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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Mushroom
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Mushroom Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2012
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2012
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2012
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2012
Selecting the target year
Stain improvement in the white button mushroom 'Seolgang' and its varietal characteristics in Agaricus bisporus
Lee, Byung-Joo ; Lee, Mi-Ae ; Kim, Yong-Gyun ; Lee, Kwang-Won ; Lim, Yong-Pyo ; Lee, Byung-Eui ; Song, Ho-Yeon ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 151~159
The button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) is one of the most widely cultivated important edible mushroom species. In the breeding of new button mushroom, 'Seolgang' was developed by crossing two monokaryons 'CM020913-27' and 'SSU423-31'. Because of the secondarily homothallism, only a small percentage of the basidia produce 3 or 4 spores, which are mostly haploid (n) and do not fruit. Single spore cultures derived from these types of spores produce a vegetative mycelium that also contain a variable number of genetically identical nuclei per cell called monokaryon. The lack of clamp connections between monokaryon and dikaryon required a series of mycelial culture and fruiting test. After crossing, hybrids were cultivated on a small scale and on a commercial scale at a farm. For this, the spawn was made by a commercial spawn producer and the spawned compost by a commercial compost producer. Mycelial growth of 'Seolgang' on CDA was better at
when it was compared with that of '505 Ho'. The mature cap shape of new strain 'Seolgang' is oblate spheroid and the immature cap shape is round to oblate spheroid. The cap diameter was 41.2 mm on average. In comparison with white strain '505 Ho', the strain had a yield that was 9% higher. It produced fruiting bodies which had a higher weight on average per fruiting body and were 19% firmer with a good shelf life. Days of fruiting body were 3-4 days later than those of '505 Ho'. The physical characteristics such as elasticity, chewiness, adhesiveness were better than that of '505 Ho'. Genetic analysis of the new strain 'Seolgang' showed different profiles compared to '505 Ho', CM02913-27, SSU413-31, when RAPD primers A02 and O04 were used.
Optimal temperature for Pleurotus eryngii cultivation
Kim, Sun-Young ; Kim, Min-Keun ; Im, Chak-Han ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Park, Ki-Kwan ; Song, Won-Du ; Ryu, Jae-San ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 160~166
The effects of fixed and variable temperatures on fruiting body formation and characters of mushrooms were investigated with normal and thinning treatment plots. In fixed temperature, as temperature was lower, period of harvest was longer as well as days for pinheading in the both of normal and thinning plots. Harvest rate were 91.0, 90.3, and 95.8% at
. In the thinning plot, qualities of mushrooms were 7.5, 8.1, and 7.7, and yields were 86.0, 105.9, 104.0g at 13, 15, and
respectively. In variable temperature with a variable temperature plot, condition II(
for pin-heading(before reverting, 7-8 days)
for extending primodia(before thinning, 4-5 days)
for extending (after thinning)) was the best for yield which was better than other conditions by 17.4% and 4.0% and quality of mushroom was highest 8.1 among all conditions.
Recycling Post-harvest Medium from Bottle Cultivation for Oyster mushroom(Pleurotus ostreatus)
Cheong, Jong-Chun ; Lee, Chan-Jung ; Shin, Pyung-Gyun ; Suh, Jang-Sun ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 167~173
This study was carried out to test the recycling post-harvest medium from other mushroom bottle cultivation as a secondary medium of the oyster mushroom. In the post-harvest medium from winter mushroom and king oyster mushroom cultivation, oyster mushroom varieties in Chunchu-2ho and Manchuri fruit bodies yields compared with control group tend to be low. After recycling the post-harvest medium, it was replaced by basal medium up to 50%, of which the fruit bodies with stable yield increase from 10% to 30% were increased.
Comparison of Physico-chemical and Nutritional Characteristics of Pre-inoculation and Post-harvest Flammulina velutipes Media
Cheong, Jong-Chun ; Lee, Chan-Jung ; Suh, Jang-Sun ; Moon, Yea-Hwang ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 174~178
This study were carried out to analyze nutritional ingredients of pre-inoculation and post-harvest Flammulina velutipes media. pH, moisture content, total carbon(T-C), total nitrogen(T-N), crude protein, crude fiber, and crude fat content on the 8 raw materials using Flammulina velutipes bottle cultivation medium, and after sterilization(pre-inoculation) and post-harvest medium was analyzed. This result is expected to be utilized as the basis for recycling post-harvest media.
