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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Mushroom
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Mushroom Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
Antioxidant, anti-acetylcholinesterase and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities of three extracts from Phellinus igniarius
Jin, Ga-Heon ; Lee, Min Woong ; Im, Kyung Hoan ; Lee, Tae Soo ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.1
This study was initiated to investigate antioxidant, anti-acetylcholinesterase, and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities and properties of fruiting bodies, mycelia, and fermentation culture filtrates from Phellinus igniarius. The contents of total phenols and flavonoid of fruit bodies, mycelia, and culture filtrate were 15.35-1.36 mg/g, 10.35-7.85 mg/g, and 8.25-5.36 mg/g. The 1,1-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging abilities of the extracts from the fruiting bodies, mycelia, and culture filtrates were 90.25-95.60%, 78.82-85.24%, and 76.32-82.50% at
, respectively. The chelating ability of fruiting body extract on ferrous ions was higher than those of mycelia and culture filtrates tested. The anti-acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of the fruiting body extract at 400
exhibited 91.10% on AChE, which is lower than that of positive control, galanthamine (94.82%). The xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities of the fruiting bodies, mycelia, and culture extract were 85.47%, 78.13%, and 72.49% at 400
, respectively. Overall, the fruiting body extract has better anti-acetylcholinesterase, antioxidant and xanthine oxidase inhibitory activities than those from mycelia and culture filtrate.
Effect of albasia sawdust in Pleurotus ostreatus by bottle cultivation
Jang, Myoung-Jun ; Lee, Yun-Hae ; Kang, Young-Zu ; Ju, Young-Cheol ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 8~11
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.8
In this study, we attempted to find substitute materials for bottle cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus such as poplar sawdust. The chemical characters of mixture substrates with albasia, poplar and douglas fir sawdust were not different significantly. Incubation period was shorter in the albasia sawdust 50% treatment than in the albasia sawdust 100% treatment. The yield and bio-efficiency of fruit-body albasia sawdust 50% treatment, were similar to the poplar 100% and douglas fir 100% treatment. Therefore, it was suggested that albasia sawdust 50% treatment could be substituted for poplar and douglas fir sawdust for bottle cultivation of P. ostreatus.
Substitution effect of PEFB(Palm Empty Fruit Bunch) for beet pulp in bottle cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus
Kang, Min-Gu ; Kim, Woo-Hyun ; Park, Jun-Hong ; Kim, Seung-Han ; Park, Seok-Hee ; Woo, Jin-Ha ; Choi, Seong-Yong ; Park, So-Deuk ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 12~16
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.12
This study was carried out to develop the new mushroom cultivation medium for Pleurotus ostreatus using by EFB. Two strains of Pleurotus ostreatus were used for this study and the difference in productivity was observed in each strain. There was not confirmed a mycelial growth inhibition by addition of Empty Fruit Bunch which is palm tree waste. In the productivity test of the mixed medium, In Suhan 1ho, yield of T2 treatment was highest as 90.6 g per bottle, It was 14.9% higher than control. In Kimje variety which is Chunchu strain, Yield of T2 treatment was highest as 139.8 g per bottle. It was 25.2% higher than control. In Kimje variety, as amount of 6mm diameter PEFB pellet is increased in medium, yield of mushroom was decreased. When 8mm diameter EFB was used for 532 medium, yield of both 50% EFB(T3) and 100% EFB (T5) treatment was better than other treatments. Therefore, it is suggested that 8 mm diameter EFB pellet is good material for mushroom cultivation medium and T5 treatment was showed a potential possibility as an alternative medium.
