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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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Journal DOI :
Korea Concrete Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2001
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2001
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2001
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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Cyclic Creep Model for the Deflection Calculation of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members under Fatigue Loads
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 415~422
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.415
The present paper focuses on the development of a realistic analysis model for the deformation calculation of reinforced concrete beams subjected to fatigue loadings. The proposed model considers the effect of cyclic creep, which arises from the repeated loading, to calculate the deformation of reinforced concrete beams. A comprehensive experimental program has been set up to identify the deformation accumulation of reinforced concrete beams under repeated loadings. The major test variables were the concrete compressive strength and the magnitude of fatigue loads. The model was calibrated from the present test results. The proposed model allows more realistic analysis of reinforced concrete beams under fatigue loads, especially deformation accumulation of such beams.
Strength Characteristics of Concrete Subjected In Horizontal Continuous Vibration During Initial Curing
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 423~429
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.423
In this study, strength characteristics of concrete specimens subjected to horizontal continuous vibration during initial curing were investigated. As experimental variables, vibration velocity(0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 kine) and vibration time(3, 6, 12, 24 hrs) were used. Density and segregation of the specimens were also investigated. Vibrating was started soon after placing, and strengths investigated consist of compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, and bond strength. Strengths decrease were hardly occurred at 0.25 kine vibration velocity regardless of vibration times and all strengths were increased for 3 hrs vibration at 0.5 kine vibration velocity. Density was increased for all specimens due to the vibration and there was no serious segregation under even 4 kine vibration velocity.
Experimental Evaluation for Static Performance of I-Beam Concrete Slab System
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 430~437
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.430
Recently, there have been increased much concerns about repair and rehabilitation works for aged concrete structures. It is in particular known that due to repeated overburden vehicles, there are significantly increasing number of aged concrete bridge slabs, which are strongly needed to construct and rehabilitate by innovative construction method. The objective of this research is to develop the new construction method of concrete slab in bridge superstructure, which can contribute to minimize a traffic congestion during repair and rehabilitation works of aged concrete slab, and can sufficiently assure the quality through the minimization of in-situ works at the site. I-beams with punch holes, which are substituted instead of main reinforcing steels in concrete slabs, can be manufactured in accordance with the specification in the factory, and be preassembled into the panel. After erecting the preassembled panels in the site, concrete will be poured into the slab panel. This research is to investigate mechanical properties of I-beam with punch holes itself, and then to investigate structural properties of assembled I-beam panels through static test, of which result can be utilized for the development of the new constructional method for concrete slab in bridge superstructure.
Fundamental Properties of Porous Concrete According to the Sizes of Aggregate
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 438~446
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.438
Recently, porous concrete has been used for the purpose of decreasing the load of earth environment. It consists solely of cement, water and uniform-sized coarse aggregate. And its fundamental properties will be considerably affected by the physical properties of aggregate because the aggregate occupies for the most part in its mix proportion. For such a reason, this study was carried out to investigate the influence of the sizes and kinds of aggregate for the fundamental properties of porous concrete. It showed that the fundamental properties of porous concrete were the similar value in all sizes of aggregate except in the case of using the 2.5∼5㎜ aggregate and were varied according to the kinds of aggregate. In particular, compressive strength of porous concrete using 2.5∼5㎜ aggregate was more higher than that using other aggregate, and its void ratio and coefficient of permeability was lower. And the maintenance capacity of permeability of porous concrete was varied by the sizes and the kinds of aggregate. In particular, it was greatly decreased in case of using the 2.5∼5㎜ aggregate. And unlike dynamic modulus of elasticity of ordinary concrete, that of porous concrete was very high value in early ages and was slowly increased after that time.