Determination of Proper Amounts of Media and Effects of Fermented Sawdust Addition on Yields of Grifola frondosa in the Bag Culture
Lee, Jae-Hong ; Mun, Yun-Gi ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Choi, Jun-Keun ; Park, Young-Hak ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Yu, Young-Bok ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 179~183
This study was conducted to determine proper amount of media and the effect of fermented sawdust on yield of Grifola frondosa in bag culture. The yield of Grifola frondosa was 227 g for 2 kg of media compared with 103 g for 1kg, 256 g for 2.5 kg, and 312 g for 3 kg. The greatest yield of Grifola frondosa per mass of media was 114 g/kg media for 2 kg of media. Days to harvest for 2 kg of media was 95 days compared with 93 days for 1kg, 99 days for 2.5kg, and 104 days for 3kg. Addition of fermented oak sawdust increased yield from 90 to 145 g/kg bag for Hambak cultivar and from 104 to 121 g/kg bag for Yipsae1ho cultivar. Culture duration was shorten 4-7 days by treating fermented oak sawdust.
Damage and biological control of dark winged fungus gnats, Lycoriella ingenua (Diptera: Sciaridae) in a shiitake cultivation
Kim, Hyeong-Hwan ; Cho, Myoung-Rae ; Kang, Taek-Jun ; Ahn, Seung-Joon ; Jeon, Sung-Wook ; Lee, Chan-Jung ; Cheong, Jong-Chun ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 184~190
Monitorings and management experiment of adult Lycoriella ingenua (Diptera: Sciaridae) in artificial sawdust grown shiitake mushroom cultivation were carried out by using yellow sticky traps and Hypoaspis aculeifer (Acari: Laelapidae) at Hwaseong, Buyeo and Cheongwon in 2012. The larvae of L. ingenua reduced commercial value of the mushroom by direct eating or retarding the growth of mushroom by spongifying the sawdust medium. The number of L. ingenua caught by traps showed the highest peak in late september resulting in 127.5~1,025.7, 87.4~743.6 and 133.7~650.4 individuals per trap in Hwaseong, Buyeo and Cheongwon, respectively. Damage rate of fruiting bodies in shiitake mushroom by L. ingenua were 7.7~30.3% in Hwaseong, 6.7~25.3% in Buyeo and 5.3~26.0% in Cheongwon and showed the highest peak in late september. L. ingenua were effectively controlled when 30.3 individuals of H. aculeifer per
inoculated for three time with 7 to 14 days of interval. In Hwaseong, Buyeo and Cheongwon, density of L. ingenua which were caught on the yellow sticky traps were 168.2, 126.1, 132.5 individuals, respectively. And, damage rate of fruiting bodies by L. ingenua were 5.9%, 5.5% and 5.4% respectively. Both of the L. ingenua density and damage rate of mushroom reduced more than 60% in all experimental site in contrast to the control treatment.
Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene and microperforated film packaging on postharvest quality of king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii)
Choi, Ji-Weon ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ; Hong, Yoon-Pyo ; Cho, Mi-Ae ; Kim, Ji-Kang ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 191~197
This study was carried out to investigate proper modified atmosphere condition of king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) during cold storage and distribution. King oyster mushrooms were divided into two treatments:
1-methylcyclopropene for 20 hours at
(1-MCP), while the other treatment was left at
(control). They were packaged with
oriented polypropylene (OPP,
), and microperforated (MP3,
) film. Quality and sensory evaluation parameters of weight loss, stem firmness, skin color, off-flavor, overall quality were monitored after 3, and 4 weeks storage at
and plus 3 days on the shelf at room temperature. 1-MCP treated mushroom packaged with MP3 film kept 3.6~10.9%
concentration in the bag during storage, and showed high overall quality at 4 weeks storage at
+ 3 days on the shelf at room temperature because of the lowest development of off-flavor, stem discoloration, and cap softening among the treatments.