Medium development of Flammulina velutipes by using herb medicine refuse
Seo, Kwon-Il ; Kim, Chul-Ho ; Seo, Dong-Cheol ; Yee, Sung-Tae ; Park, Kyung-Wuk ; Lee, Chang-Yun ; Lee, Sang-Won ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 17~23
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.17
pH of oriental medicine sludge was 5.3, which was similar to 5.2 of the main ingredient, corncob. Its sugar content, however, was 4.8 mg/g, which was 2.5 times higher than concorb's 1.9 mg/g. According to the addition content analysis of oriental medicine sludge by using blood agar plate, the experimental group showed much more robust growth than the control group. 10% of oriental medicine sludge was added to corncob and pine tree sawdust for test-tube culture. Then they were cultivated at
for 6 days after inoculating Flammulina velutipes liquid spawn. The control group and experimental group showed 2.2~3.4 and 5.8~6.4 cm hypae growths respectively. At the field test for 10% herbal medicine refuse, mushroom yield dropped by 5% compared to the control group. However, it had distinctively lower number of deformity and the 2nd grade products. An economic analysis was conducted based on the cultivation facility that produces 160,000 mushrooms per day. The analysis demonstrated that the facility can save 50,000,000 won in the starting year and 130,000,000 won in the following years from the unit cost of production excluding labour and operation cost.
Cultural characteristics and formation of fruiting body in Lentinula edodes
Lee, Won-Ho ; Kim, In-Yeop ; Ko, Han-Gyu ; Kim, Seon-Cheol ; Choi, Sun-Gyu ; Noh, Jong-Hyun ; Park, Heung-Soo ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 24~28
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.24
Lentinula edodes is known by oak mushroom. It has been favored as delicious and nutritious food and the low-calorie food with a high nutritional value. It is also functional food since it contains a material well-known for its medicinal benefits. Since the growth and quality of oak mushrooms are sensitively affected by environmental conditions, an adequate environmental control is very essential to improve the yield and quality under protected cultivation. The main objectives of the study were to investigate cultural characteristics of mycelial growth and in vitro fruiting of Lentinula edodes. The optimum culture media for mycelial growth of L. edodes were PDA and MYA. Similarly, optimum temperature was
. Malt extract(2%) and yeast extract(0.2%) were optimum carbon and nitrogen sources. Optimal culture period was 110~120 days in sawdust medium. Mycelial growth in medium(61 mm/7 days) Quercus mongolica extract the most good. Among different five log types, highest mycelial growth and fruiting productivity were observed in Quercus variabilis sawdust(20.9%).
Mycelial viability and cultivation characteristics of Hypsizygus marmoreus after long-term storage in different conditions
Lee, Hyae-Jung ; Ro, Hyeon-Su ; Kim, Jong-Guk ; Lee, Chang-Yun ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 29~34
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.29
Mycelial viability and cultivation characteristics of strains of Hypsizygus marmoreus after long-term storage were investigated. The experimental conditions were the storage at
using a slant culture technique with or without mineral oil, and in liquid nitrogen tank in the presence of 10% glycerol or 10% glycerol with 5% trehalose. The myceila of four strains of H. marmoreus were thawed at 9, 21, 33, and 45 months after beginning of the storage, and then the growth of the mycelia was measured on a PDA plate with serial transfers to new plate for the recovery. The mycelial growth data after 45 months showed that the mycelia were mostly viable but not fully active particularly when they were stored in liquid nitrogen with 10% glycerol. The growth activity could be fully recovered after second transfer to new PDA plate. Cultivation of mushroom fruiting body using the recovered mycelia also demonstrated that the storage methods employed in this work were applicable for the long-term storage of H. marmoreus.
Cultivation conditions for mass production of detoxifying bacterium Pseudomonas sp. HC1 of tolaasin produced by Pseudomonas tolaasii
Lee, Chan-Jung ; Yoo, Young-Mi ; Han, Ju-Yeon ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ; Cheong, Jong-Chun ; Moon, Ji-Won ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Suh, Jang-Sun ; Han, Hye-Su ; Cha, Jae-Soon ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 35~40
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.35
Several bacteria are known as the causal agents of diseases of the cultivated button mushroom(Agaricus bisporus) and oyster mushroom(Pleurotus ostreatus). Pseudomonas tolaasii is the causal agent of brown blotch disease of commercial mushrooms. Pseudomonas sp. HC1 is a potent biological control agent to control brown blotch disease caused by Pseudomonas tolaasii. This can markedly reduce the level of extracellular toxins (i.e., tolaasins) produced by Pseudomonas tolaasii, the most destructive pathogen of cultivated mushrooms. To define the optimum conditions for the mass production of the Pseudomonas sp. HC1, we have investigated optimum culture conditions and effects of various nutrient source on the bacterial growth. The optimum initial pH and temperature were determined as pH 5.0 and
, respectively. The optimal culture medium for the growth of tolaasin inhibitor bacterium was determined as follows: 0.9% dextrin, 1.5% yest extract, 0.5%
, and 3.0% cysteine.
