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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Costume Culture Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2005
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Japanese Female College Students' lifestyle and Clothing Benefits Sought
Lee Ok-Hee ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 857~870
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between lifestyles and clothing benefits pursuit. A questionnaire was developed to measure lifestyle and clothing benefits sought. The questionnaire was distributed and collected from 131 college female students in Tokyo. The data was analyzed by percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation, factor analysis, reliability test, MANOVA and ANOVA by SPSS package. The lifestyles of the respondents were classified into five types such as recreational-oriented, fashion-oriented, progressive-oriented, intentional purchasing, and economics-oriented type. And clothing benefits pursuit was classified into five types such as individuality-pursuit, brand-pursuit, convenience-pursuit, fashion -pursuit, and coordination/figure flaws compensation-pursuit. The result of this study were as follows; 1) All of three lifestyle groups of appearance-oriented type, fashion-oriented type, intentional purchasing type had an inclination for individuality-pursuit, brand-pursuit, fashion-pursuit, and not an inclination for convenience-pursuit. 2) The higher the fashion-oriented and intentional purchasing, and the lower the progressive-oriented and economics-oriented were, the higher was individuality-pursuit. 3) The higher progressive-oriented and the lower recreational-oriented were, the higher convenience-pursuit was. 4) The brand-pursuit, convenience-pursuit, and fashion-pursuit were not shown to have the significant differences according to intentional purchasing group.
Related Veriables of Impulse Buying Behavior in Silver Fashion Market
Park Eun-Joo ; Kang Eun-Mi ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 871~882
The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationships among shopping orientation, information source, service duality, and impulse buying behavior of the elderly women, which nay provide insights related to silver fashion market in Korea. Data were obtained from 50's and 60's women living in Busan(N=285), and analyzed Using by factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha and t-test. The results of this study are as follows: 1. Comported to unimpulse buying group, impulse buying group was more likely to be influenced by hedonics shopping orientation, economic shopping orientation, personal shopping orientation, and convenient shopping orientation. 2. for information source, impulse buying group seemed more to use various information sources than unimpulse buying group, such as advertising of newspaper, magazin or TV, experience, salespersons' opinions. 3. For perceived service quality, impulse buying group was more likely to be effected by events of store, product advertisement, and opening/closing time of store. But demographic characteristics doesn't significant differences between impulse-group and unimpulse-buying group of elderly women. This study suggests some implications and strategies for silver fashion market.
A Study of Formative Characteristics and Symbolic Meanings of the Exaggeration Type in Modern Fashion
Kim Ho-Jung ; Kim Soon-Ja ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 883~895
Exaggeration is to express an object or a situation in an excessive way. As the desire for aesthetic expression grows greater today, we tended to focus on the exaggerative expression as a means to acquire other's attention and praise. Also people more actively express their own intention or opinion in an exaggerated manner. The purpose of this study is to identify the social and cultural functions of modern fashion via exaggerative expression, one of the formative characteristics, and its meaning. To do so, the exaggerative features of modern fashion have been analyzed, and the social and cultural meaning of those have been examined through the background of the times and aesthetic sense. The formative form in the exaggerative expression shown in the modern fashion was classified into a body priority type emphasizing woman's body contour, a body disregarded type shown oversized silhouette regardless of body contour and a body distorted type expressing free and diverse form in various shapes of asymmetry and imbalance. The symbolic meanings of those include the changing of the body consciousness and the notions of feminity, and the desire fur formative and playable expression. The exaggeration of the costume in history meant aesthetic value of the woman's body in the society led by men. However, the exaggerative expression shown in the modern fashion is a method to express more actively, as compared with the costume in the past.
A Study on the Pattern Development of Knitwear According to Yarn Property - Focused on Shift One-Piece Dress -
Yoon Hye-Jun ; Song Mi-Ryong ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 896~909
In need of studies on the kinds and structure of thread, the biggest variable factor in knitwear patterns, this study attempts: to examine the physical properties by thread type to basically establish systematic data in order to utilize various mixture and structure of yarn and to contribute to the development of optical patterns by building a systemic and scientific methods to produce knit wear patterns though a statistical analysis of the relation between the variations and physical properties. The results is as follows: with time, a feature of knit, which causes instability making it difficult to maintain the original shape, related to material properties, the weight and expansibility recovery rate have the greatest influence on the variation of wale lengths, though the amount varies by material. The variation of course contraction is closely related to density, the dense fabrics showing the highest values, due to the bust of the human body, the wale length variation of the front is greater than that of the back, by a regression analysis of material properties and the variations is obtained showing the weight, density and expansibility recovery rate have the greatest influence on the wale extension and course contraction of knit.