Development of Stress-Strain Relationship Considering Strength and Age of Concrete
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 447~456
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.447
Many investigators have tried to represent the nonlinear behavior of stress-strain relationship of concrete using mathematical curves. Most of empirical expressions for stress-strain relationship, however, have focused on old age concrete, and were not able to represent well the behavior of concrete at an early age. Where wide understanding on the behavior of concrete from early age to old age is very important in evaluating the durability and service life of concrete structures. In this paper, effect of 5 different strength levels and ages of from 12 hours to 28 days on compressive stress-strain relationship was observed experimentally and analytically. Tests were carried out on
200mm cylindrical specimens water-cured at 20
. An analytical expression of stress-stain relationship with strength and age was developed using regression analyses on experimental results. For the verification of the proposed model, the model was compared with present and existing experimental data and some existing models. The analysis shows that the proposed model predicts well experimental data and describes well effect of strength and age on stress-strain relationship.
Shrinkage Stress Analysis of Concrete Slab in Multi-Story Building Considering Construction Sequence
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 457~465
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.457
Shrinkage strains of concrete slab in multi-story building are restrained by structural members such as columns or walls, then can induce cracks due to excessive shrinkage stress over tensile strength of member. In this study, a shrinkage stress analysis method of concrete slab in multi-story building considering not only material properties such as shrinkage, creep and reinforcement effect but also construction sequence is proposed. Tensile stresses of slab due to shrinkage are calculated by converting shrinkage strains into equivalent temperature gradients, creep that can release shrinkage stress can be considered by replacing the modulus of elasticity of concrete, Ec , to the effective secant modulus of elasticity of concrete, E
eff/ Reinforcements are also considered by modeling them as equivalent beam elements in FEM program. Results of step by step analysis reflecting construction sequence summed up to calculate stresses of the whole building considering that shrinkage stresses of the building come from the difference of shrinkage between i-th floor and (i-1)-th floor, named as effecitive shrinkage, and it can be varied by construction sequence. The results of 10-story example building show that shrinkage stresses of lower floors are greater than those of upper floors, that is, stresses of lower floors(1∼2FI.) exceed modulus of rupture of concrete, but stress ratios of higher floors are in the range of 27.9∼92.8%.
Shear Deterioration of Reinforced Concrete Beams Failing in Shear after Flexural Yielding
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 466~475
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.466
The potential shear strength of reinforced concrete beams decreases after flexural yielding due to the decrease of the effective compressive strength of concrete in plastic hinge zone. A truss model considering shear deterioration in the plastic hinge zone was proposed in order to evaluate the ductile capacity of reinforced concrete beams failing in shear after flexural yielding This model can determine the potential shear strength of the beam by using a truss model. The potential shear strength gradually decreases as the increase of the axial strain of member. When the calculated potential shear strength decreases up to the flexural yielding strength, the corresponding rotation angle is defined as the ductile capacity of the beam. The predicted ductile capacity of reinforced concrete beams is shown to be in a good agreement with experimental results.
Properties of the Super Flowing Concrete Using Crushed Stone Fines
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 476~483
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.476
Permeability and Freeze-Thaw Resistance of Latex Modified Concrete
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 484~490
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.484
This study focused on the investigation of durability of latex modified concrete in the points of chloride ion permeability and freeze-thaw resistance as latex content variated such as 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%. When latex was mixed in concrete and cured, the concrete consisted of hydrated cement and aggregate interconnected by a film of latex particles. An increasing the amount of latex produced concrete with increased flexural strength, but with slightly lower compressive strength. The increase in flexural strength might be attributed to the latex films between the hydrated cement and aggregates, and the decrease in compressive strength to the flexibility of the latex component named by Butadiene. The rapid chloride permeability test was used to evaluate the relative permeability of latex-modified concretes and conventional concretes. The results showed that the permeability of latex-modified concretes was considerably lower than conventional concretes tested, which might be due to the latex filled in voids and interconnections of hydrated cement and aggregates by a film of latex particles. The freeze-thaw resistance of LMC was quite good comparing to conventional concrete. Air entraining agent has been used in conventional concrete to improve the freeze/thaw resistance, but latex modified concrete does not need additional air entraining agent for freeze-thaw resistance provided adequate cure occurs.
