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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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Journal DOI :
Korea Concrete Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2000
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2000
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2000
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
Selecting the target year
Structural Performance of Shearwall with Sectional Shape in Wall-type Apartment Buildings
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 3~14
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.3
Structural performance of the walls subjected to lateral load reversals depends on various parameters such as loading history, sectional shape, reinforcement, lateral confinement, aspect ratio, axial compression, etc. Thus, the performance of the shearwall for wall-type apartment should be evaluated properly considering above parameters. This study investigates the effect of sectional shape on the structural performance of the wall. Sectional shape of the specimen is rectangular, barbell and T. Based on this experimental results, all specimens behaved as ductile fashion and failed by concrete crushing of the compression zone. Deformation index of those specimens evaluated better than 3 of ductility ratio, and 1.5% of deformability specified by seismic provision. Moreover, the performance of the rectangular shaped specimen, whose compression zone was confined with U-bar and cross tie, was as good as the barbell shaped specimen. Therefore, if we considered construction practice such as workmanship and detailing, shearwall with rectangular section may be more economical lateral load resisting system.
Influence of Mix Proportions and Form Types on the Surface-Glossing of Flowing Concrete
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 15~22
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.15
The objective of this study is to investigate the degree of surface-glossing of flowing concrete, varying with W/C, types of forms and form oils. According to the experimental results, the degree of surface-glossing of flowing concrete is turned out to be higher than that of base concrete, as the slump increases. The degree of surface-glossing of concrete with 40% of W/C is higher than that with 50%. The orders of degree of surface-glossing with the types of forms are as follows : acryle > fancy plywood > metal form > plywood. When water solution type form oil is applied to the surface of forms, we can achieve higher degree of surface-glossing. It shows that the degree of surface-glossing decreases with elapsed time.
Shear Strength of High Strength Concrete Beams with Steel Fibrous
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 23~30
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.23
The purpose of this paper is to study on the shear strength of high strength concrete beams with steel fibrous. In general, the shear strength of reinforced concrete beams is affected by the compressive strengths of concrete( c), the shear span-depth ratio(a/d), the longitudinal steel ratio(
), and shear reinforcement. An experimental investigation of the shear strength of high strength concrete beams with steel fibrous was conducted. In each series the shear span-depth ratio(a/d) was held constant at 1.5, 2.8, or 3.6, while concrete strengths were varied from 320 to 520, to 800kgf/
. To verify the proposed equations the experimental results were compared with those from other researches such as equation of ACI code 318-95 or equation of Zsutty. To deduce equation for shear strength from experimental data carried out MINITAP program. According to the experimental results, the addition of steel fibrous has increased the deflection and strain at failure load, improving the brittleness of the high strength concrete.
Experimental Study on Flexural Behavior of RC Slabs with Expansive Additives
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 31~40
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.31
This study aims to improve serviceability of concrete by inducing chemical prestress with the application of expansive additives for concrete. For this purpose, material tests and 4 point-bending tests of RC slabs were performed to verify the effect of expansive additives on the concrete. and the critical aspects of the structural behavior were investigated. The results of the material tests show that the optimal proportion of expansive additives is 13% of total cement weigth and the properties of expansive concrete in that proportion are the same as those of plain concrete. Both the experimental cracking load and service load of the expansive concrete slabs are increased in comparison with those of the plain concrete. In addition to the above results, the deflection of expansive concrete is smaller than that of plain concrete, and permanent strains resulting from cyclic load are decreased. It can be concluded that the use of expansive additives to induce chemical prestress in RC slabs greatly improves the serviceability.
