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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Mushroom
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society Of Mushroom Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Plant Growth Promotion Effect of Ochrobactrum anthropi A-1 isolated from Soil of Oyster Mushroom Farmhouse
Lee, Chang-Jae ; Lee, Heon-Hak ; Yoon, Min-Ho ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 275~281
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.275
An auxin-producing bacteria (A-1) was isolated from soils of Oyster mushroom farmhouse in Daejeon city, South Korea. The strain A-1 was classified as a novel strain of Ochrobactrum anthropi based on a chemotaxanomic and phylogenetic analyses. The isolate was confirmed to produce indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), one of auxin hormones, by TLC and HPLC analyses. The maximum concentration of IAA,
was detected from the culture broth of O. anthropi A-1 incubated for 24 h at
in R2A broth containing 0.1% L-tryptophan. To investigate the growth-promoting effects to the crops, the culture broth of O. anthropi A-1 was inoculated to water cultures and seed pots of mung bean as well as lettuce. In consequence, the adventitious root induction and root growth of mung bean and lettuce were 2.7 and 1.4 times higher than those of the non-inoculated, respectively.
Nutritional contents and physiological activity of Pleurotus eryngii by extraction solvents
Park, Hye-Sung ; Kim, Su-Yeon ; Kim, Hui-Sun ; Han, Jae-Gu ; Lee, Kang-Hyo ; Cho, Jae-Han ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 282~287
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.282
Physiological activities of 70% methanol, fermented ethanol and hot-water extracts of Pleurotus eryngii were investigated. Free radical scavenging activities of P. eryngii extracts were determined according to the elimination of DPPH radicals. Their nitrite scavenging activity and total polyphenol content were also determined. Amino acid analysis showed that phenylalanine (Phe) and glutamic acid (Glu) are most abundant essential and non-essential amino acids in the analyzed extracts. The hot-water extract of ASI 2394 represented the highest antioxidant activity with the DPPH radical scavenging rate value of
. ASI 2820 displayed the superior capacity to eliminate nitrate regardless of extraction solvents. The hot-water extract of ASI 2887 had the highest content of polyphenol. Our results showed that P. eryngii is well qualified as a functional food.
Effects of productivity of Lentinula edodes according to the control of high-temperature environment in summer
Kim, In-Yeop ; Kim, Seon-Cheol ; Noh, Jong-Hyun ; Choi, Sun-Gyu ; Lee, Won-Ho ; Ko, Han-Gyu ; Park, Heung-Soo ; Koo, Chang-Duk ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 288~293
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.288
In the structural investigation of cultivation facilities, the proportion of farmers to grown with double or triple structure were investigated 96%. It has been shown to grow with a stable cultivation facilities structure against environmental changes. The results of the analysis of the changes in the cultivation environment of Yeoju area in July-august, temperature and humidity of the external instrument shelter was
and 66.2~99.9% respectively. In the greenhouse 2 model capable of temperature environment regulation in the cultivation facility, temperature and humidity were investigated
and 81.6~99.9% respectively. Result of the survey of fruiting body characteristics and yields in the greenhous 2, pileus diameter and stipe length were investigated 66.2 and 54.1 mm, yield of mushroom and individual weight were 312 g and 26.6 g. High-temperature environment regulation shows the improvement of the quality and productivity of the mushroom. Power consumption of the air conditioning has been investigated using 56kwh/day, electricity costs were calculated 2195 won/day.
Comparison of Productivity and Temperature type of fruiting body of Lentinula edodes strains on the Sawdust Cultivation
Noh, Jong-Hyun ; Koo, Chang-Duk ; Park, Heung-Soo ; Ko, Han-Gyu ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 294~300
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.294
We cultivated 117 hybrid strains of Lentinula edodes in greenhouse. 5 hybrid strains(07-55, 07-66, 07-84, 07-93 and 07-117) were selected from comparison of their characteristics of fruiting body and productivity. Biological efficiency of 5 hybrid strains was investigated 36.1(07-66), 35.6(07-117), 27.1(07-93), 25.7(07-84) and 6.5%(07-55), respectively. Selected strains 07-66, 07-117 and 07-93 showed high biological efficiency but observed commercially low quality fruiting body. Temperature type of fruiting body of 5 hybrid strains observed as follows high temperature type(07-117), mid temperature type(07-66 and 07-84) and low temperature type(07-55 and 07-93). Temperature type of fruiting body of 07-93 strain has wide range relatively. In the results, 07-84 strain was selected finally with consideration for quality of fruiting body, productivity and temperature type(
) in farm test.
