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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Costume
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 8 - Dec 2000
Volume 50, Issue 7 - Nov 2000
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Sep 2000
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Aug 2000
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Jul 2000
Volume 50, Issue 3 - May 2000
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Mar 2000
Volume 50 - Jan 2000
Selecting the target year
The empirical Analysis of compound woven silk fabrics of Cho-Sun Dynasty - focusing of 26 pieces of the fabrics which are in the Tong-Do Temple′s collection -
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 5~16
This study attempts to examine compound weave among silk fabrics of Cho-Sun Dynasty. These silk fabrics have colorful patterns. They can be classified into two types by their texture structure one is called polychrome woven silk of which structure is plain or twill fabric : another is called satan damask of which structure is stain fabric. Their texture structure consist of warp and weft. In addition. there are other types of warp and weft for pattern structure ; various twill structures were used for patterns. A variety of colorful threads, including gold and silver ones. are used fur patterns in them. The brocaded-type fabric was primarily developed during Won Era of China. It was most developed in Ko-Rye Kingdom. During that era flat strip was used the most but its length was usually not long enough to finish one pattern. However, wrapped thread was increasingly used during the middle and later period of Cho-Sun Dynasty due to the development of weaving technology for gold thread. The brocaded-type fabric was produced in Korea and it was also Imported from China according to some record. There are some domestic empirical documents that show the names of imported Satin Samite, Brocaded satin and these are good evidence to prove the nationwide use of the cloth during Cho-Sun Dynasty. The density ratio of warp and weft is almost same except Samite in the third and Satin with flower motif in the second period is most density among them. C·F of Brocaded satin with Mang motif in the third period values the highest price. Brocaded satin, used with both gold and silver threads, is thickest.
The Effects of Commodities Dimensions and Service Dimensions on Repurchase Intention of Discount Store Apparel
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 17~28
The purposes of this study were to determine dimension of apparel expectations, performances and service quality of discount store and thereby, to analyze effect of apparel commodities dimension (expectations, performances, disconfirmation and satisfaction) and service dimension(service quality and satisfaction ) on repurchase intention. The subject were 363 women in the age of twenty to sixty years old who live in Seoul and the suburban of Seoul. The results of this study could be summarized as follows : It was found that discount score consumers' expectation and performance with apparel commodities were classified 2 factors of the function and expression. On the other hand, the dimensions of service quality were found to have such 4 factors as reliability, VMD, convenience, and facilities. 2. It was found that consumers' intention of repurchase of discount store were affected by such variables as disconfirmation and service quality. While less frequent users were affected by expectations and disconfirmation with apparel commodities, more frequent users were affected by such variables as disconfirmation, service quality and service satisfaction. Meanwhile, discount store users were found to be affected by disconfirmation, and off-price store users were affected by disconfirmation: and service quality. 3. More frequent users of discount store scored more on average than less frequent users in terms of expectation, performance, disconfirmation, and satisfaction with apparel commodities and intention of repurchase. On the other hand, off-price store users scored more on average than discount users in terms of expectation and performance with apparel commodities and Intention of repurchase.
A Study on Adult Women′s Foundation Buying Behavior
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 29~41
This study was intended to grasp the actual condition of adult women's wearing foundation garments for the Korean adult women in their 20s to 40s. For this purpose, questionnaire research was conducted for 639 adult women in their 20s to 40s living in Seoul and Kyonggi Province. As for the reason for the purchase of foundation garments, It was found that the highest proportion of the responding adult women would buy brassieres when they were needed because the old ones were threadbare, followed by the purchase of brassiere when they caught their eyes in shopping around. As for the reason for the purchase of girdles, the highest proportion of the responding adult women could buy girdles when they were needed because their old ones were wornout, and next when bargain sale began at the department store or the large shopping center. The highest proportion of the responding adult women thought the source of information on foundation garments as the window display, followed by magazine. The adult women in their 30s collected information on foundation garments through the window display when buying brassieres or girdles. As for the product evaluation criteria of foundation garments, the highest proportion of the responding adult women thought highly of the feeling of wear in brassieres and girdles, followed by dimensions in brassieres and bodily correctability in girdles. As for the place of buying brassieres or girdles, the responding adult women showed it to be the department store. followed by the discount store and the well-known agency.