Effect of trimming type and storage temperature after harvest on shelf life of Pleurotus eryngii
Lee, Yun-Hae ; Lee, Han-Bum ; Jang, Myoung-Jun ; Ju, Young-Cheoul ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 198~202
Recently, Pleurotus eryngii, King oyster mushroom, is main item of exportation in South Korea. For safe transportation to Europe and USA, it is necessary to elucidate suitable conditions of storage and treatment of post-harvest during long shipping period. For the selection of suitable package type, P. eryngii were stored at
after trimming and non-trimming package. Whole mushroom were packed with polypropylene anti-fog film about 400g. The weight loss ratio and elongation of pileus were increased with increasing storage time and temperature. There were little differences between trimming and non-trimming type in freshness at low temperature storage,
. However, the freshness of non-trimming type P. eryngii at room temperature after low temperature storage is longer than that of trimming type. It was found that the optimum storage temperature and post-harvest treatment of P. eryngii were
and non-trimming type, respectively.
Antioxidant activity and Cancer cell growth inhibition of Ganoderma lucidum
Cho, Jae-Han ; Noh, Hyung-Jun ; Kang, Don-Ho ; Lee, Jee-Young ; Lee, Min-Jung ; Park, Hye-Sung ; Sung, Gi-Ho ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 203~207
The fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum extracted by water and ethanol extraction. we are analyzed antioxidant effects and cancer cell growth inhibition rate. ASI 7004, 7014 was higher antioxidant effects than Trolox, BHA as control. Generally, the rest of strains was higher antioxidant effects than ABTs as control. Water extracts and ethanol extracts was treated to the Liver cancer cell(HepG2) and stomach cancer cell(AGS). Inhibition activities of Liver cancer cell(HepG2) is a high in D.W. extracts of ASI 7002, 7011, 7014, 7020. Inhibition activities of Liver cancer cell(HepG2) is a high in EtoH extracts of ASI 7011, 7019. Inhibition activities of Stomach cancer cell(AGS) is a high in D.W. extracts of ASI 7001, 7002, 7019, 7020. Inhibition activities of Stomach cancer cell(AGS) is a high in EtoH extracts of ASI 7001, 7002.
Comparative analysis of amino acid contents of the fruiting bodies in Ganoderma spp.
Cho, Jae-Han ; Noh, Hyung-Jun ; Kang, Don-Ho ; Lee, Jee-Young ; Lee, Min-Jung ; Park, Hye-Sung ; Sung, Gi-Ho ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 208~215
Ingredient content for the general composition of essential amino acids and non-essential amino acids were analyzed by the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma sp. The results obtained are as followes. The ASI 7004 showed that high concentrations than other strains in essential amino acids(His, Ile, Leu, Phe, Thr, Val) and the non-essential amino acids(Ala, Ser, Gly). In addition, The ASI 7002 showed that high concentrations than other strains in essential amino acids(Lys) and the non-essential amino acids(Asp, Glu). ASI 7022 showed that high concentrations than other strains in essential amino acids(Met) and the non-essential amino acids(Pro). In General, contents of Amino acid was higher than Phellinus.
Change of the saccharide content of fruit bodies by the addition of saccharides on oyster mushroom substrate
Jhune, Chang-Sung ; Lee, Suh-Kyeong ; Leem, Hoon-Tae ; Park, Hye-Sung ; Cho, Jae-Han ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 216~223
Oyster mushroom is one of the popular mushrooms for Korean people and it is thus one of the mushrooms that were mostly cultivated in Korea in addition to winter and king oyster mushrooms. To promote the consumption in terms of its nutritional value and determine the absorption mechanism in its physiological and metabolic aspects, we investigated the sugar composition of its fruit bodies according to the amount of sugar component in the medium. As a result from the treatment of 4 different sugar components to the sawdust medium of oyster mushroom varieties (i.g., Suhan 1 ho, Yeorum, Chunchu 2 ho), we detected fructose, glucose, ribose, xylose as a monosaccharide with
-lactose and trehalose as a disaccharide. The sugar alcohols were also detected including glycerol, mannitol, myo-inositol, and sorbitol. The sugar components that were detected in all treatments were trehalose, mannitol,
-lactose, fructose, glucose, ribose, and myo-inositol and the rest of the components were found in some treatments with their different quantity included in the fruit bodies. The amount of monosaccharides included in fruit bodies is comparatively low and Suhan 1 ho contained them more than other varieties. There was no remarkable difference in the amount of sugar components in fruit bodies depending on treated sugars and their amounts in the treatment. With the increase of lactose treatment, the sugar components were markedly increased and the amount of trehalose in the fruit bodies was different according to the varieties. Therefore, it is not possible to detect the trend of sugar components according to the medium used in the cultivation. The sugar alcohols in the fruit bodies were comparatively contained more in Suhan 1 ho and Chunchu 1 ho. The amount of mannitol in the fruit bodies was not possible to be detected in terms of its trend according to the treatment. For myo-inositol, its quantity is gradually increasing in Suhan 1 ho and Chunchu 1 ho and it is not possible to detent the trend in Yeorum. In conclusion, we only detected
-lactose as a sugar component that showed a correlation between the amount of treatment and the amount of the fruit bodies. Therefore, the sugar components detected in the fruit bodies were transformed rather than direct absorption into fruit bodies and further studies are needed to address this question.