Haw Clothing Stores Response to Customer Complaints Affects Future Purchase Intention
Park Kun-Hee ; Hwang Choon-Sup ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 910~918
This study compares consumer satisfaction levels in clothing stores based on, consumer complaint behavior. This study investigates the relationship between future purchase intention and consumer satisfaction with the response of clothing stores to complaints. The study was implemented through a normative-descriptive survey using self-administered questionnaires. The samples consisted of 509 female consumers residing in Seoul and its suburbs. Data were analyzed by following statistical methods: frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, regression analysis, and Duncan's multiple range test. Results are as follows: The satisfaction with response to complaints were different according to types of clothing stores. A significant relationship between the degree of satisfaction with service recovery and future purchase intension was found in all types of clothing stores. The future purchase intention increases, when consumers are fully satisfied with the way that a service failure was recovered.
An Ethnographic Study on CosPlay Group in Korea I - Analysis on CosPlay Groups in Korea -
Koh Ae-Ran ; Shin Mi-Ran ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 919~933
This study goes into the field of CosPlay that takes place in Korea, and directly observes the people who engage in CosPlays. Based on in-depth interviews, this research identified the reasons why the CosPlay aficionados participate in this practice and their cultural preferences. Ethnography methodology was used to understand the behavior of the cultural entities of CosPlays. Moreover, this research attempted to understand their daily formalities through their own perspective and language instead of superficial language. In general, CosPlay form that they manifest is classified into two main categories: those who enjoy posing by becoming their favorite characters and those like to wear the clothes of their favorite characters and go up on the stage to perform an act of animation or game where the applicable character appears. Some of these groups are: 1) 'Bishojo CosPlay' that CosPlays mostly Bishojo cartoon characters and wants to just stand out, 2) 'Aekyo' group that CosPlays merely for the sake of the enjoyment of wearing costumes instead of having the mania-like characteristics, 3) 'CosPlayer Group' who enjoy doing organized team CosPlay in order to present a performance, 4) 'J-Rock CosPlay' group that CosPlay Japanese visual rock groups and prepare to be among a professional CosPlay team, and 5) 'People related to Cospre.com' who try to make CosPlay rooted in as one of new cultures.
The Analysis of Consumer Information Posted on Young Casual Brand Web Sites
Lee Mi-Sook ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 934~945
The purpose of this study was to investigate the content and presentation style of consumer information of Korean young casual apparel brand. To collect the data for this study, the representative 25 casual brand web sites were selected, based on major search engines. In addition, to investigate exact product information, four product categories, knit shirts and casual pants for men and women, were selected and the number of products was limited as maximum 15 products per each category. A coding instrument was developed to capture the consumer information, based on the instrument by Park and Stoel(2002). The Pretest was conducted to gauge inter-coder reliability and the results showed that inter-coder reliability was highly acceptable. The results of this study were as follows. Most casual brand web sites for this study were presented well in brand and customer service information. Especially, many web sites provided various engaging information such as various events(best dresser contest, date with a star, special gift) and useful multimedia file(MP3 music file, screen saver, movie, calender). However, product information was very lack in most web sites. Especially, sizing and fitting information and textile and fabric hand information were rarely provided. Therefore, this result showed that the web sites should provide more specific product information and develop devices to get tactile sensory and experiential information for enhancement of future e-commerce of apparel products.