A Study on Image Evaluation of Baseball Uniform
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 43~55
The objectives of this study were to investigate the differences of image evaluation of baseball uniform by uniform design and perceiver's gender. and to examine how baseball uniform preferences vary according to perceiver's gender. Stimuli consisted of 12 color photographs of a male model wearing a baseball uniforms which were manipulated according to the color of shorts and pants. A semantic differential scale of 23 items were used to evaluate the image of the stimuli. Subjects were 288 males and females. Five dimensions derived to account for the image of baseball uniform. These were manly, ability, activity, preference, and visibility. Wearing of red shirts had a positive effect on the evaluation of ability, activity, and visibility. Dark blue shirts had a positive effect on the evaluation of preference. Grey uniforms had negative effects on the evaluation of ability, activity, and visibility. Men liked white uniforms and vertical stripes uniforms of black and white more than dud women. Women talked dark blue shirts more than did men.
Special Character of the Korean Costume & Changing Process Aesthetic
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 57~66
The purpose of this study describe about aesthetic of korean art and costume. Therefore we understand the beauty of korean style well. Methods of this study are the analyst of the paper before published on the aesthetic and costume aesthetic. Especially in the global postmodern age. the understanding of the value of korean beauty and costume are very Important. This study define of the special character. That is as follows. 1) Beauty of form a. Harmony of line different character b. Composition of plane make super space aesthetic c. Beauty of asymmetric, non formal, freedom of dressed man d. Beauty of symbolic color 2) Beauty of mend a. Aesthetic of the north nomads feeling b. View of the naturalism c. Ceremony of confucianism d. Preservation of original form, koreanization from heterogeneity
The clothing behavior of male-homosexuals
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 67~74
The clothing behavior of male homosexuals were examined. Especially their clothing preference, clothing purchase behavior and clothing symbols as a group took were analysed. The subject was 49 male-homosexuals and the survey was done at the tray bars in Yi-Tae-Won in Seoul. The questionnaire and interview method were broth used to collect the data. The findings from the study were as follows : 1. The casual style was mostly preferred and lightly-fitted style was more preferred than loose style. Both straight type blue jeans and tight-fit style were widely worn by the subject. 2 Among design, price, color, fashion trend and sewing quality. design was the most important factor In clothing purchase. Besides design, color and fashion trend were counted more seriously than price or sowing quality. Blue and black were preferred as clothing colors. 3. Department stores were the most popular shopping place. and then traditional markets and shops near Universities were also preferred. Over 60% of the subjects answered that the decision of clothing purchase was made by himself and 20% of the subject used friend as personal information sources. The score stimuli was the most frequently used information for apparel shopping, and fashion magazines were also used as an important information source. 4. The clothing related symbols used to represent group look were lightly-fitted style. right ear-piercing, tight-fit plaid pants, leather look, rainbow flag, bandannas, reversed triangle. etc. And the subjects thought the symbols were not meaningful as group look because they were already adopted by the non-homosexual people. And they thought that their style of fashion has influenced on that of mass.
Study on Contemporary of Kasaya in Asia
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 75~86
This paper examined the contemporary kasaya of each country in Asia, focussing on the Kasaya Kongyang ceremony and kasaya varieties. As well, the countries in Asia were divided into the southern Buddhist countries, northern Buddhist countries, and Tibetan buddhist countries, and were comparatively analyzed. 1. In terms of the Kasaya Kongyang ceremony, now days the southern Buddhist countries perform the Katina ceremony, passed down from the time of the Buddha. In the northern Buddhist countries, namely China, the kasaya is bestowed to the monk at the end of the precepts ceremony, while in Korea, the kasaya is bestowed to the monk at the end of the ceremony of "opening the eye" of an image. There is no Kasaya Kongyang ceremony in Japan and Tibetan Buddhist countries. 2. In terms of the varieties of kasaya, because the Katina ceremony is performed with 5 jo in southern Buddhist countries, their kasayas are made up of 5 jo, with the exception of Myanmar's sungari. In Taiwan and Korea, which are of the Zen order and part of the northern Buddhist countries, there are 5-25 jo. In Japan, which is of the Kyo, or doctrinal order, it is made up of 5-9 jo. The Tibetan Buddhist countries have only jo that are 7 and 23. In conclusion, when Buddhism was transmitted from the southern Buddhist countries to the northern Buddhist countries, we can see that the Kasaya Kongyang ceremony and the from of the kasaya itself changed from practical robes to majestic ones, in accord with the Mahayana doctrine of saving all sentient being. Therefore, the kasaya simbolizes the Buddhist philosophy that Mahayana claims the existence of many Buddhas at one and the same time.same time.