Cultural characteristics according to different rates of substrate composition in bottle cultivation of Grifola frondosa
Jeon, Dae-Hoon ; Kim, Jeong-Han ; Lee, Yun-Hae ; Choi, Jong-In ; Chi, Jeong-Hyun ; Hong, Hye-Jeong ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 301~304
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.301
This study was carried out to investigate the optimum rate of substrate composition in bottle cultivation of Grifola frondosa and had three rates of substrate composition of 67:11:22(T1), 68:15:17(T2) and 74:14:12(T3) as mixing rate of weight of dried oak sawdust, dried corn husk and dried bean-curd refuse. The rate of primordia formation of T3 was 65.8% which was lowest among all treatments. Contraction rate of disease of T1 was 9.8% which was highest among all treatments. Harvesting rate of T2 was 70.5% which was highest among all treatments. Fruit body weights per bottle of T1 and T2 were 85.5 g, 83.3 g respectively and there was not significant difference between those. Yield per 10,000 bottles of T2 was 587 kg and was 7%, 28% higher than those of T1 and T3, respectively. As a result, the rate of substrate composition of 68:15:17(T2) as mixing rate of weight of dried oak sawdust, dried corn husk and dried bean-curd refuse was appeared as optimum rate of substrate composition in bottle cultivation of Grifola frondosa..
Isolation and Characterization of Bacillus subtilis CA105 from Spent Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Substrates
Kim, Hye Soo ; Kim, Chul Hwan ; Kwon, Hyun Sook ; Lee, Chan-Jung ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Cho, Soo Jeong ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 305~309
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.305
In order to isolate compost-promoting bacteria with high activity of cellulase and xylanase, spent mushroom substrates with sawdust were collected from mushroom cultivation farm, Jinju, Gyeongnam in Korea. Among of the isolates, one strain, designated CA105 was selected by agar diffusion method. The strain CA105 was identified as members of the Bacillus subtilis by biochemical characteristics using VITEK 2 system. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that isolate CA105 formed a distinct phylogenetic tree within the genus Bacillus and was most closely related to Bacillus subtilis with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98.9%. On the basis of its physiological properties, biochemical characteristics and phylogenetic distinctiveness, isolate CA105 was classified within the genus Bacillus subtilis, for which the name Bacillus subtilis CA105 is proposed. The cellulase and xylanase activity of B. subtilis CA105 was slightly increased according to bacterial population from exponential phase to stationary phase in growth curve for Bacillus sp. CA105.
Yield characteristics according to use of post-harvest substrate of Pleurotus pulmonarius
Lee, Nam-Gil ; Lee, Jae-Hong ; Mun, Youn-Gi ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kwon, Sun-Bae ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 310~313
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.310
This study was carried out to re-use the post-harvest substrate of Pleurotus pulmonarius. In this study, we used two mixing ratio. First, a mixing ratio is developed by Gangwon Province Agriculturl Research and Extension Services[Poplar sawdust(10)+Cottonseed hull(50)+Cottonseed mal(20)+Beet pulp(20)]. Second, mixing ratio is developed by farmers[Poplar sawdust(60)+Cottonseed hull(10)+Cottonseed mal(10)+Beet pulp(20)]. First mixing ratio research results, Hosan was no difference in the yield by 30%, Yield of the Hwasan has increased by 20%. Second mixing ratio research results, Hosan was no difference in the yield by 20%. However, Hwasan has decreased.
Development of medium for Pleurotus eryngii cultivation using Kojongsi persimmon peels
Kim, Chul Hwan ; Kim, Hye Soo ; Kim, Hong Chul ; Kwon, Hyun Sook ; Cheong, Jong-Chun ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Cho, Soo Jeong ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 314~318
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.314
This study was carried out to investigated the avaiability of dried Koojongsi persimmon peels (KPP) as a useful mushroom medium using Pleurotus eryngii ASI 2312. Mushroom cultivation medium used in this study was mixed with medium mixture, corn cob and sawdust (220:65:15, v/v). Dried KPP was replaced mushroom cultivation medium (control) with 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50% dried KPP. The T-N content of dried KPP treatments decreased to increase replaced ratio of the dried KPP and C/N ratio was increased to increase replaced ratio of the dried KPP. But T-C content of dried KPP treatments was similar to untreated control. The average cultivating periods of mycelium on dried KPP treatments was delayed to increase replaced ratio of the dried KPP and cultivating periods was delayed over 30% dried KPP treatments. The length of stipe of dried KPP treatments was longer than that of the untreated control to increase replaced ratio of the dried KPP and thickness of stipes was tend to be thinner than that of the untreated control to increase replaced ratio of the dried KPP. The moisture, carbohydrate, crude protein and crude ash content of mycelial were similar to untreated control, but crude fatty acid was increased to increase replaced ratio of the dried KPP. The
content of 10% and 15% treatments were higher than untreatment control. The results based on cultivation yield and
content indicated that optimal mixture ratio dried KPP was 15%.
Comparative analysis of ganoderic acid A, F, and H contents in the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma spp.
