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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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Journal DOI :
Korea Concrete Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
An Application of Shrinkage Compensation Mortar in Construction Field
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.3
In this study, we compared a plain mortar with the CAS-system shrinkage compensation mortar for Ondol that is Korean traditional heating system. The Ondol mortar is necessary to have properties as non-crack, fine flatness and stability for thermal changes. especially, mortar'crack prevention is to be most important property in Ondol mortar. To develope the stable material on the crack-prevention, we used to calcium-sulfo-aluminate(CSA)system in shrinkage compensation mortar. And so, we confirmed the effects of calcium-sulfo-aluminate(CSA) system for mortar's physical properties such as setting time, compressive strength and expansion ratio for crack prevention. The initial and final setting time of the CSA mortar is faster than plain mortar about 2hours. And, Compressive strength increased about 20% that plain mortar. The crack length per unit area, plain mortar is 0.426∼0.481m/m2. The Results of apartment construction field test, the shrinkage compensation mortar is excellent about the crack-reduce effect.
Influence of Admixtures on Strengths and Freezing and Thawing Resistance of Cement Mortar for Precast Products
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 11~19
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.11
It has been reported that few manufacturers of cement mortar for precast products use chemical and mineral admixture due to the absense of restrictions related to the application of admixture and the poor manufacturing facilities. Therefore, this paper is intended to contribute to the improvement of quality by investigating the properties of cement mortar for precast products using fly ash, blast furnace slag and AE water reducing agent. According to the test results. it was found that the cement mortar products using fly ash and AE water-reducing agent had better qualities than those of ordinary portland cement.
Evaluation of Rebar Corrosion Due to Carbonation of Concrete
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 21~30
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.21
Recently, reinforced concrete structures exposed to severe enviroment are increased in metropolitan area. The acid rain and CO2 penetrated towad rebar, thus rebar corrosion occurred. The corrosion of rebar in concrete is, as in most corrosion processes, an electrochemical nature. The corrosion may severely affect on durability and service life of such a concrete structures. This study was performed for the purpose of acquiring data about corrosion condition and considering a countermeasure to prevent rebar from corroding due to carbonation of concrete. An accelerated car bonation testing procedure was applied to measure the evolution of carbonation and rebar corrosion with time for various water-binder ratios and cement types.
Crack Analysis of Concrete Gravity Dam Using Surface Integral Method
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 31~37
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.31
When a crack is produced in a concrete structure, a micro crack zone of fracture process zone (FPZ) appears at the crack tip. To investigate the behaviour of this the micro crack zone, nonlinear fracture mechanics (NLFM) must be applied. However, when a massive concrete structure such as a concrete gravity dam is considered, the micro crack zone can be neglected and the structure can be assumed to have linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) behaviour. This study is divided into two main topics : (1) Calculating stress intensity factor (SIF) at the crack tip by surface integral method and (2) Investigating the propagation of the initial crack. If the initial crack propagates, the angle of the propagation is calculated by using maximum circumferential tensile strength theory. This study, also, contains the effects of body forces and water pressures on the crack face.
A Study on Watertightness Effect of Waterproofing Admixture Mixed Redispersible
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.39
This study is to investigate the watertightness properties of waterproofing admixture mixed redispersible polymer and siliceous powder. Series I deals with change in micro-structure of mortar by waterproofing admixture according to the water/cement ratios of 0.5, 0.6, 0.7 and 0.8 Crystal growth in micro-structure was observed through SEM to estimate on the watertightness effect of it. SeriesII deals with watertightness properties of waterproofing admixture on water permeability coefficient, crack restoration capacity and carbonation depth. SeriesII deals with watertightness properties of waterproofing admixture on water permeability coefficient, crack restoration capacity and carbonation depth. The result of this study can be summarized as follows. 1) Fluidity of mortar and concrete was increased by adding waterproofing admixture. 2) From observation through SEM. Crystals grew larger and denser in micro-structure as fiberic crystalization. 3) Waterproofing admixture is good watertightness properties in a level of high water/cement ratios and long limit of time. 4) Crack restoration capacity was appeared and durability was progressed by waterproofing admixture.
Determination of the Protecting Periods of Frost Damage at Early Age in Cold Weather Concreting
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 47~55
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.47
Protections from the frost damage at early ages are one of the serious problems to be considered in cold weather concreting. Frost damage at early ages brings about the harmful influences on the concrete structures such as surface cracks and declination of strength development. Therefore, in this paper, protecting periods of frost damage at early ages according to the standard specifications provided in KCI(Korean Concrete Institute) are suggested by appling logistic curve, which evaluates the strength development of concrete with maturity. W/B, kinds of cement and curing temperatures are selected as test parameters. According to the results, the estimation of strength development by logistic curve has a good agreement between calculated values and measured values. As W/B and compressive strength for protecting from frost damages at early ages increase, it is prolonged. It shows that the protecting periods of FAC(Fly Ash Cement) and BSC(Blast-furnace Slag Cement) concrete are longer than those of OPC(Ordinary Portland Cement) concrete. The protecting peridos from frost damage at early age by JASS are somewhat shorter than those by this paper.
