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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Broadcast and Media Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
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Implementation of Slide-Show Functionality for the Terrestrial Digital Multimedia Broadcasting
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 217~227
This paper describes an implementation of the slide-show functionality, which is one of the services that can be provided by the Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (DMB). While the existing analog radio broadcasting services provide audio only, DMB slide-show is the functionality that can deliver still images associated with the audio. For example, it can deliver the photographs of the singer, album cover images, or the lyrics of the song that correspond to the audio. There are two modes for the transmission of the slide-show. Firstly. the program-associated data (PAD) field within the DMB audio frame can be utilized and secondly, the slide-show data can be transmitted, after being multiplexed, with other service data as individual data stream separated from the audio. This paper describes PC-based implementations of a transmitter-side module that inserts slide-show data into the PAD area within audio bitstream and a receiver-side application module that plays the slide-show through decoding the PAD within the received audio bitstream and demonstrates their validity through experiments.
Transmission Performance Analysis on Digital Multimedia Broadcasting System
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 228~237
Eureka-147 DAB(Digital Audio Broadcasting) system on which DMB(Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) system is based, was designed for the requirements of CD qualify audio with
bit error rate. Audio program may be primary service in DAB system, but multimedia program can be primary service in DMB system. Therefore, the bit error rate required must be below
to transmit multimedia data via DMB channel. In order to meet the requirements and keep backward compatibility of DAB system we propose an outer channel coding scheme using Reed-Solomon coding and convolutional interleaving. This paper shows the simulation results for DMB channel performance based on mobile channel model. Also, it describes the needs and the effects of the outer channel coding.
Performance Analysis on DMB System with PAPR Reduction Techniques
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 238~249
Eureka 147 DAB system based on the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) was adopted as the transmission scheme for terrestrial digital multimedia broadcasting (DMB) system in Korea. The OFDM has several advantages comparing to the single carrier modulation. However, its high Peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) increases the complexity of the D/A and A/D converters and reduces the efficiency of the high power amplifier To reduce the high PAPR of OFDM, various techniques such as clipping, peak windowing, companding, selected mapping (SLM), Partial transmit sequences (PTS), etc. have been proposed. In this paper, we propose modified configurations of SLM and PTS for effective implementation and evaluate the performance on the PAPR reduction of DMB system. The simulation results show that the modified SLM (MSLM) has merits in reducing the amount of computation and hardware complexity due to the reduction of the number of vector
, while satisfying the same performance and maintaining the same required bits (RB) for side information. With the same amount of computation and the same RB, the modified PTS (MPTS) is also shown to be better than PTS in the performance of PAPR reduction.
Effective BER Measurement System for Terrestrial DMB
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 250~258
Recently, the transition from conventional analog broadcasting to digital broadcasting has been proceeding as a result of the advance in digital multimedia broadcasting technique. In radio broadcasting, Eureka-147 DAB(Digital Audio Broadcasting) was decided as the standard system of digital radio broadcasting in Korea. In addition to CD quality audio, a variety of data services and excellent performance in mobile reception can be served by DAB, and DAB was evolved into DMB(Digital Multimedia Broadcasting) in Korea for the purpose of emphasizing moving picture multimedia service by DAB. In case of digital broadcasting, it is absolutely essential to measure the BER(Bit Error Rate) in the received signal in order to evaluate the coverage obtained by a transmitter and the quality of the received signal. In this paper, we propose efficient subchannel data structure and BER measurement algorithm. and then verify it by laboratory experiments. With a proposed method, the synchronization for BER measurement is easily obtained and especially the exact results can be obtained by classifying the lost bits which are included in the reception-failed CIFs(Common Interleaved Frame) into errors. This makes the proposed BER measurement system especially appropriate to DMB in which the frequent changes in channel status caused by mobile reception environment exist.
Design and implementation of a media processor for mobile multimedia broadcasting
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 259~267
In this paper, we propose a media processor to provide interactive services in mobile multimedia broadcasting environments. The proposed system Is designed to support various functionalities, such as generation of MPEG-4 IOD (Initial Object Descriptor)/OD(Object Descriptor)/BIFS (Binary Format for Scene) data, encapsulation of MPEG-4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding)/BSAC (Bit Sliced Arithmetic Coding) stream and generated IOD/OD/BIFS data into SL (Sync Layer) packet, packetization of SL packet into TS (Transport Stream) packet and multiplexing. The proposed media processor can provide MPEG-4 based interactive services for users.