Red Carpet Fashion of Korean Film Festival
Chung So-Young ; Kim Ji-Young ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 946~959
The purpose of this study was to examine the Korean red carpet fashion of Daejong, Bluedragon, Korean Film Awards from 2002 to 2004, focusing on nominates of female movie stars and presidents. Leading colors were black and white but pale and vivid colors were also chosen. Dresses were made of satin, chiffon, lace and velvet mainly, and patterned fabrics made strong statements among them. Based on the long and slim silhouette, there were lots of details using beads, sequins and crystal stones for manipulating lighting effects. Fur shawls along with diamond jewelry were favorite items of many stars. They preferred dresses of international brands to that of domestic brands. Esthetic qualities of red carpet fashion were categorized as decorative gorgeousness, sophisticated elegance, glamourous sensuality, paradoxical presentation, pure innocence, and Korean refinement.
A Study on a Classical Construction Paradigm in Modern Fashion
Kim Hye-Young ; Lee Shin-Young ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 960~976
Classicism pursued beauty comprised of a perfect form, and beauty was perceived as a state of sufficiency. Accordingly, a completed and permanent beauty was sought after; as a result, a perfect and flawless form became the mainstream, and there was an effort to visualize the eternal proportional perfection. In classicism, forms were perfectly embodied with systematic inevitability and absolute inflexibility, by which an extremely clear aspect appeared. This study analyzes a classical construction paradigm in modern fashion according to the five categories: 'Harmony and order by numerical proportion', 'Clear form', 'Simplification of form and two-dimensional Seh-form', 'Completed contracture structure', and 'Pluralistic unification', and the respective formative characteristics are as follows. First, in terms of the formative aspect of modern fashion,'Harmony and order by numerical proportion' results from thorough observance of extreme and golden section (proportion of 5 :8) which was an aesthetic standard of beautiful body in classicism. Second, 'Clear form' appears in clothes as individual clearness of structural elements expressing each part of body, and shows a well-established form possible to be grasped with equal and clear contour line. Third,'Simplification of form and two-dimensional Seh-form' comes out as form composition, single line, single layer structure, two-dimensional form and arrangement of elements of clothes through the front viewpoint caused by 2D diagramming work while fashion-designing and producing. Also, it is seen that two-dimensional proportion which is composed of sections through various harmonious lines and sides according to the simple two-dimensional compatibility principle is accomplished. Fourth, 'Completed contracture structure' emerges as an expression of stationariness, in other words, fixation of an overall impression. This is a tendency that the overall form is grasped as a fixedly intact shape without a big change of the silhouette of clothes. Fifth, 'Pluralistic unification' means that it respectively emphasizes all the parts composing clothes by making them individually independent at the same time as each element is inclusively shown with the harmony of the overall silhouette of clothes and many other details. This study examined classical formative characteristics through a theoretical research on a formative paradigm revealing the classical style. Also, the significance of classical or rational value of art was illuminated by observing what characteristics a classical formation paradigm shows in modern fashion. As a result, classical characteristics in modern fashion prove that classicism is not a merely past construction style separated from the present but a construction paradigm deeply involved in our reason system.
The Effect of Coloration Type on the Image of Korean Dress's Wearer - on the Tone-in-Tone Coloration -
Kang Kyung-Ja ; Choi Su-Kyung ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 977~989
The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of three clothing cues(jacket color, skirt color, and tone of dress) on female impressions. The experimental materials developed for this study are a set of stimuli and response scales. The Stimuli are If color pictures manipulated with three clothing cues by drawing. The 7-point scale designed for visual evaluation of female impression formation includes 24 bipolar adjectives. The subjects were 192 undergraduate female students in Jinju city. The results of this study are as follow: As analyzing the impression of female figure by the jacket color, skirt color, and tone, three factors including youth
activity, attractiveness, and visibility were identified. Among these factors, youth
activity and attractiveness were proved to be more important. Some interaction effects of clothing cues were found. Jacket color and tone had significant effects on the impression of visibility. The combination of skirt color and tone had significant effects on youth
activity, attractiveness, and visibility.
A Study of Elderly Women's Attitudes toward Fashion and Design Preferences for Ready-Made Jacket
Paek Jae-Eun ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 990~998
The purpose of the study was to examine Korean elderly women's attitudes toward fashion and to determine formal jacket designs preferred by them. The subjects of the study were older than 50 years who will become aging population in 2014. For data collection, interview investigated 200 copies of questionnaire were collected, and available data used final analysis were 174 volumes. As the results of the principal components factor analysis, it revealed 4 attitudinal factors including cautious attitude, fashion-conscious attitude, ostentatious attitude, and easy-conscious attitude. The subjects divided into two groups, highly involved group and lowly involved group, for each factor. As the result of preference differences by the degree of each attitude, it revealed that the attitudes toward fashion products would significantly influence elderly women's jacket design preferences. The results of the study show that they are a diverse group whose consumer needs and wants vary dramatically and give initial information to assist designing appropriate formal jacket for elderly women.
