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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Mushroom
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Mushroom Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Introduction of a speedy growing trait into Pleurotus eryngii by backcrossing
Im, Chak-Han ; Kim, Min-Keun ; Je, Hee Jung ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Ryu, Jae-San ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 49~56
Two strains which have good traits in quality and speedy growing were selected based on previous report(Ryu, 2007) to breed a new strain carrying the traits in it. KNR2322 carrying high quality and KNR2503 carrying a speedy growing trait were cultivated to harvest monokaryons. The monokaryotic mycelia were characterized in growth rate, color, and stability. Selfing of monokaryons from KNR2322 and crossing between KNR2322- and KNR2503-derived monokaryons were performed. Two parental lines,
showing thremmatological values in weight and quality, 68.5g and 6.5 and
was harvested in 13.5 days after scraping old medium were selected. Crossing between A and B resulted in two high quality and speedy growing strain, A8B8 and A8B10. Their days for harvest after scraping, weight, and quality were 14.0 days, 88.8g and 92.7g, 7.0 and 7.1. Originality tests were conducted with genomic DNAs of A8B8 and Keuneutari 3ho(commercial strain) by DNA fingerprinting a confrontation culture. The results showed polymorphism and a inhibition line between them. It suggested that the new strain have originality from the commercial strain. A8B8 have been registered in Korea Seed and Variety Service with as "Saesongi 1ho".
Studies on the aeration improvement of inner bottle(850ml) culture system during the mycelial culture of Pleurotus ostreatus
Yoo, Young-Jin ; Shim, Kyu-Kwang ; Koo, Chang-Duck ; Kim, Myung-Koon ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 57~62
The plastic culture bottle cap types and accumulated concentration of carbon dioxide, media humidity in the process of medium culture, chitin content and yield were observed in Pleurotus ostreatus 850ml bottle in Iksan, Jeollabuk-do, Korea, during 2011. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the process of medium culture was the highest after 8~9 days cultivation irrespective of cap sizes and types. The accumulated concentration of carbon dioxide in size cap of 29~41mm was 6.5~4.0% in the upper-under perforation hole of cap and 9.0~6.5% in the under perforation hole of cap. The upper-under 23~33mm perforation hole and under 29mm perforation hole of caps in the 850ml bottle were best condition for cultivation of mushroom and increased fruit body, 15.8~21.2% and 20%, respectively. However, the upper-under & under 41mm perforation hole of fruit body were decreased 60.7% and 23.6%, respectively. Also it was weak, lose vitality and the lower of biologically activity substance because the upper medium humidity was too dry.
Effects on yield of Pleurotus ostreatus(Suhanneutari 1ho) according to afterripening conditions with bottle cultivation
Chang, Who-Bong ; Kim, Min-Ja ; Park, Jae-Seong ; Choi, Jae-Sun ; Song, In-Gyu ; Jeong, Min-Jung ; Cha, Jae-Soon ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 63~67
This study of afterripening conditions during oyster mushroom (Suhanneutari 1ho) cultivation in bottles was investigated. Medium materials were used poplar-sawdust (68%), cotton seed peel (16%), Beet pulp (8%) and cotton seed cake (8%). Mix of materials was used as a percentage of the volume and to adjust moisture content (67%). Autoclaved mediums were placed in low temperature storage (
) and then moved in inoculation room and conducted mechanical inoculation. Mycelial culture temperature was maintained at
and cultured during 18 days. The afterripening period were 6days, 9days, 12days and 15 days at
. The yield of fruit body was higher for 9 days (163.1g/bottle) and 12 days (160.7g/bottle) than that of other afterripening period. Second, in the changes in moisture content of the medium according to the afterripening period, no significant changes were observed during mycelial grwoth. The longer afterripening period was showed slightly lower weight of media. The moisture content of media after harvest at afterripening for 9 days had the biggest reduction than any other treatments. In addition, weight of media and yield of afterripening for 9 days were the lowest and highest, respectively.
Studies on the aeration improvement of inner bottle(1100ml) culture system during the mycelial culture of Pleurotus ostreatus
Yoo, Young-Jin ; Shim, Kyu-Kwang ; Koo, Chang-Duck ; Kim, Myung-Koon ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 68~73
The plastic culture bottle cap types and accumulated concentration of carbon dioxide, media humidity in the process of medium culture and yield were observed in Pleurotus ostreatus 1,100ml bottle in Iksan, Jeollabuk-do, Korea, during 2011. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the process of medium culture was the highest after 6~11days cultivation irrespective of cap sizes and types. The upper-under 19~38mm perforation hole and under 26~47mm perforation hole of caps in the 1,100ml bottle were best condition for cultivation of mushroom and increased fruit body, 11.4~23.8% and 6.5~17.9%, respectively. However, the upper-under 33mm perforation hole of fruit body were decreased 23.8%. Also it was weak, lose vitality and the lower of biologically activity substance because the upper medium humidity was too dry.