A Video Watermarking Method using Global Masking
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 268~277
In this paper, we propose a new video watermarking method exploiting the human visual system (HVS) to find effective locations. in the video frames which make the watermark robust and imperceptible simultaneously. In particular, we propose a new HVS-optimized weighting map for hiding the watermark by considering HVS in three different aspects : frequency, spatial, and motion masking effects. The global masking map is modeled by combining the frequency masking, the spatial masking, and the motion masking. In this paper, we use a watermark which is generated by the bitwise exclusive-OR operation between a logo image and a random sequence. The amount of watermarks is weighted by a control parameter. Furthermore, we embed the watermark in the uncompressed video sequence for the general watermarking method available to various coding schemes. Simulation results show that the watermark is imperceptible and the proposed method is good for watermark capacity. It is also demonstrated that the proposed method is robust against various attacks, such as MPEG coding, MPEG re-encoding, and frame attacks.
Adaptive Noise Removal Based on Nonstationary Correlation
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 278~287
Noise in an image degrades image quality and deteriorates coding efficiency. Recently, various edge-preserving noise filtering methods based on the nonstationary image model have been proposed to overcome this problem. In most conventional nonstationary image models, however, pixels are assumed to be uncorrelated to each other in order not to Increase the computational burden too much. As a result, some detailed information is lost in the filtered results. In this paper, we propose a computationally feasible adaptive noise smoothing algorithm which considers the nonstationary correlation characteristics of images. We assume that an image has a nonstationary mean and can be segmented into subimages which have individually different stationary correlations. Taking advantage of the special structure of the covariance matrix that results from the proposed image model, we derive a computationally efficient FFT-based adaptive linear minimum mean-square-error filter. Justification for the proposed image model is presented and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated experimentally.
Fast Motion Estimation Algorithm for Efficient MPEG-2 Video Transcoding with Scan Format Conversion
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 288~296
ATSC (Advanced Television System Committee) has specified 18 video formats for DTV (Digital Television), e.g., scan format, size format, and frame rate format conversion. Effective MPEG-2 video transcoders should support any conversion between the above-mentioned formats. Scan format conversion Is hard to Implement because it may often induce frame rate and size format conversion together. Especially. because of picture type conversion caused by scan format conversion, the computational burden of motion estimation (ME) in transcoding becomes serious. This paper proposes a fast ME algorithm for MPEG-2 video transcoding supporting scan format conversion. Firstly, we extract and compose a set of candidate motion vectors (MVs) from the input bit-stream to comply with the re-encoding format. Secondly, the best MV is chosen among several candidate MVs by using a weighted median selector. Simulation results show that the proposed ME algorithm provides outstanding PSNR performance close to full search ME, while reducing the transcoding complexity significantly.
A wavelet-based fast motion estimation
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 297~305
In this paper, we propose a wavelet based fast motion estimation algorithm for video sequence encoding with very low bit-rate. By using one of properties oi wavelet transform, multi-resolution analysis(MRA) property and spatial Interpolation of an image, we are able to reduce both prediction error and computational complexity at the same time. Especially, by defining a significant block(SB) based on the differential information of wavelet coefficients between successive frames, the proposed algorithm makes up a defect of multi-resolution motion estimation(MRME) algorithm of increasing the number of motion vectors. As experimental results. we can reduce the computational load up to 70% but also improve PSNR up to about 0.1 ∼ 1.2 dB comparing with the MRME algorithm.
Inverse Telecine by Using Frequency Analysis
Journal of Broadcast Engineering, volume 8, issue 3, 2003, Pages 306~316
When a cinema being composed of 24 frames/sec is converted to NTSC video or TV program, several fields we repeated to have 60 fields/sec, which is called the telecine or 3:2 pull-down. Hence, when encoding the telecine NTSC video into MPEG format, if we convert it into the original 24 frames/sec Progressive cinema, then we can save 20% of bits compared to the case of encoding all the 60 fields. In this Paper, we propose an algorithm for performing the inverse telecine by using the properties of the frames. Specifically, the algorithm exploits the fact that there Is much Inconsistency between the even and odd fields in the case of telecine frame, which results in high magnitude at the Nyquist frequency In the vertical direction. The experiment shows that the proposed algorithm performs very well regardless of the quality of video with a very few computations, whereas the conventional motion based method requires much computational complexity and its performance is degraded when the video is of low (eg. VHS) quality.