Cho, Jae-Han ; Park, Hye-Sung ; Han, Jae-Gu ; Lee, Kang-Hyo ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 319~325
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.319
This study was carried out for examining the amount of ganoderic acid A, F, H from fruiting body extracts of the various Ganoderma species. The preserved Ganoderma species are extracted by using three kinds of solvent. Among them, five strains which have the large amount of ganoderic acid A, F, H were selected. First of all, Strains with the highest amount of ganoderic acid A were sorted out acorrding to solvent as follows. ASI 7013 has the highest amounts with 0.988 mg/g from D.W. extracts. And ASI 7023, 7059, 7026, 7060 were in order of content. In EtOH extracts, ASI 7037 has the highest amounts of ganoderic acid A with 0.940 mg/g. And ASI 7021, 7034, 7026, 7038 were in order of content. In MeOH extracts, ASI 7162 has the highest amounts with 0.833 mg/g. And ASI 7091, 7032, 7056, 7125 were in order of content. secondly, Strains with the highest amount of ganoderic acid F were sorted out acorrding to solvent as follows. ASI 7011 has the highest amounts with 0.722 mg/g from D.W. extracts. And ASI 7113, 7011, 7104 were in order of content. In EtoH extracts, ASI 7037 has the highest amounts with 0.811 mg/g. And ASI 7007, 7027, 7012, 7014 were in order of content. In MeoH extracts, ASI 7162 has the highest amounts with 0.833 mg/g. And ASI 7021, 7034, 7026, 7125 were in order of content. Finally, Strains with the highest amount of ganoderic acid H were sorted out acorrding to solvent as follows. ASI 7013 has the highest amounts with 0.985 mg/g in D.W. extracts. And ASI 7059, 7135, 7001, 7141 were in order of content. In EtoH extracts, ASI 7016 has the highest amounts with 2.842 mg/g. And ASI 7089, 7159, 7007, 7002 were in order of content. In MeoH extracts, ASI 7003 has the highest amounts with 6.969 mg/g. And ASI 7034, 7169, 7159, 7103 were in order of content.
Anti-diabetic efficacy of the alcoholic extracts in Ganoderma sp. and Phellinus Baumi
Cho, Jae-Han ; Park, Hye-Sung ; Han, Jae-Gu ; Lee, Kang-Hyo ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 326~329
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.326
This study was carried out to anti-diabetic efficacy of alcoholic extracts in Ganoderma species and Phellinus Baumi. Ganoderma species and Phellinus Baumi. showed inhibitory activity of PTP1B, which acts as negative regulator of diabetes. The
is an important enzyme in the digestion of carbohydrates in the saliva and pancreatic. If inhibition of the enzyme Delaying the digestion rate of the carbohydrate can be reduced postprandial rise in blood glucose levels. The results of the tests the active level that showed a similar inhibition
inhibitory activity and a positive control. Phellinus Baumi. showed the inhibitory activity to 89%, Acarbose as positive control.
is an essential enzyme in the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates that break down carbohydrates into simple sugars polysaccharides. The results of the tests the active level that showed a low inhibitory activity. It is thought to be able to complement the shortcomings of conventional anti-diabetic drugs.
Comparative analysis of nitrite scavenging activity and anti-inflammation effects in the fruiting bodies of medicinal mushrooms
Cho, Jae-Han ; Lee, Gang-Hyo ; Han, Jae-Gu ; Kim, Hyung-Don ; Jhune, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 330~333
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.330
This study was carried out to compare the anti-inflammation effects of various fruiting body of Ganoderma species and Cordyceps militaris, Phelinus linteus extracts. We concentrated Ganoderma species and other medicinal mushrooms by extracting with ethanol. And We made it
concentration. As a result of nitrite scavenging activity, in the contrast to the positive control; Ascorbic acid was 25%, ASI 7080 of Ganoderma species was disappeared up to around 40%. And in the contrast to Ascorbic acid was 55%, ASI 7002 was 78.5% that was the highest anti-inflammation effect in the result of "No assay test". The Cordyceps militaris showed 75% and Hericium erinaceus showed 59.7% of anti-inflammation effect. As a result of the fungus yield control test of
through ELISA method to ASI 7002 of Ganoderma species that showed the highest anti-inflammation, it was reduced as same as LPS non-treatment. We extracted RNA from ASI 7002 Ganoderma species 10, 50,
concentration and LPS
of Raw 264.7 cell. And we tested the expression of iNOS, COX-2 and TNF-a that are kinds of inflammation gene after synthesizing RNA with cDNA. Finally we could find that iNOS, COX-2 and TNF-a were all controlled expression in the result of above experiment.
Effect of Conversion Rate of γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) by Yogurt Fermentation with Addition of Nanoparticle Winter Mushroom and Hydroponic Ginseng
Shin, Pyung-Gyun ; Kim, Hee-Cheong ; Yoo, Young-Bok ; Kong, Won-Sik ; Oh, Youn-Lee ;
Journal of Mushroom, volume 13, issue 4, 2015, Pages 334~337
DOI : 10.14480/JM.2015.13.4.334
-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is basically neurotrasmitter produced by the decarboxylation of L-glutamic acid catalyzed by glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), which was known to convert monosodium glutamate (MSG) to GABA. To investigate enhancement of reversion rate of GABA, the yogurt fermentation with addition of nanoparticle winter mushroom and hydroponic ginseng was used. The conversion rate was revealed to nanoparticle winter mushroom and hydroponic ginseng fermenter (88%) > winter mushroom fermenter (52%) > nanoparticle winter mushroom fermenter (44%). The results showed that nanoparticle winter mushroom and hydroponic ginseng supplemented substrates for enhancement of GABA may be used more effectively as one of potential sources of functional foods.