Damage of Overlaid Concrete Structures Subjected In Thermally Transient Condition by Rainfall
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 491~498
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.491
The failure phenomenon of overlaid concrete structures, such as surface crack and peel-off failure in the contact zone, was investigated due to temperature shock(rainfall). To investigate this failure phenomenon, the surface tensile stress, and the shear stress, the vertical tensile stress in the contact zone were analysed using the non-linear stress-strain relationship of material such as strain-hardening- and strain-softening diagrams. Rainfall intensity, overlay thickness and overlay material were the main variables in the analyses. It is assumed that the initial temperature of overlaid concrete structures was heated up to 55
by the solar heat. With a rain temperature 10
and the rainfall intensity of nR=1/a, tR=10min, 60min, the stress states of overlaid concrete structures were calculated. The result shows that only fictitious cracks occurred in the overlay surface and no shear bond failure occurred in the contact zone. The vortical tensile stress increasing with overlay thickness was proved to be the cause of peel-off failure in the contact zone. The formulae for relationship between the vertical tensile stress and overlay thickness, material properties were derived. Using this formulae, it is possible to select proper material and overlay thickness to prevent failure in the contact zone due to temperature shock caused by rainfall.
Bond Characteristics of High-Strength Concrete
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 499~506
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.499
Eight direct tension tests were conducted to study the bond characteristics and crack behavior in high-strength concrete axial members. The main variable was the concrete strength up to 61-63 MPa. The specimens consisted of two different types of the short specimens modeled the part between transverse cracks and the long specimens having numerous transverse cracks. The results obtained show that the bond strength increases in proportion to compressive strength. Thereby, in high-strength concrete the length of stress-disturbed region is shortened and the space of adjacent transverse cracks become smaller. Although the concrete strength varies from 25 MPa to 61 MPa, the split cracking loads remain constant, while transverse cracking loads vary as variation of concrete tensile strength. Accordingly, the current code provisions for development length may need reconsideration in high-strength concrete members, and it is recommended that either thicker cover or transverse reinforcement should be additionally provided for high-strength concrete members.
Bond Strength Properties of Latex Modified Concrete
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 507~515
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.507
Significant improvements in bond strength between new and existing concrete can be achieved through the modification of the new concrete by latex. This study focuses on the investigation of bond strength of latex modified concrete. Pull-out bond test and uniaxial direct tensile bond test are adopted for evaluating the adhesion characteristics of latex modified concrete to conventional concrete substrate. The main experimental variables are test methods, latex-cement ratio, surface preparations and moisture levels. The results are as follows; The increase of latex-cement ratio substantially improves the adhesion between latex modified concrete and substrate. The effects of surface preparation at substrate into the bonding of latex modified concrete are quite different according to the conditions of surfaces. Thus, an adequate surface preparations are essential for good bond strength. Because the moisture level of the substrate may be critical to achieving bond, optimum moisture condition for a conventional concrete has evaluated in this study. The saturated condition of surface is the most appropriate moisture level among the considered, followed by dry condition and wet condition.
Structural Performance of High Strength Grout-Pilled Splice Sleeve System
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 13, issue 5, 2001, Pages 516~524
DOI : 10.22636/JKCI.2001.13.5.516
Among many connection methods of reinforcing bar, the grout-filled splice sleeve system is very effective method of precast concrete construction due to its superior construction efficiency, such as large allowable limit to arrangement of reinforcing bars, good application of large sized reinforcing bars. In this study, totally 20 full-sited specimens were made and tested under monotonic and cyclic loading in order to extend the usage range of grout-filled splice sleeve system. The experimental variables adopted in this study are size of reinforcing bars embedded in upper and lower part of sleeve and compressive strength of filled mortar etc. After test was performed, the results were compared and analyzed with respect to previous test of author. Following main conclusions are obtained : 1) The structural performance of splice sleeve system is improved with increasing compressive strength of filled mortar. And also it was verified that the splice sleeve system with over 700 kgf/㎠ mortar compressive strength and over 6.54 development length of reinforcing bar retains the structural performance of over A class(AIJ Criteria). 2) In the case of using different size of reinforcing bars embedded in upper and lower part of sleeve, the result show that splice sleeve matching with large sized reinforcing bar must be used. And also up to 2 level smaller size of reinforcing bar compared to large reinforcing bar embedded in sleeve can be used.