Characteristic of mycelial growth of cauliflower mushroom (Sparassis latifolia) using replacement culture with Trichoderma and rDNA analysis in genealogy of crossbreeding strain
Oh, Deuk-Sil ; Kim, Hyun-Suk ; Kim, Young ; Wi, An-Jin ; Yoon, Byung-Sun ; Park, Whoa-Shig ; Park, Hyeong-Ho ; Wang, Seung-Jin ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 41~51
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.41
Cauliflower mushroom widely known high concent of
-glucan for farm cultivation invigoration verified characteristics of mycelia growth, genetic diversity, resistance to Trichoderma by replacement culture with Trichoderma and growth characteristics of new variety crossbleeding strain. The result of replacement culture with Trichoderma for verification resistance about Trichoderma, 6951 (T. viride) strain did not show special change after formation of confrontation line and 6952 (T. spp.) strain was showed more formation of spore after formation of confrontation line. But 6426 (T. harzianum) strain found to encroach part of growth area of cauliflower mushroom mycelia. Among 10 kinds cauliflower mushroom strain, JF02-06 strain collected by Gurye, found did not spore of Trichoderma and thought to be resistant to Trichoderma. The result of crossbleeding after selected that mother strain good growth and formation of fruit body, verified good mycelia growth at JF02-47, 49 and 50 strain in Korean pine of wood-chip media. The result of gene sequence about ITS1, 5.8S and ITS4 for analysis of genetic diversity at crossbleeding strain, found high significance to other cauliflower mushroom in registered Genebank. The result of growth characteristic of spore and mycelia of cauliflower mushroom by observation microscope, size of spore showed water drop shape to major axis
and minor axis
and clamp showed 3 types in mycelia. The wide of mycelia was
. The characteristic of mycelia of cauliflower mushroom found to grow mycelia in clamp at approximately 50%. The growth speed of mycelia was
and 2nd mycelia grown similar speed to mother mycelia at parallel with mother mycelia after growth speed at
. The formation of clamp made small clamp for 5 hours after shown transfer of electrolyte in mycelia inside. The septum formation started after 3 hours and then finally completed after 2 hours. In this study, strain of cauliflower mushroom verified resistance of Trichoderma, genetic diversity and characteristic of mycelia growth. Therefore, basic knowledge of cauliflower mushroom will improve and further contribute to development of mushroom industry.
Characteristics and breeding of a new cultivar Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae, 'Beesan No.1'
Shin, Pyung-Gyun ; Yoo, Young-Bok ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Oh, Youn-Lee ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 52~57
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.52
To develop a new cultivar of King oyster mushroom white variety (Pleurotus ferulae), GW10-95 as parental strain was selected by the method of Di-mon crossing between monokaryotic strain ASI 2850-24 derived from ASI 2850 and dikaryotic strain ASI 2803. The GW10-95(ASI 2803
ASI 2850-24) was shown the best cultural characteristics, selected to be a new cultivar and designed as 'Beesan No.1'. The 'Beesan No.1' was formed incompatibility line distinctly in the confrontation growth of parental strains ASI 2803 and ASI 2850. Analysis of the genetic characteristics of the new cultivar 'Beesan No.1' showed a different DNA profile as that of the control strains, ASI 2803 and ASI 2850, when RAPD(Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) primer URP6 was used. The optimum temperature and pH arrange for mycelial growth were
and pH5~8, respectively. Fruiting body production per bottle was about 245 g using demonstration farms. And also the stipe was thick and long. This new cultivar 'Beesan No.1' of Pleurotus ferulae was characterized by fast fruitbody formation, the stipe was thick and long and high quality yield compared to that of other cultuvars. We therefore expect that this new strain will increase of farmer's income by construction of stabilized production system.