A Study of Male Fashion Mania in New Generation
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 87~97
The purposes of this study are to classify the male consumers in new generation by evaluating the fashion mania elements and to examine the differences among consumer groups in product attributes, benefits, dressing for self and others, and sensation seeking tendency. Fashion mania elements are compose of purchase frequency, the storage of clothes, the affection toward clothes and fashion knowledge. Data were obtained from 492 adult male living in Seoul and Kyunggi Do. Statistics used for data analysis were frequency, means, one-way Anova, Duncan's multiple range test, factor analysis, cluster analysis using Spss 9.0. The results can be summarized as follows: There consumer groups are identified based on the fashion mania elements: fashion mania, fashion interests, non-fashion mania. The fashion mania group has positive fashion behavior and high fashion attitude, the fashion interests group has high fashion attitude and light fashion behavior, non fashion mania group has light fashion attitude and behavior. Fashion mania group regard intrinsic attributes very highly in order to express individuality, shows the tendency to dress for self strongly rather than to dress for others. And fashion mania group shows a high sensation seeking tendency compared with the remaining groups.
A Study on the Elderly Women′s Apparel Market Segmentation according to the Benefits Sought
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 99~111
The purposes of this study were to segment the elderly women's apparel market according to their benefits sought and to develop the profiles of each segment. Questionnaire survey was done to 500 elderly women aged over 55 in Chonbuk province from Mar. 1. to Mar. 15, 2000, and 360 questionnaires were used. Frequencies, percentages, means, factor analysis, cluster analysis,
-test, and ANOVA were done with SPSS Win+. Duncan's Multiple Range test was followed. The factors of clothing benefits ere consisted of fashion, brand loyalty, economy, practicality, activity, and utility. The elderly women segmented into 4 groups of the reasonability pursuit, th economy & practicality, the benefit unconscious, and the fashion & brand pursuit. The fashion information sources were divided into mass communication-dominated source and point-of-purchase & consumer-dominated source. The factors of store patronage criteria were divided into product assortment, convenience, and additive service. The economy and practicality pursuit selected their clothing with the help of others, used any kind of information sources less, considered convience of the store more, shopped at traditional market, group size was the biggest, was the oldest, and educated less. The reasonability pursuit selected their clothing by themselves, used all kind of information sources, considered many facets of stores, shopped at department store, was younger, healthier, educated more, and lived with husband more. The benefit unconscious spent less money to their clothing, lower usage of information sources, selected their clothing with the help of others, considered all facets of stores less, shopped at moderate or volume zone apparel market or traditional market, was older, healthy, and involved the widowed more. The fashion and brand pursuit spent more money to clothing, considered the product assortment or additive service of store more, shopped at department store, and selected their clothing by themselves, group size was the smallest, was younger educated more, healthy, and showed a tendency of living with husband.
A Study on the Religious Costume in Ancient Mesopotamia
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 113~128
This essay examines the costumes for gods and priests in ancient Mesopotamia as they are depicted in various documents and artifacts of the period, and it is part of an ongoing project that studies the process in which the religious costumes, the means of religious communication, of ancient Mesopotamia had evolved. The study shows that the religious costunmes in ancient Mesopotamia have following characteristics. 1. The costumes for gods are the same as those for men, including warp-around skirts, tierd skirts, shawls, and tunics. However, there are some differences : costumes for gods include such distinguishing features as aprons and long tassels. 2. Both wear stylized headpieces that indicate their divinity and have long hair and long beard. 3. As for shoes, the Sumerian and Babilonian gods go barefoot, but the militant Assyrian gods wear sandals. 4. Sumerian and Babilonian figures do not have much, but the Assyrian gods wear various ornaments including earrings and bracelets that emphasize their muscular physique. 5. Priests wear weird skirts or wrap-around skirts but no top. They have shaved hair to indicate their role as purifiers, but some of them have long beards.
