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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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Journal DOI :
Korea Concrete Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
Stress Distribution on Construction Joint of Prestressed Concrete bridge Members with Tendon Couplers
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.1
Recently, prestressed concrete(PSC) bridge structures with many repetitive spans have been widely constructed using the segmental construction method in many countries. In these segmentally constructed PSC bridges, there exist many construction joints which is required coupling of tendons or overlapping of tendons to introduce continuous prestress through several spans of bridges. The purpose of this paper is to investigate in detail the complicated stress distributions around the tendon coupled joints in prestressed concrete girders. To this end, a comprehensive experimental program has been set up and a series of specimens have been tested to identify the effects of tendon coupling. The present study indicates that the longitudinal and transverse stress distributions of PSC girders with tendon couplers are quite different from those of PSC girders without tendon couplers. It is seen that the longitudinal compressive stresses introduced by prestressing are greatly reduced around coupled joints according to tendon coupling ratios. The large reduction of compressive stresses around the coupled joints may cause deleterious cracking problems in PSC girder bridges due to tensile stresses arising from live loads, shrinkage and temperature effects. The analysis results by finite element method correlate very well with test results observed complex strain distributions of tendon coupled members. It is expected that the results of this paper will provide a good basis for realistic design guideline around tendon coupled joints in PSC girder bridges.
An Experimental Study on the Alkali-Recovery Performance of Impregnating Alkalization Agent for Deteriorated Concrete by Carbonation
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~15
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.9
The low-durability performance of concrete structure occurs by interactive deterioration factors. In particular, carbonation increased with its time elapse is known as the general manner of deterioration characteristics. Recently, the fundamental researches of the carbonation mechanism, besides method and technique for durability improvement of deteriorated structure are advanced actively. So in this paper, alkali-recovery and maintenance performance when the impregnating alkalization agents are used, are compared and examined quantitively with the basis of past proposed study. As a result, alkali-recovery performance be ensured by impregnating alkalization agent on the carbonated concrete which has low pH by accelerated carbonation test. And alkali maintenance performance was effected by the finishing materials on the alkali recovered concrete.
Experimental Study on Segregated Layers of Materials and Compressive Strength of Concrete for Pretensioned Spun High Strength Concrete Pile
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 16~22
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.16
Pretensioned spun high strength concrete (PHC) pile has to be quality-controlled and provided an adequate concrete cover to assure high load carrying capacity, impact resistance, economy, and durability. During spun pre-casting, the pile section is divided into several segregated layers such as laitance, paste, mortar, and concrete layers. Greater the thickness of segregated layers, more difficult it is to guarantee the capacity and the durability of PHC pile. The experimental study was performed to investigate the effects of centrifugal condition on the segregated layers of materials and the compressive strength of concrete for PHC pile. The considering factors in the test were centrifugal time and magnitude of centrifugal force. These factors have been found to have greater influence on the segregation than the concrete strength. The moderate centrifugal condition has to be considered to maintain quality assurance in the production of PHC pile, especially to provide the adequate concrete cover over its tendons.
Durability of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Incorporating Fly Ash
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 23~29
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.23
This study presented the experimental results on the durability properties of recycled aggregate concrete incorporating fly ash. The main experimental variables were the substitution ratio of recycled aggregate and fly ash, where the substitution ratios of recycled aggregate were 0, 30, and 50%, and those of fly ash were 0, 10, 20, and 30%. The tests for evaluating compressive strength, freezing-thawing resistance, and drying shrinkage were conducted for each specimen. As a result, the compressive strength and the durability of the recycled aggregate concrete were compared from those of ordinary concrete. The followings were conclusion; The compressive strengths of recycled aggregate concrete were less than those of ordinary concrete by 5-10%. However, the durability factor of recycled aggregate concrete remained above 90% at the substitution ratio of 30%. The quality of recycled aggregate concrete were improved by substitution at the range of less that 20% of fly ash and 30% of recycled aggregate.
Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Mortar Using Expanded Polystyrene as a Shrinkage-Reducing Additive
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 30~37
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.30
Generally, polymer mortar made with unsaturated polyester(UP) resin has a high curing shrinkage. This is an inadequate as repair material and construction products that have been widely used for years recently. To overcome these problems, polymer researchers and engineers have used shrinkage-reducing additives, which are usually specific thermoplastic polymers. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of shrinkage-reducing additive on the curing shrinkage and strengths of UP mortar. UP mortars are prepared with expanded polystyrene(EPS) ratio in styrene monomer(SM), (EPS/PS, PS=EPS+SM), and the ratio of total polystyrene resin(PS) to UP resin, (PS/UP). And it is tested for viscosity of UP resin, slump-flow, working life, flexural and compressive strengths, and curing shrinkage tests. From the test results, viscosity of resin for UP mortar increases with increasing PS content. Curing shrinkage of UP mortar is considerably smaller than that of plain UP mortar, nevertheless, reduction in the strengths is not recognized according to adding PS resin. In this study, we can obtain the optimum mix proportions of UP mortar using PS resin which made of waste expanded polystyrene.
Moment Magnifier Method for Long-Term Behavior of Flat Plate Subjected to In-Plane Compressive and Transverse Loads
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 38~45
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.38
Numerical studies were carried out to develop the moment magnifier method for long-term behavior of flat plates, subjected to combined in-plane compressive and transverse loads. Nonlinear finite element analyses were performed for the numerical studies. Through the numerical studies, the long term behavior of the flat plate subjected to uniform or nonuniform floor load was investigated, and creep effects on the degradation of strength and stiffness of the slabs were examined. As a result, the creep factor was implemented to describe the creep effect on the flat plate. The moment magnifier method using the creep factor was developed for long-term behavior of flat plates. Also, the design examples were shown for the verification of the proposed design method.
Shear Behavior of Precast Prestressed Inverted-Tee Concrete Beams with Dapped Ends
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 46~53
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.46
Two full scale precast pretensioned dapped ended rectangular beams designed by PCI design handbook for a major domestic live load of market and parking building - 500kgf/㎡ and 1,200kgf/㎡ were investigated experimentally. The bottom length of beams was 60cm which was same to the length of rectangular column in the base of five-story market or parking buildings. The height of dap was web hight plus half of the flange height within the allowable limit of PCI method. Shear tests were performed on four beam ends. Followings were obtained from the experimental study. All of the specimens were fully complied with the PCI design handbook. Two of four specimens which were designed for live load of 1,200kgf/㎡ showed crackings at the re-entrant corner of dap before the full service loadings, and failed by direct shear at the load level much less than their calculated nominal strength. The specimens designed for live load of 1,200kgf/㎡ failed at 772 tonf and 78.36tonf by direct shear crackings. This strength was less than PCI limit of 81.9 tonf and higher than ACI limit of 65.62tonf. Thus, the limit suggested by ACI seems more reasonable in regard of safety in view of this test results. According to load-strain curves, the strain of hanger reinforcement reached almost yield strain. It is recommended to use more inclined hanger reinforcement of improve the strength and serviceability.
Experimental Study on the Mechanical Properties of Glass Concrete with Powdered Waste Glasses
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 54~61
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.54
As a part of the movement of natural resources conservation, there have been doing many recycling research works for obsolete aged tire, wasted plastic materials, etc. The purpose of this experimental study is to develop glass concrete by recycling wasted glasses as a cementitious constituent in concrete. First of all, the optimum replacement ratio of powdered waste glasses(PWG) can be determined through pilot compressive strength test on normal and high strength concrete cylinders, which have been made in various mix proportions by changing the replacement ratio of PWG. Then, further tests have been done to figure out mechanical properties of most desirable glass concrete with optimum replacement ratio of PWG, such as static modulus of elasticity, compressive and tensile strengths, flexural strength. On the other hand, the alkali-silica reactions by the mortar-bar method(KS F 2546) have been experimentally doing in various grain sizes of PWG, since the alkali in the cement has a tendency to react with the silica in the PWG. In can be confirmed from the test that glass concrete can have better workability than concrete with silica fume, and they are alike in compressive strength. It is concluded that wasted glasses can be used as pratical additives for economic and environmentally friendly concrete.
