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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
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Real-Time Video Indexing and Non-Linear Video Browsing for DTV Receivers
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 79~87
The fast advances in digital video processing and multimedia processing technology over the last decade enabled various non-linear video browsing techniques. Based on the machine-understanding of the video content, non-linear video brows ing interfaces such as key-frame based content summarization have been introduced. The key-frame based user interfaces, such as storyboard or table of content, however, are still very hard for conventional TV users to use, and are very hard to implement without the service providers providing additional information for the construction of the key-frame based interfaces. In this paper, non-linear video browsing techniques, which not only overcome previously described drawbacks but also are easy-to-use, and real-time video indexing technology to support the proposed browsing techniques are proposed. The structure-based skipping and skimming help users easily find interesting scene and understand the content in a very short time, using real-time video indexing technology.
Efficient Channel Selection Using User Meta Data
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 88~95
According to an evolution of digital broadcasting, it is possible that terrestrial and satellite broadcasting media provide multi-channel services. CATV and satellite media have been also extended to hundreds of channels. As the result of channel expanding, viewers came to select lots of channels. But it is difficult that they select the favorite channel among hundreds of channels. In this paper, we propose an efficient automatic method to recommend channels and programs on a viewer's preference in a multi-channel broadcasting receiver like a Set ToP Box(STB). The proposed algorithm selects channels based on the following method. It makes and saves user history data by using MPEG-7 MDS based on the program information a viewer had watched. It recommends programs similar to a viewer's preference based on user history data. It selects the channel in the recommended genre based on the viewer's channel preference. The experimental result shows that the proposed scheme is efficient to select the user preference channel.
Semantic Event Detection and Summary for TV Golf Program Using MPEG-7 Descriptors
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 96~106
We introduce a novel scheme to characterize and index events in TV golf programs using MPEG-7 descriptors. Our goal is to identify and localize the golf events of interest to facilitate highlight-based video indexing and summarization. In particular, we analyze multiple (low-level) visual features using domain-specific model to create a perceptual relation for semantically meaningful(high-level) event identification. Furthermore, we summarize a TV golf program with TV-Anytime segmentation metadata, a standard form of an XML-based metadata description, in which the golf events are represented by temporally localized segments and segment groups of highlights. Experimental results show that our proposed technique provides reasonable performance for identifying a variety of golf events.
An Automatic Summarization System of Baseball Game Video Using the Caption Information
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 107~113
In this paper, we propose a method and a software system for automatic summarization of baseball game videos. The proposed system pursues fast execution and high accuracy of summarization. To satisfy the requirement, the detection of important events in baseball video is performed through DC-based shot boundary detection algorithm and simple caption recognition method. Furthermore, the proposed system supports a hierarchical description so that users can browse and navigate videos in several levels of summarization. In this paper, we propose a method and a software system for automatic summarization of baseball game videos. The proposed system pursues fast execution and high accuracy of summarization. To satisfy the requirement, the detection of important events in baseball video is performed through DC-based shot boundary detection algorithm and simple caption recognition method. Furthermore, the proposed system supports a hierarchical description so that users can browse and navigate videos in several levels of summarization.
Full Motion Video Abstraction and Search System
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 114~125
Although there have been a lot of researches on a video abstraction algorithm, the video abstraction tool is necessary to correctly pick up some important shots in a video because the important shots might vary on the person's subjectivity. This paper proposes a video abstraction and search system for making a video abstraction automatically or manually. Proposed system has two main components, server and client. The server generates the Metadata and makes a video abstraction file. The description for video abstraction file is based on MPEG-7. Since proposed system has a function to manually correct the results of each step, the author could produce a good video abstraction easily and efficiently. The proposed system could be used to build a digital video library.
A Centroid-based Image Retrieval Scheme Using Centroid Situation Vector
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 126~135
An image contains various features such as color, shape, texture and location information. When only one of those features is used to retrieve an image, it is difficult to acquire satisfactory retrieval efficiency. Especially, in the database with huge capacity, such phenomenon happens frequently. Therefore, by using moi·e features, efficiency of the contents-based image retrieval (CBIR) system can be improved. This paper proposes a technique to consider location information about specific color as well as color information in image using centroid situation vector. Centroid situation vectors are calculated for specific color of the query image. Then, location similarity is determined through comparing distances between extracted centroid situation vectors of query image and target image in the database. Simulation results show that the proposed method is robust in zoom-in or zoom-out processed images and improves discrimination ability in fliped or rotated images. In addition, the suggested method reduced computational complexity by overlapping information extraction, and that improved the retrieval speed using an efficient index file.
