for a direction of the DCT coefficient prediction for advanced ultra coding in H.263. Compared to the conventional method the proposed simplified method can achieve a similar coding Performance at computational complexity reduced to 1/7 and with much less memory requirement. The proposed method will be useful in implementing a simplified H.263 system.
Digital Audio Watermarking Scheme Using Perceptual Modeling
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 6, issue 2, 2001, Pages 195~202
As a solution for copyright protection of digital multimedia contents, digital watermark technology is now drawing the attention. In this paper, we presented two novel audio watermarking algorithms as a solution for protecting unauthorized copy of digital audio. Proposed watermarking schemes include the psychoacoustic model of MPEG audio coding to achieve the perceptual transparency after watermark embedding and preprocessing procedure before correlation in watermark detection to extract copyright information without access to the original audio signal. Experimental results show that our watermarking scheme is robust to common signal Processing attacks and it Introduces no audible distortion after watermark insertion.