Experimental Study on Frost Resistance of High-Strength Concrete Using Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 41~48
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.41
This study is to investigate for the frost resistance of high-strength concrete using finely ground granulated blast-furnace slag with experimental parameters, such as water/binder ratio, replacement proportion of granulated blast-furnace slag, air content and methods of curing. The high-strength concrete using granulated blast-furnace slag is effective to resist frost and decrease scaling. The more increasable replacement proportion of granulated blast-furnace slag is, the better the effect is. The high-strength concrete using granulated blast-furnace slag needs hydrating adequately to prevent deterioration by drying in the early curing period. The micro structure of high-strength concrete, increased to the pore number with diameter of 0.03~0.1mm, is changed by using granulated blast-furnace slag, but is presented differently according to water/binder ration and replacement proportion of granulated blast-furnace slag.
A Study on the Engineering Properties of Concrete Using Blast-furnace Slag Powder
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.49
There are many methods to improve the performance of concrete. Especially, granuated blast furnace slag. by-products used in concrete as the replacement material of cement, could contribute to improve the fluidity, resistance of chemical attack and strength of concrete. Also, it could contribute to decrease the rate of generating hydration heat, in addition to cost-down of concrete and prevention of enviromental pollution. Therefore, in order to establish the systemical application of granuated blast furnace slag in normal concrete, the engineering properties of concrete, such as fluidity, strength, setting and hydration properties etc.. was evaluated. In this study, replacement ratio of granuated blast furnace slag was 0, 30, 50, 70(%), and target slump was 8, 12, 15, 18(cm). Results from the experiment, granuated blast furnace slag showed the outstanding effects of improving the engineering properties of concrete. From now on, positive application of granuated blast furnace slag is expected in the point of improving the performance and cost-down of concrete.
Variations of Column Shortening with Parameters
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.59
With increased height of structure, the effect of column shortening need special consideration in the design and construction of high-rise buildings. The shortening of each column affects nonstructural members such as partitions, cladding, and M/E systems, which are not designed to carry gravity forces. The slabs and beams will tilt due to the cumulative differential shortening of adeacent vertical members. The main purpose of estimating the total shortening of vertical structural member is to compensate the differential shortening between adeacent members. This paper presents effect of parameters for phenomenon of column shortening in vertical members. The paper presents effect of parameters for phenomenon of column shortening in vertical members. The conclusions obtained from this study are follow as ; Strength of concrete and steel ratio effected on column shortening caused by elastic and inelastic shortening. Also, it is known that Ultimate-shrinkage-Value, Specific-Creep-Value, and volume to surface ratio effected on inelastic shortening only. Particularly, Ultimate-Shrinkage-Value and Specific-Creep-Value effected considerable on the amount of total column shortening.
Modification of Creep-Prediction Equation of Concrete utilizing Short-term Creep Test
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 69~78
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.69
Creep of concrete is the most dominating factor affecting time-dependent deformations of concrete structures. Especially, creep deformation for design and construction in prestressed concrete structures should be predicted accurately because of its close relation with the loss in prestree of prestressed concrete structures. Existing creep-prediction models for special applications contain several impractical factors such as the lack ok accuracy, the requirement of long-term test and the lack of versatility for change in material properties, ets., which should be improved. In order to improve those drawbacks, a methodology to modify the creep-prediction equation specified in current Korean concrete structures design standard (KCI-99), which underestimates creep of concrete and does not consider change of condition in mixture design, is proposed. In this study, short-term creep tests were carried out for early-age concrete within 28 days after loading and their test results on influencing factors in the equation are analysed. Then, the prediction equation was modified by using the early-age creep test results. The modified prediction equation was verified by comparing their results with results obtained from long-term creep test.
Comparisons of Behavioral Characteristics and Seismic Performance of Seismic Isolation Bearing Systems
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 79~89
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.79
In this paper, the seismic analysis and the modeling techniques have been introduced for aseismic performances assessment, when seismic isolation bearings are applied on a real bridge. Nonlinear time-history analysis is carried out using finite element analysis program. In this study, EI Centro earthquake(1940, N00W), Mexico earthquake(1985, N90W), and earthquake simulation from modified SIMQKE are used as earthquake ground excitations. The seismic response of seismically isolated bridge is compared with that of a bridge using conventional Pot Bearings, after obtaining the displacements of the deck, the deformations of the piers, shear forces and moments of the bottoms of the piers. The analytical analysis results show that seismic isolation bearing, especially seismic isolation bearings with sliding mechanism, could reduce earthquake forces.