Screening and production of lignocellulolytic enzymes secreted by the edible basidiomycete Pleurotus ostreatus
Ha, Hyo-Cheol ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 74~82
Sixty strains of Pleurotus ostreatus, white-rot fungi, were screened for production ability of their lignocellulolytic enzymes to selectively wood degradation. That results were shown that all of screened strains were produced lignocellulolytic enzymes on 2nd screening liquid culture medium. However, cellulase activity of selected six strains of P. ostreatus was low in avicel-yeast-peptone liquid culture medium. In the case of xylan degrading enzyme, No. 6 and No. 38 strains produced a xylanase(above 1.0U/ml) and a 1,4-
-xylosidase (above 0.15 U/ml). Examination of the ligninolytic enzyme profiles of selected thirteen strains of the P. ostreatus, in the presence of Remazol Brilliant Blue R(RBBR), were observed that laccase(Lac) activity were earlier reached maximum level(0.8-2.0 U/ml) and then Mn-dependent peroxidase (MnP) were reached maximum level(0.5-1.5 U/ml) in glucose-yeast-peptone(GYP) medium. On the other hand, activity of lignin peroxidase(LiP) was not detected in this medium. I selected the No. 42 strain of P. ostreatus produced high levels of Mn-dependent peroxidase and laccase based on the screening method.
The change on organic acid of fruiting body of winter mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) by storage period
Jhune, Chang-Sung ; Yun, Hyung-Sik ; Leem, Hoon-Tae ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Lee, Kang-Hyo ; Lee, Chan-Jung ; Sung, Gi-Ho ; Cho, Jae-Han ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 83~92
To provide a basis for the variation of fruit bodies of winter mushroom (Flammulina velutipes), the organic acid composition of its fruit bodies was investigated with several varieties of winter mushroom indifferent temperature and storage period. In the fruit bodies of winter mushroom, a total of 10 organic acids including acetic acid, butyric acid, citric acid, fumaric acid, DL-isocitric acid, L(+)lactic acid, D-malic acid, propionic acid, succinic acid, and D-tartaric acid were detected. In the most of the winter mushroom, acetic acid was the main organic acid component and fumaric acid was the least included component. Acetic acid, which is a mono-carboxyl group of organic acid, is contained in different levels according to different varieties and different storage temperature. Butyric acid is extremely variable in its quantity, depending on variety and different storage temperature. In contrast, fumaric acid, which is a dicarboxyl group of organic acid, decreased in its quantity during storage with 1.5 mg/g. Especially, ASI 4149, 4166 varieties tend to differ in their quantity. Besides, malic acid is extremely variable in its quantity according to variety and storage temperature. Citric acid, a tri-carboxyl group of organic acid, increased in its quantity according to storage period, which enables us to efficiently manage storage period. Isocitric acid is also extremely variable in its quantity according to variety, storage temperature and storage period.
Phylogenetic relationships of genera Grifola on the basis of ITS region sequences
Lee, Chan-Jung ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ; Cheong, Jong-Chun ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Suh, Jang-Sun ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 2, 2012, Pages 93~99
This study was carried to identify a correct species and asses genetic diversity within the same species of Grifola spp. preserved in Division of applied Microbiology. Contaminated isolates showed different growth rates, morphology and color of hyphae. We have reconstructed the phylogenetic tree of a select group of Grifola spp. using nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region(ITS) region. The phylogenetic tree was constructed by using the neighbor-joining method. PELF primers of 20-mer were used to assess genetic diversity of preserved isolates. Sequence analysis showed that four strains were identified completely different nomenclature. According to the analysis of ITS sequences, the genus Grifola clustered into one group, most of which correlated with species-groups identified by RAPD method. Eight isolates included strain GM01 showed high similarity with Grifola frondosa. All isolates were collected in the Japan(GM01, GM02, GM03) was identified as Grifola frondosa and isolates of the China(GM05, GM06, GM08) was identified as Bjerkandera fumosa, Grifola frondosa and Dichomitus squalens, respectively. RAPD analysis of genetic polymorphisms of genus Grifola showed a very different band patterns on the isolat. As the result of RAPD and ITS region sequences analysis for preserved isolates, it seems likely that 4 isolates of Grifola spp. may be need to reclassify or eliminate from preserved catalogue.