Experimental Study for Interrelation of Influential Parameters on Unbonded Tendon Stress Variation
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 62~68
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.62
The purpose of this paper was to investigate the relations between the unbonded tendon stress and the influential parameters which were bonded reinforcement ratio, span/depth ratio, and loading type. To this end, first, the influence of parameters were examined with twenty eight test results obtained from references. Then, an experimental study was carried out with 21 test specimens. The investigation with previous and current tests revealed the followings; (1) The bonded reinforcement ratio and prestressing ratio were proved to be an important variables on the unbonded tendon stress. (2) The ratio of span to depth and type of loading affected partially the unbonded tendon stress although their effects varied depending on bonded reinforcement ratio. (3) AASHTO LRFD Code and Moon/Lim\`s design equation predicted the test results well with some safety margins.
Physical Properties and Quality Control of Foamed Concrete with Fly Ash for Cast-in-Site
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 69~76
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.69
Foamed concrete for cast-in-site, which shows excellent lightweight, thermal insulation, noise insulation, constructability and cost efficiency, has been applied as thermal insulation or filling material for On-dol. However, the technology is too insufficient to obtain the high level of quality, and serious problems often occur in quality control at sites. It, thus, is necessary to establish the proper and reasonable quality control method for ensuring the required quality, based on the investigation on the physical properties and their reciprocal relation. This study aims to settle the quality control method in case of applying FA foamed concrete replacing 40% by weight with fly-ash as the filling material for On-dol. The results of the study include the correlation among flow, as-placed density and foam ratio of fresh foamed concrete, the correlation between physical properties before hardening and after 28-day, provision of an equation to estimate 28-day compressive strength early with 7-day compressive strength, and suggestion of quality criteria for the revision of KS on foamed concrete for cast-in-site.
Long-Term Behavior of CFT Column under Central Axial Load
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 77~85
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.77
Concrete filled steel tubular (CFT) columns are becoming popular in structural applications. The increased popularity comes from their excellent structural properties such as high strength, high ductility, and large energy absorption capacity. However, the disadvantage feature of CFT column is the difficulty in predicting its time dependant characteristic (i.e., creep and shrinkage) of inner concrete. The time dependent behavior of CFT column can cause serious serviceability problems. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the long term behavior of CFT column. This paper presents analytical and experimental studies on long-term behavior of CFT-column under a central axial loading. Two loading cases are considered in the research; (1) the load applied only at the inner core concrete of CFT-column and (2) the load applied simultaneously on both concrete and steel tube. Analysis method using the bond strength model is proposed and conclusions on long-term properties of CFT-column can be derived from the results.
Shear Behavior Prediction of Reinforced Concrete Beams by Transformation Angle Truss Model
Kim, Sang-U ; Lee, Jeong-Yun ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 130~130
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.130
This paper presents on the shear behavior prediction of reinforced concrete beams using Transformation Angle Truss Model (TATM). The TATM can evaluate the stress-strain relationships for cracked concrete by transforming stresses and strains for principal plane into those over the crack surfaces. This proposed analytical method simplifies the Fixed Angle Softened Truss Model (FA-STM) and removes the limitation of applicability of the FA-STM. The shear strength and strain of reinforced concrete beams are predicted by using the TATM. For the verification of proposed method, experimental results of reinforced concrete beams were compared with theoretical results by the TATM, FA-STM and Rotating Angle Softened Truss Model (RA-STM).
Experimental Study on the Evaluation of Frost-Resistance of High-Strength Concrete Damaged by Frost at Early Age in Cold Climates
Gwon, Yeong-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 1, 2001, Pages 139~139
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.1.139
One of ways to make high-strength concrete is for the mix contain particles graded down to the finest size : this is achieved by the use of fly ash, silica fume which fills the spaces between the cement particle and between the aggregate and the cement particles. And, the mix needs a sufficient workability. This is achieved by the use of a superplasticizer. This study is to investigate frost resistance of high-strength concrete at early age, with ratio of tensile strength and recovery of compressive strength, when high-strength concrete is placed in cold climates. According to this study, it is necessary to ensure 4 % of air content, 5 kgf/
of tensile strength, at least, for frost resistance of high-strength concrete at early age.