Optimization of Prestressed Concrete Beam Section
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 91~101
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.91
As the computer related technology evolves a study for a practical use of real structure as well as its hteory for optimum design has been greatly advanced. But the study on optimum design of pre-stressed concrete beam(PSC-beam) bridge for the construction of national roads and highways in Korea is not sufficient. Since a standard section for the PSC-beam is proposed, it is practically used in designing the PSC-beam. It is noticed that the section using the current standard PSC-beam design to be an over-designed with its surplus safety factor. Therefore, it is necessary to consider economical PSC-beam section which automatically satisfies all requirement of design specifications. Thus, in this study, the optimum design methods of PSC-beam are carried out using the gradient-based search method and global search method. As a result of the optimum design method, it was confirmed that the design of PSC-beam has a serious properties to non-linearity and discontinuity. And the section that in economical and efficinet design methods than the current standard design method is proposed.
Influence of the Improveal Grain Shape of Coarse Aggregates on Compactability of High Performance Concrete
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.103
The influence of the improvement of grain shape of the coarse aggregate to the unit powder content of concrete and the fine aggregate ratio for the increase of the flowability and segregation resistance of high performance concrete was examined. According to the experimental results, flowability and compacting of concrete presents best states in the S/a which has the smallest 패야 ratio. The coarse aggregate after improvement of grain shape, that has changed from the 0.68 of spherical rate of disk shape to 0.73, led fine aggregate ratio to be down 6% (i.e from 47% to 41%). The improvement of grain shape of the coarse aggregate also led the lowest unit powder content to be down 60kg/㎥ (ie from 530kg/㎥ to 470kg/㎥). And approximate 10% of unit water content has been reduced as unit powder content was down. However, the compressive strength after the improvement of grain shape of the coarse aggregate decreased to 5% due to decrease of adhesiveness of the aggregate and cement paste.
Ductility of Column-Slab eoint in R/C Flat Plate System
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 113~119
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.113
The R/C flat plate system provides architectural flexibility, clear space, reduced building height, simple formwork, which consequently enhance constructibility. One of the serious problems in the flat plate system is brittle punching shear failure due to transfer of shear force and unbalanced moments in column-slab joint. Recently, the flat plate system accompanied with shear walls to resist the lateral loads is applied to high-rise buidings. Although the flat plate system is not considered in design as part of the lateral load-resisting system, it is required that this system keeps the ductile behavior for the lateral displacement of the building. However, it is unclear whether the column-slab joint possesses ductility enough to survive the lateral deformation. The objective of this paper is to investigate the major parameters that influence the ductility of R/C flat plate system by examining the existing experiments on column-slab joint. The effects of gravity load and shear reinforcement on the ductility of the flat plate system are presented.
Development of a New Design Theory for Incrementally Prestressed Concrete Girder
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 12, issue 4, 2000, Pages 121~130
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2000.12.4.121
Current engineering practice in determining sectional dimensions of prestressed concrete (PSC) girders for bridges is primarily based on the code-specified allowable concrete stresses at different loading stages. It is customary that tendons and sectional dimensions are calibrated and tendon forces are applied at once at the initial stage to keep the subsequent stresses occurring at different loading stages within the allowable stresses. This traditional tensioning method, however, usually results in a too conservative sectional depth in view of ultimate capacity of a girder. A new design method which can realize the reduction of sectional depth of PSC girders is theoretically suggested in this study. Tendons are tensioned twice at different loading stages: the initial stage and the stage after fresh slab concrete is cast. It can be shown that according to this technique, sectional depth can be significantly reduced and larger span can be realized compared to traditional ones. Parametric studies are performed with due considerations given to its practical applications.