Study on The Fashion Coordination of Chanel Image
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 129~147
The main purpose of this study was to define the Fashion Coordination through chanel style. The methods of research were review precedent theses. the document rotated to fashion, and fashion Magazine. Also, information on the Internet was used. In sense of the fashion coordination, Designer Chanel understands fashion. Chanel is created that has Chanel Style through garcon style in 1920 by coordination with accessory and so on that means modern fashion. From than, even though Chanel Style has changed over and over according time, that become ideal image model what modern women is running after be. 1. Tubular style has easy to represent personal identity each people, by coordination with accessories and so on. The relationship tubular style and accessory is help to produce image bast. 2. Chanel' Hat was coordination with the same color clothes, contributed to finish wearing clothes and increase position. 3. Necklace has representative accessory in Chanel style. 4. Carmellia made use of point accessories on clothes. 5. Chanel N
5 was produced crystallization that is necessary to make image. 6. Chanel was created Modern style based on the garcon style. 7. That became ideal image what women want to be in 20th century 8. Through cackle kennedy, that has best style symbolized rich and position.
Comparison between the Korean and Japanese Costume Systems since Port Opening Treaties in Nineteenth Century
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 149~163
The purpose of this study is to research the Korean and Japanese costume systems and to compare both of them on the process of adopting the western-originated costumes. The consequences of this study are as follows. Chosen and Japan started simplifying the traditional clothings, Introducing the western clothings and executed the ordinance prohibitory topknots through reforming costume systems since Port Opening Treaties in 19th centra. Japan performed the reformation of costume system effectively through the grand campaign of social reforming enlightment by Meiji Government. Meanwhile in Korea, there were a continual repetition of adoption and rejection in the reformation of costume systems because of strong cultural self-esteem and competition of foreign Empires. However, western-originated cultural perspectives brought the strong self-devaluated view on their own cultures to both countries. And that's the first cause of substitution of western clothings for ordinary ones in both nations.
A Study on Consumer Buying Behavior According to Fashion Trading Area
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 165~175
The Purposes of this study are to analyze fashion trading area's conditions of Busan area to establish fashion marketing strategies for the conditions of location in choosing the new retailers and to propose the most efficient, optimum fashion trading area(FTA) under the management mind of low cost and high efficiency according to the changes of 21C management paradigm. The subjects of investigation for this study were 1083 women visited FTA in Busan. The data were analyzed by using MANOVA, ANOVA, frequency and trend analysis, and the Cronabach
and Turkey HSD were also applied. The results of this study were summarized as follows. 1 The characteristics of consumer spatial behavior according to fashion trading area show significant difference in starling position, movement means, movement time, visit purpose and visit frequency. 2 The buying behavior of fashion items according to fashion trading area shows difference in fashion trading area shows difference in fashion trading area, store and buying behavior.
The Changes of Dress depicted in the Korean Films since the 1960s
Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, volume 50, issue 8, 2000, Pages 177~198
The major purpose of this study is to obtain the evident and visual data about the changes of Korean dress with a socio-cultural context through dress depicted in the Korean films since the 1960s. For this purpose, after were Korean socio-cultural background including the history of Korean films and mass fashion trends reviewed, total fifteen Korean films by ten year were selected on the basis of contemporaneity popularity, and fashionability, and analyzed with the data reviewed before. And the results can be summarized as follows : Dress in the Korean films of the 1960s shows sporty casual took influenced by western style, with the popularity of young fashion and youth film. The typical styles are sac dress and mini skirt fur women, and suit with American silhouette for men. Unisex mode including slim T-shirts and blue jeans with European silhouette supt appears mainly in the Korean films of the 1970s, with the change of sex roles and mass fashion trend. Dress in the Korean films of the 1980s is characterized by bold silhouette and decorative details. with the boom of erotic metro-drama and luxurious fashion trend, such as padded jacket, X silhouette ensemble, brig look coat for women, and American style suit for men. Dress in the Korean films of the 1990s shows the rapid cycle of fashion with the increase of casual wear, reflecting the popularity of romantic comedy film and various socio-cultural circumstances. As a result, the current of dress depleted in the Korean films since the 1960s is summarized as the cycle of fashion accelerated, the similarity between men's and women's wear, and the increase of sporty casual wear. Also, dress in the films reflects effectively the socio-cultural context related to fashion except for especially emphasizing characters in films.