The change of amino acid content in fruit-body of winter mushroom according to the storage period and strains
Jhune, Chang-Sung ; Yun, Hyung-Sik ; Leem, Hoon-Tae ; Gong, Won-Sik ; Sung, Gi-Ho ; Cho, Jae-Han ; Yoo, Kwan-Hee ; Park, Ki-Moon ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 224~235
Quality change of winter mushroom were investigated during storage and distribution phase as influenced by storage temperature. According to storage period and temperature, amino acids, were analysed and quantified with the mushroom fruiting bodies using HPLC and morphological characteristics were investigated. Characteristic changes of winter mushroom fruiting bodies were described as follows during storage according to the storage temperature. Looking at the results of the analyzed amino acid contents, temperature between
was optimal condition for the storage. At
, the chemical composition tended to be maintained. On the other hand, the results indicate the rapid loss of nutrition at
within 7 days of storage. Exceptionally, proline was shown to be increased. Brown line mushroom had a larger loss than white line mushroom. Based on this result, brown line mushroom have shown significant differences among varieties. Therefore, winter mushroom should be stored at
to minimize nutrient loss and to maintain freshness and mushrooms should be consumed within 14 days after harvest.
Feeding Value of Spent Mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) Substrate
Moon, Yea Hwang ; Shin, Pyung Gyun ; Cho, Soo Jeong ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 236~243
Spent mushroom substrates is composted organic material remaining after a crop of mushroom is harvested. The raw materials of mushroom substrates are same feed ingredient as corncobs, rice brown, wheat brown, cotton seeds and beet pulp. During the mushroom cultivation process, the mushroom substrates was used 15-25% by mushroom and 75-85% of mushroom substrates was remained in the SMS. Among of the spent mushroom substrates, spent mushroom substrates of pleurotus eryngii, Pleurotus ostreatus and Flammuliua velutipes is can be use the energy feedstock of animal feed. The cellulose content of spent mushroom(pleurotus eryngii) substrates containing the sawdust was high and total digestible nutrients (TDN) values was low. The spent mushroom(pleurotus eryngii) substrates fermented with cellulase and xylanase producing bacteria is may be used as an ingredient of feed in TMR for Hanwoo steer.
Effect of Microbes and Formic acid on Storage of Spent Mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) Substrates
Moon, Yea Hwang ; Lee, Sung Sill ; Cho, Yong Un ; Cho, Soo Jeong ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 244~248
This study was conducted to suggest effective storage methods for the use spent mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) substrates (SMS) as animal feed. SMS was storage by deep stacking, composting and vinyl mulching after treated with 1% microbes and 0.5% formic acid. During the storage periods, all of the treatment was covered with hyphae of mushroom. The external change of SMS was shown that the storage of SMS can be improved by anaerobic condition and 1% microbial treatment. The comparatively high temperature, pH and total bacterial number was shown in the SMS treated without microbes and formic acid by composting.
Anti-inflammatory effects of Cordyceps militaris extracts
Choi, Je-Hun ; Kim, Geum-Soog ; Lee, Seung-Eun ; Cho, Jae-Han ; Sung, Gi-Ho ; Lee, Dae-Young ; Kim, Seung-Yu ; Lee, Tae-Ho ; Noh, Hyung-Jun ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 10, issue 4, 2012, Pages 249~253
This study was carried out to investigate anti-inflammatory effects of mushroom, Cordyceps militaris. Anti-inflammatory effects analysis was followed by peroxynitrite inhibition activity. Cordyceps militaris mushrooms extracts were screened about inhibition effects of nitric oxide for Raw 264.7 cell treated by lipopolisaccharide(LPS) and inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) for inflammatory effects. In our result, Cordyceps militaris mushrooms were good resource for anti-inflammatory effects and to be followed more research about related anti-inflammatory effects.