Characteristics and breeding of a new cultivar Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae, 'Beesan No.2'
Shin, Pyung-Gyun ; Yoo, Young-Bok ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Oh, Youn-Lee ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 58~62
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.58
To develop a new cultivar of King oyster mushroom white variety (Pleurotus ferulae), GW10-68 as parental strain was selected by the method of Di-mon crossing between monokaryotic strain ASI 2798-24 derived from ASI 2798 and dikaryotic strain ASI 2803. The GW10-95(ASI 2803
ASI 2798-24) was shown the best cultural characteristics, selected to be a new cultivar and designed as 'Beesan No.2'. The 'Beesan No.2' was formed incompatibility line distinctly in the confrontation growth of parental strains ASI 2803, ASI 2798 and Beesan No.1. Analysis of the genetic characteristics of the new cultivar 'Beesan No.2' showed a different DNA profile as that of the control strains, ASI 2803, ASI 2798 and 'Beesan No.1', when RAPD(Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) primer URP4 was used. The optimum temperature and pH arrange for mycelial growth were
and pH5~8, respectively. Fruiting body production per bottle was about 123.3 g. And also the stipe was long. This new cultivar 'Beesan No.2' of Pleurotus ferulae was characterized white-like variety of King oyster mushroom in the color of stipe, that was long and low yield compared to that of other cultuvar 'Beesan No.1'. We therefore expect that this new strain will increase of export and substitute cultivar of King oyster mushroom.
Electrophoretic karyotype of Flammulina velutipes and its variation among cultivars
Lee, Song Hee ; Lee, Mi-Kyoung ; Kim, Na-Ri ; Lee, Chang-Yun ; Lee, Hyun-Sook ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~66
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.63
The karyotype of F. velutipes Korean cultivar, Fv 3-6, was compared with those of Japanese cultivars, Fv 0-1, Fv 1-5, Fv 11-1, by CHEF gel electrophoresis. The Korean cultivar, Fv 3-6, showed the difference from the three Japanese cultivars in number and size of chromosomes; the Fv 3-6 had two and one more chromosomes then Fv 0-1 and Fv 11-4, and Fv 1-5 had, respectively. The karyotyping by CHEF gel electrophoresis is quite suitable to define new Korean cultivars against Japanese cultivars.
Quality standard of Pleurotus eryngii for production of customized-type and high quality mushroom
Lee, Chan-Jung ; Yoo, Young-Mi ; Han, Ju-Yeon ; Cheong, Jong-Chun ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ; Moon, Ji-Won ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Suh, Jang-Sun ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 67~72
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.67
This study was carried out to provide standardization for mushroom production of high quality at farmhouse. The standardization does much to improve merchantable quality, distribution efficiency and fair dealings by shipping of the standard agricultural products. Therefore, modification of these standards is required to fit farmhouse situations. The standardization for production of Pleurotus eryngii of high quality follows like this. A grades were above 90 g at average weight, more 50 mm at stipe thick, 1.6~1.7 at stipe length/stipe thick rate and 1.1~1.2 at pileus diameter/stipe thick ratio. B grades were more 45 g at average weight, above 40 mm at stipe thick, 1.8~1.9 at stipe length/stipe thick ratio and 1.2~1.4 at pileus diameter/stipe thick ratio.
Aroma constituents, ergosterol and proximate analysis of Neolentinus lepideus
Jang, Myoung-Jun ; Kim, Jeong-Han ; Ju, Young-Cheol ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 12, issue 1, 2014, Pages 73~76
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2014.12.1.73
Nutritional and functional components, such as approximate, and volatile flavor compounds, ergosterol and proximate analysis of artificially cultivated Neolentinus lepideus were analyzed. The common elements of N. lepideus were analyzed to have 6.3% crude ash, 19.1% crude protein, 1.9% crude fat, and 8.9% crude fiber, respectively. The volatile flavor compounds of N. lepideus were characterized as 3-Octanone, 3-Octanol and 1-Octanol. The ergosterol content of N. lepideus was shown to be 145.9 ppm.