An Analytical Evaluation on the Ductility of Reinforced High-Strength Concrete Columns
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 57~66
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.57
The ductility is an important consideration in the design of reinforced concrete structures. In the seismic design of reinforced concrete columns, it is necessary to allow for relatively large ductilities that the seismic energy be absorbed without shear failure of significant strength degradation after the reinforcement yielding in columns. Therefore, prediction of the ductility should be as accurate as possible. This research investigate the ductile behavior of rectangular reinforced high-strength concrete columns like as bridge piers with confinement steel. The effects on the ductility of axial load, lateral reinforcement ratio, longitudinal reinforcement ratio, shear span ratio, and compressive strength of concrete were investigated analytically using layered section analysis. as the results, it was proposed the proper relationship between ductility and variables and formulated into equations.
A Study on the Failure Behavior of Carbon Fiber Sheet Reinforced Mortar Using Acoustic Emission Technique
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 67~75
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.67
It was well recognized that the damages associated mainly with the aging of civil infrastructures were one of very serious problems for assurance of safety and reliability. Recently carbon fiber sheet(CFS) has been widely used for reinforcement and rehabilitation of damaged concrete beam. However, the fundamental mechanism of load transfer and its load-resistant for carbon fiber sheet reinforced concrete are not fully understood. In this study, three point bending test has been carried out to understand the damage progress and the micro-failure mechanism of CFS reinforced mortars. For this purpose, four different types of specimens are used, that is, mortar, steel bar reinforced mortar, CFS reinforced mortar, and steel bar and CFS reinforced morter. Acoustic Emission(AE) technique was used to evaluate the characteristics of damage progress and the failure mechanism of specimens. in addition, two-dimensional AE source location was also performed to monitor crack initiation and propagation processes for these specimens.
Effects of Internal Vibration on Flowability of Fresh Concrete
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 77~85
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.77
Various concretes are used for construction works depending on the types of structure, building element and method of construction. An internal vibration work is one of the important processes for adequately pouring various concrete into a certain form. This study was undertaken to find out the effects of internal vibration on flowability of fresh concrete by concrete flow test under eight conditions of vibration. Presumable equation models also were created to show all vibration effects without regard to kinds of concrete. As the results of this study, the degree of vibration effects were varied according to the properties of concrete. Acceleration amplitude of vibration that applied to fresh concrete was effective value of the properties of vibration in a viewpoint of flowability. Moreover, This research presents the presumed equation models including variables created by acceleration amplitude and measuring value of vibrated concrete flow test. These models are presumable methods of vibration effects regardless of kinds of concrete.
Fundamental Properties of Concrete Using Casting Foundry Fly Ash as an Admixture
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.87
Disposal of casting foundry fly ash generally depends on reclamation up to the present. This is the great loss from a standpoint of saving resources and utilizing industrial wastes. Therefore, a study on the reuse of fly ash as a substitute material for construction is necessary in order to utilize industrial wastes, to reduce cost and improve quality in producing concrete products, and to protect environment from pollution. In this study, methods for the reuse of the casting foundry fly ash, industrial wastes products, as an admixture for concrete are discussed. For this purpose, fly ash was extracted from casting foundry and tests of physical and chemical properties are executed. Also, various characteristics of concrete using fly ash as an admixture are experimented. Finally, the reuse methods for casting foundry fly ash are presented.
Study on Precooling of Concrete Using Ice and Cooling Water
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 95~102
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.95
Crack control due to temperature is an important factor for the mass concrete structure. Pre-cooling is the effective system to reduce the highest temperature of mass concrete. In this study, for pre-cooling, cooling water, cooling water with ics flake are used. The results of a series of experimental studies indicate that the changes in properties of fresh concrete after cooling are of low degree, and compressive strength of concrete is changed very little by cooling. The adiabatic temperature rise is also measured with pre-cooling concrete specimens. It is shown that hydration heat characteristics of cement and concrete were largely affected by pre-cooling.
Flexural Behavior of RC Slabs Strengthened with FRP
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 103~114
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.103
Recently, the need for strengthening reinforced concrete and prestressed concrete structure is increasing, particularly when there is an increase in load requirements, a change in use, a degradation problem, or some design/construction defects. Therefore, use of composite materials for structural repair presents several advantages and has been investigated all over the world. In this paper, the reinforced concrete slabs with epoxy - bonded AFRP sheed were experimentally investigated. Experimental data on strength. stiffness, material strain, deflection and mode of failure of strengthened slabs were obtained, and comparisons between the different flexural reinforcing schemes and reinforced concrete slabs without AFRP sheets were made It can be concluded that flexural strength of RC slabs strengthened with AFRP has increased, and that ductility of strengthened slabs has decreased.
Measurement of Electromagnetic Properties of Concrete for Nondestructive Testing
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 3, 2000, Pages 115~123
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.3.115
Characterizing the electromagnetic properties of concrete is essential to the enhancement of accuracy and reliability in nondestructive testing of concrete structures using electromagnetic techniques. To establish a data base for the properties of concrete, a measurement technique has been developed and a set of data has been obtained for the frequency range of 1~6 GHz. As moisture content is one of major contributing factors to determine permittivity of dielectric material, moisture content is varied during the measurement. An application of a measurement system which consists of open-ended coaxial probe and automatic network analyzer to concrete and mortar specimens is studied. For this, calibration techniques, size of specimens, and number of measurements necessary to obtain reliable data are investigated. From the measured data, it is shown that moisture content plays an important role to determine the permittivity of specimens. As the moisture content increases. The permittivity of specimens show tendency to approach the permittivity of water.