Robust Character Image Retrieval Method Using Bipartite Matching
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 136~144
In this paper, a novel approach that makes use of both shape and color information to retrieve character images in terms of similarity distance from a large-capacity image database or from a streaming image database, in particular, character image logo or trademark. In order to combine both features of completely different characteristics bipartite matching has been employed in computing similarity distance, The proposed method turned out to bealso very effective in matching natural object or human-drawn images whose shape varies substantially.
Partial Image Retrieval Using an Efficient Pruning Method
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 145~152
As the number of digital images available to users is exponentially growing due to the rapid development of digital technology, content-based image retrieval (CBIR) has been one of the most active research areas. A variety of image retrieval methods have been proposed, where, given an input query image, the images that are similar to the input are retrieved from an image database based on low-level features such as colors and textures. However, most of the existing retrieval methods did not consider the case when an input query image is a part of a whole image in the database due to the high complexity involved in partial matching. In this paper, we present an efficient method for partial image matching by using the histogram distribution relationships between query image and whole image. The proposed approach consists of two steps: the first step prunes the search space and the second step performs block-based retrieval using partial image matching to rank images in candidate set. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed algorithm after assuming that the response tune of the system is very high while retrieving only by using partial image matching without Pruning the search space.
User Preference based Intelligent Program Guide
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 153~167
With the advent of digital broadcasting, a large number of program channels become available at the user terminals such as set-top-box or PC. Channel navigation and searching become more difficult at TV terminal sides using a conventional device such as a TV remote controller. The MPEG-7 MDS (Multimedia Description Scheme) and TV Anytime set up a standard about how to describe user preferences for genre, channel, actor/actress, keyword, etc. of the TV programs, and how to describe usage history for user's program consumption behaviors and preferences. But they do not describe how to use them. In this paper, we describe an IPG (Intelligent Program Guider) system that provides TV program and channel information based on user preferences and suggest easy access to TV program that user wants. The IPG monitors user's behaviors of interacting to programs and automatically updates the user's preference changes according1y. The IPG utilizes user preferences description scheme specified in both MPEG-7 MDS and TV Anytime metadata specifications.
Ordinal Measure of DCT Coefficients for Image Correspondence and Its Application to Copy Detection
Changick Kim ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 168~180
This paper proposes a novel method to detect unauthorized copies of digital images. This copy detection scheme can be used as either an alternative approach or a complementary approach to watermarking. A test image is reduced to 8
8 sub-image by intensity averaging, and the AC coefficients of its discrete cosine transform (DCT) are used to compute distance from those generated from the query image, of which a user wants to find copies. Copies may be Processed to avoid copy detection or enhance image quality. We show ordinal measure of DCT coefficients, which is based on relative ordering of AC magnitude values and using distance metrics between two rank permutations, are robust to various modifications of the original image. The optimal threshold selection scheme using the maximum a posteriori (MAP) criterion is also addressed.
A Fast Motion Detection and Tracking Algorithm for Automatic Control of an Object Tracking Camera
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 181~191
Video based surveillance systems based on an active camera require a fast algorithm for real time detection and tracking of local motion in the presence of global motion. This paper presents a new fast and efficient motion detection and tracking algorithm using the displaced frame difference (DFD). In the Proposed algorithm, first, a Previous frame is adaptively selected according to the magnitude of object motion, and the global motion is estimated by using only a few confident matching blocks for a fast and accurate result. Then, a DFD is obtained between the current frame and the selected previous frame displaced by the global motion. Finally, a moving object is extracted from the noisy DFD by utilizing the correlation between the DFD and current frame. We implement this algorithm into an active camera system including a pan-tilt unit and a standard PC equipped with an AMD 800MHz processor. The system can perform the exhaustive search for a search range of 120, and achieve the processing speed of about 50 frames/sec for video sequences of 320
240. Thereby, it provides satisfactory tracking results.
Adaptive Data Hiding based on Turbo Coding in DCT Domain
Yang, Jie ; Lee, Moon Ho ; Chen, Xinhao ;
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 7, issue 2, 2002, Pages 192~201
This paper develops a novel robust information hiding technique that uses channel codes derived from the error-correcting coder. The message encoded by the cover encoder is hidden in DCT transform domain of the cover image. The method exploits the sensitivity of human eyes to adaptively embed a visually recognizable message in an image without affecting the perceptual quality of the underlying cover image. Experimental results show that the proposed data hiding technique is robust to cropping operations, lossy JPEG compression, noise interference and secure against known stego attacks. The performance of the proposed scheme with turbo coder is superior to that without turbo coder.