An Analysis of Patterns and Motifs in Hanbok Introduced in Wedding Magazine
Kim Jae-Im ; Lee Hae-Sook ; Kim Soon-Ah ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 999~1010
The purposes of this study were to investigate used patterns in Hanbok and to find out a classification and a characteristic of motifs. The data made use of 111 pictures constituted Gegory(a Korean jacket) and Chima(a skirt) in photographs collected in wedding magazine(Wedding 21'). The data was analyzed by frequency, contents analysis. Pattern's use or not in Hanbok and a sort, a arrangement, a way of expression of patterns using frequency Classified and characteristics of motifs were analyzed contents analysis. The results of this study were as follows. First, a sort of patterns was lots of flower motifs of the plant pattern. An arrangement of and expression of patterns used mainly a partial arrangement and embroidery expression. Second, the subjects classified using criterion of classification of a external feature, forms of expression, and simplicity/complexity of line. Third, the motifs classified into plants, an animal, geometry, abstraction, and a natural object. The plant motifs were perceived the focus of flower, a combination of a flower and a stem in the plant motifs. The subjects perceived as a simplicity/complexity of flower and a drawing line of a flower and a stem.
A Study of the Visual Evaluation by Variation in the Location of the Waistband of the One-Piece Dress
Lee Jung-Jin ; Lee Jung-Soon ; Han Gyong-Hee ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 1011~1022
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the differences of visual evaluatations by variations in the location of the waistband of the one-piece dress. The stimuli are 13 samples. The data has been obtained from 30 fashion design majors. The data has analyzed by Factor Analysis, Anova, Duncan's Test and Correlation. The results of the study are as follows. The visual effects by the location of the waistband are composed of 3 factors: the length of the body, the width of the body, the flexuosity of the lower body. The visual image by the location of the waistband are composed of 4 factors: attraction, maturity, attention, elegance. The visual effects by the location of the waistband have significant differnces all factors. (N.W.+6), (N.W.+8) have the best visual effect in the factor of the length of the body, (N.W.+4) in the factor of the width of the body, and (N.W.-12) in the factor of the flexuosity of the lower body. The visual image by the location of the waistband have significant differnces all factors. The higher the band goes, the more positive visual image comes in maturity, attraction, elegance. However, in attention, the lower the band goes toward the hips, the better visual image comes.
The Purchasers vs. Non-Purchasers of Performance Infants' Wear: Shopping Behavior, Shopper Characteristics, and Reasons for Purchase/Non-Purchase
Hong Kyung-Hee ; Lee Yoon-Jung ;
The Research Journal of the Costume Culture, volume 13, issue 6, 2005, Pages 1023~1036
The heightened consumers' interest in health and well-being gave rise to the needs for performance infants' wear, which are made with environmentally-friendly and healthy functional materials. This study intends to compare purchasers and non-purchasers of performance infants' wear in terms of their shopping behavior, shopper and infants' characteristics, and reasons for purchasing or not purchasing performance infants' wear. A total of 241 questionnaires were collected from women with infants less than 4 years old, who are living in the Seoul metropolitan area. Using SPSS 10.0, chi-square, paired t-test, and descriptive statistics were calculated to analyze the data. The results of the study were as follows: First, the purchasers of performance infants' wear shopped more often at department stores and were more likely to buy comparatively high-price products than non-purchasers. Second, for performance infants' wear, non-purchasers considered laundry/care methods and fiber contents more, while purchasers considered colors, design, price, and performance of the products less than for infants' wear in general. Third, in terms of demographic characteristics, significant differences were found for the number of children and the child's birth order. Fourth, the primary reason for buying performance infants' wear was 'health'. The primary reason for not buying was 'too high price' and 'lack of information'. The 'high price compared to its performance' and 'lack of color choice' were among the purchasers complaints about performance infants' wear.